Bolivia - The Wild North-east

Published by Barry Walker (bwalker AT

Participants: Leaders: Barry Walker & Renzo Zeppilli. With: Lynn and Jay Gould, Jim (Jaime) and Sue Liskovec and Jim Martin.


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Blue-throated Macaw
Blue-throated Macaw

Manu Expeditions

Bolivia, a country of contrasts from the dry chaco and savannas of the Santa Cruz lowlands to the semi-arid “Valles” of Che Guevara country to the tropical gallery forest and savannahs of the 1.5 million hectare Noel Kempff Mercado National Park. Birding was fantastic despite having to switch our itinerary around due to unusually heavy rains just before we arrived, wiping out bridges and roads, but we managed to adapt and have a great trip. We saw a lot of range restricted species in some special habitats, including 2 large endemic Bolivian Macaws! With early starts and a lot of dedication we did remarkably well as the list below indicates. Our driver Pepe was just great and the staff at all lodges in Noel Kempff Park a friendly group with great Brazilian food! The flight into Noel Kempff is spectacular in itself, traversing vast expanses of forest ands marsh. This is a remote place where not even indigenous humans have traditionally lived. The Carparus plateau rises abruptly out of the plains and is forested, with rivers and spectacular waterfalls. Our lodge at Flor de Oro on the Itanez river was surrounded by a variety of habitats – cerrado, tall gallery forest and igapo (permanently flooded forest) and high tierra firme forest at Lago Caiman. We managed to bag a lot of the country’s special birds and have some fun along the way. The last part of the trip was to the Trinidad area where small planes took us in to the El Cutal ranch to successfully see the endemic Blue-throated Macaws and many other species in these bird rich ranchlands, including a mammal sighting that will make all remember the Bolivian charm, a Maned wolf trotting away from us in one of the service roads around El Cutal. What a trip!


May 12th 2007 – Evening arrival in Santa Cruz. Night Hotel Cortez

May 13th 2007 - First thing at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens and afternoon to Okinowa after a typical lunch at a local restaurant in Santa Cruz. 500 meters. Night Hotel Cortez.

May 14th 2007 – Fly in two aircraft to the isolated Flor de Oro Lodge deep in the Noel Kempff Mercado National Park with detours to over-fly waterfalls on the Serrania de Caparus. Bolivia is just across the Itenez River (called the Guapore on the Brazilian side) – we have lunch and then bird the south trail and some forest close to the Lodge. 180 meters. Night at Flor de Oro Lodge

May 15th 2007 – Morning in the cerrado grasslands and an afternoon walk along the north trail. 180 meters. Night at Flor de Oro Lodge

May 16th 2007 – Morning along the north trail and afternoon river trip to La Bahia and along the Itanez River. 180 meters. Night at Flor de Oro Lodge.

May 17th 2007 – By boat early to Lago Caiman and a walk through the tierra firme forest. Picnic lunch by the lakeside. Afternoon return to the lodge and a late excursion on the savanna trail. 180 meters. Night at Flor de Oro Lodge.

May 18th 2007 - Early morning walk along the north trail and then fly back to Santa Cruz. 180 meters. Afternoon excursion to the Lomas de Arena regional park. 500 meters. Night Hotel Cortez.

May 19th 2007 – Breakfast in the field near Pedro Lorenzo and early morning birding. Continue drive south and a top at Km 115 near the town of Cabezas. 500 meters. Afternoon birding along the Lagunillas road at 1070 meters and overnight at the Hotel JR in Caimiri.

May 20th 2007 – Morning in the Bolivian Chaco along the Boyuibe-Villazon road at 950 meters. Afternoon at Lake Comatindi. Overnight at the Hotel JR in Caimiri.

May 21st 2007 - Return to Santa Cruz. Morning birding along the Lagunillas road at 1070 meters. Stops at Km 110 and along the main hiway at Pedro Lorenzo. 500 meters. Night Hotel Cortez.

May 22nd 2007 – Santa Cruz to Comarapa at 1830 meters with stops near Bermejo and Hierba Buena.

Afternoon biridng at Tambo at 1700 meters. Night Hotel Paraiso in Comarapa.

May 23rd 2007 – Breakfast and endemic Macaws at San Rafael at 1300 meters, then along the Saipina – Sucre road. Afternoon at 2400 meters below Torrecillas. Night Hotel Paraiso in Comarapa.

May 24th – Morning above Torrecillas at 2600 meters and then lunch 2km east of Bermejo and late afternoon stop along the Rio Piuray at 500 meters. Night Hotel Cortez.

May 25th – 2007 – Morning flight to Trinidad and then birding along the road that takes to the North. Lunch and birds at Laguna Suarez. Afternoon along the Loma Suarez road. Night in Hotel Campanario.

May 26th 2007 – Two flights in a small Cessna 206 from el Trompillo Airport to La Verde to look for Blue-throated Macaws. After searching and finding them a three minute flight took Us to Cutal Ranch were we spent the next two nights. Afternoon exploration of the Ranchouse surroundings. Night in Cutal Ranch.

May 27th 2007 – Morning birding the open grasslands along the road that reaches the Ipurupuru river. Afternoon horseback ride through flooded areas of the ranch. Night in Cutal Ranch.

May 28th 2007 – Breakfast and drive along the road that leads back to Trinidad. A sudden encounter with a Maned Wolf made this a special morning. After lunch 25 minute Cessna Flight back to Trinidad. Birding around Trinidad airport before the flight to Santa Cruz in a Dornier 228.

May 29th 2007 – Early departure from Cortez Hotel to Santa Cruz Viru Viru Intl Airport.

Species Lists



Cinereous Tinamou – Crypturellus cinereus – One at Flor de Oro

Undulated Tinamou - Crypturellus undulatus.*

Small-billed Tinamou - Crypturellus parvirostris. *

Tataupa Tinamou - Crypturellus tataupa.*

White–bellied Nothura - Nothura boraquira. 1 at Lomas de Arena on May 18th.

Greater Rhea - Rhea americana. Common near Santa Cruz airport, Okinowa and Cutal.

Silvery Grebe – Podiceps occipitalis. 2 on Lake Comatindi on May 20th were of the nominate occipitalis sunspecies. Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) and Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the northern Andean subspecies, juninensis, might merit recognition as a separate species from Podiceps occipitalis

Least Grebe - Tachybaptus dominicus. Common in lowlands.

Neotropic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax brasilianus.

Anhinga – Anhinga anhinga – Common near Flor de Oro and at Cutal Ranch.

Southern Screamer - Chauna torquata. Quite common near Flor de Oro on the Ox-bow lakes and two at Lago Comatindi. 15 seen in total at Cutal Ranch.

