The Republic of Bolivia

Published by Barry Walker (bwalker AT terra.com.pe)

Participants: Leader: Barry Walker, with Ron and Sue Johns, John Lobel, John Gregory, Josep del Hoyo, Trevor Ford, Ian Sinclair

Comments

Copyright
www.ManuExpeditions.com
Birding@ManuExpeditions.com

Bolivia, a country of contrasts from the dry chaco and savannas of the Santa Cruz lowlands to the semi-arid “Valles” of Che Guevara country to the moist yungas cloud forests of the east slope and the high altiplano and mountains. Birding was tough with Bolivia experiencing one of the worst droughts in the last two decades and we were plagued for most of the trip with the worst combination known to neo-tropical birders – wind and sun. However, with early starts and a lot of dedication we did remarkably well as the list below indicates. With field breakfasts and lunches prepared by our cook Raul Cobos and our careful and efficient drivers Pepe and Julio, we managed to bag a lot of the country’s special birds including 4 Earthcreepers, 8 Canasteros, 5 Thornbirds, 7 Poospiza Warbling-Finches and have some fun along the way.
Best bird of the trip – Scimitar-winged Piha
Best event of the trip – Josep and the hunting dogs
Best story of the trip – John L and the dominoes pizza box
Best scam of the trip – the Spanish Ambassador’s and British Consul’s official visit to Coroico

Locations

August 10th : Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Morning at Lomas de Arena 360mts. Afternoon Okinowa 1&2 360 mts

August 11th : Breakfast at km 40 south of Santa Cruz then a stop at 110km south. Afternoon drive with some stops to Camiri. 500-1000mts. Night Camiri

August 12th : Pre-dawn start for Boyuibe and all day birding the road to Villazon 30km east of Boyuibe. Chaco habitat. Return to Camiri after dark for the night.

August 13th : Drive Camiri to Santa Cruz with stops at Cuevitas and others. Afternoon at the Botanical Gardens. Night Santa Cruz.

August 14th : Morning at Santa Cruz airport and drive to Bermejo and walk in to Refugio Los Volcanes after lunch.

August 15th : Refugio Los Volcanes. 1100mts

August 16th : Refugio Los Volcanes 1100mts to Lago Volcanes and on to Samaipata.

August 17th : Samiapata to Tierras Nuevas and onto Vallegrande. Night Vallegrande. 1700-2500-2100mts

August 18th : Morning at Loma Larga 2200mts. Afternoon at El Trigal 1650mts and on to Comarapa. Night Comarapa

August 19th : Early morning at San Rafael 1300mts then through Saipina and on the road to Sucre. Lunch near San Jose and rest of afternoon at Torrecillas 2680mts above Comarapa. Nigh Comarapa

August 20th : Siberia 2600-2900mts. Torrecillas 2680. El Tunal turn off at dusk. Night Comarapa

August 21st : Morning at Siberia 2600 mts then drive via Pojo and Puente Lopez Mendoza to Cochabamba. Night Cochabamba

August 22nd : Cerro Tunari above Quillacollo ( Liriuni hot springs) 3000-4050 mts. Night Cochabamba

August 23rd : Road to Chapare. Tablas Montes turn off 2700-3000mts. Afternoon San Jose gas pumping station 1700mts and late afternoon again at Tablas Montes. Night Cochabamba.

August 24th : Cochabamba to Oruro. Stop at the Arqueo turn off at 3800 mts. Hot springs outside Oruro. Lake Poopo near the village of Toledo 3650mts. Meet up with Joe Tobias. Night Oruro

August 25th : Oruro to Inquisivi with a breakfast stop above Quime. 3000-3400mts. Inqusivi 1800mts and drive to Chullumani at 1700 mts. Night Chullumani.

August 26th : Morning above Huancane 1700 meters. Afternoon Apa-Apa forest at 2000 mts. Night Chullumani

August 27th : Morning at Apa-Apa and drive to Coroico for lunch at the Hotel Esmeraldas. Afternoon birding above Chairo 1300mts. Night Coroico

August 28th : Morning at Cotapata 3000mts then above Pongo 3900mts. Afternoon Chuspipata. 2800. Night La Paz

August 29th : Drive from La Paz to above Sorata 3000mts with a breakfast stop at a lake. Lunch at the Hotel Titicaca near Huarina 3700 mts and birding the lake. Return to La Paz.

Species Lists

* = HEARD ONLY
BE = BOLIVIAN ENDEMIC
CE = RESTRICTED TO THE CHACO
NE = NEAR ENDEMIC JUST SNEAKING INTO A NEIGHBOURING COUNTRY
RRS = RANGE RESTRICTED SPECIES

