Archive for Nature Conservancy
Tim Boucher (@tmboucher) blogs frequently on birds and birding for Cool Green Science. He has seen 4929 bird species around the world.
For some birders, the end-of-year frenzy isn’t about shopping and returning. It’s about racking up as many bird species as possible in the last few weeks of the year in that peculiar activity known as the Big Year.
As popularized by the movie “Big Year” (adapted from Mark Obmascik’s much darker book The Big Year: A Tale of Man, Nature and Fowl Obsession), this competitive birding event sees these extra-insane birders — who have been crisscrossing the country all year trying to set a record for the most species seen in a single annum — pull out all the stops to get just a few more as close in on December 31.
Birding in New Jersey. Photo © Anita Gould/Flickr.
Right now, for instance, someone in Seattle might be booking a flight to New York to try to see that Cassin’s Kingbird at Floyd Bennett Field at the southeastern tip of Brooklyn. This wayward semi-tropical bird is “countable” because it is on the checklist of the American Birding Association. While in the neighborhood, the birder will no doubt stop by the West Village to tick the equally lost Couch’s Kingbird.
As dramatic as it sounds, the Big Year has some downsides for nature and people. Here are three that loom large:
1. Economic cost (which I’d estimate at ~$100,000 per birder): Few birders can afford to take a year off work, much less foot the bill for this obsession. The Big Year puts some birders in big debt. Alan Davies and Ruth Miller of North Wales saw 4,327 different species during their year-long tour of six continents. To do it, they had to sell their house. When that money ran out, they had to borrow money from family. All in all, it cost about $40 per bird.
This cost is generally unavoidable. In addition to the extensive planned travel, Big Year birders have no choice but to chase rare birds around the country (mostly by flying). When the chance to add something that others may not get comes up, an extra set of flights must happen.
2. Massive Environmental Costs. All that flying and driving carries an enormous carbon cost. One birder reported flying almost 200,000 miles and driving over 50,000 miles. That Big Year belched about 200,000 pounds of carbon into the atmosphere.**
3. The HUGE birding cost. Most big years are limited to a single country and entail chasing every rarity. It is not uncommon to take a flight just to see one bird. Even if you don’t care about anything but birding (the basic definition of birder), think about all the birding you could be doing for that money and effort on well-planned, intensive but focused birding trips. That kind of scratch could fund 10 good, intensive trips — and maybe more — supporting local eco-tourism efforts (especially local bird-guides), staying in eco-lodges, and leaving enough left over to donate a hefty amount to conservation.
Introducing the Green Big Year
Some birders have found a way to reconcile their need to see as many bird species as possible with their concern for the environment — the Green Big Year.
Green Big Years are done by bike and on foot. Using public transportation (buses/metro) to do one is still under debate because, while it uses no additional fuel per person, it still entails the use of fossil fuel. There are no official rules, so each Green Big Year birder has the option to consider using public transportation at some point.
Here are some great examples of recent Green Big Years:
* Dorian Anderson – Biking for Birds – hopped on his bike in Boston in January and cycled the country without even a support vehicle. He racked up over 17,000 bike miles, 500 miles by foot, and 617 birds species – almost double the previous Green Big Year record. Through donations, he has also raised $45,000 for conservation.
* Arizona’s Ron Beck covered 3,067 miles and hiked between 500-600 miles; he raised $4,500. If he happened to see a bird while traveling by car, he would return by bike before adding it to his list.
* In California, Mark Kudrav has done two Green Big Years, reaching 326 species and 4,781 miles without using any fossil fuels.
Green Big Year is now a thing. It has a website, a forum, a book (by Richard Gregson, who originated the concept in 2008), and even a T-shirt.
Even allowing for dozens of blown tires and other bike repairs, the cost of the Big Green Years is miniscule compared to the traditional carbon-fueled version.
How to Green Your Birding Whether You Do a Big Year or Not
Everyone can green up their birding without doing a Big Green Year and even without traveling dozens of miles by bike:
* Fill that car! Most birders don’t carpool. They should.
* Don’t make a special trip to see that Summer Tanager that forgot to migrate. They are easy enough to see all summer with the other neotropical migrants.
