Photos with this report (click to enlarge)
Western Rock Nuthatch
A break in work commitments allowed Andrew, Ted and I the opportunity for a weeks birding holiday. After some research it was decided that based on time of year and budget, the best place to go in the Western Palaearctic was South West Turkey. We anticipated that an early autumn tour of this area would provide a short trip total, but a good number of lifers. It could also potentially provide a number of migrant surprises. Target species for the trip were, Spur-winged Lapwing, Black Stork, Rufous Bush Chat, White-throated Robin, Kruper’s Nuthatch, Cretzschmar’s Bunting, Ruddy Shelduck, White-throated Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Dalmatian Pelican, White Pelican, Eleonora’s Falcon, Chukar, Sombre Tit, Finch’s Wheatear, Red-backed Shrike, Masked Shrike and Woodchat Shrike.
We booked a package Holiday with Goldtrail Holidays through the On the Beach website (www.onthebeachholidays.com). Flights were direct from Belfast International to Dalaman, staying in a three star self-catering apartment in the Armutalan suburb of Marmaris. A hire car was booked for the week with Holiday Autos (www.holidayautos.co.uk ). The price worked out at £277 per person.
We planned to go on a number of day tours out of Marmaris to some of the sites described in Finding Birds in Western Turkey, by Dave Gosney. Supplemented by a number of trip reports found online. Before we left, I organised a guide through birding pal to show us around the Dalyan area for a day.
At this point it must be said that a greater number of birds would be available during spring, particularly warblers and raptors. Also a number of our target species would be easier to find at this time of year. But these dates were not available to us. Nevertheless, the trip ended with a total of 122 birds, with Andrew adding 17 Lifers, Ted 26 and myself 43.
We drove a total of 2300 km on just over 3 tanks of diesel at a cost of about 2.4 Turkish Lira (95p) per litre. The roads are generally good, but long driving times can be expected due to the windy nature of roads in mountainous areas.
11th September: Birding along the road from Dalaman airport to Marmaris. Scrub around Armutalan. River mouth near Hisaronu on road to Dacta. Knidos archaeological site.
12th September: Dalyan. Track to Itzuzu beach. Gokbel area. Itzuzu beach. Woodland around Gunluk Restaurant. Twin Hills, Dalyan near Koycegiz Lake. Dalyan River. Tepearesi Woodland. Hamitkoy and river crossing.
13th September: Gulluk Marsh. Tuzla Golu. Woodland 15km North of Marmaris.
14th September: Korkuteli Hills and surrounding area.
15th September: Return to woodland 15km North of Marmaris. Atyaka. Return to River mouth near Hisaronu.
16th September: Bafa Golu. Menderes Delta.
17th September: Return to Twin Hills, Dalyan near Koycegiz Lake. Marsh close to Dalaman airport.
Finding Birds in Western Turkey. Dave Gosney (1994). Maps and directions to a number of sites within driving distance of Marmaris. Outline of what species you should expect to find. Becoming out of date, due to building work on areas of wetland he describes. Only describes what birds he saw in a couple of weeks in April 1994. Offering little of what can be found at other times of year. Nevertheless a must have item.
Where to Watch Birds in Turkey Greece & Cyprus. Welch, Rose, Moore, Oddie & Sigg. Hamlyn (1996). Focusing on such a large area means that only a few sites in South West Turkey are mentioned and even then the descriptions and maps are lightweight. Not worth bothering with.
The trip reports of most value included: Southwest Turkey August 21st – September 3rd 2005 by Morten Moller Hansen that can be found at (www.netfugl.dk/redirect.php?redirect_type=trip_report&trip_report_version=pdf&redirect_id=89). South West Turkey, 16th – 22nd October 2001 by Bob Swann and South West Turkey, 6th – 19th April 2003 also by Bob Swann. Both of which can be found on the bird tours website at http://www.birdtours.co.uk.
Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. Excellent field guide.
