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Atlantic Forest, Rio de Janeiro State, south-east Brazil (REGUA, Vale das Taquaras and Pico da Caledonia) - 10th - 22nd October 2007

Published by Lee Dingain (lee.dingain AT hotmail.co.uk)

Participants: Lee Dingain and Rachel Walls

Introduction

After spending a few months in 2006 working as volunteers at Reserva Ecologica de Guapi Assu (REGUA) in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, we decided to return there this year on a birding trip, but this time at the beginning of the austral summer. This enabled us to compare the birding here in October with the winter birding we experienced last year. On this trip we spent most of our time birding the trails at REGUA, but we also made of couple of excursions to nearby Vale das Taquaras at Rio Bonito de Cima, and Pico da Caledonia in search of high altitude species. Most nights we stayed at the excellent Guapi Assu Bird Lodge at REGUA.

Black-and-white Hawk-eagle
Black-and-white Hawk-eagle © Lee Dingain

General Information

Getting There

We flew from London Heathrow to Rio de Janeiro Galejo - Antonio Carlos Jobim via Madrid with Iberia Airlines. On the whole we found Iberia sufficient and punctual, although the planes had little leg room and the food was poor even by airline standards. The return fair cost us £527 each including taxes. We booked online at ebookers and the route is one of the most direct, taking 14 hours including the stop-over. Note that British Airways fly direct from London to Rio but the fare is significantly more expensive. We arranged in advance for the transfer service offered by the lodge at REGUA. This costs US$75 each way and is quick and efficient with a very friendly driver. If you plan to hire a car then see the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge website for detailed directions to REGUA from Rio.

Black-cheeked Gnateater
Black-cheeked Gnateater © Lee Dingain

Travelling Around

We decided to base ourselves at Guapi Assu Bird Lodge and use a combination of lodge-run excursions and public buses to visit other birding sites nearby. This worked well for what we wanted to do and saved us the cost and hassle of hiring a car. However, if we had wanted to travel further a field, or stay at several places, then we probably would have hired a car.

Currency

At the time of this visit the exchange rate was about 3.6 Brazilian reais (R$) to the UK pound. Public buses, food and drink are all very cheap compared to the UK.

Bay-chested Warbling-finch
Bay-chested Warbling-finch © Lee Dingain

Literature

In addition to the poor All the Birds of Brazil: An Identification Guide, D Souza, 2006 (ISBN-10: 1905268017), I also took the excellent new Collins Field Guide to the Birds of South America: Non-Passerines, JRR Mata, F Erize & M Rumboll, 2006 (ISBN-10: 0007150849). Although only covering non-passerines, this guide was very useful for wetland birds, raptors, nightjars, hummingbirds, trogons, woodpeckers etc and the plates are very good. For the more difficult passerines such as furnariids, woodcreepers, antbirds and tyrant-flycatchers, I decided to produce by own plates by scanning plates from Handbook of the Birds of the World. These worked a treat, although I long for the day that a decent field guide for this region of Brazil is finally published.

Equipment

Unlike on our visit last year, this time I was able to bring sound recordings with me. Many of these I obtained from www.xeno-canto.org. I used an Apple iPod Nano (4GB) with a set of Philips speakers (model SBA290), both of which worked well, although these speakers eat batteries very quickly and so I turned them off after each use. I advise using rechargeable batteries and taking a few spare sets. I also took a scope with me which was useful for the wetlands and the trip to Pico da Caledonia, but not taken into the forest.

The Guapi Assu Bird Lodge website has useful information on entry requirements to Brazil, inoculations etc.

Blue-naped Chlorophonia
Blue-naped Chlorophonia © Lee Dingain

Itinerary

Oct 10
Arrive Rio in the evening and transfer to Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, REGUA

Oct 11
REGUA – Morning around the lodge garden and lodge Wetland, late afternoon on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal

Oct 12
REGUA - All day on the Waterfall and Elfin Forest Trails

Oct 13
Vale das Taquaras - Lodge grounds and then from mid afternoon onwards on the Long Trail

Oct 14
Vale das Taquaras - Long Trail most of day

Oct 15
REGUA – Morning at the Lodge Wetland and adjacent trails and afternoon on the Matumbo Trail

Oct 16
REGUA - All day on the Waterfall, Elfin Forest and Lost Trails

Oct 17
REGUA – Morning on the Matumbo Trail, afternoon on Nursery Trail and at the lodge wetland

Oct 18
Pico da Caledonia most of the day and late afternoon back at REGUA around the lodge wetland

Oct 19
REGUA – Morning on the Waterfall Trail, afternoon on the Light Blue Trail and at the lodge wetland

Oct 20
REGUA - Lodge Wetland, Light Blue Trail and Nursery Trail

Oct 21
REGUA – Morning on the Matumbo Trail, depart for Rio airport mid afternoon

Oct 22
Arrive UK

Chestnut-backed Antshrike
Chestnut-backed Antshrike © Lee Dingain

REGUA

REGUA is a private nature reserve situated in the Serra dos Orgaos mountains, about 80 km north-east of Rio de Janeiro. The reserve is large (almost 7000 ha) and contains wetlands and Atlantic Forest ranging in altitude from 35 m to about 2000 m above sea level. REGUA is also a highly active conservation project and their work includes employing local rangers to patrol the reserve, reforestation, education programs for local school children, reintroduction programs and research. For further details see the REGUA website.