Fulvous Whistling Duck - Dendrocygna bicolor. A lone individual at Lake Comatindi on May 20th. A dozen + seen at Cutal Ranch.

White-faced Whistling Duck – Dendrocyngna viduata. 40+ on the pond in the savanna at Flor de Oro on two days.

Black-bellied Whistling Duck - Dendrocygna autumnalis. 20 plus at Lago Comatindi on May 20th. More than a hundred seen flocking around the fields north of Trinidad. Common at Cutal ranch.

Orinoco Goose – Neochen jubata. Four seen on May 25th at the fields north of Trinidad.

Comb Duck – Sakidornis melanotus. A total of 6 in the Lomas de Arena area.

Muscovy Duck – Cairina moschata. Common near Flor de Oro. 8 seen at Cutal Ranch.

Brazilian Teal - Amazonetta braziliensis. Fairly common around Santa Cruz and Caimiri.

RRS Ringed Teal - Calonetta leucophrys. 200+ on Laguna Comatindi near Boyuibe south of Santa Cruz on May 20th

White-cheeked Pintail - Anas bahamensis. 100 plus at Laguna Comatindi near Boyuibe south of Santa Cruz on May 20th

Whistling Heron - Syrigma sibilatrix. Common around Santa Cruz and Camiri. Two seen at Trinidad Airport.

Capped Heron – Pilherodius pileatus. 2 along the River Itanez. 1 on the road to Loma Suarez.

Little Blue Heron – Egretta caerulea. 7 seen around Trinidad.

Snowy Egret - Egretta thula.

White-necked Heron - Ardea cocoi. Common at Flor de Oro and Cutal Ranch.

Great Egret - Casmerodius albus.

Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis.

Striated Heron – Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night-Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax. Trinidad

Rufescent Tiger-Heron – Tigrisoma lineatum . At least 14 near Flor de Oro. More than 20 at Cutal Ranch.

Plumbeous Ibis – Theristicus caerulescens. Common around Cutal Ranch.

White-faced Ibis - Plegadis chihi. A total of 12 the majority at Lake Comatindi.

Green Ibis - Plegadis ridgwayi. Some at Lago Caiman on May 17th in the Noel Kempff Park

Buff-necked Ibis – Theristicus caudatus. 2 on the 20th of May at Lake Comatindi and 6 in total at Cutal Ranch.

Green Ibis – Mesembrinibis cayennensis. 1 seen at Cutal ranch on may 28th.

Bare-faced Ibis – Phimosus infuscatus. At Okinowa on May 13th and several at Cutal ranch.

Roseate Spoonbill – Platalea ajaja. More than 20 individuals seen at Cutal ranch.

Wood Stork - Mycteria americana. Common at Okinowa and some seen elsewhere.

Maguari Stork – Ciconia maguari. More than 30 seen on the way to Ipurupuru river on May 27th.

Jabiru – Jabiru mycteria. Several seen at Cutal Ranch, including a pair at a huge nest.

Bicolored Hawk - Accipiter bicolor. One in the Chaco on May 21st

Gray-headed Kite – Leptodon cayanensis – Two sightings in the Noel Kempff Park

Swallow-tailed Kite - Elanoides forficatus. Always nice to see.

Pearl Kite – Gampsonix swansonii. One seen at Trinidad on May 25th and one seen at Cutal Ranch on May 26th

White-tailed Kite - Elanus leucurus. 10 near Santa Cruz.

Snail Kite - Rhostrhamus sociabilis. 4 at Okinowa on May 13th. Literally hundreds seen leaving behind tons of snail shells around the flooded grasslands at Cutal ranch. 200+ counted on May 27th.

Black-collared Hawk - Busarellus nigricollis. Common at Flor de Oro. One indiviudal seen near Trinidad and 2 at Cutal Ranch.

Long-winged Harrier - Circus buffoni. 2 at Okinowa on May 13th

Crane Hawk – Geranospiza caerulescens. One seen along the Loma Suarez road on May 25th and one more individual seen from the porch at Cutal ranch.

Slate-colored Hawk – Leucopternis schistaceus. One near Lago Caiman on May 17th

White-browed Hawk – Leucopternis kuhli. One at La Bahia near Flor de Oro on May 16th.

Great Black Hawk – Buteogallus urubitinga Two on May 16th near Flor de Oro. One immature on May 25th north of Trinidad and two more birds at Cutal Ranch.

Savanna Hawk - Buteogallus meridionalis.
Harris´s Hawk – Parabuteo unicinctus. Two individuals seen along the road north from Trinidad on May 25th.

Red-backed Hawk - Buteo polyosoma. Several in the Comarapa area. The South American Chcklist Committee says “Farquhar (1988) concluded that Buteo poecilochrous and B. polyosoma are conspecific, as they were formerly treated (REF); he was unable to find any way to reliably diagnose the two forms using plumage characters or measurements. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Jaramillo (2003) followed this treatment and suggested "Variable Hawk" be retained for the composite species. Genetic data (Riesing et al. 2003) are consistent with hypothesis that B. polyosoma and B. poecilochrous are conspecific. [incorp. Cabot & De Vries 2003] [incorp. Vaurie 1962]. Proposal badly needed.

White-tailed Hawk – Buteo albicaudatus. Three seen along the road north from Trinidad on May 25th.

Black Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus tyrannus. One individual seen along the road to Loma Suarez.

Black Caracara – Daptrius ater

Southern Crested Caracara - Polyborus plancus. Common.

Yellow-Headed Caracara - Milvago chimachima.

Laughing Falcon - Herpetotheres cachinnans. One on May 15th and May 21st

American Kestrel - Falco sparverius.

Aplomado Falcon – Falco femoralis. Two seen North of Trinidad on May 25th and two more at Cutal Ranch on May 28th.

Bat Falcon - Falco rufigularis. 2 seen well along the Rio Itenez

Orange-breasted Falcon – Falco deiroleucus. Good looks at two at Flor de Oro as we were preparing to fly back to Santa Cruz

Black Vulture - Coragyps atratus.

Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura.

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture – Cathartes burrobianus. Common at Flor de Oro over the savannas. Three seen at Trinidad and one seen at Cutal Ranch on May 26th.

King Vulture – Sarcoramphus papa. One at Flor de Oror

RRS/CE Chaco Chachalaca - Ortalis canicollis. One on May 20th in the Chaco

RRS Red-throated Piping Guan – Pipile cujubi. Several seen well in gallery forest at Flor de Oro

Dusky-legged Guan – Penelope obscura. 1 east of Comarapa.

Razor-billed Currasow – Mitu tuberosa *

Hoatzin – Opisthocomus hoazin. Common at La Bahia near Flor de Oro. Three seen at Cutal.