We found a guide, Jon Lyles, through birding pal, who took us for a days birding around Dalyan. He can be contacted through (http://www.birdingpal.org/Turkey.htm) or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. This proved very worthwhile, as Jon knew the area and its birds extremely well and had planned the day to take in as many different habitats as possible. He also offered advice on the best places to go throughout the remainder of our trip.
We arrived at Dalaman airport an hour or so behind schedule to find there had been a mix up with the hire car. During the panic of trying to organise a replacement vehicle, a Little Owl was heard calling from underneath a road bridge. As the sun began to rise (at around 6.15am), a flock of Egret spp flew over the car on their way to feed. We decided to make a few stops along the road to Marmaris. The usual first for the trip species soon began to appear, Hooded Crow, House Sparrow, Collared Dove, Blackbird, Swallow and Magpie. At our next roadside stop the first decent birds of the trip came in the form of a family of Red-backed Shrikes, a lifer for Andrew and Ted. Further birds at this stop included Great Tit, Whinchat and European Jay.
The sight of a Hummingbird Hawk Moth on the ceiling of the hotel lobby began to raise spirits. And after checking in to our luxurious apartment, we decided to try birding some of the scrub and parkland within Marmaris. In fact the first place we tried was only around 300 yards from the apartments. A small area of waste ground and scrub produced Willow, Icterine and Orphean Warblers. While on the opposite side of the road a garden with a sprinkler system in operation held more House Sparrows, a Spotted Flycatcher and a surprise Wryneck moving amongst the grass. This would remain one of the best finds of the trip.
On route to the archaeological site of Knidos, a river mouth near the turn off to Hisaronu promised some good birds. Half an hour’s exploration revealed Long-tailed Tit, Lesser Grey Shrike, Grey Wagtail, Common Kingfisher, Little Ringed Plover, Caspian Gull, Common Sandpiper, Green sandpiper and a family of 5 Yellow Wagtail, showing characteristics of the flava race. Even at this early stage we realised we would be seeing a lot of Red-backed Shrikes and Spotted Flycatchers on the trip. They appeared in a variety of habitats from the coast to the mountains and were some of the most abundant species of the whole tour. It was decided upon leaving this area that it was worth returning here at a later stage. During a photo stop at a mountain pass a Raven flew overhead. But no raptors were noted.
The archaeological site of Knidos is a renowned rarity hotspot, a good place to find migrating flocks. The picturesque fishing village is also one of the best places to find Western Rock Nuthatch. This fact was borne out before we had even parked the car. I noticed a bird hopping underneath a parked car for shade, quickly to be identified as a Western Rock Nuthatch. Then just after paying the 5-lira per person admission, Ted picked out a raptor moving quickly overhead. We managed to connect with it and were pleased to find that it was an Eleonora’s Falcon. Two of the trip target species within 5 minutes. A scan of the harbour rocks soon revealed the first Audouin’s Gull of the trip. We walked around the ruins, along the shore and up into the scrubby hills adding White Wagtail, Black-eared Wheatear and Isabelline Wheatear to the trip list. We stopped for lunch at the only restaurant in town, and got charged accordingly. However, we soon noticed two or three flighty Blue Rock Thrush moving around the walls close to the restaurant and several more Western Rock Nuthatch.
During our return journey 4km from Knidos, a roadside stop (described in Gosney) in search of Chukar offered a single Whitethroat and a Woodchat Shrike, but no Chukar. At a headland 35km from Marmaris a probable Yellow-legged Gull patrolled the sea below. We returned to Marmaris around 7pm in the fading light, but failed to find our way back to the apartments until long afterwards, due to a series of wrong turns, a crap map and a lack of street names. Not a bad start to the trip.
After an hour and a half’s drive from Marmaris, we met with our guide for the day Jon Lyles at a café beside the Mosque in Dalyan town centre at 8am. After a brief discussion about what we had already seen, what we would like to see and what we were likely to see, we set off for the track to Itzuzu Beach.