Regua area
Regua area © Lee Dingain

Over 450 species of birds have now been recorded at REGUA and this is one of the best sites to try for the difficult Shrike-like Cotinga (Elegant Mourner) and Giant Snipe. Other key birds present on the reserve include Brown-backed Parrotlet (rare), Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Blue-bellied Parrot, White-bearded Antshrike (rare), Salvadori's Antwren, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Spotted Bamboowren, Pin-tailed Manakin, Eastern Striped Manakin, Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant and Russet-winged Spadebill.

A few years ago REGUA renovated an old farm house into a lodge with the aim of attracting visitors to help fund their conservation work. The lodge - Guapi Assu Bird Lodge - is beautifully situated overlooking the reserve, very comfortable and well equipped. The quality (and quantity) of the food is excellent with breakfast (which was prepared for us by the staff at whatever time we requested), lunch (or a packed lunch if spending the whole day in the field) and dinner included.

Chestnut-backed Antshrike
Chestnut-backed Antshrike © Lee Dingain

The reserve is run by Nicholas and Raquel Locke who are extremely enthusiastic about the Atlantic Forest and it's wildlife. There are two excellent local bird guides (Adilei and Leonardo) available on request, both of which I can highly recommend. We spent most of our time with Adilei, a local ex-hunter who although speaks virtually no english (he is learning fast and knows most of the bird names), is one of best guides I have been guided by. Instead of using recordings, Adilei imitates the birds by whistling and could call in a vast number of species. He also knew exactly where the birds were and I would certainly have seen far less on my own, even armed with my recordings. For further information on the lodge and a reserve bird list, see www.guapiassubirdlodge.com.

Listed below are the main birding areas we visited at REGUA. For each I have listed the main target birds followed by our key sightings. REGUA can provide complete lists for each trail on request.

Itatiaia Thistletail
Itatiaia Thistletail © Lee Dingain

4x4 Track to Casa Anibal and the Small Wetland

The 4x4 Track is a good trail for low elevation species and is the only known site where Eastern Striped Manakin is regular at REGUA. Other target species here include White-necked and Mantled Hawks, Black-and-white and Black Hawk-Eagles, Maroon-bellied and Plain Parakeets, Frilled Coquette, Buff-bellied and Crescent-chested Puffbirds, Channel-billed Toucan, Bare-throated Bellbird, Black-tailed Tityra, Long-billed Wren, Brazilian and Brassy-breasted Tanagers and Yellow-green Grosbeak. Rarities here include Saffron Toucanet, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant and Black-legged Dacnis. Black-capped Donacobius occurs at the Small Wetland, located at the start of this track. On this trip we only birded this track once and bird activity was very quiet.

Key species recorded:

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, Scaly-headed Parrot, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Rufous-capped Motmot and Long-billed Wren.

Orange-bellied Euphonia
Orange-bellied Euphonia © Lee Dingain

Elfin Forest Trail (red posts)

A very steep but beautiful trail leading through primary and bamboo forest up to 950 m, and good for mid to high elevation species. Allow a full day for this trail. Target birds here include Solitary Tinamou (difficult), Dusky-legged Guan, Golden-tailed Parrotlet, Blue-bellied Parrot, Least Pigmy-Owl (recently found here), White-throated Hummingbird, Brazilian Ruby, Saffron and Spot-billed Toucanets, Yellow-browed Woodpecker, Pallid Spinetail, Giant Antshrike, White-bearded Antshrike (rare in the bamboo at the top of the trail), Rufous-backed Antvireo, Salvadori's Antwren (scarce), Ferruginous and Ochre-rumped Antbirds, Rufous and Black-cheeked Gnateaters, Spotted Bamboowren, Shrike-like Cotinga (on territory during the summer), Greenish Schiffornis, Oustalet's Tyrannulet (around the 1200 m post), Russet-winged Spadebill (rare), Brown Tanager, Green-chinned Euphonia, Temminck's Seedeater and Half-collared Sparrow. Mammals on this trail include Brown Howler, Brown Capuchin and Woolly Spider Monkeys (rare).

Key species recorded:

Mantled Hawk, Biscutate Swift, Yellow-fronted, Yellow-eared and Yellow-browed Woodpeckers, Pale-browed Treehunter, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, White-throated Woodcreeper, Giant Antshrike, Ferruginous Antbird, Scaled Antbird, Streak-capped Antwren, Spotted bamboowren, Shrike-like Cotinga, Greenish Schiffornis, Black-tailed Tityra, Brown, Rufous-headed, Olive-green and Azure-shouldered Tanagers, Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Half-collared Sparrow (H) and Green-winged Saltator.

Rufous-tailed Jacamar
Rufous-tailed Jacamar © Lee Dingain

Lodge/REGUA Wetland

Since the wetland was restored in 2005 an amazing 180 species have been recorded here. The star bird here is Giant Snipe which are best looked for at dawn or dusk. Other target birds include Whistling and Capped Herons, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Pinnated and Stripe-backed Bitterns, Masked Duck, Grey-headed Kite, Crane Hawk, Laughing and Aplomado Falcons, Rufous-sided Crake, Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, Ash-throated Crake, Blackish Rail, White Woodpecker, Tail-banded Hornero, Sooty Tyrannulet, Yellow-browed Tyrant and Long-billed Wren. At night Pauraque, Rufous Nightjar (occasional) and Scissor-tailed Nightjar can be found found, along with Tropical Screech-Owl and Tawny-browed Owl near the lodge. Rarities recorded include Osprey, Snail Kite and Sungrebe.