Ocellated Crake – Micropygia schomburgkii *

Rufous-sided Crake – Laterallus melanophaius. 2 on the pond at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens on May 13th. One at Cutal Ranch on May 26th.

Gray-necked Wood-Rail – Aramides cajanea. One seen in great light along the road to Loma Suarez near Trinidad on May 25th.

Common Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus.

White-winged Coot - Fulica leucoptera. 20 at Lake Comatindi on May 20th

Purple Gallinule – Porphyrio martinica. 3 seen in total around Trinidad.

Limpkin - Aramus guarauna. Common around Santa Cruz and Trinidad.

Red –legged Seriema - Cariama cristata. 5 birds in total. 3 near Pedro Lorenzo on May 19thth and 2 near Santa Cruz airport on May 13th. Always a pleasure to see.

CE/RRS Black-legged Seriema – Chunga burmeisteri. 1 bird seen well on a track in the Chaco on the way to Lago Comatindi on May 20th. A most wanted bird.!

Wattled Jacana - Jacana jacana. Common around Santa Cruz, Noel Kempff park and Cutal.

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca.

White-backed Stilt - Himantopus melanurus. Common.

Wattled Jacana – Jacana jacana. Common around Santa Cruz and 2 in the Chaco.

Pied Lapwing – Vanellus cayanus. Fairly common along the Rio Itanez near Flor de Oro

Southern Lapwing – Vanellus chilensis . Common and nosiy.

Yellow-billed Tern – Sterna supercilliaris On the Rio Itanez

Large-billed Tern – Phaetusa simplex On the Rios Itanez and Ipurupuru.

Feral Pigeon – Columba livia.

Picazuro Pigeon – Patagioenas picazuro. The common Pigeon near Santa Cruz. Note that recent research has shown that the genus Columba is paraphyletic, with New World taxa being more closely related to Streptopelia than to Old World Columba pigeons. This is consistent with differences between New World and Old World Columba in terms of morphology, serology and behaviour. The suggestion was made to place all New World forms in the genus Patagioenas, and the AOU recently adopted this change in its latest checklist supplement

Scaled Pigeon – Patagioenas speciosa 4 at Lago Caiman on May 17th A pretty Pigeon/.

Band-Tailed Pigeon – Patagioenas fasciata.

Ruddy Pigeon – Patagioenas subvinacea

Eared Dove - Zenaida auriculata.

Ruddy Ground-Dove - Columbina talpacoti.

Picui Ground-Dove - Columbina picui. Commonest species of the trip!

White-tipped Dove - Leptoptila verreauxi.

RRS Large-tailed Dove - Leptoptila megalura *

Blue and Yellow Macaw – Ara ararauna. 10 at Flor de Oro and more than 30 at Cutal ranch.

BE/RRS (Critically Endangered) Blue-throated Macaw – Ara glaucogularis. 2 individuals seen at la Verde Ranch (Cutal´s sister Ranch) after an exciting quest!

Red and Green Macaw – Ara chlorptera. 6 at Flor de Oro

BE/RRS Red-fronted Macaw – Ara rubrogenys. 22 in early morning near San Rafael quite a show as they were illuminated by the early morning sun.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw – Ara severa. Common in the Noel Kempff Park and at Cutal Ranch.

Red-bellied Macaw – Orthopsittaca manilata. A Mauritia palm specialist – several at Flor de Oro

Golden-collared Macaw – Primolius auricollis. Common around Trinidad and Cutal Ranch.

Blue-crowned Parakeet - Aratinga acuticaudata. Common.

Mitred Parakeet - Aratinga mitrata. Common in the Valles. We saw the nominate mitrata subspecies on May 25th, about 25 birds

White-eyed Parakeet - Aratinga leucophthalmus. Fairly common around Santa Cruz, Trinidad and Cutal Ranch.

Dusky-headed Parakeet – Aratinga weddellii. Common around Trinidad and Cutal Ranch.

Peach-fronted Parakeet - Aratinga aurea. Fairly common around Flor de Oro with great views in the mango tree near the lodge. Common at Trinidad and Cutal Ranch.

Green-cheeked Parakeet - Pyrrhura molinae. Common in the Samaipata area. We saw the subspecies restricta on the Lagunillas road at the Botanical gardens.

RRS Crimson-bellied Parakeet – Pyrrhura perlata. The Noel Kempff park is one of the few places you can see this species. 7 seen in total

Gray-hooded Parakeet - Bolborhynchus aymara. Common near Torrecillas on two days

Monk Parakeet – Myiopsitta monarchus. 4 in the Chaco out of Boyuibe.

BE/RRS Cliff Parakeet - Myiopsitta luchsi. A flock, totaling 30 birds, on the road to Sucre from Saipina. A Bolivian endemic occurring only in the center of the country. Tiny range. The SACC says “Collar (1997) treated Andean luchsi as a separate species from Myiopsitta monachus based on differences in plumage and nest site; this taxon was formerly (e.g., Cory 1918) treated as a separate species, but Peters (1937) considered them conspecific.

Blue-winged Parrotlet - Forpus xanthopterygius. 20 at Okinawa on May 13th. Common around Trinidad and Cutal Ranch.

Yellow–chevroned Parakeet - Brotogeris chiriri. Common in the lowlands.

Cobalt-winged Parakeet - Brotogeris cyanoptera. A few flyovers in Noel Kempff Park

Scaly-headed Parrot - Pionus maximiliani. Common around Santa Cruz

Blue-headed Parrot - Pionus menstruus

Turquoise (Blue)–fronted Parrot - Amazona aestiva. A few, with good looks along the Rio Piruai

Yellow-crowned Parrot – Amazona ochrocephala. Several seen flying at Cutal Ranch.

Scaly-naped Parrot - Amazona mercenaria. A few at Torrecillas.

Orange-winged Parrot – Amazonas amazonica. Daily flocks near Flor de Oro

Mealy Parrot – Amazonas farinosa*

Dark-billed Cuckoo – Coccyzus melacorynchus. One on May 19th d one in May 25th near Trinidad.

Squirrel Cuckoo - Piaya cayana.

Greater Ani- Crotophaga major*

Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani.

Guira Cuckoo - Guira guira. Very common in the Santa Cruz lowlands and the Beni grasslands.

Striped Cuckoo - Tapera naevia. 4 seen in total.

Barn Owl – Tyto alba.* Heard ever night at Flor de Oro

Tropical Screech Owl – Megascops choliba*. Heard at Cutal Ranch.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium brasilianum*. One seen on May 26th at Cutal Ranch.

Yungas Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium bolivianum*.

Burrowing Owl - Speotyto cunicularia.

