Ethiopia: endemics, eggs and dust - 19th January - 9th February 2008

Published by Allan Drewitt (allan AT

Participants: Allan Drewitt, Sue Rees


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Abyssinian Owl
Abyssinian Owl
Stresemann's Bushcrow
Stresemann's Bushcrow
Ankober Serin
Ankober Serin
Spot-breasted Lapwing
Spot-breasted Lapwing
Blue-breasted Bee-eater
Blue-breasted Bee-eater
Ethiopian Wolf
Ethiopian Wolf


This account summarises a three-week birding trip to Ethiopia in search of the endemic species and any other northeast African specialities missed during earlier trips to Kenya. We flew to Addis Ababa from Norwich via Amsterdam with KLM for £540 including tax. Vehicle, driver, guide and accommodation were all arranged by the tour agents Ethiopian Quadrants based in Addis Ababa We found our driver, Abby, and our guide, Merid, to be excellent; experienced, knowledgeable and good company. Our vehicle, a tired Nissan 4WD, was less impressive, providing little or no barrier to the copious road dust and frequently refusing to start, thus necessitating numerous bump-starts. Roads were generally unsurfaced, with the exception of the main highway from Addis south to Mega and the road from Addis north to Debre Libanos. Some were exceptionally bad and definitely required 4WD (e.g. the latter part of the road to Sof Omar and cross-country route from Ankober to Awash). Accommodation was often basic, particularly so at Negele, with the notable exceptions being Bishangari, Ankober Lodge and Bilen Lodge. The choice of food was usually restricted to either Ethiopian cuisine or pasta. We found the local injera (a large, grey pancake covered with spiced mutton or beans) to be an acquired taste and we usually went for the spaghetti bolognaise or soup alternative where available. Breakfast (excellent scrambled eggs and tea) was often made for us by Abby and Merid while at birding sites. Along with injera, eggs seem to be an Ethiopian staple, and are a good fall-back despite the obvious consequences.

Birding was excellent, with good numbers of birds and a high diversity of species at all places visited. In the highlands the bird activity was fairly constant throughout the day, but in the hotter lowland acacia areas there was very little activity from late morning until about an hour before dusk. We saw over 400 species in three weeks, including 16 endemic to Ethiopia, a further 16 endemic to the Abyssinian highlands of Ethiopia and neighbouring Eritrea, and 84 species restricted to northeast Africa. We saw all of the currently and widely recognized endemic species with the exception of Nechisar Nightjar (known only from a single road casualty in Nechisar NP). We also saw a good range of mammals, including the endemic and threatened Ethiopian Wolf, Mountain Nyala and Lion.

Wondo Genet

The small settlement around the hot springs at Wondo Genet was our first main birding location after departing the Hotel Lalibela in Addis ($65/ twin, conveniently located near the airport). While at Wondo Genet we stayed in the reasonably comfortable though rather shabby Wabe Shebelle hotel ($30/twin) and birded in the hotel gardens and on the forest trail above the hotel. We found that the plantations above the village had been recently felled by the locals and that the forest itself was gradually being taken for firewood. Given the apparent speed with which the plantation has been removed, it seems likely that this area of forest will be largely cleared in a few years, unless urgent steps are taken to protect it.

The hotel gardens were productive, with Slender-billed Starling, Thick-billed Raven, Tacazze Sunbird and many noisy Silvery-cheeked Hornbills. Grivet Monkeys (a form of Vervet) and Colobus Monkeys were also present. We birded the forest above the hotel in the late afternoon and again early the following morning. The main species of interest were Dark-headed Oriole (separated by call as they appear confusingly similar to Black-headed Oriole), Abyssinian Woodpecker, White-cheeked Turaco, Blue-breasted Bee-eater, Yellow-fronted Parrot, Black-winged Lovebird, White-rumped Babbler and Brown-rumped Seedeater.