It wasn’t long before we added Crested Lark to the trip list. Closely followed by Spanish Sparrow, a distant Great White Egret, Squacco Heron, Little Egret, Grey Heron and a single Sand Martin. Two female Marsh Harriers gave excellent views gliding over the marsh. We were then shown a pool Jon knew, that was good for waders. Unusually for Turkey, the first bird we spotted was a Knot and then a couple of Ruff, some Ringed Plover, Dunlin and a Little Stint were seen. Jon then noticed the distant call of a flock of European Bee-eaters that soon came into view. A scan of a nearby river channel revealed further new birds in the forms of Redshank and Whiskered Tern. On our way back to the car a number of unmistakable Fan-tailed Warblers flitted around the cotton fields. Other birds also seen here included both the flava and flavissima races of Yellow Wagtail, Whinchat, Red-backed Shrike, Lesser Grey Shrike, Common Kingfisher and Little Ringed Plover.
We then drove to an area on the outskirts of Gokbel that we were told had breeding Rollers and Kruper’s Nuthatch. We were also on the lookout for Pied Flycatcher in the tall trees here. The first bird that appeared was a Spotted Flycatcher, and then an unfamiliar sound could be heard from close by. Jon informed us that this was the call of the Kruper’s Nuthatch we had hoped to see. We only managed brief views at this location but we would soon see many more. On our way back to the car, while some of us were looking at a Willow Warbler in a bush, Andrew discovered a European Roller perched on top of a tree on the other side of the road. This juvenile bird was the only sighting of this species on the entire trip.
The lagoon behind Itzuzu beach, at first appeared to only have Little Grebes, but a scan of the banks also revealed 14 Kentish Plover, Little Egret, Ringed Plover, Common Sandpiper, Common Kingfisher and a Western Rock Nuthatch was heard, later to be located in the woodland and rocky outcrops that surrounded the lagoon. This area also offered several new birds for the trip including, 2 Eurasian Hoopoe, a heard only Middle-Spotted Woodpecker, an adult female Masked Shrike followed by great views of a juvenile, Coal Tit and Blue Tit. The best of the other birds seen here included 7 Kruper’s Nuthatch. On the way back to Dalyan we stopped at a football pitch to check through a flock of 20 Yellow Wagtails scurrying about the grass, a Kestrel was perched on an electricity pylon just past the Gokbel exit sign.
We stopped for lunch at Gunluk Restaurant and afterwards birded the mixed woodland that encircled it. We added Goldfinch and Chaffinch to the woodland birds seen; a Middle Spotted Woodpecker was also seen briefly in flight. Towards the edge of the wood, the neighbouring farmland had a flock of Red-rumped Swallows. A raptor was then seen hovering high above the cliffs. This would be the first of many Short-toed Eagles of the trip. Upon viewing the bird through the scope we discovered that it was being mobbed by around 80 European Bee-eaters.
The next site visited was described by Jon as the ‘Twin Hills’, Dalyan overlooking Koycegiz marsh. Here we caught up with further sightings of Short-toed Eagle, Kestrel and Marsh Harrier. This area is meant to be good for Warblers and although very dry, I was delighted to discover a Lesser Whitethroat in the sparse vegetation. The cotton fields here boasted a mixed flock of House and Spanish Sparrows.
Dalyan River can be accessed by a dirt track nearby and a brief stop added a 2nd winter male Hen Harrier to the trip list. Also in attendance were a number of obligatory Red-backed Shrikes, a close in female Marsh Harrier, Little Grebe, Common Kingfisher and Crested Lark.
We parted company with Jon at 16.30pm in Dalyan town centre and headed for an area of mixed woodland he thought would be worth a try. Just past the entrance sign to the village of Tepearesi, is a lay-by opposite a white water works building covered in graffiti. This area was popular with picnicking locals. The only new species found here was Greenfinch. But we did get excellent views of European Bee-eaters sitting on telegraph wires. The woodland also held Goldfinch, Red-backed Shrike, Spotted Flycatcher, Middle Spotted Woodpecker, Willow Warbler and Great Tit.