Short-eared Owl - Asio flammeus. A great show in the late afternoon at Okinowa on May 13th

Short-tailed Nighthawk – Lurocalis semitorquatus. 60 at dusk near Flor de Oro at La Bahia

Nacunda Nighthawk – Podager nacunda. Near 20 individuals seen in total between Cutal ranch and Trinidad.

Pauraque – Nyctidromus albicollis *

Ladder-tailed Nightjar – Hydropsalis climaocerca. Great looks at two roosting along the shoreline of La Bahia near Flor de Oro.

Scissor-tailed Nightjar – Hydropsalis torquata. 2 seen at Cutal Ranch along the roads on May 28th.

Gray-rumped Swift - Chaetura cineireventris

Short-tailed Swift - Chaetura brachyura

Planalto Hermit - Phaethornis pretrei. Two south of Santa Cruz

Black-throated Mango – Ancathacothorax nigricollis. A male at Flor de Oro

Glittering-bellied Emerald - Chlorostilbon aureoventris.

White-chinned Sapphire - Hylocharis cyanus. A few here and there.

White-tailed Goldenthroat - Polytmus guainumbi. Individuals at Okinowa and Lomas de Arena

Fork-tailed Woodnymph – Thalurania furcata. Just one female.

White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia chinogaster. Seen in the Tambo area.

Green-tailed Trainbearer – Lesbia nuna One male near Torrecillas on May 24th

Red-tailed Comet - Sappho sparganura. Several individuals above Turrecillas May 24th – Spectacular.

Tyrian Metaltail - Metallura tyrianthina. We saw the blue-tailed smaragdinicollis subspecies.

Blue-tufted Starthroat - Heliomaster furcifer. A female south of Santa Cruz on May 19th

Amethyst Woodstar – Calliphlox amethystina. One south of Santa Cruz May 19th.

Blue-crowned Trogon - Trogon curucui. Fairly common at Flor de Oro

Black-tailed Trogon – Trogon melanurus One at Flor de Oro

Ringed Kingfisher - Megaceryle torquata. Noisy and abundant at Flor de Oro. 2 seen at Cutal.

Amazon Kingfisher – Chloroceryle amazona. Several sightings along the Rio Itenez and Ipurupuru.

Green Kingfisher – Chloroceryle Americana. One seen at Cutal on May 25th.

Green-and-Rufous Kingfisher – Chloroceryle inda. One seen very fast near the Ipurupuru river on May 27th.

Blue-crowned Motmot - Momotus momota. 2 in the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens

Rufous-tailed Jacamar – Galbula ruficauda. Common in the Beni grasslands.

Pied Puffbird – Notharcus tectus*

White-eared Puffbird – Nystalus chacuru. Two seen well at near Pedro Lorenzo in strong wins on May 21st.

Spot-backed (Chaco) Puffbird – Nystalus (striatipectus) maculatus. Many sightings around Santa Cruz and in the Chaco. We saw the striatipectus form which is often considered a separate species (Chaco Puffbird) from the Brazilian populations.

Rufous-capped Nunlet – Nunnula ruficapilla. One seen on the north trail at Flor de Oro on May 16th.

Black-fronted Nunbird – Monasa nigrifrons

Swallow-wing – Chelidoptera tenebrosa – fairly common at Flor de Oro

White-throated (Cuvier’s) Toucan – Ramphastos (cuvieri) tucanus*. Haffer (1974) showed that R. cuvieri ("Cuvier's Toucan") and R. tucanus form a broad hybrid zone in northern and eastern Amazonia, and, therefore, treated cuvieri (with inca, also considered a separate species by Peters 1948) as a subspecies of Ramphastos tucanus; see also Short & Horne (2001); this treatment has been followed by most subsequent authors, but Sibley & Monroe (1990) continued to treat cuvieri as a species, following earlier classifications (e.g., Cory 1919, Peters 1948, Meyer de Schauensee 1970).

Toco Toucan – Ramphastos toco. Four seen one morning at Flor de Oro. Spectacular! Four more seen at Cutal Ranch on May 28th.

Bar-breasted Piculet – Picumnus aurifrons. We saw the Gold-fronted form at Flor de Oro on two separate occasions.

White-wedged Piculet - Picumnus albosquamatus. One male at Okinowa in weeds! Picumnus albosquamatus interbreeds to varying uncertain degrees with P. dorbignyanus, P. temminckii, and P. cirrhatus (Short 1982, Winkler & Christie 2002), and may be part of that superspecies (Short 1982); it was considered conspecific with P. minutissimus by Meyer de Schauensee (1966), following Gyldenstolpe (1945), but see Short (1982). One more individual seen at Cutal.

White Woodpecker - Melanerpes candidus. 3 flying over near Pedro Lorenzo on May 19th. Good views of two more at Laguna Suarez near Trinidad while having lunch on May 25th.

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cruentatus. A few near Flor de Oro.

White-fronted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cactorum. Common at Tambo and Saipina areas.

Checkered Woodpecker - Picoides mixtus. 2 seen well on May 20th in the Chaco out of Boyuibe.

Striped Woodpecker – Picoides lignarius One at San Rafael May 23rd

Little Woodpecker – Venilornis passerinus. In the Botanical Gardens, at Lomas de Arena and around Cutal ranch.

Golden-Olive Woodpecker- Piculus rubiginosus.

Golden-green Woodpecker - Piculus chrysochloros. A couple in the lowlands. One male seen at Cutal ranch.

Green-barred Woodpecker (Flicker)-Colaptes melanochloros. 3 seen in total. Inexplicably called “Woodpecker” when all other Colaptes are called Flickers? Green-barred Woodpecker (Flicker) - Colaptes melanochloros. IColaptes atricollis, C. punctigula, and C. melanochloros were formerly (e.g., Cory 1919, Pinto 1937, Peters 1948, Phelps & Phelps 1958a, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) treated in a separate genus, Chrysoptilus, but Short (1965, 1972a, 1982) merged this into Colaptes. However, plumage similarities of these three species to Piculus suggests that further study may reveal a closer relationship to that genus ; in fact, recent genetic data with limited taxon-sampling suggest that Piculus and South American Colaptes are more closely related to each other than either is to North American Colaptes (Prychitko & Moore 2000, Weibel & Moore 2002a, b; see also Webb & Moore 2005). Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Hilty (2003) retained Chrysoptilus for punctigula only. 59. Colaptes atricollis, C. punctigula, and C. melanochloros were called "Flickers" by Short (1982). 60. The subspecies melanolaimus (with nigroviridis and leucofrenatus) was formerly (e.g., Cory 1919, Traylor 1951c, Meyer de Schauensee 1970; but not Laubmann 1934, Peters 1948) considered a separate species ("Golden-breasted Woodpecker") from Colaptes melanochloros, but they intergrade where in contact (Short 1972a, Winkler & Christie 2002). The subspecies nigroviridis and "mariae" were also formerly (e.g., Cory 1919) each considered separate species from Colaptes melanochloros, but Peters (1948) treated them all as conspecific; "mariae" is not currently recognized as a valid taxon at any level (Short 1972a, 1982, Winkler & Christie 2002).