NON PASSERINES
Hooded Tinamou - Crypturellus nigrocapillus*. Heard close to the track above Huancani on August 26th but…………
Brown Tinamou - Crypturellus obsoletus. Commonly heard in lower Cloud forest at various locations, one seen at the Apa-Apa Reserve near Chulumani on August 27th
Undulated Tinamou - Crypturellus undulatus.*
Small-billed Tinamou - Crypturellus parvirostris. One south of Santa Cruz on August 11th.
Tataupa Tinamou - Crypturellus tataupa. Heard in the Chaco and at Refugio Los Volcanes where one seen by some.
Red-winged Tinamou - Rhynchotus rufescens. Six at Santa Cruz airport on August 14th.
BE Huayco Tinamou - Rhynchotus maculicolis. One flushed up a hill-slope by our bus on the way to Chullumani from Inqusivi on August 25th. Bolivian Endemic only recently described; previously thought to be a highland form of Red-winged Tinamou but vocally very distinct.
Ornate Tinamou - Nothoprocta ornate. 5 seen very well on August 24th in the high country on the way to Oruro.
Andean Tinamou - Nothoprocta pentlandii. One at Quillacolla on August 22nd.
White–bellied Nothura - Nothura boraquira. 3 at Lomas de Arena on August 10th.
Greater Rhea - Rhea americana. Common near Santa Cruz airport and Okinowa.
White-tufted Grebe - Rollandia rolland.
NE/RRS Short-winged Grebe - Rollandia microptera. Eight easily seen on Lake Titicaca near Huarina. Restricted to Lake Titicaca, shared with Peru.
Least Grebe - Tachybaptus dominicus. Common in lowlands.
Pied-billed Grebe - Podilymbus podiceps. 2 on August 13th.
Neotropic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax brasilianus.
Southern Screamer - Chauna torquata. One on August 10th at Okinowa.
Masked Duck - Nomonyx dominicus. 2 on a mountain lake near Samaipata. (Laguna Volcanes) on August 16th.
Andean Duck - Oxyura ferruginea.
Andean Goose - Chloephaga melanoptera. A few on the altiplano.
Comb Duck – Sakidornis melanotus. Around 20 at Lomas de Arena on August 10th.
Muscovy Duck – Cairina moschata. One on Laguna Volcanes on August 6th looked wild and was in correct plumage.
Brazilian Teal - Amazonetta braziliensis. Fairly common around Santa Cruz and Caimiri.
RRS Ringed Teal - Calonetta leucophrys. 4 on a cattle pond 110km south of Santa Cruz on August 11th.
Crested Duck - Anas specularioides.
Cinnamon Teal - Anas cyanoptera.
Speckled Teal - Anas flavirostris.
Yellow-billed Pintail - Anas georgica.
Puna Teal - Anas puna.
Chilean Flamingo - Phoenicopterus chilensis. 200+ at Lago Poopo and nearby hot springs. Juveniles being killed for fun by local kids – very sad.
Andean Flamingo - Phoenicopterus andinus. A total of 7 on Lake Poopo on August 24th.
Puna Flamingo - Phoenicopterus jamesi. One on Lake Poopo on August 24th.
Whistling Heron - Syrigma sibilatrix. Common around Santa Cruz and Camiri.
Snowy Egret - Egretta thula.
White-necked Heron - Ardea cocoi. Two at Lomas de Arena.
Great Egret - Casmerodius albus.
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis.
Black-Crowned Night-Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax. Several at Lake Titicaca and Lake Poopo.
Puna Ibis - Plegadis ridgwayi.
Buff-necked Ibis – Theristicus caudatus. 10 on the 10th and 2 on the 11th of August south of Santa Cruz.
Green Ibis - Mesembrinibis cayennensis. 2 at Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens on August 13th.
Wood Stork - Mycteria americana. 20-30 on August 10th.
Hook-billed Kite - Chondrohierax unicinctus.
Swallow-tailed Kite - Elanoides forficatus.
White-tailed Kite - Elanus leucurus. 4 near Santa Cruz.
Snail Kite - Rhostrhamus sociabilis. 5 at Okinowa on August 10th.
Black-collared Hawk - Busarellus nigricollis. 1 on August 10th.
Long-winged Harrier - Circus buffoni. A ringtail seen by Ian at Santa Cruz airport on August 14th.
Cinereous Harrier - Circus cinereus. Several in the Valles and Highlands.
Crane Hawk - Geranospiza caerulescens. One at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Savanna Hawk - Buteogallus meridionalis.
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle - Geranoaetus melanoleucus.
Roadside Hawk - Buteo magnirostris.
Short-tailed Hawk – Buteo brachyurus. One on August 11th in the Chaco.
White-throated Hawk – Buteo albigula. One on August 19th near Cotapata.
Red-backed Hawk - Buteo polyosoma. Fairly common in the Valles
Mountain Caracara - Phalcoboenus megalopterus. Common.
Southern Crested Caracara - Polyborus plancus. Common.
Yellow-Headed Caracara - Milvago chimachima.
Laughing Falcon - Herpetotheres cachinnans. One on August 10th.
Barred Forest Falcon - Micrastur ruficollis. At Refugio Los Volcanes and above Huancane.
American Kestrel - Falco sparverius.
Aplomado Falcon - Falco femoralis. 3 in total.
Bat Falcon - Falco rufigularis.
Black Vulture - Coragyps atratus.
Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura.
Andean Condor - Vultur gryphus. Many sightings of this massive vulture.
King Vulture - Sarcoramphus papa. 2 at Refugio Los Volcanes.
RRS Chaco Chachalaca – Ortalis canicollis. At least 10 in the Chaco area.
Speckled Chachalaca - Ortalis guttata. A few at Apa-Apa.
Andean Guan - Penelope montagni. Common at Apa-Apa.
Dusky-legged Guan – Penelope obscura. 12 east of Comarapa.
RRS Red-faced Guan - Penelope dabbenei. Wow! – 3 at dawn on the roadside on the way from Vallegrande to Loma Larga. Also occurs locally in Argentina.
Rufous-sided Crake – Laterallus melanophaius. 2 on the pond at the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens on August 13th.