Key species recorded:

Least and Pied-billed Grebes, Whistling, Capped and Striated Herons, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Stripe-backed Bittern, Masked Duck, Plumbeous Kite, Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle, Limpkin, Rufous-sided Crake, Ash-throated Crake (H), Blackish Rail, Sungrebe, South American Snipe, Giant Snipe, Striped cuckoo, Pauraque, Scissor-tailed Nightjar, Ringed, Amazon and Green Kingfishers, Tail-banded Hornero, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Yellow Tyrannulet, Common Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-browed Tyrant, Cattle Tyrant, Brown-chested Martin, White-rumped Swallow, Yellowish Pipit, Lemon-chested Greenlet, Masked Yellowthroat, Brazilian Tanager, Pileated Finch, White-bellied Seedeater, Chestnut-capped and Chopi Blackbirds.

Shrike-like Cotinga
Shrike-like Cotinga © Lee Dingain

Trails Adjacent to the Wetland

There are a number of short trails near the lodge that pass through secondary forest, grassy meadows and along the edge of the wetland. Birding both the wetland and these trails can often produce over 100 species in a day. At the time of our visit some of these trails were marked and some not, but they are all very easy to follow. The target birds here are lowland species such as Orange-winged Parrot, Squirrel, Guira and Striped Cuckoos, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Rufous-breasted and Reddish Hermits, White-chinned Sapphire, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Channel-billed Toucan, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Chicli Spinetail, Tufted and Chestnut-backed Antshrikes, Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike, White-flanked Antwren, White-bearded Manakin (there is a lek on the Nursery Trail), Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, Bran-coloured Flycatcher, White-winged Becard, Moustached and Long-billed Wrens.

Key species recorded:

Grey-headed Kite, Bicoloured Hawk, Crane Hawk, Savanna Hawk, Squirrel Cuckoo, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, White-chinned Sapphire, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Channel-billed Toucan, Thrush-like Woodcreeper, Tufted Antshrike, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike, White-flanked Antwren, White-bearded Manakin, Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Yellow-breasted Flycatcher, Bran-coloured Flycatcher, White-winged Becard, Moustached and Long-billed Wrens, Yellow-backed, Hooded and Brazilian Tanagers and Orange-bellied Euphonia. To see which trail(s) we saw a particular bird on, see the bird list at the end of this report.

White-necked Hawk
White-necked Hawk © Lee Dingain

Matumbo Trail (unmarked)

This trail lies in an area of land just outside of, but bordering, REGUA. I have included it as part of the reserve in this report because the area is currently in the process of being bought by REGUA with funds from the World Land Trust. The trail is reached by driving along the dirt road from the reserve entrance to Matumbo, where you turn right at the shop and continue through the village. When you reach an obvious fork, turn left heading upwards and the road slowly climbs through open grassy farmland into a large valley containing excellent forest. Park at the end of the road and take the rough track to the left of the house. The entrance to the Matumbo Trail itself is on the right at the bend in the track by the small house on the left. The dirt road also passes through farmland and some interesting forest and it is worth stopping occasionally to scan. The REGUA bird guides had recently recorded three species in this area that we wanted to see - Frilled Coquette, Saffron Toucanet and Swallow-tailed Cotinga. We really liked this whole area, not only because it was good for birds, but the birding was also very varied, and some of it could be done from a car which was useful when it was raining. This is can be done in a half or full day.

Key species recorded:

Mantled Hawk, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Plain Parakeet, Burrowing Owl, Grey-rumped Swift, Saw-billed Hermit, Frilled Coquette, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Buff-bellied Puffbird, White-eared Puffbird, Channel-billed Toucan, White Woodpecker, Yellow-eared Woodpecker, White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, White-throated Woodcreeper, Scaled Woodcreeper, Spot-backed Antshrike, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Cliff Flycatcher, Olive-green and Red-necked Tanagers and Pileated Finch.

Mottled Owl
Mottled Owl © Lee Dingain

Waterfall Trail (green posts)

A low to mid elevation forest trail starting from Casa Pequisa (where there are some excellent hummingbird feeders). This is an easy trail to walk and it passes through some superb scenery. It can be done as a half or full day walk. This trail is good for Shrike-like Cotinga in the austral winter, but these birds move slightly higher up in the summer months and we had to hike for 30 minutes up the Elfin Forest Trail to find one. Other species regular on the Waterfall Trail include White-necked Hawk, Saw-billed Hermit (usually coming to the feeders at Casa Pesquisa), Reddish Hermit, Rufous-capped Motmot, Crescent-chested Puffbird, Spot-billed Toucanet, Yellow-eared Woodpecker, Unicoloured Antwren, White-bibbed Antbird, Rufous-capped Antthrush, Variegated Antpitta, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Slaty Bristlefront (around the 900 m post), Sharpbill, Bare-throated Bellbird, Pin-tailed Manakin (especially between the 1400 m and 1850 m posts), Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant, Southern Antpipit, Grey-hooded Attila, Rufous-headed, Olive-green, Azure-shouldered, Golden-chevroned and Turquoise Tanagers and Red-legged Honeycreeper. Rarities on this trail include Swallow-tailed Cotinga. Brown Capuchin Monkey is present along this trail and the rare Woolly Spider Monkey has also been seen recently.