Campo Flicker - Colaptes campestris. 2 feeding on a lawn at Okinowa May 13th. Common at Cutal.

Pale-crested Woodpecker – Celeus lugubris One in the Botanical Gardens on May 13th

Lineated Woodpecker - Dryocopus lineatus. Also one in the Botanical Gardens on May 13th and two at Cutal on May 26th.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker – Campephilus melanoleucos. One bird seen near Trinidad on May 25th.

Cream-backed Woodpecker – Campephilus leucopogon. 2 in the Chaco and one near Tambo


Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus. Seen on the Lagunillas road and at Cutal Ranch. The SACC says “Sittasomus griseicapillus almost certainly consists of multiple species (Hardy et al. 1991, Ridgely & Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1995, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2003), with at least five subspecies groups possibly deserving separate species status (Marantz et al. 2003).” The subspecies we saw in Bolivia was viridis. In Manu it’s amazonas, in the west of N Peru and Ecuador its aequatorialis, and in SE Brazil it’s sylviellus and there are more. Watch this taxon for splits.

Great Rufous Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes major. Two on the Lagunillas road responded to playback. Three more seen at Cutal Ranch in good light !

Black-banded Woodcreeper - Dendrocolaptes picumnus.

Straight-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus picus. Common at Flor de Oro. One seen at Cutal ranch under the compound roof.

Striped Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus obsoletus. One at Flor de Oro on May 16th.

Jurua Woodcreeper – Xiphorhynchus juruanus. One at Flor de Oro. Cory & Hellmayr (1925) treated the subspecies juruanus and insignis as separate species from X. spixii, and Pinto (1947) also maintained juruanus as a separate species; but they were considered conspecific by Zimmer (1934d) and Peters (1951). More recently Jurua Woodcreepr as been considered part of Elegant Woodcreeper but is now considered a good species

Buff-throated (Lafranaye’s) Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus (guttatoides) guttatus. Common at Flor de Oro. Some authorities consider Buff throated Woodcreeper of SE Brasil as distinct from Lafreneyes’s but some authorities consider the reason for splitting weak, as I do.

Narrow-billed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes angustirostris. Common in the lowlands around Santa Cruz and Trinidad. Snazzy!

CE/RRS Chaco Earthcreeper – Upucerthia certhioides. 1 in the Chaco out of Boyuibe on May 20th. A range restricted Chaco endemic. Vaurie (1980) considered harterti and certhioides as conspecific, but see Kratter et al. (1993) and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) for rationale for maintaining as separate species until more data are available; they form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990, Remsen 2003) and are sister taxa (Fjeldså et al. 2007).

BE/RRS Bolivian Earthcreeper - Upucerthia harterti. Two responded well to playback at Tambo on May 22nd . A special bird of Bolivia.

Rufous Hornero - Furnarius rufus.

CE/RRS Crested Hornero - Furnarius cristatus. A tailess one seen well in the Chaco.

Chotoy Spinetail - Schoeniophylax phryganophila. 4 seen at lomas de Arena and 6 seen at Cutal. A very pretty, noisy Furnarid.

Sooty-fronted Spinetail - Synallaxis frontalis. Common in the Chiquitiano woodland south of Santa Cruz and also seen at Samaipata.

Azara's Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae. We saw tthe samaipatae subspecies near Torrecillas. This latter was formally considered a separate species known as Buff-browed Spinetail. The SACC says “The superciliosa subspecies group (including samaipatae), was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925, Peters 1951, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) considered a separate species ("Buff-browed Spinetail") from S. azarae, but see Remsen et al. (1988).

Pale-breasted Spinetail - Synallaxis albescens. Common at Flor de Oro.

Ochre-cheeked Spinetail - Synallaxis scutata.*

Plain-crowned Spinetail – Synallaxis gujanensis. One seen well in the Santa Cruz Botanical gardens on May 13th. Two more seen at Cutal before the Maned wolf on May 28th.

Stripe-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca pyrrhophia. We saw two subspecies – nominate pyrrhophia in the lowlands of the Chaco and straticeps in the Valles. Two species may be involved.

Yellow-Chinned Spinetail - Certhiaxis cinnamomea. We called in one at the pond in the Botanical gardens. Finally one was seen at Cutal ranch on May 26th near the rach house.

CE/RRS Short-billed Canastero – Asthenes baeri. In Bolivia restricted to chaco habitat. Two on may 20th out of Boyuibe.

Rusty-vented Canastero – Asthenes dorbignyi consobrina 2 near Torrecillas. The subspecies huancavelicae and arequipae are considered separate species ("Pale-tailed Canastero" and " Dark-winged Canastero") from Asthenes dorbygnyi by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) and Ridgely & Tudor (1994).

CE/RRS Little Thornbird – Phacellodomus silbilatrix. Fairly common in the chaco.

Common (Rufous-fronted) Thornbird - Phacellodomus rufifrons. Common in the Santa Cruz lowlands.

Streak-Fronted Thornbird - Phacellodomus striaticeps. One at Tambo on May 22nd

NE/RRS Spot-breasted Thornbird - Phacellodomus maculipectus. 2 seen well on consecutive days near Torrecillas. Phacellodomus maculipectus was formerly (e.g., Peters, 1951, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) considered a subspecies of P. striaticollis- Freckle-breasted Thornbird. Ridgely & Tudor (1994), based on Nores and Yzurieta, considered the subspecies maculipectus to be a separate species from striaticollis. A SACC proposal was passed to recognize maculipectus as a separate species. They presumably constitute a superspecies.

Greater Thornbird - Phacellodomus ruber. Common at Lomas de Arena, Okinowa and Cutal ranch.

Gray-crested Cacholote – Pseidoseisura unirufa. Common at Cutal ranch and near Trinidad.

CE Lark-like Bushrunner – Coryphsitera alaudina. About 20 of this startling Old World lark look-alike in the Chaco out of Boyuibe on May 20th

Great Antshrike - Taraba major – fairly common.