Grey-Necked Wood-Rail - Aramides cajanes. Several here and there in the lowlands.
Plumbeous Rail - Pardirallus sanguinolentus*.
Purple Gallinule - Porphyrio martinicus. One on August 10th.
Common Moorhen - Gallinula chloropus.
Giant Coot - Fulica gigantea. Some on small lake between Lake Titicaca and Sorata.
Andean (Slate-colored) Coot - Fulica ardesiaca.
Limpkin - Aramus guarauna. Common around Santa Cruz.
Red –legged Seriema - Cariama cristata. 6 birds in total. 2 near Camiri on August 11th and 4 near Santa Cruz airport on August 14th. Always a pleasure to see.
CE/RRS Black-legged Seriema – Chunga burmeisteri. 3 birds seen well on a track in the Chaco. A most wanted bird.!
Wattled Jacana - Jacana jacana. Common around Santa Cruz.
Puna Snipe – Gallinago andina. A couple at the hot springs near Oruro on August 24th.
Lesser Yellowlegs - Tringa flavipes.
Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca.
Solitary Sandpiper - Tringa solitaria.
Baird’s Sandpiper – Calidris bairdii. Several hundred on the altiplano.
Wilson’s Phalarope – Steganopus tricolor.
White-Backed Stilt - Himantopus melanurus. Common.
Andean Avocet - Recurvirostra andina. 30 at the hot springs near Oruro on August 24th.
Wattled Jacana – Jacana jacana. Common around Santa Cruz and 2 in the Chaco.
Puna Plover - Charadrius alticola. 7 at the hot springs near Oruro. Always nice to see.
Andean Lapwing - Vanellus resplendens.
Southern Lapwing – Vanellus chilensis . Common in the Santa Cruz and Chaco areas
Andean Gull - Larus serranus.
Feral Pigeon – Columba livia.
Picazuro Pigeon - Columba picazuro. The common Pigeon near Santa Cruz.
Band-tailed Pigeon - Columba fasciata.
Plumbeous Pigeon - Columba plumbea.
Eared Dove - Zenaida auriculata.
Ruddy Ground-Dove - Columbina talpacoti.
Picui Ground-Dove - Columbina picui. Commonest species of the trip!
Bare-faced Ground-Dove - Metriopelia ceciliae. Common in higher areas. We saw the southern zimmeri subspecies.
Black-winged Ground-Dove - Metriopelia melanoptera. Six at Quillacocha.
RE Golden-Spotted Ground-Dove - Metriopelia aymara. Good one to get – 5 on the high country between Cochabamba and Oruro on August 24th.
White-tipped Dove - Leptoptila verreauxi.
RE White–faced (Large–tailed) Dove - Leptoptila megalura. Several heard and one seen at Refugio Los Volcanes in response to playback.
White-throated Quail Dove – Geotrygon frenata. An incredible 8 seen in one morning, and seen well above Huancane on August 27th.
BE/RRS Red-fronted Macaw – Ara rubrogenys. 33 in early morning near San Rafael quite a show as they fed in a maize field.
Blue-crowned Parakeet - Aratinga acuticaudata. Common.
Mitred Parakeet - Aratinga mitrata. Common in the Valles. We saw the nominate mitrata subspecies.
White-eyed Parakeet - Aratinga leucophthalmus. Fairly common around Santa Cruz.
Dusky-headed Parakeet - Aratinga weddellii*.
Peach-fronted Parakeet - Aratinga aurea. 4 seen very well at breakfast south of Santa Cruz on August 11th.
Green-cheeked Parakeet - Pyrrhura molinae. Common in the Samaipata area. We saw 3 subspecies restricta in the Santa Cruz lowlands, nominate molinae in the hills near Los Volcanes, and flavoptera near Inquisivi ( this last being distinctive).
Gray-hooded Parakeet - Bolborhynchus aymara. Common near Cochabamba.
Monk Parakeet – Myiopsitta monarchus. 10 in the Chaco out of Boyuibe.
BE/RRS Cliff Parakeet - Myiopsitta luchsi. Two flocks, totaling 60 birds, on the road to Sucre from Saipina. A Bolivian endemic occurring only in the center of the country. Tiny range.
Mountain Parakeet – Bolborhynchus aurifrons. 30 at Lake Poopo on August 24th.
Andean Parakeet – Bolborhynchus orbynesius. Around 30 near Tablas Montes on August 23rd. A wanted bird for many!
Blue-winged Parrotlet - Forpus xanthopterygius. Common around Santa Cruz and Camri.
Yellow–chevroned Parakeet - Brotogeris chiriri. Common in the lowlands.
Black-winged Parrot – Hapalopssittaca melanotis. We saw the nominate melanotis subspecies. Stunning views of 2 at Siberia (right, John G?) and then even better of 4 above Huancane.
Red-billed Parrot - Pionus sordidus. A few here and there with good looks of perched birds at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Scaly-headed Parrot - Pionus maximiliani.
Turquoise (Blue)–fronted Parrot - Amazona aestiva. Quite a few, with good looks in the Chaco.
Scaly-naped Parrot - Amazona mercenaria. A few at Siberia with views of perched birds.
NE/RRS Alder (Tucuman) Parrot – Amazona tucumana. 2 seen well near Tierras Nuevas on August 17th and 2 or 3 again at Loma Larga next day. Just ranges into Argentina. Note: HBW volume 4 states “ not recorded in Bolivia since 1938!”
Squirrel Cuckoo - Piaya cayana.
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani.
Guira Cuco - Guira guira. Very common in the Santa Cruz lowlands.
Striped Cuckoo - Tapera naevia. 2 seen.
Tropical Screech Owl – Megascops choliba*.
Tawny-bellied Screech Owl – Megascops watsoni*. Heard at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Band-bellied Owl – Pulsatrix melanota. Fantastic looks at Refugio Los Volcanes. Another Pajama tick for the Catalonian Ambassador!
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium brasilianum*.
Yungas Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium bolivianum*.
Sub-tropical Pygmy Owl – Glaucidium parkeri*. At Refugio Los Volcanes.
Burrowing Owl - Speotyto cunicularia.