Bale Mountains NP

The long, tough road from Shashemene to Gobe was being improved during our visit, which involved the creation of a new road alongside (and frequently crossing) the existing road. This meant that the road was even dustier than usual, with much movement of heavy trucks and other construction traffic, along with some delays due to blasting. However, we managed a few roadside stops along the way which produced our first Wattled Ibis, White-collared Pigeons and Botta’s Wheatears, amongst others. Nearing Dinsho, as we entered the National Park and crossed the Gaysay Valley, a roadside pool held Blue-winged Goose, Rouget’s Rail and some of the very few Spot-breasted Lapwings seen during the trip. A little further on towards Dinsho we also saw Abyssinian Longclaw and the distinctive monochrome albofasciatus race of Stonechat.

Arriving at the National Park Headquarters at Dinsho Lodge ($10/person, shared dormitories) in the early evening just gave us time to find Abyssinian Catbird and White-backed Tit, both in scattered trees just above the parking area. We also heard, and eventually saw, a recently-fledged Abyssinian Owl in a group of tall pines below the lodge.

The following morning we drove into the Web Valley (4WD required) in search of Wattled Cranes. We had no luck with the cranes, but did find many flocks of Abyssinian Siskins and Wattled Ibises as well as more Rouget’s Rails, Moorland Chat, Blue-winged Goose, a single Ethiopian Snipe flushed from a small pool, and our first Chestnut-naped Francolins. The other highlight was four Ethiopian Wolves hunting for giant root-rats and grass-rats, as well as Mountain Nyala and Rock Hyrax.

In the afternoon we returned to the Gaysay Valley, first visiting the roadside roost of a Mackinder’s Eagle Owl (a race of Cape Eagle Owl) before exploring the wooded slopes above the open grassland. Here we saw another Abyssinian Woodpecker along with Menelik’s Bushbuck, Bohor’s Reedbuck and a lone Ethiopian Wolf. We also saw an adult Abyssinian Owl back at the lodge, along with presumably the same youngster as that seen the night before.

For our final morning at Dinsho we explored the wooded slopes around the lodge and entrance road. New species for the trip included a roosting Montane Nightjar, Brown Woodland Warbler and Cinnamon Bracken Warbler, along with Yellow-fronted Parrots. We also had our only sighting of a Spotted Hyena (though others were heard elsewhere), being chased by a Warthog. On the way to Gobe we stopped briefly at the Shaya River to look for African Black Duck, seeing a single female with two ducklings after a short walk upstream, as well as more Rouget’s Rails. Passing through Robe we also saw several Somali Crows/Dwarf Ravens flying over the town.

From our base at Wabe Shebelle Gobe ($24/twin, comfortable rooms, average restaurant) we explored the areas of Juniper forest and cultivated areas above the town and the heath and Heliochrysum moorland of the Sanetti Plateau. We spent two mornings on the Plateau and were fortunate to see two adult Wattled Cranes accompanied by a single juvenile bird. Other species seen on the plateau were Moorland Francolin (especially in the vicinity of the radio tower), Verreaux’s, Lesser Spotted and Golden Eagles, along with more Ethiopian Wolves, Klipspringers and a Stark’s Hare. The fields and forest edge above Gobe eventually produced a ‘Bale’ Parisoma calling from the Hypericum trees. This species has been split by some authorities from Brown Parisoma, which occurs at a lower elevation. Other notable species seen in this area included Yellow-crowned Canary and Abyssinian Ground-thrush.

We camped for one night at the Katcha campsite, located in the Harenna Forest on the south side of the Sanetti Plateau. Birding along the road to the campsite and in the forest above we added a few new species to our list, including ‘Brown’ Sawwing, Brown Wood-owl and a single Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk. A walk to the higher parts of the forest eventually gave good views of some Bale Monkeys, another distinctive form of the Vervet, which is apparently restricted to the more bamboo-rich areas of the Bale forests.