Barred Antshrike - Thamnophilus doliatus. Common at Flor de Oro

Natterer’s Slaty- Antshrike - Thamnophilus stictocephalus. 3 responded well to palyback at Lago Caiman in the Noel Kempff Park. Thamnophilus atrinucha, T. stictocephalus, T. sticturus, T. pelzelni, and T. ambiguus were formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1924, Pinto 1937, Peters 1951, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) considered conspecific with T. punctatus, with the broad species known as "Slaty Antshrike," but see Willis (1982) and Isler et al. (1997) for recognition as species, based mainly on vocal differences. Genetic data (Brumfield & Edwards 2007) indicate that atrinucha and punctatus belong to separate groups within Thamnophilus. Ridgely & Greenfield further recognized leucogaster of the Marañon Valley as a separate species; this taxon was tentatively retained as a subspecies of T. punctatus by Isler et al. (1997), with further evidence confirming subspecies status presented by Isler et al. (2001).

BE/RRS Bolivian Slaty Antshrike - Thamnophilus punctatus. One seen well south of Santa Cruz and in the Botanical gardens

Amazonian Antshrike - Thamnophilus amzaonicus. Common at Flor de Oro.

Plain-winged Antshrike – Thamnophilus schistaceus. One seen well on the Lagunillas road

Variable Antshrike - Thamnophilus caerulescens. Common in the Valles.

Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficacapillus. Great looks at this snazzy Antshrike We saw the cochabambae race.

Stripe-backed Antbird – Myrmochilus striglatus. A striking Antbird with 2 seen south of Santa Cruz in Chiquitiano woodland.

Black-capped Antwren - Herpsilochmus atricapillus. One seen well on the Lagunillas road and others heard.

Rufous-winged Antwren - Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus. One showed well in the canopy at Lago Caiman in the Noel Kempff Park.

White-fringed Antwren – Formicavora grisea. 2 near at Flor de Oro seen well.

Rusty-backed Antwren – Formicavora rufa. Common and vocal at Flor de Oro.

Grey Antbird – Cercomacra cinerascens*

Blackish Antbird - Cercomacra nigrescens – 2 finally seen well at Flor de Oro

White-browed Antbird – Myrmoborus lecophrys 2 at Lago Caiman

RRS Rondonia Warbling Antbird – Hypocnemis ochogyna. The Warbling Antbird complex ahs recently been divided into several distinct species – see SPECIES LIMITS IN ANTBIRDS (THAMNOPHILIDAE):THE WARBLING ANTBIRD (HYPOCNEMIS CANTATOR) COMPLEX – Isler, Isler and Whitney. The Auk 124(1):11–28, 2007. 2 seen near Flor de Oro Lodge on May 15th.

Band-tailed Antbird – Hypocnemoides maculicauda. 2 on the north trail at Flor de Oro on May 16th

Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird – Myrmeciza hemimelena. 2 at Flor de Oro

Black-throated Antbird - Myrmeciza atrothorax. Common at Flor de Oro

White-backed Fire-Eye - Pyriglena leuconota.*

Crested Gallito – Rhinocrypta lanceolata. Two (at least) in the Chaco. A rather flamboyant Tapaculo.

Olive-crowned Crescentchest - Melanopareia maximiliani. Very nice. One near Torrecillas on May 25th

White-tipped Plantcutter - Phytotoma rutila. Common in the TamboSaipina areas.

Yungas Manakin - Chiroxiphia boliviana. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes and also at Apa-Apa.

Streak-necked Flycatcher - Mionectes striaticollis. One near Torrecillas

Slaty-capped Flycatcher – Leptopogon superciliaris.

Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant - Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer. Heard commonly and one seen well at Lomas de Arena

Stripe-necked Tody-tyrant – Hemitriccus straticollis. A few sightings at Flor de Oro

Common Tody-Flycatcher – Todirostrum cinereum. One seen at Trinidad airport and two more seen at Cutal Ranch.

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher – Todirostrum plumbeiceps. Good looks at this pretty flycatcher along the Lagunillas road.

Sclater’s Tyurannulet – Phyllomias sclateri. Common along the Lagunillas road

Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet – Phyllomias uropygialis. One in a mixed flock above Tierras Nuevas on August 17th.

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet - Camptostoma obsoletum.

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina. Two at Flor de Oro. One seen near Trinidad on May 25th.

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet – Tyrannulus elatus

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher - Sublegatus modestus. One at Flor de Oro on May 16th

Chaco Suiriri - Suiriri suiriri. Common around Santa Cruz and the Chaco.

Forest Elaenia – Myiopagis gaimardi

Yellow-bellied Elaenia - Elaenia flavogaster. 2 on the first morning at Lomas de Arena. Two at Cutal ranch on May 26th.

Small-billed Elaenia – Elaenia parvirostris. One seen near the ranch along the service roads on May 28th.

Plain-crested Elaenia – Elaenia cristata. One at Flor de Oro

White-throated Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus leucophrys. Common at Lomas de Arena

White-crested Tyrannulet - Serpophaga subcristata. At Lomas de Arena, Okinowa and Cutal ranch.

White-bellied Tyrannulet - Serpophaga munda. One in the valles. Three in total near Trinidad and Cutal ranch.

Plain Tyrannulet - Inezia inornata. One at Flor de Oro May 15th and one the 25th along the Rio Pirai

Amazonian Tyrannulet – Inezia subflava – One at Flor de Oro. Inezia caudata –Pale tipped Tyrannulet - was formerly (e.g., Pinto 1944, Phelps & Phelps 1950a, Meyer de Schauensee 1970, Traylor 1977, 1979a, Ridgely & Tudor 1994) considered a subspecies of I. subflava, with the composite species known as "Pale-tipped Tyrannulet"; Zimmer & Whittaker (2000) showed that caudata merits recognition as a separate species based on vocal differences. (They also recommended use of "Inezia" as English name, which is novel but has an appeal.)

Greater Wagtail-Tyrant - Stigmatura budytoides. Very common in the Chaco and Valles.

Yellow-billed Tit-tyrant - Anairetes flavirostris. Nice looks above Torrecillas

Yellow-Olive Tolmomyias - Tolmomyias sulphurescens. One at Flor de Oro

Fuscous Flycatcher – Cnemotriccus fuscatus. Pronounced vocal differences indicate that Cnemotriccus fuscatus consists of more than one species (Hilty 2003).

Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus. The subspecies rufescens of arid western Peru and northern Chile was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1927) considered a separate species from Myiophobus fasciatus, but Zimmer (1939c) and Koepcke (1961) reported specimens that showed signs of intergradation between rufescens and M. f. crypterythrus (cf. Ridgely & Tudor 1994); thus, Meyer de Schauensee (1966) considered them conspecific, and this has been followed by subsequent authors. Jaramillo (2003), however, suggested that rufescens should be considered a separate species.

Smoke-colored Peewee – Contopus fumigatus. One on the Lagunillas road May 21st

Tropical Peewee - Contopus cinereus

Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea. Common around Saipina

Black Phoebe - Sayornis nigricans.

Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus.

Gray Monjita – Xolmis cinerea. Two individuals seen at Cutal ranch. One from the back of the horses on May 7th.

White Monjita - Xolmis irupero. Two near Boyuibe on May 20th. 15+ at Cutal ranch.

White-rumped Monjita – Xolmis velata. Six seen in total near Trinidad and at Cutal ranch.

CE/RRS Cinereous Tyrant – Knipolegus striaticeps. Two in the Chaco where it is a speciality.

Hudson’s Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus hudsoni. 2 at lomas de Arena and several near Trinidad and Cutal ranch. Austral migrant to Bolivia. Renzo´s lifer !

White-winged Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus aterrimus. 2 near Torrecillas flyctching from fenceposts.

Spectacled Tyrant - Hymenops perspicallatus. 3 in total at Lomas de Arena and Okinowa. 2 north of Trinidad.

Black-backed Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola albiventer. 1 responsive bird at Lomas de Arena. 2 more near trinidad and Cutal ranch.

Yellow-browed Tyrant - Satrapa icterophrys. One at Okinowa. One at Cutal ranch on May 28th.

Cattle Tyrant - Machetornis rixosus. Common around Santa Cruz and Trinidad.

Rufous Casiornis - Casiornis rufa. Quite a few south of Santa Cruz

Bright-rumped Attila – Attila spadiceus. One at Flor de Oro

Dusky-capped Flycatcher – Myiarchus tuberculifer. One seen on May 28th at Cutal ranch.

Swainson´s Flycatcher – Myiarchus swainsoni. One individual seen at Cutal ranch with the distinctive pale lower mandible on May 26th. Austral Migrant.

Brown-crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus tyrannulus. 2 in the Chaco.

Short-crested Flycatcher – Myiarchus ferox. Several at Flor de Oro and one at Cutal ranch.

Tropical Kingbird - Tyrannus melancholicus.

Social Flycatcher - Myiozetetes similis.

Rusty-margined Flycatcher - Myiozetetes cayanensis. Common at Flor de Oro. Two along the Loma Suarez road near Trinidad on May 25th.

Lesser Kiskadee – Philohydor lictor. Several along quiet bays along the Rio Itanez

Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus. Common.

Boat-billed Flycatcher – Pitangus sulphuratus. Common

White-winged Becard - Pachyramphus polychopterus. One at Lago Caiman

Black-crowned Tityra - Tityra inquisitor. One at Flor de Oro


Purplish Jay - Cyanocorax cyanomelas. Common in the Santa Cruz area and 5 seen at Cutal.

Plush-crested Jay - Cyanocorax chrysops. Common in lowlands.

Green (Inca) Jay - Cyanocorax yncas.

Rufous-browed Peppershrike - Cyclarhis gujanensis. Common.

Red-ayed (Chivi) Vireo - Vireo (chivi) olivaceous. Some classifications (e.g., Pinto 1944) have considered the South American chivi group as a separate species ("Chivi Vireo") from V. olivaceus, or as conspecific with V. flavoviridis (Hamilton 1962), but see Hellmayr (1935), Zimmer (1941d), Eisenmann 1962a, Johnson & Zink (1985), and Ridgely & Tudor (1989). Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) suggested, however, that more than one species may be involved within the South American chivi group.

Chiguanco Thrush - Turdus chiguanco. We saw the black anthracinus subspecies near Torrecillas

Andean Slaty Thrush - Turdus nigriceps. One near Bermejo.

Rufous-bellied Thrush - Turdus rufiventris. Common in the Valles

Creamy-bellied Thrush - Turdus amaurochalinus. Very common in Noel Kempff Park.

White-necked Thrush - Turdus albicollis. One seen at Cutal ranch on May 28th.

Chalk-browed Mockingbird - Mimus saturninus. A few in the Santa Cruz area and Trinidad.

White-banded Mockingbird - Mimus triurus. 2 seen in total south of Santa Cruz

Thrush-Like Wren - Campylorhynchus turdinus. We saw the unicolor unspotted race. The southern subspecies unicolor was formerly (e.g., Hellmayr 1934, Pinto 1944) treated as a separate species from Campylorhynchus turdinus, but Paynter & Vaurie (1960) treated them as conspecific.

Moustached Wren - Thryothorus genibarbis. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes.

RRS Fawn-breasted Wren - Thryothorus guarayanus. First in the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens and then common to the south and in Noel Kempff Park. A speciality that can be seen in Bolivia or adjacent Brazil.

House Wren - Troglodytes aedon. Common.

Black-capped Donacobius - Donacobius atricapillus. Some at Okinowa on May 13th and several more at Trinidad airport and Cutal ranch.

Masked Gnatcatcher - Polioptila dumicola. Abundant in the Comarapa and Chaco areas.

White-winged Swallow - Tachycineta albiventer. Several seen alongthe Ipurupuru river.

Brown-chested Martin – Progne tapera

Gray-breasted Martin - Progne chalybea. Nesting in the lodger roof at Flor de Oro

Blue-and-White Swallow - Notiochelidon cyanoleuca. Common in the lowlands.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow – Stelgidopterex ruficollis

House Sparrow – Passer domesticus.

Yellowish Pipit – Anthus lutescens. One at Okinowa May 13th The isolate population on the Peruvian coast may deserve species rank.

Hooded Siskin - Carduelis magellanica. Common.

Tropical Parula - Parula pitiayumi. One seen on May 26th at Cutal ranch.

Brown-capped Redstart - Myioborus brunniceps. Common near Torrecillas.

Spectacled Redstart - Myioborus melanocephalus.

Masked Yellowthroat – Geoythlypis aequinoctialis.

Two-banded Warbler - Basileuterus bivittatus. Common on the Lagunillas road.

Golden-crowned Warbler - Basileuterus culicivorus. 1 south of Santa Cruz

Rufous-collared Sparrow - Zonotrichia capensis.

Grassland Sparrow - Ammodramus humeralis. Seen well in Noel Kempff Park and Cutal ranch.

Saffron-billed Sparrow - Arremon flavirostris. Seen on the Lagunillas road.

Red-crested Cardinal - Paroaria coronata. Common at Okinawa, Trinidad and Cutal ranch.

Red- capped Cardinal – Paroaria gularis. Common in Noel Kempff Park and Cutal ranch.

Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola.