Band-winged Nightjar – Caprimulgus longirostris. 4 seen throughout the tour.
Chestnut-collared Swift – Cypseloides rutilus. 20 on August 25th.
White-Collared Swift - Streptoprocne zonaris.
White-tipped Swift - Aeronautes montivagus. Flocks at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Andean Swift – Aeronautes andecolus. 30 on August 2nd on Cerro Tunari.
Long-Tailed Hermit - Phaethornis superciliosus.
Planalto Hermit - Phaethornis pretrei. A couple at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird - Eupetomena macroura. One male at Lomas de Arena on August 10th.
Green Violetear - Colibri thalassinus.
Sparkling Violetear - Colibri coruscans.
Glittering-bellied Emerald - Chlorostilbon aureoventris. Common in the Valles.
White-chinned Sapphire - Hylocharis cyanus.
White-tailed Goldenthroat - Polytmus guainumbi. One at Okinowa on August 10th.
Fork-tailed Woodnymph – Thalurania furcata.
Gilded Hummingbird – Hylocharis chrysura. On August 14th at Santa Cruz airport.
White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia chinogaster. Very common in the Tambo area.
Speckled Hummingbird - Adelomyia melanogenys. One on the old Villa Tunari to Cochabamba road.
Andean Hillstar - Oreotrochilus estella. Now considered a separate species from Green-headed Hillstar - Oreotrochilus stozmanni of North Peru. Several in the highlands.
BE/RRS Wedge-tailed Hillstar - Oreotrochilus adela. Near threatened and a tough endemic to see – good looks a male at Cerro Tunari on August 22nd.
Giant Hummingbird - Patagona gigas. World’s largest Hummer. Several seen well.
BE/RRS Black-hooded Sunbeam - Agleactis pamela. Three above Quime on August 25th at Joe’s site. Can easily be missed. Wonder who Pamela was?
Great Sapphirewing - Pterophanes cyanopterus. At Cotapata on August 28th.
Bronzy Inca - Coeligena coeligena. 2 above Hunacane.
Violet-throated Starfrontlet - Coeligena violifer. A few at Cloud Forest sites.
Amethyst-throated Sunangel - Heliangelus amethysticollis.
Green-tailed Trainbearer – Lesbia nuna
Red-tailed Comet - Sappho sparganura. A common and spectacular Hummer.
RRS Scaled Metaltail – Metallura aeneocauda. Small range. One seen well at Cotapata on August 28th.
Tyrian Metaltail - Metallura tyrianthina. Common. We saw the blue-tailed smaragdinicollis subspecies.
Long-tailed Sylph – Aglaiocercus kingi.
Blue-tufted Starthroat - Heliomaster furcifer. 2 40km south of Santa Cruz on August 11th.
RRS Slender-tailed Woodstar – Microstilbon burmeisteri. At Refugio Los Volcanes. North Argentina and Bolivia only.
White-bellied Woodstar – Acestura mulsant. A few sightings at Cloud forest localities.
Crested Quetzal - Pharomachrus antisianus. One above Huancane on August 26th.
Golden-headed Quetzal - Pharomachrus auriceps. Two above Huancane on August 26th.
Masked Trogon - Trogon personatus. Several sightings at various localities.
Blue-crowned Trogon - Trogon curucui.
Ringed Kingfisher - Megaceryle torquata.
Blue-crowned Motmot - Momotus momota. One in the chaco.
Highland Motmot - Momotus aequatorialis. A dubious species and the South American Checklist Committee (SACC) treats this as a subspecies of Blue-crowned Motmot. One at Apa-Apa.
White-eared Puffbird – Nystalus chacuru. One seen well at Lomas de Arena on August 10th.
Spot-backed Puffbird - Nystalus maculatus. At Lomas de Arena. In the Chaco and near Saipina.
Versicolored Barbet – Eubucco versicolor. Common at Apa-Apa.
Blue-banded Toucanet – Aulacorynchus coeruleicinctis. Common at Loma Larga nd one above Huancane.
Hooded Mountain Toucan - Andigena cuculata*.
Channel-billed Toucan - Ramphastos vitallinus*.
White-barred Piculet – Picumnus cirratus. The taxonomic status of Piculets in Bolivia is a mess and complex The South American Checklist Committee says “Relationships among these are badly in need of detailed study” This form was seen south of Santa Cruz on August 11th in Chuiquitiano woodland.
White-wedged Piculet - Picumnus albosquamatus. One near Camiri on August 13th and an adult feeding young at a nest-hole near Tierras Nuevas on August 17th ( filmed by Josep).
White Woodpecker - Melanerpes candidus*.
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cruentatus. 2 on August 10th.
White-fronted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cactorum. Common at Samaipata and Saipina areas.
Checkered Woodpecker - Picoides mixtus. One seen well on August 12th in the Chaco out of Boyuibe.
Smoky-brown Woodpecker - Veniliornis fumigatus.
RRS Dot-fronted Woodpecker - Veniliornis frontalis. 2 near Tierras Nuevas. Also occurs in NW Argentina.
Little Woodpecker – Venilornis passerinus.
Golden-Olive Woodpecker- Piculus rubiginosus.
Golden-green Woodpecker - Piculus chrysochloros. A couple in the lowlands.
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker – Piculus rivoli. 1 above Huancani.
Green-barred Woodpecker (Flicker) - Colaptes melanochloros. Inexplicably called “Woodpecker” when all other Colaptes are called Flickers?
Andean Flicker - Colaptes rupicola. Common above 3000 meters.
Campo Flicker - Colaptes campestris. Common around Santa Cruz.
Lineated Woodpecker - Dryocopus lineatus.
Red-necked Woodpecker - Campephilus rubricollis. One on the way to Vallegrande on August 17th. One at Refugio Los Volcanes also.
Crimson-crested Woodpecker - Campephilus melanoleucos. One at Refugio Los Volcanes on August 15th.
Cream-backed Woodpecker – Campephilus leucopogon. Several in the Caimiri and Chaco area.