Sof Omar

While staying at Gobe we undertook a day trip to the lowland acacia scrub adjacent to the caves at Sof Omar. This entailed an early start and a three-hour drive along a moderately to very rough road to reach the caves for breakfast. However, the trip was well worth it and we were rewarded with good views of Salvadori’s Serin (mobbing a Pearl-spotted Owlet whistled in by Merid). Other species seen here include Brown-tailed Chat, the dodgsoni form of Dark-head Bulbul, Shining Sunbird, Crested Francolin, Black-billed Wood-hoopoe and Brown-tailed Apalis. We also visited the caves (for the rather extortionate fee of 100 Birr each) which we found to be surprisingly dramatic and very atmospheric. On our return we stopped briefly at a recently ploughed field to watch two foraging Erlanger’s Larks from the roadside.


While at Negele we stayed at the Green Hotel ($10/person, very cramped and basic with only intermittent cold water) and birded the Liben Plain and adjacent acacia scrub, and an area of roadside forest near Wadera. On route from Dola Mena to Negele we stopped not far from the Genale river area to view two Ruspoli’s Turacos in roadside bushes. These were to be the first of a grand total of 16 individuals seen over a period of three days in the Genale-Negele-Wadera area.

A morning on the Liben Plain was very productive. Fortunately the grass was very short during our visit and we therefore had very good and surprisingly close views of two Sidamo Larks before breakfast, though no others were seen later in the morning despite covering quite a large area of the plain. We also saw two Somali Short-toed Larks, including one singing. The other highlight was at least seven Temminck’s Coursers scattered across the plain. Other species included Black-winged Plover, White-crowned Starling, Pectoral-patch Cisticola, Isabelline Wheatear and Plain-backed Pipit. It seems that very early morning is the best time to look for the larks (and least at the time of our visit). It is also advisable to tuck trousers into socks here as there are tiny ticks in huge abundance. During our visit we noticed that some areas of the plain had been recently ploughed, apparently for growing cereals. This is a new development which perhaps does not bode well for the rare and threatened birds restricted to this habitat.

A visit to the eastern side of the plain, with its scattered acacia scrub, revealed a different group of birds, including Lilac-breasted Roller (of the lorti race, with lilac restricted to the throat), Vitelline Masked Weaver, Kori Bustard and Yellow-bellied Eremomela. Later in the day, in an area of roadside acacia about 10km east of Negele, we found Scaly Francolin, Three-banded Courser, the only Purple-banded Sunbirds of the trip and three Ruspoli’s Turacos, evidently preparing to roost in one of the taller, denser thorn bushes.

We spent a whole morning in an area of forest a few kilometres north of Wadera, exploring from a small trail on the east side of the road. Here we saw up to eight Ruspoli’s Turacos, high in the branches of the taller trees, this time accompanied by White-cheeked Turacos. Another highlight was an adult Ayre’s Hawk-eagle seen soaring over the forest as we stopped for breakfast by the roadside. Other noteworthy species included Abyssinian Ground-thrush, Hemprich’s Hornbill, yet another Abyssinian Woodpecker (our only species of woodpecker at this point of the trip!) and Narina Trogon.


The long journey from Negele to Yabello via Melka Guba and Arero took all day and, in terms of sheer variety of birds and habitats, was easily the best day of the trip. Travelling from Negele to Melka Guba we saw many flocks of Golden-breasted Starlings leaving their roosts just after dawn. Arriving at Melka Guba we walked upstream along the Dawa River in the early morning cool before breakfast. Highlights here were Shelley’s Starling, White-winged Dove, Black-bellied Sunbird and a flock of Juba (or Salvadori’s) Weavers. After breakfast we made some roadside stops just a short distance beyond the river. These were productive and owlet imitations by Merid soon brought Scaly Chatterer, Pringle’s Puffback and a superb Red-naped Bush-shrike into view. Other roadside birds in this area were the only Magpie Starlings of the trip and Red-fronted Warbler.