We decided to break up the return journey to Marmaris by visiting Hamitkoy and the river crossing and paths described by Gosney. Although, the river around the bridge was lacking in water, you can drive down a track towards its mouth. This area still had plenty of water. We soon flushed a Night Heron from the reeds and the river channel had many Coots and Moorhens. Around the very end of this track a Cetti’s Warbler was seen sitting in the reeds. Other birds of note here included Great White Egret and Common Kingfisher, but sadly neither of the rare Kingfishers made an appearance.
We returned to Marmaris at around 9pm, very pleased with the days birding but still struggling to grasp how to find our way back to the apartments.
We decided to have a later start today; at around 8am we set off for Gulluk marsh a mere couple of hours drive away. We birded most of the areas described in Gosney. The main marsh and sea front provided new species in the form of Alpine Swift, Purple Heron, Cormorant, and Black-headed Gull. An added surprise was a couple of Turnstones resting on a fishing boat. Other species of note also seen here were Yellow-legged Gull, Marsh Harrier, 2 Ruff, Audouin’s Gull and Whiskered Tern.
The shallow lagoon at the Shell station turnoff, known locally as Tuzla Golu, provided yet more trip ticks. Including large numbers of Greater Flamingo, 6 Curlew Sandpiper and a single Curlew. At distance I managed to pick out a
Dalmatian Pelican, a lifer for all three of us. We counted only 3 of this species in this entire location. This site also gave close views of a Great White Egret and the first sign of large flocks of other Egrets and Herons.
The road off to the right described in Gosney, sweeps through the agricultural land that borders the lagoon. Some familiar faces seen were, Isabelline Wheatear, Crested Lark and Black-eared Wheatear to name but a few. However, we also encountered some excellent birds here for the first time. These were Northern Wheatear, 2 Sombre Tits and brief views of Chukar. The Sombre Tits were a welcome addition, giving views down to 15 metres.
The tracks in and around the airport failed to live up to expectation but did add House Martin to the trip total. Birds viewed here included Common Kingfisher, Yellow Wagtail, Whinchat and Lesser Grey Shrike.
Approximately 15km north of Marmaris there is a small expanse of deciduous woodland. There is an obvious lay-by (on the right hand side of the road if you are going towards Marmaris) to park in and a track leading into the woodland. Again we only decided to give it a go to break up the return journey to Marmaris. At first the track goes through dense woodland but then you come to an open area that looks like a disused campsite. Then through to a small area of cultivated fields. This area held 30 Red-rumped Swallow, 4 Alpine Swift and much to our enjoyment a group of 12 Cretzschmar’s Buntings including 3 males, were feeding in the stubble fields close to the farm house. A Northern Wheatear was also present.
We returned to our apartments at 8.00pm after the worst struggle yet finding it. For a ‘quiet’ day we had done well to see 4 of our target species.
An early start today, leaving Marmaris at 5.30am for the 3and a half hour drive to the first site described by Gosney at Kinik, in the Korketeli Hills. We parked the car at the side of the road to check the arable fields and scrub. This area produced the first Tawny Pipits and Serins of the trip. A Syrian Woodpecker was heard and seen by Andrew only. The road off to the left from Kinik village goes past rocky hills with lots of good habitat. It was here that we first heard the distinctive call of Cirl Buntings that soon provided good views. Other birds also noted in these two sites included, European Bee-eater, Whinchat, Crested Lark, Goldfinch, Orphean Warbler, Blackbird, Yellow Wagtail, Willow Warbler and yet more Rock Nuthatch. Sadly no White-throated Robins to report.