Key species recorded:

White-necked Hawk, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Ashy-tailed Swift, Saw-billed Hermit, Reddish Hermit, Black-throated Trogon, Rufous-capped Motmot, Spot-billed Toucanet, Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner, Black-capped Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (H), Lesser Woodcreeper, Unicoloured Antwren, Scaled Antbird, Rufous-capped Antthrush, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Slaty Bristlefront, Pin-tailed Manakin, Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant, White-throated Spadebill, Whiskered Flycatcher, Grey-hooded Attila, Greyish Mourner, Red-legged Honeycreeper and Yellow-green Grosbeak.

Vale das Taquaras, Rio Bonito de Cima

Vale das Taquaras is a small birdwatching lodge that, at the time of our visit, was preparing to open to visitors for the first time. We were made aware of the place by Nicholas at REGUA and decided to spend two days there. Lila Ferrez, the owner, has long been interested in birds, and on a small scale also carries out some reforestation on her land. In the past Lila was has worked with well known ornithologist Helmut Sick, and he has visited here several times. The forest here is good for high altitude species, lying between about 900 m and 1200 m.

The accommodation is of a high standard, very comfortable and well equipped. The food is superb and the two trail heads are within easy walking distance. Getting here took a while although it is fairly easy to find. From REGUA it is about a two hour drive (from Rio about three and a half hours) and the last hour was on very bumpy roads which ideally require a 4x4. However, note that there is a slightly longer alternative route that is easily passable by standard cars year round.

Vale das Taquaras has some excellent birds that can be quite difficult to catch up with. These include Blue-bellied Parrot (not seen by us but apparently occasionally seen in the garden), Long-trained Nightjar (there are two areas where this species is regularly seen although we had no luck on our only night, partly due to a barking dog chasing our car), Mottled Owl, Frilled Coquette and Amethyst Woodstar.

Birds we saw in the lodge grounds include Rufous-thighed Hawk, Common Potoo, Green-barred Woodpecker, Pallid Spinetail, Crested Oropendula and Rufous-crowned Greenlet. The lodge also has lots of hummingbird feeders and these attracted good numbers of Scale-throated Hermit, White-throated Hummingbird, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Brazilian Ruby, Black Jacobin and Frilled Coquette.

Long Trail
We spent most of our time here birding this newly cut trail, which passes through some excellent bamboo and montane forest. The trail was very well marked every 50 m by numbered posts and was fairly easy walking.

Key species recorded:

Brown Tinamou (H), Black Hawk-Eagle, Spot-winged Wood-Quail (H), Mottled Owl, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, Black-billed Scythebill, Short-tailed Antthrush, Rufous Gnateater, Bare-throated Bellbird (this is probably the best place I have been for this species, especially for getting good views. They were everywhere!), Greenish Schiffornis, Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant, Temminck's Seedeater, Uniform Finch and Pectoral Sparrow.

We really enjoyed our stay at Vale das Taquaras. The lodge is just a few minutes drive away from the well known birding site of Macao de Cima (which is good for Plovercrest, Black-and-gold Cotinga and Hooded Berryeater), and if you are planning to visit Macao de Cima then a stay at Vale das Taquaras for two or three nights is well worthwhile. See
http://www.valedastaquaras.com/index_ingl.html for further information.

Pico da Caledonia

Pico da Caledonia is one of the highest peaks in the Serra dos Orgaos mountains, reaching 2219 m. This is one of only two known sites (and the one with by far the easiest access) for the extremely rare Grey-winged Cotinga, and there is also a population of Itatiaia Thistletail here. Other high altitude species found here include Plovercrest, Large-tailed Antshrike, Rufous-tailed Antbird, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Black-and-gold Cotinga, Highland Elania, Serra do Mar Tyrannulet, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Velvety Black-Tyrant, Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, Diademed Tanager and Bay-chested Warbling-Finch. Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Dusky-tailed Antbird and Red-legged Seriema are also present lower down on the mountain.

We decided to visit this site on an excursion organised by REGUA. Adilei and Nicholas knew exactly where to go for all the target birds and we had a very successful trip despite only hearing the cotinga and seeing a distant possible before the mist rolled in. Nicholas drove us most of the way to the top up a very steep cobbled road, stopping occasionally to check out birds. Most of the birding is done walking the top most section of road and the stairs to the summit.

Mist is a common problem for birders here looking for Grey-winged Cotinga, because you look for them by scanning across the canopy of the elfin forest at the top of the mountain. From late morning onwards mist often rolls in, and so an early start is advisable to maximize the time available for scanning. Also note that to access the summit (necessary for Itatiaia Thistletail) you will need your passport to give to the guards (who will keep it while you are on the summit) at the gate (owned by Petrobras). The summit is open from 07:00 to 17:00 (closed Mondays) and access is free.

Key species recorded:
Plovercrest, Itatiaia Thistletail, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Large-tailed Antshrike, Rufous-tailed Antbird, Mouse-coloured Tapaculo, Highland Elaenia, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Black-capped Becard, Rufous-crowned Greenlet, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Diademed Tanager, Bay-chested Warbling-Finch and Green-winged Saltator.

Species Lists

Birds
This list includes all the species that I recorded on this trip (all were seen unless indicated otherwise). All records are at REGUA unless indicated otherwise. The taxonomy and nomenclature follows Clements, James F, Birds of the World: A Checklist, 5th edition (updated 2005).