In the afternoon, as we continued past Welchite, we came to a hasty stop near a small village to inspect some swallows flying over the open ground. These turned out to be our first White-tailed Swallows. Despite the rather unpromising, degraded habitat around the village, we saw several new species here in addition to the swallows, including Grey-headed Batis, Golden-breasted Bunting, Northern Grosbeak Canary, Banded Parisoma and Rosy-patched Bush-shrike. Further down the road we stopped on an open grassy plain and walked out in search of Somali Coursers. Although we did not find any Coursers, we did see Yellow-necked Spurfowl and a single Somali Fiscal. Finally, nearing Yabello, we found a group of very confiding Stresemann’s Bushcrows perched in a roadside tree and engaging in mutual preening. Mammals seen during the day included Lesser Kudu by the roadside and Naked Mole Rats excavating their burrows.

During our two nights in Yabello we stayed at the Mobil Motel ($10/person, basic but more comfortable than the Green Hotel, with hot water). We had a full day in the Yabello area and spent the morning travelling south to Dubuluk and beyond (mercifully on a well-maintained tarmac road – our first since leaving Wondo Genet). In scattered scrub near Dubuluk we found a sizeable bird party, including Somali Tit, Mouse-coloured Penduline Tit, many Banded Parisomas and a single Somali Crombec. We also explored an area of open grassland near Soda, again in hope of finding Somali Courser. No Courser once again, perhaps because conditions were too dry, but Foxy Lark and Boran Cisticola were ample compensation.

In the late afternoon we headed north of Yabello to the Surupa area. Despite the heat, birding in the more varied scrubby and wooded habitats here provided a few new species, including Black-headed Batis, Sulphur-breasted Bush-shrike and Black-cheeked Waxbill.

Lake Awassa and Lake Langano

We broke the long return journey from Yabello to Addis with an overnight stay in the Rift Valley at Bishangari, which lies on the shore of Lake Langano. On our way to Bishangari we made a brief stop in some roadside trees adjacent to Lake Awassa. Despite signs of development, with the mature trees stripped of surrounding scrub and ground vegetation, Merid was confident that we would see Spotted Creeper here, a long sought-for species. Sure enough, after about 15 minutes we were rewarded with prolonged views of a creeper, along with our first Little Weavers and Cut-throat Finches.

Arriving at Bishangari Lodge in the afternoon ($120/twin, very comfortable, attractive chalets with a reasonable restaurant) we birded in the lakeside scrub and, in the evening, explored trails in the woodland around the lodge. Notable species included the only White-winged Black Tits of the trip, Banded Barbet, Double-toothed Barbet and Bruce’s Green Pigeon. In the early morning we exited the lodge property through an obscure gate in the perimeter fence to search an area of open grassland with scattered trees for Grey-headed Woodpecker. We eventually found a single woodpecker, along with Grey-backed Fiscal, many Wattled Ibises and, in the forest, Scaly Francolin.

After breakfast we continued our journey north to Addis, stopping on the way to visit the Wabe Shebelle Langano to see Clapperton’s Francolin, Rufous-necked Wryneck and several roosting Slender-tailed Nightjars.

Gibe Gorge

Gibe Gorge is a 2-3 hour drive from Addis on good quality tarmac roads. The Gorge can support some unlikely species such as Egyptian Plover and Exclamatory Paradise Whydah during the rainy season, as well as Lineated Pytilia, a form of Red-winged Pytilia endemic to Ethiopia and considered by some to be a full species. Unfortunately, being the dry season, we saw none of these birds, but did see a flock of White-throated (or Abyssinian Yellow-rumped) Seedeaters and Bush Petronia. Other species included White-winged Cliff-chat, some more Clapperton’s Francolins and an Eastern Grey Plantain-eater. Later in the morning we spent some time sitting by the river hoping for a passing Pytilia. Instead we saw Red-billed and Bar-breasted Firefinches as they visited to shallows to drink and bathe.