The roadside quarry just before Sogut held genuine Rock Pigeon, Red-backed Shrike and a flock of 15 Serin. Further Whinchat, Black-eared Wheatear, Spotted Flycatcher, Yellow Wagtail and Tawny Pipits were also seen. New birds for the trip were Linnet and Crag Martin. With only three or four of the latter feeding around the top edge of the quarry and stopping briefly for a rest on the rock face.
We stopped at the ‘plain excellent for Larks’ described in Gosney for half an hour. This produced the best views yet of a Short-toed Eagle that was seen hunting only a few hundred metres in front of the car, before flying off grasping prey in its talons. A couple of Kestrels also hovered over the vast plain. A further raptor was seen in the distance but was too far away to be identified. Eventually we found a few Short-toed Larks to add to the trip list.
The roadside stop 12km before Cavdir has a dinking trough, which attracts birds in dry periods. There were certainly a good number to be found including Cirl Bunting, Lesser Whitethroat and Rock Nuthatch, but no new birds for the tour. Approximately 9km along the road east of Cavdir, I noticed a raptor perched on top of an electricity pylon. Only to discover that it was yet another Short-toed Eagle. Another of this species was seen a few kilometres down the road; a few European Bee-eaters sat on the telegraph wires. The wires and masts in this area are certainly worth a thorough check.
The drinking trough 13km east of Cavdir proved difficult to get to, due to large-scale roadworks. Nevertheless, we managed to park further down the road and walk towards the trough. We stationed ourselves under the shade of a tree and waited and watched to see what birds would drop in. A few Rock Nuthatch followed a flock of Goldfinch’s. Then a splendid juvenile Masked Shrike paid a brief visit. We were also pleased to see a pair of Sombre Tits come in for a drink. In the area behind the trough some Corn Buntings were seen. We walked closer to get a better view. From here a scan of the tall trees surrounding the water trough revealed a single Ortolan Bunting, a lifer for all three of us. We also had brief views of a probable Long-legged Buzzard on the long journey back to Marmaris. Where we were delighted to find the apartments within 30 minutes, things were looking up.
Another easy day was called for after our exertion the day before. So we decided to return to the Cretzschmar’s site we had found on the 13th. We arrived at around 8.30am and were rewarded with excellent views of Middle Spotted Woodpecker, with at least three different birds in the area. We also saw Kruper’s Nuthatch, Goldfinch, Short-toed Eagle, Spotted Flycatcher and Chaffinch. We made our way further down the path and were delighted to catch up again with a group of 3 Cretzschmar’s Buntings. As we did so, Andrew noticed a Peregrine Falcon swooping across the clearing. A good bird for this part of Turkey. Other birds also noted included, Red-backed Shrike, Jay, Blackbird, Cirl Bunting, Whinchat and Great Tit.
A few kilometres further out the main Marmaris road is the turn off for Atyaka, a coastal area Jon Lyles recommended we should visit. This site is marketed towards tourists who want to take a boat tour around the area and get dropped off on a deserted beach or island. Perhaps a boat could be chartered to go birdwatching! From the end of the pier, we scanned the bay and the shoreline. A number of Caspian and Yellow- legged Gulls passed by. We also added Sandwich Tern to the trip list here. The shore held a few groups of Kentish Plover. We followed a long track that hugged the river before heading across farmland, through the marsh and onto the shore again. Here we saw birds like White and Grey Wagtail, Moorhen, Sand Martin, Red-rumped Swallow, Whinchat, Lesser Grey Shrike, Purple Heron, Crested Lark and Common Kingfisher. The spit at the very end of the track held a very weary looking Icterine Warbler. This area also seemed to be good for butterflies with a number of Painted Ladies and a Swallowtail species noted.
We spent the rest of the afternoon back at the river mouth site near Hisaronu. Some familiar faces were seen including Common Sandpiper, Crested Lark, Common Kingfisher and Short-toed Eagle. However, we did manage to get better views of Cetti’s warbler and Long-legged Buzzard. The highlight of the day perhaps was finding a Mediterranean Chameleon along the path.