(AF) Endemic to the Atlantic Forest
(B) Endemic to Brazil
(H) Heard only

Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus (H)
Heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Seen daily at the lodge wetland where the highest count was 8 on 15th.

Pied-billed Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
I found an adult at the lodge wetland on 11th which is the first record for REGUA. The bird was still present on 15th.

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
8 over the lodge wetland on 19th.

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Many seen near Rio de Janeiro on 21st.

Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
3 at the lodge wetland on 11th.

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
Seen most days at the lodge wetland with my highest count being 4 there on 18th.

Great Egret Ardea alba
1 on a river near Cachoeiras de Macacu on 18th, and 2 in roosting with Cattle Egrets at the lodge wetland on 19th and 1 there on 20th.

Snowy Egret Egretta thula
1+ seen at the lodge wetland most days.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Abundant. The evening roost at the lodge wetland was a spectacular sight with most birds being in summer plumage. My highest count was about 400 there on 14th.

Striated Heron Butorides striata
1-2 seen at the lodge wetland most days.

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Singles seen frequently at the lodge wetland and 1 ad. and 1 imm. there on 19.

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum
1 adult at the lodge wetland on 18th.

Stripe-backed Bittern Ixobrychus involucris
1 seen and photographed from the hide at the lodge wetland on 15th.

White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Seen most days at the lodge wetland with 10 there on 11th being my highest count.

Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
Common at the lodge wetland.

Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica
Good numbers seen daily at the lodge wetland with most being females. 15 there on 19th was my highest count.

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Abundant.

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Common.

Grey-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
2 seen well and photographed over the forest behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
1+ adults seen around the lodge wetland on 15th.

Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius
A pair seen and photographed nesting in the trees opposite the lodge at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Bicoloured Hawk Accipiter bicolor
1 seen very well at REGUA perched in the forest behind the lodge wetland (at the start of the Sao Josa Trail) on 15th.

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
1 seen flying and perched in trees behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus (AF/B)
Amazing views at REGUA this year. 3, including a pair seen displaying over the meadow (by post 1150) along the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 there on 16th and 1 in the forest by post 1100 of the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus (AF)
1 seen over the forest from the very top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1+ seen at the open area along the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
2 at the lodge wetland on 11th, 1 seen from the Light Blue Trail on 19th, and 1 along the dirt road between the reserve entrance and Matumbo on 21st.

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Seen frequently.

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus
1 seen and photographed over the lodge wetland and another over the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th.

Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
1 over the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Seen frequently.

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Seen frequently.

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans (H)
1 heard from the new trail through the newly replanted area near the lodge wetland on 15th.

American Kestrel Falco sparverius
1 along the dirt road to Casa Pesquisa on 19th.

Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira (AF/H)
Heard frustratingly close at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Limpkin Aramus guarauna
1 at the lodge wetland on 17th.

Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
Heard frequently at the lodge wetland. 2 seen very well in response to playback at the lodge wetland (just before the small bridge across to the hide) on 15th.

Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis (H)
Heard at the lodge wetland.

Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans
Heard regularly at the lodge wetland and 3 seen there - 1 seen from the hide on 15th, and two seen feeding in the open (by the wooden bridge to the hide) on 19th.

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common at the lodge wetland.

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Abundant at the lodge wetland.

Sungrebe Heliornis fulica
1 seen at the lodge wetland (in the creek in the north-west corner of the new pool) on 15th and 17th is the second record for REGUA.

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Common at the lodge wetland.

Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Common.

South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae
1 at the lodge wetland on 11th.

Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata
1 seen in flight at the lodge wetland late evening on 11th.

Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
Seen around Rio de Janeiro on the way to the airport.

Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Common.

Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea (H)
1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 heard on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, 1 heard on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, and 1 heard at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
Common.

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
1 seen the road to the Matumbo Trail on 15th.

Grey-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Heard frequently at REGUA and 1 seen poorly in flight along the road to the Matumbo Trail on 21st. Also heard Vale das Taquaras.

Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis (AF)
Heard on the Waterfall Trail 12th, seen and heard on the Waterfall Trail on 16th and 2 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica (AF)
Seen frequently at REGUA. The largest flock was 14 over the road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th. Also 1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani (AF)
3 seen on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, heard on the Matumbo Trail on 15th and heard on the road to Casa Pesquisa on 16th.

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
1 seen on the Light Blue Trail near the lodge on 19th.

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Common.

Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
Seen frequently around farmland and the lodge wetland.

Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
1 seen at the lodge wetland on 11th and 15th.

Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata
2 found roosting on the Long Trail (on the left just before post 1400) at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana (AF)
2 seen extremely well in the lodge garden on 20th.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
1 seen at the open area at the top of the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, 1 seen on the new trail behind the lodge wetland and another seen and photographed in the lodge garden on 15th and 1 heard on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
2 pairs seen frequently along the dirt road to Casa Pesquisa and up to 2 seen regularly on farmland between the reserve entrance and the Matumbo Trail.

Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
1 seen very well in the garden at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
1 seen in the garden at Vale das Taquaras on 13th. At REGUA heard most nights at the lodge wetland (from the lodge garden). Also 3 adult males at the lodge wetland seen very well on the ground and in flight by torch light just after dusk on 20th. The best place to try is the track following the lodge wetland at the base of the grassy hill opposite the lodge (see Scissor-tailed Nightjar for directions).

Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata
1 male seen very well in flight by torch light at the lodge wetland on the evening of the 20th. From the hide walk away from the wetland and through the gate, follow the track towards the forest edge (the wetland will be behind you), turn left at the forest edge and continue (keeping the wetland on your left) until you reach the corner of the wetland. Here the track meets another (4x4) track at the base of the grassy hill opposite the lodge. Turn right along this track (away from the wetland) and walk slowly along for about 10 metres or so. The bird was flying right above the track at the edge of the trees.

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
2+ with Biscutate Swifts at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata
Several seen well at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Grey-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
2 near the start of the Matumbo Trail on 15th and several over the open area on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei
2 over the lodge on 11th and several near the start of the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius (AF/B)
1 just before the waterfall on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, and up to 3 beside the track near the start of the Matumbo Trail on 15th.

Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Common at Vale das Taquaras, where I even had to trap and release one that got stuck in the lodge.

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
1 seen well on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus
Seen frequently in the lodge garden and 1 at the lodge wetland on 11th.

Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus (AF)
Pretty common compared to our visit last year. Seen frequently in the lodge garden, 1 on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, 1 on the track to the Matumbo Trail on 15th, and many at the feeders at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 14th.

Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi
1 male of the race lalandi seen well at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus
1+ coming to feeders at Vale das Taquaras on 13th. At REGUA there was 2 along the track by the entrance to the Matumbo Trail on 17th and 1 there on 21st.

Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
1 female at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis (AF)
Several seen at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 14th. At REGUA, 1 male at the lodge wetland on 15th and 1 female on the Matumbo trail on 17th.

White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus (AF)
1 near post 1100 of the Nursery Trail and another on the new trail that follows the forest edge behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis (AF)
Seen coming to feeders at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 14th, 1 at feeders at a resort near Vale das Taquaras on 13th, and 1 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda (AF)
1 female at Vale das Taquaras and another female at feeders at a resort near Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
1 male on the Waterfall Trail on 12th.

Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura
A pair on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 2 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 2-3 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus
1 over the lodge on 15th and 1 at the lodge wetland on 17th and 19th.

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
1 at the lodge wetland on 11th and 1 there on 15th.

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
1 at the lodge wetland on 18th.

Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus (AF)
Heard often around REGUA. Also 1 seen on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, 1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 12th and 1-2 seen near a nest on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
1+ males on the new trail along the forest edge at the back of the lodge wetland, and a pair near the end of the road to the Matumbo Trail on 15th, 3 along the road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th, 1 by a nest near post 1100 of the Nursery Trail on 19th and a pair there on 20th, and a pair near the end of the road near the start of the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata (B)
1 along the dirt road leading to the Matumbo Trail on 15th, 3 there and on 17th, 1 there on 21st, and 1 on the Matumbo Trail itself on 21st.

Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni
1 seen very well along the dirt road leading to the Matumbo Trail on 15th.

White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
1 along the dirt road leading to the Matumbo Trail on 17th and 2 there on 21st.

Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris
1 female on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 2 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1 male on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus
1 seen on along the track at the entrance to the Matumbo Trail on 15th, and 1 seen around the REGUA office and lodge garden on 19th. Also heard frequently at REGUA and heard at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Seen frequently at REGUA.

White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
4 seen along the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
2 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons (AF/B)
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 2 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 12th.

Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus (AF)
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Seen regularly at REGUA in open areas.

Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
3 in the lodge garden on 21st.

Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
Seen at the lodge wetland.

Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Seen at the lodge wetland.

Chicli Spinetail Synallaxis spixi (H)
1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida (B)
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
Common at the lodge wetland.

Itatiaia Thistletail Oreophylax moreirae
2-3 seen well at Pico da Caledonia (from the stairs to the summit) on 18th.

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Seen frequently at REGUA and 1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus (B)
1 seen and photographed on the Elfin Forest Trail (by post 1400) on 16th.

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
1 on the Waterfall Trail and 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th.

Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus (AF)
1 on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, and 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus (B)
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus (AF)
1 heard on the Matumbo Trail on 15th, 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, and 1+ on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor
1 showed well on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th, 1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 19th, and 1 seen and photographed on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
1+ heard (and a probable seen in flight) at the waterfall on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, and 1 seen well and photographed at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Thrush-like (Plain-winged) Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina (AF)
Frequently heard at REGUA. 1 seen by post 1100 of the Nursery Trail on 15th.

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
Seen and heard often at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras.

White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis (AF)
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th and 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
1 on the Lost Trail on 16th.

Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus (AF)
1 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus (AF)
1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
1 seen on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus (AF)
1 heard on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th, 1 heard on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1 seen on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
1 female seen after a lot of hard work on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
1 male seen well on the Light Blue Trail (on the right of the trail between posts 1200 and 1250) on 20th.

Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
1 male seen very well and photographed at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
Seen frequently around the lodge garden, lodge wetland and adjacent trails.

Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus (B)
A pair on the Nursery Trail and another pair on the Light Blue Trail on 20th.

Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax (AF)
Heard frequently at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras. 1 seen on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis (H)
Heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis (AF/B)
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th and 1-2 there on 21st.

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris
1+ males on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 male on the Nursery Trail on 15th, 1 male on the Waterfall Trail on 19th, and 2 males and 2 females on the Nursery Trail on 20th.