Black-faced Tanager – Schistochlamys melanopis. Common on the open savannahs in Noel Kempff Park

Orange-headed Tanager - Thlypopsis sordida. A couple seen south of Santa Cruz

Guira Tanager - Hemithraupis guira. Again seen on the Lagunillas Road

Hooded Tanager – Nemosia pileata A male on the Lagunillas road

Highland Hepatic Tanager - Piranga lutea. Meyer de Schauensee (1966) and Ridgely & Tudor (1989) proposed that this species probably consists of two or three separate species; two occur in South America: nominate flava of southern and eastern South America, and the lutea group of the Andes region (and also Panama and Costa Rica). See Zimmer (1929) concerning earlier claims of sympatry between flava and lutea. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) treated the three groups as separate species. Haverschmidt and Mees (1994) treated the subspecies haemalea of the tepuis as a separate species from P. flava based on habitat differences.

Silver-beaked Tanager - Ramphocelus carbo.

Sayaca Tanager - Thraupis sayaca. Common in the lowlands and Valles.

Palm Tanager - Thraupis palmarum. Three seen on May 25th near Trinidad.

Blue-and-Yellow Tanager - Thraupis bonariensis. Common. The scientific name is named for the city of Buenas Aires. The most southerly ranging Tanager

Purple-throated Euphonia - Euphonia chlorotica. The common euphonia of the drier xerophytic habitats.

Thick-billed Euphonia – Euphonia lanirostris. 2 above Huancane on August 26th.

Turquoise Tanager - Tangara mexicana. 4 in Noel Kempff Park

Burnished - buff Tanager - Tangara cayana. A very pretty Tanager seen on the savannas at Flor de Oro

Blue-necked Tanager – Tangara cyanicollis. In the fruiting tree at Lago Caiman

Black-faced Dacnis – Dacnis lineta. 2 in the fruiting tree at Lago Caiman

Blue Dacnis – Dacnis cayana seen in the fruiting tree at Lago Caiman

Green Honeycreeper – Chlorophanes spiza – yest gain seen in the fruiting tree at Lago Caiman

Swallow-Tanager - Tersina viridi. One male at Flor de Oro

RRS/CE Many-colored Chaco-Finch – Saltatricula multicolor. 6 in the Chaco.

Red-crested (Pileated) Finch - Coryphospingus cucullatus. Very common in the lowlands.

Gray-crested Finch - Lophospingus griseocristatus. Abundant in the Tambo area.

BE/RRS Bolivian Warbling-Finch - Poospiza boliviana. 4 at Torrecillas on August 19th and 4 above Pojo on August 21st.

RRS Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hypochondria. 6 seen near Torrecillas. Also occurs in Argentina.

Ringed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza torquata. A few.

Black-capped Warbling-Finch - Poospiza melanoleuca. Abundant.

Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza erythrophrys. Fairly common near Torrecillas.

Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola. Abundant in lowlands.

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch - Emberizoides herbicola. Common at Flor de Oro. Four seen at Cutal on May 28th.

Great Pampa Finch - Embernagra platensis. A few around Torrecillas and Cutal ranch.

Blue-black Grassquit - Volatinia jacarina.

Rusty-collared Seedeater - Sporophila collaris. One male at Okinowa on May 13th .

Double-collared Seedeater - Sporophila caerulescens. At Flor de Oro, San Rafael and Cutal.

Bicolored Seedeater – Sporophila bicolor – 3 at Okinowa – snazzy seedeater!

Tawny-bellied Seedeater - Sporophila hypoxantha. 4 at Okinowa on May 13th .

RRS/NE Black and Tawny Seedeater – Sporophila nigrorufa. A bird that can only be seen at Flor de Oro. We saw 4 to 5 sub-adults and females on the savanna

Rufous-rumped Seedeater – Sporophila hypochroma – 3 at Okinowa May 13th

Band-tailed Seedeater - Catamenia analis. One or two near Torrecillas

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch – Oryzoborus angolensis. One female seen at Trinidad Airport on May 26th.

Dull-colored Grassquit – Tiaris obscura.

BE/RRS Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer - Diglossa carbonaria. One at Torrecillas – a Bolivian endemic

Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris. Common.

Grayish Saltator - Saltator coerulescens. Common.

Golden-billed Saltator - Saltator aurantiirostris. Abundant.

Ultramarine Grosbeak – Cyanocompsa brissonii.

Crested Oropendola - Psarocolius decumanus. Common.

Solitary Cacique – Cacicus solitarius*

Yellow-rumped Cacique – Cacicus celea

Epaulet Oriole - Icterus cayanensis. The race we saw has a dark chestnut wing-flash.

Campo Troupial (Oriole) - Icterus croconotus. 1 Noel Kempff Park. 8 seen in total at Cutal ranch. Note the original Troupial Icterus icterus is considered to be now Orange-backed Troupial (Amazon region), Venezuelan Troupial (Venezuela/Colombia), Campo Troupial (SW Brazil, the Chaco and Bolivia).

Unicolored Blackbird - Agelaius cyanopus. 2 at Okinawa on May 13th. 6 at Cutal on May 28th.

White-browed Blackbird - Leistes superciliaris. Large flocks at Trinidad airport and Cutal.

RRS Scarlet-hooded Blackbird – Spectacular species, one seen near Laguna Suarez on May 25th and one more seen at Trinidad airport on May 28th.

Chopi Blackbird - Gnorimopsar chopi. Common in lowlands.

BE/RRS Bolivian Blackbird - Oreopsar bolivianus. A Bolivain endemic 20 seen near Saipina on May 23rd.

Bay-winged Cowbird - Molothrus badius. Common.

Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis. Common.

Giant Cowbird - Scaphidura oryzivora. One at Okinowa on August 10th.


White-eared (Bolivian) Titi-Monkey* – Callicebus donacophillus. Heard every morning at Flor de Oro across the river in Brazil.

Black Howler Monkey – Alouetta cayana*

Giant River Otter – Pteranura brasiliensis – 2 seen well at La Bahia near Flor de Oro

Coati – Nasua nasua. One individual seen at Cutal ranch when callinga Crake.

Amazon River Dolphin – Inezia geoffrensis – seen almost daily rigt from the lodge at Flor de Oro on the Itenez river

White-lipped Peccary – Tayassu peccary. Quite a sight – 40+ animals at a clay minberla lick near Lago Caiman

Crab-eating Fox - Cerdocyon thous. One seen in the chaco – very tame

RRS Maned Wolf – Chrysocyon brachyurus. One individual seen on the road from Cutal ranch to Trinidad trotting along the road away from us. Everybody´s lifer !!!

South American Pampas Fox - Pseudalopex gymnocercus

Jaguarundi – Herpailurus jaguarundi. One individuals seen swimming accross a channel along the Trinidad northern route.

Cavy - Cavis tschudi

Brazilian Squirrel – Scirus aestuens. One in the Botanical gardens

White Caiman – Caiman sclerops

Black Caiman – Melanosuchas niger

Yellow-spotted Side-necked Turtle – Podocnemis unifilis

Manu Expeditions