SUBOSCINE PASSERINES
Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus. Common. The SACC says “Sittasomus griseicapillus almost certainly consists of multiple species (Hardy et al. 1991, Ridgely & Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1995, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2003), with at least five subspecies groups possibly deserving separate species status (Marantz et al. 2003).” The subspecies we saw in Bolivia was viridis. In Manu it’s amazonas, in Tumbes we saw aequatorialis, and in SE Brazil it’s sylviellus and there are more. Watch this taxon for splits.
Strong-billed Woodcreeper – Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus. One at Refugio Los Volcanes at an Antswarm on August 16th.
Great Rufous Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes major. One at nightfall in the Chaco showed briefly in response to playback.
Black-banded Woodcreeper - Dendrocolaptes picumnus. We saw the barred olivaceus race at Refugio Los Volcanes and then the very different unbarred palescens race at Loma Larga. (Thanks, Joe, for putting us straight on that.) The SACC says “The subspecies pallescens and transfasciatus were formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925) each considered separate species from Dendrocolaptes picumnus, but they were considered conspecific by Peters (1951).”
Straight-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus picus.
Tschudi’s Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo. Formally part of Ocellated Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus ocellatus) now north Amazonian lowlands only south to NE Peru). The form inhabiting the foothills of the eastern Andes from southern Columbia to santa Cruz Bolivia is now rasied to species status as Tschudi’s Woodcreeper – the one we saw. The SACC says “The subspecies chunchotambo of the Andean foothills was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925) treated as a separate species from Xiphorhynchus ocellatus, but they were considered conspecific by Peters (1951). Aleixo (2002) found that Xiphorhynchus ocellatus is paraphyletic with respect to X. pardalotus, and suggested that X. chunchotambo of the foothills of the Andes be recognized as a separate species from lowland X. ocellatus; this was followed by Marantz et al. (2003), who treated chunchotambo (with napensis and brevirostris) as a separate species ("Tschudi's Woodcreeper"). We saw 2 at Refugio Los Volcanes on August 16th.
Olive-backed Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus triangularis. One above Huancane on August 26th.
Narow-billed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes angustirostris. Common in the lowlands. Snazzy!
Montane Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger. Common in the Cloud Forest.
Common Miner - Geositta cunicularia. Common around Oruro and lake Titicaca.
Rock Earthcreeper - Upucerthia andaecola. Three on August 21st on the Siberia - Cochabamba road; 1 at Quillacocha.
Plain-breasted Earthcreeper - Upucerthia jelskii. Two at Quillacocha in the high country and another near Oruro.
CE/RRS Chaco Earthcreeper – Upucerthia certhioides. 2 in the Chaco out of Boyuibe on August 12th. A range restricted Chaco endemic.
BE/RRS Bolivian Earthcreeper - Upucerthia harterti. One responded well to playback between Saipina and San Jose on August 19th. A special bird of Bolivia.
Bar-winged Cinclodes - Cinclodes fuscus. Abundant at altitude.
White-winged Cinclodes - Cinclodes atacamensis. Three on Cerros Tunari on August 22nd.
Rufous Hornero - Furnarius rufus.
CE/RRS Crested Hornero - Furnarius cristatus. Seen well.
Brown-capped Tit-Spinetail - Leptasthenura fuliginiceps. Seen at several localities. Bolivia and north Argentina only.
Tawny Tit-Spinetail - Leptasthenura yanacensis. One on the way to Inqusivi on August 25th.
BE/RRS Black-throated Thistletail - Schizoeaca harterti. Two in the Tablas Monte area were of the bejaranoi subspecies and one at Cotapata was the nominate harterti subspecies.
Chotoy Spinetail - Schoeniophylax phryganophila. Fairly common in the lowlands and a very pretty Furnarid.
Sooty-fronted Spinetail - Synallaxis frontalis. Common in the Chiquitiano woodland south of Santa Cruz on August 11th and 13th. One on 17th also.
Azara's Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae. We saw nominate azarae in the Department of La Paz and the samaipatae subspecies around, guess where, Samaipata. This latter was formally considered a separate species known as Buff-browed Spinetail. The SACC says “The
superciliosa subspecies group (including samaipatae), was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925, Peters 1951, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) considered a separate species ("Buff-browed Spinetail") from S. azarae, but see Remsen et al. (1988).
Pale-breasted Spinetail - Synallaxis albescens. One at Santa Cruz airport on August 14th.
Ochre-cheeked Spinetail - Synallaxis scutata. A few at Refugio Los Volcanes.
BE/RRS Bolivian Spinetail – Cranioleuca henricae. Special trip for this and seen easily below Inquisivi on August 25th. Endangered and known range only 3000 square kilometers (1000-2500 individuals estimated).
Stripe-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca pyrrhophia. We saw two subspecies – nominate pyrrhophia in the lowlands of the Chaco and straticeps in the Valles. Two species may be involved.
Light-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca albiceps. Four birds in all. Two yellow-crowned birds at Siberia (discolor), and 2 white-crowned birds near Chuspipata (nominate albiceps).
Yellow-Chinned Spinetail - Certhiaxis cinnamomea. Common around Santa Cruz in reeds.
CE/RRS Short-billed Canastero – Asthenes baeri. In Bolivia restricted to chaco habitat. Several on August 12th out of Boyuibe.
NE/RRS Maquis (Iquico) Canastero – Asthenes heterura. Clements uses Iquico but most other literature including HBW uses Maquis. A near endemic with a few records for Argentina. Seen on Cerro Tunari.
Cordilleran Canastero - Asthenes modesta.
Rusty-vented Canastero - Asthenes dorbignyi. Fairly common in the Valles and highlands.
BE/RRS Berlepsch’s Canastero - Asthenes berlepschi. Two between Lake Titicaca and Sorata. Came roaring in to A. dorbignyi tape! SACC says “Asthenes berlepschi may best be treated as a subspecies of A. dorbygnyi (Sibley & Monroe 1990, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990, Ridgely & Tudor 1994, Remsen 2003)”; it differs less in plumage from A. dorbignyi than do taxa treated as subspecies within A. dorbignyi from one another.
Streak-Throated Canastero - Asthenes humilis.
Puna Canastero -Asthenes scalteri. Two at between Cochabamba and Oruro on August 24th and 2 above Pongo on August 28th. The SACC says (and you need to have a couple of drinks before you read this!!!) “Species limits in this group have been fluid and confusing and have spanned virtually every permutation of combinations of taxa. Cory & Hellmayr (1925) recognized three species, Asthenes wyatti, A. punensis (including subspecies cuchacanchae and lilloi), and A. anthoides, and considered A. sclateri to be a synonym of A. hudsoni. Peters (1951) considered the punensis subspecies group to be conspecific with A. wyatii, and
elevated sclateri to species rank, but considered it (by implication) not closely related to A. wyatti. Meyer de Schauensee (1966, 1970) followed Peters (1951) except that he considered the punensis group to be conspecific with A. anthoides based on tail patterns. Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) and Sibley & Monroe (1990) treated the four major groups as four species: Asthenes wyatti, A. punensis, A. sclateri, and A. anthoides. Navas & Bo (1982) followed Meyer de Schauensee (1966, 1970) except that they treated the punensis group to be conspecific with A. sclateri rather than A. anthoides; this treatment, the one used here, was followed by Ridgely & Tudor (1994) and Remsen (2003). However, evidence for considering Asthenes wyatti as separate species from A. sclateri is weak; they may intergrade in Titicaca basin (Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990), and the northern group of subspecies differs more in plumage from southern group than the latter does from adjacent A. sclateri subspecies (Ridgely & Tudor 1994). Asthenes wyatti and A. sclateri form a superspecies, in which A. anthoides is presumably also included (Olrog REF, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990, Sibley & Monroe 1990); some authors (check Olrog REF) consider them all conspecific.”