Another 5.30 start today with over 3 hours drive to Bafa Golu. Not a lot was seen along the road until it started to run alongside the lake. Here Ted noticed the first Jackdaws of the trip. The fist site of the Menderes Delta saw the anticipation build. We stopped at the first roadside pond on the road to Karine and saw a Common Sandpiper, 3 Common Redshank, some Moorhen, Little Grebe, Corn Bunting, and Crested Lark. From the car Ted spotted a Stonechat another first for the trip.
The saline lagoon at Karine Golu held many Greater Flamingo, a few Cormorants, Curlew, and Grey Heron, Little egret, 40 plus Great White Egret and Purple Heron. New birds for the trip were Grey Plover and a surprise flock of 16 White Pelican that were feeding in the bay before being disturbed by fishermen. This allowed us to view the birds in flight and confirm their identification. We scanned the bay and saw Sandwich Tern and 2 Caspian Tern, another trip tick. Also in attendance in this area were a Kestrel, White Wagtails and two flocks of 5 Chukar that we chased along the roadside.
We took the track towards Derin Golu and discovered that it was very popular with local fishermen, nevertheless it did promise some good birds. And we weren’t disappointed. We waded through the shallows pools that make up this vast wetland and managed to see a number of new birds for the trip. These were 9 Slender-billed Gulls, Common Greenshank, Sanderling and 2 Pygmy Cormorants.
We then took the long track that follows the course of the Buyuk Menderes River. Here we managed to see Tawny Pipit, Black-eared Wheatear, Marsh Harrier, Common Kingfisher and Whinchat. From the car I managed to pick up a Woodpecker species in flight on the far bank. We stopped to enjoy the first good views of Syrian Woodpecker. At the very far end of the track, close to where it meets the main road an area of fly tipping attracted Spotted Flycatcher, Yellow and Grey Wagtails and a Eurasian Hoopoe.
The track to Karagol described in Gosney runs through the heart of a series of pools and lagoons, although the area was very dry when we were here it still produced a number of birds new for the trip and one we hadn’t expected to see. Towards the end of the track were the pools began to hold more water, we stopped the car for a quick scan. Much to my amazement a single Black Stork stood on the banks of a pool. Not exactly in its natural habitat. We also added Great Crested Grebe to the trip list here. A list of other birds seen at this site were, 5 Dalmatian Pelican, Greater Flamingo, Great White Egret, Kentish Plover, Redshank, Little Egret, Grey Heron, Lesser Grey Shrike, Tawny Pipit, Cormorant, 3 Curlew Sandpiper, Sandwich Tern, Sanderling, Fan-tailed Warbler, Grey Plover, 2 Caspian tern, Curlew and Common Kingfisher.
Just after the turn off at ‘Dalyan’ to Bafa Golu I noticed the first Common Swifts of the trip in amongst some Red-rumped Swallows. We drove to the fisherman’s hut described in Gosney and found a number of new species. These were Garganey, Pochard, Black Tern, Temminck’s Stint, Wood Sandpiper and a heard only Water Rail.
Other species of interest here included Marsh Harrier, Green Sandpiper, Red-rumped Swallow and Greater Flamingo. We then went through the gate that is ‘usually closed’ as described in Gosney that leads towards the town of Sercin. Along this track we managed to see Eurasian Hoopoe, House Martin, Spotted Flycatcher, Red-backed Shrike (yet again), European Bee-eaters, 8 Ringed Plover, Redshank and Kentish Plover.
At Sercin you can drive down onto the banks of the lake itself and this produced another surprise bird. The water level was very low, so we had to walk out across the dry mud to get a view of the birds. It was obvious though, that this bay held many thousands of waders. Amongst these Andrew did well to pick out a total of 28 Marsh Sandpipers. We manage to get within a few hundred metres of these elegant waders that pass through this area on migration.
After another 3 hour plus journey, we arrived back in Marmaris late on but were at least now able to drive directly to our apartments without getting lost.