Debre Libanos

The monastery and adjacent village of Debre Libanos is about 2 hours from Addis on good tarmac. The road passes through attractive highland pastures with roadside pools and streams, where we saw small numbers of Spot-breasted and Black-winged Plovers. On route we picked up some cattle bones from a butcher with the intention of luring Lammergeiers into camera-shot later in the day. We stayed at a newly built hotel at Debre Libanos ($10/person, comfortable and spacious rooms, hot running water), which is located on the access track to the so-called ‘Portuguese Bridge’. Birding in the hotel grounds and heathy grassland above the bridge we saw many Ruppell’s Chats, a group of Erckel’s Francolins, Stout and Singing Cisticolas (the streaky nominate race of the latter), Cinnamon-breasted Bunting and a single White-headed Vulture. We did see some Lammergeiers but, unfortunately, they were not attracted into close range by our bait, though the local Egyptian, White-backed and Ruppell’s Vultures were very obliging. The other highlights were White-billed Starlings near the monastery and several troops of Galeda Baboons feeding around the hotel and bridge.

In the late afternoon Merid suggested that we follow a local guide down into the valley below Debre Libanos in search of Harwood’s Francolin, which is apparently often seen by the locals in fields and adjacent uncultivated areas of scrub and open ground in this location. Loosely accompanied by villagers and children we headed down the steep slope into the valley and were eventually rewarded with clear, if rather brief, views of a pair of francolins.

Jemma Valley

We spent a full morning in Jemma Valley. We only spent a short time in the vicinity of the famous blue-roofed church above the valley, the preferred stake-out for Harwood’s Francolin, having seen the species the previous day. Instead, Merid took us to a stream in the valley bottom, several kilometres beyond Jemma bridge, where we heard another Harwood’s Francolin and saw Black-billed Barbet, Half-collared Kingfisher and Dark-chanting Goshawk. On our return up the valley side we found a single Fox Kestrel, several Abyssinian Black Wheatears and a flock of White-billed Starlings.


In the afternoon, after taking lunch in Debre Birhan, we made our way up to the rocky Ankober Escarpment. Luckily the fog, for which this area is notorious, held off and we quickly located several Ankober Serins resting on the rock face, with others foraging on adjacent areas of short-grazed grassland. Having seen the target bird we then headed for our accommodation at Ankober Lodge ($42/twin, comfortable rooms with hot water and an excellent restaurant), located on top of the hill overlooking the village.

The following morning we set off before dawn to the stream crossing known as Melka Jebdu, about 18 km from Ankober Lodge down a rough, dirt road into the acacia-wooded lowlands. Here Merid quickly found a pair of Yellow-throated Serins, feeding quietly in some scrubby grassland, along with Ruppell’s Weaver, a pair of dueting Yellow-breasted Barbets and a Little Rock Thrush. The stream was good for kingfishers, supporting four species including nesting Half-collared Kingfishers and the only Giant Kingfishers of the trip. Later, while having breakfast at the ford, we saw two further Serins singing from the adjacent tree tops.

Awash National Park

We departed Ankober Lodge in the early afternoon and, retracing our morning trip to Melka Jebdu, made our way cross-country to the western flank of Awash NP. During this extremely hot and dusty journey we made occasional stops for some new birds, including several Arabian Bustards and, in a grove of tall trees and acacia scrub, African Collared Dove and Somali Bulbul. We also saw a troop of Hamadrys Baboons, a species not seen elsewhere during the trip.