RRS Scribble-tailed Canastero - Asthenes maculicauda. Fairly common above Pongo on August 28th.
CE/RRS Little Thornbird – Phacellodomus silbilatrix. Fairly common in the chaco.
Common (Rufous-fronted) Thornbird - Phacellodomus rufifrons. Common in the Santa Cruz lowlands.
Streak-Fronted Thornbird - Phacellodomus striaticeps. Several near Vallegrande.
NE/RRS Spot-breasted Thornbird - Phacellodomus maculipectus. 2 seen well near Vallegrande on August 17th.
Greater Thornbird - Phacellodomus ruber. Common at Lomas de Arena.
Wren-Like Rushbird - Phleocryptes melanops. Common at Lake Titicaca.
Pearled Treerunner - Margarornis squamiger.
CE Lark-like Bushrunner – Coryphsitera alaudina. About 25 of this startling Old World lark look-alike in the Chaco out of Boyuibe on August 12th.
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner - Syndactyla rufosuperciliata.
Montane Foliage–gleaner – Anabacerthia striaticollis. 2 on August 26th above Huancani.
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner – Philydor rufus. Several at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper - Lochmias nematura. One near Chairo on August 27th.
Striped Woodhaunter - Hyloctistes subulatus. One at Refugio Los Volcanes on August 16th.
Streaked Xenops - Xenops rutilans. At Refugio Los Volcanes.
Giant Antshrike – Batara cinerea*.
Great Antshrike - Taraba major*.
Barred Antshrike - Thamnophilus doliatus.
Chestnut-backed Antshrike - Thamnophilus palliatus*.
BE/RRS Bolivian Slaty Antshrike - Thamnophilus punctatus. One seen well south of Santa Cruz.
Variable Antshrike - Thamnophilus caerulescens. Common in the Valles.
Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficacapillus. Great looks at this snazzy Antshrike . We saw the cochabambae race.
Plain Antvireo - Dysithamnus mentalis.
Stripe-backed Antbird – Myrmochilus striglatus. A striking Antbird seen south of Santa Cruz in Chiquitiano woodland.
Black-capped Antwren - Herpsilochmus atricapillus. Good observations of this vocal species at Refugio Los Volcanes on August 14th and 16th.
Long-tailed Antbird – Drymophila caudate. 3 of this Chusquea bamboo specialist above Huancane on August 26th.
White-backed Fire-Eye - Pyriglena leuconota. Fairly common.
Short-tailed Antthrush - Chamaeza campanisona. One seen well by all at Loma Larga and 2 seen by some at Apa-Apa.
Stripe-headed Antpitta – Grallaria andicolus. Three birds hopping amongst the boulders above Pongo. We saw the punensis race. Watch for a split here. The SACC says “The southern subspecies punensis was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1924) considered a separate species from Grallaria andicolus, but Peters (1951) treated them as conspecific; Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003a) noted that vocal differences suggest that punensis should be treated as a separate species.”
Rufous Antpitta – Grallaria rufula*. We heard the cochabambae race of this soon to be split species.
BE/RRS Rufous-faced Antpitta - Grallaria erythrotis. 3 in total seen of this skulking endemic but seen by all in the end.
Ochre-breasted Antpitta – Grallaricula flavirostris*.
Slaty Gnateater – Conophaga ardesiaca. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes and Apa-Apa.
Crested Gallito – Rhinocrypta lanceolata. Two (at least) in the Chaco. A rather flamboyant Tapaculo.
Olive-crowned Crescentchest - Melanopareia maximiliani. Very nice. One on the decent to Vallegrande on Augiust 17th and one heard near Cochabamba.
RRS Bolivian Tapaculo - Scytalopus bolivianus. Same individual seen on the Apa-Apa forest trail on August 26th and 27th.
Trilling Tapaculo - Scytalopus parvirostris. One at Siberia on August 20th.
RRS Diademed Tapaculo - Scytalopus schulenbergi. One at Cotapata on August 28th.
Puna Tapaculo - Scytalopus simonsi. One on the way to Inquisivi sang in the morning sun on a stone wall. Others above Pongo.
Red-crested Cotinga - Ampelion rubrocristata.
Chestnut-crested Cotinga - Ampelion rufaxilla. 2 at the nest above Huancane were filmed, photographed and taped.
Band-tailed Fruiteater - Pipreola intermedia. At Loma Larga and above Huancane.
Barred Fruiteater - Pipreola arcuata. Two in the Tablas Montes area.
RRS Scimitar–winged Piha – Lipaugus uropygialis. Classed by ICBP as vulnerable. Bird of the trip! A seldom seen species probably not seen on tour before. Our task was made easier by having recently recorded tape from Peru. 2 birds repeatedly responded to playback above Huancane and generally put on a great show. Fantastic!
Andean Cock-of-the-Rock - Rupicola peruviana. 6 above Chairo on August 27th.
White-tipped Plantcutter - Phytotoma rutila. Seen north of Camiri and in the Vallegrande/Saipina areas.
Yungas Manikin - Chiroxiphia boliviana. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes and also at Apa-Apa.
Streak-necked Flycatcher - Mionectes striaticollis.
Slaty-capped Flycatcher – Leptopogon superciliaris.
RRS Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant - Pseudotricccus simplex. One seen well at the Apa-Apa forest at Joe’s stakeout.
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant - Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer.
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher – Todirostrum plumbeiceps. Several looks at this pretty flycatcher.
Rough-legged Tyrannulet - Phyllomyias burmeisteri. One south of Santa Cruz in light woodland on August 11th.
Sclater’s Tyurannulet – Phyllomias sclateri. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet – Phyllomias uropygialis. One in a mixed flock above Tierras Nuevas on August 17th.
Bolivian Tyrannulet - Zimmerius bolivianus. A few in the Yungas of La Paz.
Slender-footed Tyrannulet – Zimmerius gracilipes*
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet - Camptostoma obsoletum.
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina. One near Tierras Nuevas on August 17th.
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher - Sublegatus modestus. One in the Chaco and one at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Chaco Suiriri - Suiriri suiriri. Common around Santa Cruz and the Chaco.
Gray Elaenia – Myiopagis caniceps.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia - Elaenia flavogaster. 2 on the first morning at Lomas de Arena.
White-crested Elaenia – Elaenia albiceps.
Highland Elaenia - Elaenia obscura.
Sierran Elaenia - Elaenia pallatangae. Common in the La Paz Cloud Forest.
White-throated Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus leucophrys. Common.
White-crested Tyrannulet - Serpophaga subcristata. At Lomas de Arena and Okinowa.
White-bellied Tyrannulet - Serpophaga munda. Fairly common in the Valles.
Plain Tyrannulet - Inezia inornata. Four at Lomas de Arena.
Greater Wagtail-Tyrant - Stigmatura budytoides. Very common in the Chaco and Valles.
Yellow-billed Tit-tyrant - Anairetes flavirostris.
Tufted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes parulus.
Subtropical Doradito - Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis. One in a small patch of reeds between Cuevitas and Santa Cruz on August 13th.
Many-colored Rush-tyrant - Tachuris rubrigastra. Common at Lake Titicaca.
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant - Phylloscartes ophthalmicus.
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet – Phylloscartes ventralis.