Our flight home was in the afternoon, so we had a little time to spare for birding in the morning. We decided to bird a few sites around Dalyan that we had been to before. Then on to try and find the marsh close to Dalaman airport that is mentioned in one of the trip reports I had read. This proved to be a worthwhile decision. The areas visited in and around Dalyan produced few birds, so we headed for Dalaman. The marsh area can be found by turning left just before the entrance to the airport.
We parked the car close to a bridge with pools on both sides. It wasn’t long until Andrew had noticed 4 Spoonbill, 4 Black-winged Stilt and much to everyone’s delight 4 Spur-winged Lapwing. We stayed at this pool until we had to leave for our flight home, hoping that something else would drop in. We managed to get excellent views of the Spur-winged Lapwing. Needless to say this site is well worth visiting with a number of other good birds seen here that included, Black Tern, 2 Little Stint, Kentish Plover, Temminck’s Stint, Little Ringed Plover, 5 Night Heron, Green Sandpiper, Cetti’s warbler and Garganey. As we returned to the car to go round the corner to the international terminal, a female Hen Harrier disappeared over the horizon.
We all agreed this was a very worthwhile trip, offering good value for money, some excellent birds, good weather and stunning scenery. We vowed to return someday during spring.
1. Little Grebe
2. Great Crested Grebe
3. White Pelican
4. Dalmatian Pelican
6. Pygmy Cormorant
7. Night Heron
8. Squacco Heron
9. Little Egret
10. Great White Egret
11. Grey Heron
12. Purple Heron
13. Black Stork
14. Eurasian Spoonbill
15. Greater Flamingo
18. Short-toed Eagle
19. Marsh Harrier
20. Hen Harrier
21. Long-legged Buzzard
22. Common Kestrel
23. Eleonora’s Falcon
24. Peregrine Falcon
26. Water Rail (h)
29. Black-winged Stilt
30. Little Ringed Plover
31. Ringed Plover
32. Kentish Plover
33. Grey Plover
34. Spur-winged Lapwing
39. Curlew Sandpiper
40. Temminck’s Stint
41. Little Stint
42. Wood Sandpiper
43. Green Sandpiper
44. Common Sandpiper
47. Marsh Sandpiper
50. Black-headed Gull
51. Slender-billed Gull
52. Yellow-legged Gull
53. Audouin’s Gull
54. Sandwich Tern
55. Caspian Tern
56. Black Tern
57. Whiskered Tern
58. Rock Dove
59. Collared Dove
60. Little Owl (h)
62. Alpine Swift
63. Eurasian Hoopoe
64. Common Kingfisher
65. European Bee-eater
66. European Roller
67. Syrian Woodpecker
68. Middle Spotted Woodpecker
70. Crested Lark
71. Short-toed Lark
72. Sand Martin
73. Crag Martin
74. Barn Swallow
75. Red-rumped Swallow
76. House Martin
77. Tawny Pipit
78. White Wagtail
79. Yellow Wagtail
80. Grey Wagtail
81. Northern Wheatear
82. Isabelline Wheatear
83. Black-eared Wheatear
86. Blue Rock Thrush
88. Orphean Warbler
89. Lesser Whitethroat
91. Zitting Cisticola (Fan-tailed Warbler)
92. Cetti’s Warbler
93. Icterine Warbler
94. Willow Warbler
95. Spotted Flycatcher
96. Great Tit
97. Coal Tit
98. Blue Tit
99. Sombre Tit
100. Long-tailed Tit
101. Kruper’s Nuthatch
102. Western Rock Nuthatch
103. Red-backed Shrike
104. Woodchat Shrike
105. Masked Shrike
106. Lesser Grey Shrike
110. Hooded Crow
112. House Sparrow
113. Spanish Sparrow
119. Ortolan Bunting
120. Cretzschmar’s Bunting
121. Cirl Bunting
122. Corn Bunting