Unicoloured Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor (B)
2 males and 1 female on the Waterfall Trail on 12th and 1 female there on 19th

Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea (AF/B)
1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th, 2 seen there on 14th, and 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei (B)
2 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata (AF/B)
2 males seen and another heard on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1 male on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata (AF)
1+ seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, others heard at REGUA.

White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera (AF)
Heard often at REGUA. 1 male seen on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata (B)
2+ on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 1 there on 14th. Heard at REGUA.

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma
1 seen extremely well on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona
1 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia (H)
Frequently heard at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras. 1 came in very close on the Waterfall Trail on 12th but didn't show.

Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata (AF)
Seen well on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras where our highest count was 4 on 14th.

Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops (AF/B)
1 male seen on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, others heard at REGUA.

Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus (B)
1 seen well on the Elfin Forest Trail (by post 1400) on 16th.

Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater (B/H)
1 heard on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae (B)
1 male seen very well and photographed in the open at Pico da Caledonia on 18th. Many others also heard there.

Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans
1 seen very well and photographed singing on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th and again on 16th.

Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra (B/H)
Heard at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Grey-winged Cotinga Tijuca condita (AF/B/H)
Heard at Pico da Caledonia on 18th. A distant bird, either this species or a female Black-and-gold Cotinga, was seen distantly but flew before I could get the scope on it.

Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis (AF)
Several males seen well at Vale das Taquaras on 13th where they are very common. Heard regularly at REGUA but not seen (although we saw them so well at Vale das Taquaras that we didn't bother trying to see them at REGUA).

White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Seen regularly at REGUA. The Nursery Trail and trails around the lodge wetland were the best spots.

Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata (AF)
Seen frequently at REGUA (usually males). 1 male also seen at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris (AF/B)
Heard on every visit to the Waterfall Trail 1+ male seen there on 12th. Also heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 14th, and a male was also seen in forest near Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
1 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, and 1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
1 at the forest on the edge of the lodge wetland on 15th.

Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
1 at the lodge wetland on 11th and 1 there on 15th.

Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Seen at the lodge wetland, in the adjacent forest and on the road to the Matumbo Trail.

Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
1 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
1 seen and another heard on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, and 1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 16th.

Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris (AF)
1 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th and 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus (AF)
1 on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, 1 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th, and 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
1 seen on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras and another heard in forest near Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus (AF/B)
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 12th and 1 seen at close range on there on 19th. Others heard at REGUA.

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
1 at the lodge wetland on 11th.

Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum (AF/B)
Seen and heard frequently around the lodge garden and the lodge wetland.

Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 seen at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 heard and another seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1 heard on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias flaviventris
1 heard at the lodge wetland on 15th, and 1 seen on the Nursery Trail on 20th.

White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 16th, 1 heard on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, and 1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Bran-coloured Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
1 seen on the trail behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus (B)
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail but date not recorded.

Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea
2 along the road to the Matumbo Trail on 15th.

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th, 1 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 on the road to the Matumbo Trail 17th, and 1 there (visiting a nest) on 21st.

White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata
1 along the dirt road from the reserve entrance to the main road on 21st.

Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
1 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
Seen frequently at the lodge wetland.

Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
2 at the lodge wetland on 11th and 1 there on 15th.

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th and 2 there on 21st.

Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
Seen at the lodge wetland.

Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus (AF/B)
1 seen on the Waterfall Trail and 1 seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th, 1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 14th, 1 heard on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, 1 seen on the Waterfall Trail on 19th, and 1 seen on the Matumbo Trail but date not recorded.

Greyish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
2 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Common in more open habitats.

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Fairly common at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras.

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Seen frequently.

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Fairly common at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras.

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
1+ on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, and 2 at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
1 on the Matumbo Trail on 15th, and 2 on the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail and 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Common.

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Frequently seen.

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
3 on the Waterfall Trail (including a pair building a nest at the waterfall) on 12th, 1 at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 2 there on 14th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 15th, 2 along the track near the start of the Matumbo Trail on 17th, 1-2 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail and 1 on the track near the start of the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
2 on trails adjacent to the lodge wetland on 15th.

Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
1 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
1 female on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 male at Vale das Taquaras on 13th, and 1 pair building a nest at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana
1 near the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Seen frequently at the lodge wetland and the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail.

Grey-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Seen at Rio de Janeiro international airport.

White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Seen frequently at the lodge wetland, especially around the hide.

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
Common.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Common.

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens
1 at the lodge wetland on 11th.

Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
2 seen along the trail behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

Long-billed Wren Thryothorus longirostris (B)
1 seen in the lodge garden and 1 seen by Casa Anibal on 11th, 1 along the trail behind the lodge wetland on 15th, 1+ seen by post 550 on the Light Blue Trail on 19th, 1 seen on the Nursery Trail and 2 seen on the Light Blue Trail on 20th. Also often heard at REGUA.

House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Common.

Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
Seen regularly at the lodge wetland.

Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
1 female at Vale das Taquaras on 13th, and 1 male at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Seen frequently.

Pale-breasted (bellied) Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Seen frequently.

Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Seen frequently.

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, and 1 on the Waterfall Trail on 19th

Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Seen and heard often at REGUA.

Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th and 1 at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus
1 seen at the lodge wetland on 11th, and 1 heard on the trail behind following the forest edge behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
2 watched eating a chick beside the road at Pico da Caledonia on 18th, 1 seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and others heard at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Heard frequently at REGUA. 1 seen along the road to the Matumbo Trail was our only sighting.

Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
1 seen well at the lodge wetland (just between the small wooden bridge and the hide) on 11th and 15th.

Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 1+ there on 14th. At REGUA 2 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus (H)
1 heard Pico da Caledonia on 18th was our only record.

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
1 seen at the lodge wetland on 11th was, very surprisingly, our only record.

Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Fairly common around the lodge garden and the lodge wetland, where the highest count was 7+ on 15th. Also 1 male on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei (B)
2 seen well at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
1 seen from the car on the dirt road to Vale das Taquaras on 13th, and 1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla (AF/B)
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th was our only record.

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
2+ on the trail following the forest edge behind the lodge wetland on 15th, and 1 in the lodge garden on 21st.

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
1+ in the lodge garden on 11th, 1 male along the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 15th, and 2 in the lodge garden on 21st.

Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus (AF/B)
1 on the Elfin Forest Trail on 12th, 2 there on 16th, and 1 on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Seen occasionally at REGUA.

Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus (AF)
Seen occasionally at REGUA, and 1 heard at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
1 at the waterfall on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 male on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, 3+ on the Matumbo Trail on 17th, and 1+ male on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Heard on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, several seen on the Waterfall Trail and 1 seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and about 4 seen on the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius (AF/B)
Seen often around the lodge wetland. Also 5+ at the open area at the top of the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, and a pair at the open area on the first stretch of the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Common.

Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera (AF/B)
1 heard on the Waterfall Trail on 12th and 1 seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata (AF/B)
Seen frequently at REGUA and Vale das Taquaras.

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Up to 3 seen frequently at the lodge wetland.

Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
Several at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Much scarcer than on our visit to REGUA last year when they were everywhere. 1 female on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, and 1 male at the lodge wetland on 15th.

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
1 male on the trail following the forest edge behind the lodge wetland on 15th.

Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis (AF)
1 heard on the Waterfall Trail on 12th, 1 heard and 1 male seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 1 on the road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
3 seen at very close range at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon (AF)
Seen frequently at REGUA.

Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala (AF)
2 on the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti (B)
Seen frequently at REGUA. Also seen at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 14th, and at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Up to 2 seen frequently in the lodge garden and around the lodge wetland, and also seen at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Seen regularly at REGUA.

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
3 males and 2 females together on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
1 on the lodge drive on 11th, 1 at the lodge wetland on 15th, and 1 along the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Bay-chested Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica (B)
Many seen well and photographed at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
2 males seen at the lodge wetland on 20th (note these birds are common at REGUA, but I often didn't bother looking at the grassquits and seedeaters).

Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris
1 seen on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
Seen frequently at REGUA.

White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
1 female at the lodge wetland on 11th, and 1 male at the lodge wetland on 15th.

Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
2 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 13th and 1 there on 14th.

Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Seen frequently.

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus
2 seen well along the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus (H)
1 heard but frustratingly did not show, at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
1 in the newly planted area in the north-east corner of the lodge wetland on 15th.

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
1+ at Vale das Taquaras on 13th.

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
1+ on the 4x4 Track to Casa Anibal on 11th, 1 on the trail following the forest edge behind the lodge wetland on 15th, and 1 on the road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th.

Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus (AF/H)
1 heard on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
1+ heard at Vale das Taquaras on 13th, 1 heard and another seen at the top of the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th, and 2 seen at Pico da Caledonia on 18th.

Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
A small flock on the Waterfall Trail on 12th.

Chestnut-capped Blackbird Chrysomus ruficapillus
Seen frequently at the lodge wetland where large numbers were roosting in the reeds in front of the hide in the evenings.

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
A few on along the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 21st.

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
2 seen on along the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th and 1 there on 21st.

Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi
1 at the lodge wetland on 15th.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Seen frequently around the REGUA office and in towns and villages.

Mammals
All records are at REGUA unless specified otherwise.

Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth Bradypus variegatus
1 immature found dehydrated in the middle of the dirt road to the Matumbo Trail on 17th, was rescued and released by the nursery at REGUA. Another was seen on the Waterfall Trail on 19th.

Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus
1 on the Long Trail at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Brown Capuchin Monkey Cebus apella
Several seen on the Elfin Forest Trail on 16th.

Guianan Squirrel Sciurus aestuans
1 at Vale das Taquaras on 14th.

Summary

REGUA is a fantastic place to base yourself to see many of the endemics of the Atlantic Forest. The reserve has lots of trails to keep you busy, most other birding sites are within easy travelling distance, and day trips can be easily arranged at the lodge. In 11 days birding we managed to record a total of 271 species, (of which 257 were seen). In the time we had available we could have also visited Praia Seca for Restinga Antwren and Sumidouro for Three-toed Jacamar and Rio de Janeiro Antbird, but we chose not to because we had seen most of the additional species that these day trips would have given us on our trip last year. An added bonus of REGUA is that your money directly funds the conservation of the Atlantic Forest, and with only 7% of the original forest area remaining, this habitat needs all the help it can get. We can't recommend REGUA enough and hopefully it won't be too long before we are able return.

If you have any questions then please contact me at lee.dingain@hotmail.co.uk.

All photographs © 2007 Lee Dingain