Yellow-Olive Tolmomyias - Tolmomyias sulphurescens.
White-throated Spadebill – Platyrinchus mystaceus. One in the understory at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher - Myiophobus ochraceiventris. One in the mixed flock at Cotapata on August 28th.
Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus.
Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea.
Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea. Common.
Smoke-colored Pewee - Contopus fumigatus.
Black Phoebe - Sayornis nigricans.
Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus.
Peruvian Chat-Tyrant – Ochthoeca spodionota. One in the mixed flock at Cotapata on August 28th. Formally Crowned Chat Tyrant (O. frontalis) but the South Peru and Bolivian races are now regarded as distinct. According to SACC, “García-Moreno et al. (1998), suggested that the plumage and genetic differences between the frontalis and spodionota subspecies groups warranted species-level recognition for each (sometimes placed in genus Silvicultrix) but Lanyon (1986) separated Ochthoeca frontalis, O. jelskii, O. diadema, and O. pulchella into the genus Silvicultrix - but genetic data (García-Moreno et al. 1998) indicated that this would make Ochthoeca paraphyletic”.
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca rufipectoralis. Common.
D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca oenanthoides. Several at different localities.
White-browed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca leucophrys.
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis. 3 in total at 3 different locations, the first being near Tierras Nuevas.
White Monjita - Xolmis irupero. One near Camiri on August 11th.
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana. 4 on Cerro Tunari on August 22nd.
Rufous-webbed Tyrant – Polioxornis rufipennis. 2 between Cochabamba and Oruro.
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maculirostris. Common.
Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola capsitrata. Perhaps the prettiest Ground-Tyrant. One seen well between Cochabamba and Oruro.
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola rufivertex.
Puna Ground-Tyrant – Muscisaxicola juninensis. Above Pongo.
Taczanowski’s Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola griseus. Formally conspecific with Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant (M. alpinus) but bio-chemical analysis supports species status for this southern population.
Cinereous Ground-Tyant - Muscisaxicola cinerea. Common.
Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola flavinucha. One at breakfast on the way to Sorata on August 29th.
Andean Negrito - Lessonia oreas. Common at the hot springs near Oruro.
CE/RRS Cinereous Tyrant – Knipolegus striaticeps. Common in the Chaco where it is a speciality.
Hudson’s Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus hudsoni. One male seen well in gallery forest just north of Camiri. Austral migrant to Bolivia.
Andean Tyrant - Knipolegus signatus. One seen and filmed by Josep at Refugio Los Volcanes on August 15th was of the southern cabanisi subspecies, sometimes treated as a separate species – Plumbeous Andean-Tyrant.
White-winged Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus aterrimus. Very common.
Spectacled Tyrant - Hymenops perspicallatus. Common at Lomas de Arena and Okinowa on August 11th.
Black-backed Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola albiventer. 5 at Lomas de Arena.
Yellow-browed Tyrant - Satrapa icterophrys. One at Okinowa and 2 near Tierras Nuevas.
Cattle Tyrant - Machetornis rixosus. Common around Santa Cruz.
Rufous Casiornis - Casiornis rufa.
Pale-edged Flycatcher - Myiarchus cephalotes. At Refugio Los Volcanes
Brown-crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus tyrannulus. 4 in the Chaco.
Tropical Kingbird - Tyrannus melancholicus.
Social Flycatcher - Myiozetetes similis.
Variagated Flycatcher - Legatus varius. One at Apa-Apa on 2 consecutive days.
Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus.
Barred Becard – Pachyramphus versicolor. One at Siberia.
White-winged Becard - Pachyramphus polychopterus*.
Masked Tityra - Tityra semifasciata.
OSCINE PASSERINES
Purplish Jay - Cyanocorax cyanomelas. Common.
Plush-crested Jay - Cyanocorax chrysops. Common in lowlands and Valles.
Green Jay - Cyanocorax yncas.
Rufous-browed Peppershrike - Cyclarhis gujanensis. Common.
Brown-capped Vireo - Vireo leucophrys. 2 above Huancane.
Andean Solitaire – Myadestes ralloides*.
White-eared Solitaire – Entomodestes leucotis. Good looks at one above Hunacane and also at Siberia.
Chiguanco Thrush - Turdus chiguanco. We saw the black anthracinus subspecies for the most part but in La Paz the gray nominate chiguanco. Common.
Great Thrush - Turdus fuscater. We saw the grayish nominate fuscater subspecies. Common.
Glossy-black Thrush – Turdus serranus.
Andean Slaty Thrush - Turdus nigriceps. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Rufous-bellied Thrush - Turdus rufiventris.
Creamy-bellied Thrush - Turdus amaurochalinus.
White-necked Thrush - Turdus albicollis. One at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird - Mimus saturninus. Common at Lomas de Arena.
NE/RRS Brown-backed Mockingbird - Mimus dorsalis. Two on the road to Cochabamba and one the next day on Cerro Tunari. Almost a Bolivian endemic but sneaks into N Argentina.
White-banded Mockingbird - Mimus triurus. Common at Lomas de Arena.
Thrush-Like Wren - Campylorhynchus turdinus.
Moustached Wren - Thryothorus genibarbis. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes.
RRS Fawn-breasted Wren - Thryothorus guarayanus. 2 in the Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens on August 13th. A speciality that can be seen in Bolivia or adjacent Brazil.
House Wren - Troglodytes aedon. Common.
Mountain Wren - Troglodytes solstitialis. Common at Siberia and other places.
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren – Heniocorhina leucophrys*.
Masked Gnatcatcher - Polioptila dumicola. Abundant in the Comarapa and Chaco areas.
White-winged Swallow - Tachycineta albiventer.
Southern Martin - Progne modesta. 3 at Okinowa on August 10th.
Brown-bellied Swallow - Notiochelidon murina. Common at altitude.
Blue-and-White Swallow - Notiochelidon cyanoleuca. Common in the lowlands.
Pale-footed Swallow - Notiochelidon flavipes. 30 at Siberia on August 20th and 20 above Huancane on August 28th.
Tawny-headed Swallow - Stelgidopteryx fucata - 4 on August 19th.
Andean Swallow - Hirundo andecola. 50+ along the road from Cochabamba to Oruro and 6 around Sorata.
House Sparrow – Passer domesticus.
Correndera Pipit – Anthus correndera. 1 in the high country between Cochabamba and Oruro.
Short-billed Pipit - Anthus furcatus. 1 in the high country between Cochabamba and Oruro
Hellmayer’s Pipit - Anthus hellmayri. One near Tierras Nuevas on August 17th.
Hooded Siskin - Carduelis magellanica. Common.
Black Siskin - Carduelis atrata. 6 on the way to Inqusivi on August 25th.
Tropical Parula - Parula pitiayumi.
Slate-throated Redstart - Myioborus miniatus.
Brown-capped Redstart - Myioborus brunniceps. Very common in the Valles.
Spectacled Redstart - Myioborus melanocephalus.
Masked Yellowthroat – Geoythlypis aequinoctialis. One at dawn at Santa Cruz airport on August 14th.
Two-banded Warbler - Basileuterus bivittatus. Common.
Pale-legged warbler - Basileuterus signatus. 2 at Siberia on August 21st.
Citrine Warbler - Basileuterus luteoviridis.
Three-striped Warbler – Basileuterus tristriatus. Common above Huancane.
Rufous-collared Sparrow - Zonotrichia capensis.
Grassland Sparrow - Ammodramus humeralis.
Safron-billed Sparrow - Arremon flavirostris. Common in Valles and lowlands.
BE/RRS Rufous-naped Brush-Finch - Atlapetes rufinucha. Common. The nominate rufinucha is now a Bolivian endemic. The Manu birds are melanolaemus Black-faced Brush Finch.