* Be the weirdo who walks the flat two or three miles between ponds — say, at Bombay Hook. (Pro hint: You may even see more birds that way.)
* Do you really need to see three Snowy Owls? Won’t one do?
* Combine birding with trips taken for other purposes by adding on a couple of days in the area.
Most of all, substitute quality for quantity. Spend more time birding your local area and getting great views of the birds that come your way. One sad truth about most of the big numbers racked up in international birding: they involve only frustrating glimpses of the birds, and even the best views are usually short.
But with intensive local birding, you can find and monitor nests — nothing better than watching the parents hatch the eggs, feed the chicks, and see the young fledge! You can also learn the variation in song and plumage, observe fascinating behavior, and every so often, an unusual species will cross your path.
Birding this way is deeply satisfying, super-easy on the wallet, and easier on the environment.
Full disclosure – in 1992 I took what could be considered an Accidental Greenish Big Year. Two friends and I took a year off, flew from South Africa to the western hemisphere, and birded the US for four months (mainly out west), Guatemala for two weeks, Costa Rica for two months, and Ecuador for three months. The last three countries we used public transport, hitchhiking and lots of walking. Species seen – 1700!
**[car 51,000 = 47,000 pounds of carbon; plane 193,000 = 142,820 pounds of carbon]
Timothy Boucher is a senior conservation geographer at The Nature Conservancy, where his work ranges from complex spatial analyses to extensive field studies, focusing on ecosystem services and linkages between human well-being and conservation. He has worked on global to local issues, done fieldwork spanning six continents, assessed land use and habitat conditions, and participated in numerous field expeditions. He is also an avid birder and amateur photographer as well as a regular cycling commuter.
Rare images of a wild panda eating meat at the Conservancy’s Land Trust Reserve project site in Sichuan shed new light on the emblematic species. Continue reading
The Nature Conservancy of Texas and the United States Army announced today the closing of an innovative public-private transaction of a conservation easement on 57-acres of hilltop property in The Dominion and a transfer of a 223-acre ranch known as The Neighbor Tract in Bandera County. The Neighbor property is adjacent to the Conservancy’s existing 1,800-acre Love Creek Preserve. The easement and fee transfer protect significant habitat for the golden-cheeked warbler, a federally endangered songbird. It also meets the obligations of the owner of The Dominion property, Highlands Dominion, L.L.C. (Highlands Dominion) for mitigation under the Endangered Species Act, and provides mitigation credits, which will allow for expansion of training areas on Camp Bullis.
Conservationists, scientists, industry representatives, community leaders and the U.S. Forest Service have signed an historic agreement to restore ponderosa pine forests in four national forests in northern Arizona. More than 20 organizations signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Four Forest Restoration Initiative Collaborative Stakeholder Group and the Apache-Sitgreaves, Coconino, Kaibab and Tonto National Forests.
The Nature Conservancy, together with the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, and private landowners, have begun work on 418 acres of wetland and habitat restoration projects slated to be completed over the next two years.
The Nature Conservancy has released the findings from volunteers’ extensive 2010 survey of jay populations.
The central government of China has released the country’s first nationwide conservation strategy in 16 years. China’s National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan both assesses the progress of China’s environmental initiatives over the last two decades and sets out an ambitious agenda for future conservation, including a halt to the loss of all biodiversity in China by 2020.
Biologists who are restoring seabird habitat on a remote island in Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge confirmed today that Rat Island is now rat-free. The report comes after two years of careful field monitoring at Rat Island, where the invasive predator decimated native seabird populations by preying on eggs and chicks.
The North Carolina mountains get a lot of tourists this time of year, but one of the rarest was sighted this past week at the Conservancy’s Big Yellow Mountain Preserve in Avery County. Baird’s Sandpiper, which breeds in the high Arctic and then migrates through the plains states to its winter home in the Andes and Patagonia region of South America, was photographed atop the 5,540-foot peak.
The first global assessment of mangroves in over a decade reveals that rare and critically important mangrove forests continue to be lost at a rate three to four times higher than land-based global forests, despite positive restoration efforts by some countries.