NE/RRS Fulvous–headed Brush-Finch - Atlapetes fulviceps. Near endemic – also occurs in N Argentina. 4 at Cerro Tunari on August 22nd.
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch – Buarremon torquatus. One near Tierras Nuevas on August 17th.
Red-crested Cardinal - Paroaria coronata. Common at Okinawa.
Yellow-billed Cardinal - Paroaria capitata . 2 at Okinowa
Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola.
White-browed Conebill - Conirostrum ferrugineiventre. At Siberia.
Blue-backed Conebill - Conirostrum sitticolor.
Capped Conebill – Conirostrum albifrons. A few at Siberia.
Common Bush-Tanager - Chlorospingus ophthalmicus. Abundant. We saw the bolivianus race
NE/RRS Orange-browed Hemsipingus - Hemispingus calophrys. At least 1 at Cotapata on August 28th in the mixed flock. Near endemic but also occurs in extreme southern Peru.
Black–eared Hemispingus - Hemsipingus melanotis. 10+ on August 26th.
Drab Hemispingus - Hemispingus xanthopthalmus. 2 at Cotapata on August 28th.
Three-striped Hemispingus - Hemispingus trifasciatus. Common at Cotapata.
Rust-and-Yellow Tanager - Thlypopsis ruficeps.
Guira Tanager - Hemithraupis guira. At Refugio Los Volcanes.
Black-goggled Tanager - Trichothraupis melanops. Common at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Highland Hepatic Tanager - Piranga lutea.
White-winged Tanager – Piranga leucophera. A few at Refugio Los Volcanes.
Silver-beaked Tanager - Ramphocelus carbo. A couple in the Santa Cruz area.
Sayaca Tanager - Thraupis sayaca. Common in the lowlands and Valles.
Palm Tanager - Thraupis palmarum.
Blue-capped Tanager - Thraupis cyanocephala.
Blue-and-Yellow Tanager - Thraupis bonariensis. Common.
Hooded Mountain-Tanager - Buthraupis montana. 5 at Tablas Montes on August 23rd.
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus igniventris. Always a stunner!
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus somptuosus. Common. We saw the southern flavinuchus subspecies which does a wild morning display flight which more northerly birds do not do.
Golden-collared Tanager - Iridosornis jelskii. Two at Cotapata.
Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Delothraupis castaneoventris. One at Siberia and one at Cotapata.
Fawn-breasted Tanager - Pipraeidea melanonota.
Purple-throated Euphonia - Euphonia chlorotica. The common euphonia of the drier xerophytic habitats.
Thick-billed Euphonia – Euphonia lanirostris. 2 above Huancane on August 26th.
Blue-naped Chlorophonia – Chlorophonia cyanea.
Saffron-Crowned Tanager - Tangara xanthocephala.
Blue-and-Black Tanager - Tangara vassorii.
Swallow-Tanager - Tersina viridi.
Plushcap - Catamblyrhynchus diadema. 4 in the Chusquea bamboo above Huancane.
RRS Many-coloured Chaco-Finch – Saltatricula multicolor. 4 in the Chaco.
Red-crested (Pileated) Finch - Coryphospingus cucullatus. Very common in the lowlands.
Black-hooded Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus atriceps.
Peruvian Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus punensis. Replaces the former as you go north. Seen at Lake Titicaca.
Mourning Sierra-Finch - Phrygilis fruticeti.
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus unicolor. Common at altitude.
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus plebejus. Common.
Band-tailed Sierra Finch - Phrygilus alaudinus. 2 on the road from Cochabamba to Oruro.
Gray-crested Finch - Lophospingus griseocristatus. Abundant in the Tambo area.
White-Winged Diuca-Finch - Diuca speculifera. Common at altitude.
RRS Andean Boulder Finch (Short-tailed Finch) – Idiopsar brachyurus. About 10 birds seen well and filmed above Pongo on August 28th. Great studies. A recent article in Cotinga #23 p.48 suggests the new vernacular name.
BE/RRS Bolivian Warbling-Finch - Poospiza boliviana. 4 at Torrecillas on August 19th and 4 above Pojo on August 21st.
RRS Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hypochondria. Common. Also occurs in Argentina.
Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch - Poospiza whitii. At Saipina and Torrecillas.
NE/RRS Cochabamba Mountain-Finch - Poospiza garleppi. Two at Liriuni on Cerro Tunari on August 22nd.
Ringed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza torquata. Abundant.
Black-capped Warbling-Finch - Poospiza melanoleuca. Abundant.
Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch - Poospiza erythrophrys. Fairly common near Torrecillas.
Puna Yellow-Finch - Sicalis lutea. 14 around Oruro on August 24th.
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch - Sicalis uropygialis. Common at altitude.
NE/RRS Citron-headed Yellow-Finch – Sicalis luteocephala. A near endemic also found just inside Argentina. 7 at a stop on the Comarapa - Cochabamba road on August 21st.
Greenish Yellow-Finch - Sicalis olivascens. 100+ on Cerro Tunari.
Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola. Abundant in lowlands.
Grassland Yellow-Finch – Sicalis luteola. About 25 at Santa Cruz airport on August 14th. This is the southern form which some authors split as Misto Yellow-Finch Sicalis leuteoventris.
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch - Emberizoides herbicola.
Great Pampa Finch - Embernagra platensis. 8 on August 19th.
Blue-black Grassquit - Volatinia jacarina.
Rusty-collared Seedeater - Sporophila collaris. +/- 20 at Okinowa on August 10th.
Double-collared Seedeater - Sporophila caerulescens.
Tawny-bellied Seedeater - Sporophila hypoxantha. 4 at Okinowa on August 10th.
Band-tailed Seedeater - Catamenia analis. Common.
Plain-colored Seedeater - Catamenia inornata.
Dull-colored Grassquit – Tiaris obscura.
Rusty Flowerpiercer – Diglossa sittoides. One between Oruro and Chulamani (Quime/Inquisibe areas).
Moustached Flowerpiercer - Diglossa mystacalis. 4 at Cotapata.
Black-throated Flowerpiercer – Diglossa brunneiventris. One near Sorata.
BE/RRS Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer - Diglossa carbonaria. Common.
Masked Flowerpiercer - Diglossopsis cyanea. Common.
Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris. Common.
Grayish Saltator - Saltator coerulescens. Common.
Golden-billed Saltator - Saltator aurantiirostris. Abundant.
NE/RRS Rufous-bellied Saltator - Saltator rufiventris. A near endemic occurring just over the border in Argentina.
Ultramarine Grosbeak – Cyanocompsa brissonii.
Crested Oropendola - Psarocolius decumanus. Common.
Dusky-green Oropendola - Psarocolius atrovirens. Common.
Russet-backed Oropendola - Psarocolius angustifrons. A few at Apa-Apa.
Southern Mountain Cacique - Cacicus chrysonotus. Above Tablas Montes. Distinct from Northern Mountain Cacique Cacicus leucoramphus which occurs from central Peru northwards.
Solitary Cacique – Cacicus solitarius*
Epaulet Oriole - Icterus cayanensis.
Campo Troupial (Oriole) - Icterus croconotus. 4 in the Chaco. Note the original Troupial Icterus icterus is considered to be now Orange-backed Troupial (Amazon region), Venezuelan Troupial (Venezuela/Colombia), Campo Troupial (SW Brazil, the Chaco and Bolivia).
Yellow-winged Blackbird - Agelaius thilius. Common at Lake Titicaca.
Unicolored Blackbird - Agelaius cyanopus. 50 at Okinawa on August 10th.
Chestnut-capped Blackbird - Agelaius ruficapillus. 10 at Okinawa and 10 between Camiri and Santa Cruz.
White-browed Blackbird - Leistes superciliaris.
Chopi Blackbird - Gnorimopsar chopi. Common in lowlands.
BE/RRS Bolivian Blackbird - Oreopsar bolivianus. Common in Valles.
Bay-winged Cowbird - Molothrus badius. Common.
Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis. Common.
Giant Cowbird - Scaphidura oryzivora. One at Okinowa on August 10th.

MAMMALS

South American Pampas Fox – Pseudolopex gumnocercus.
Gray Brocket Dear – Mazama gouzoubira.
Capybara – Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris.
South Yungas Red Squirrel – Sciurus argentinius.
Hoffman’s Two Toed Sloth - Chloepus hoffmanni.
Cavy - Cavia tschudii (probable ancestor of the domestic guinea pig).
Brown Hare - Lepus europaeus. Introduced from Europe