While at Awash we stayed at the Genet Hotel in Awash town ($10/person, very basic, cold water only), conveniently located between the national park gates and Lake Biseka. During our first full day we birded from dawn until early afternoon in the national park, breakfasting and lunching at the Kereyou Lodge. New species seen here included Harlequin Quail, Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse flying overhead, Singing Bushlark, flocks of Chestnut-backed Sparrow-larks, Ashy Cisticola, Nile Valley Sunbird and Eastern Paradise Whydahs. Mammals included Beisa Oryx, Soemmerring’s Gazelle, Salt’s Dik-dik and Common Jackal. In the afternoon we visited the lava fields adjacent to Lake Biseka. Here we eventually found a single Sombre Cliff-chat, along with a Blackstart for comparison. We also had roadside views of a female Hartlaub’s Bustard, a species we failed to find in the national park due to the prevalence of very tall grass.

The following morning we returned to the national park in search of speciality species not seen the day before. Thanks to Merid’s sharp ears we eventually found some Gillett’s Larks singing from tree tops, as well as Kori and White-bellied Bustards, Green-winged Pytilia (or Melba Finch) and, best of all, two African Swallow-tailed Kites perched together in the top of an acacia.

Bilen Lodge

We arrived at Bilen Lodge ($70/twin, comfortable chalets, cold water only, excellent restaurant) around mid-day. A bit of pre-lunch birding turned up a nesting Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse by the restaurant and, while eating our lunch, we spotted a solitary Lion seeking shade under trees in the open area below the lodge. This sighting came as a surprise to the lodge owner as, until then, Lions had not been seen from the lodge for over a year. Following lunch we birded around the lodge grounds and later, in the company of an armed Afar ‘guard’ drove back down the access track to explore some open sandy areas around a waterhole and adjacent thorn scrub. Highlights included many more Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse, a flock of Chestnut-crowned Finch-larks on the sandflats, a flock of Black Bishops including a single breeding plumage male and a Gerenuk.

The following morning we left at dawn to check out the nearby Ali Dege plain for Somali Ostrich. We saw several very distant ostriches on the expansive plain, as well as a flock of Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse feeding on the ground and distant Grevy’s Zebras. We started our return journey to Addis after breakfast, stopping briefly at Lake Biseka for an unsuccessful search for Spotted Eagle Owl. Nearer Addis we also stopped at a small lake known locally as Cheleleke where we picked up a few final trip ticks including Fulvous Whistling Duck.


19 Jan Arrive Addis 2205
20 Jan Wondo Genet
21 Jan Wondo Genet – Dinsho
22 Jan Dinsho: Web Valley
23 Jan Dinsho: Goba
24 Jan Sanetti Plateau
25 Jan Sof Omar
26 Jan Sanetti Plateau – Harenna Forest
27 Jan Harenna Forest – Genale – Negele
28 Jan Negele: Liben Plains
29 Jan Negele: Wadera Forest
30 Jan Negele – Melka Guba – Yabello
31 Jan Yabello area
1 Feb Yabello – Lake Langano
2 Feb Lake Langano – Addis
3 Feb Gibe Gorge
4 Feb Debre Libanos
5 Feb Jemma Valley – Ankober
6 Feb Ankober – Mekka Jebdu
7 Feb Awash NP – Lake Biseka
8 Feb Awash – Bilen Lodge
9 Feb Bilen Lodge – Ali Dege Plain – depart Addis 2335

Species Lists

Somali Ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) – Endemic to NE Africa - At least 13 on the Ali Dege plain

Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) - Frequent on open water throughout

Long-tailed (Reed) Cormorant (Phalacrocorax africanus) - Small numbers on Lake Biseka, Awash

White-breasted Cormorant (Phalacrocorax lucidus) - Small numbers at Bishangari and Lake Biseka, Awash

African Darter (Anhinga rufa) - 1 Lake Biseka, Awash

White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) - Occasional on open water throughout

Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) - Occasional on wetland sites throughout

Black-headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala) - Single on two dates only

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) - 1 Bilen Lodge

Great Egret (Ardea alba) - 1 Bilen Lodge

Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia) - 1 near Addis

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) - Up to 100 on seven dates throughout

Squacco Heron (Ardeola ralloides) - 10 Bilen Lodge

Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta) - Small numbers on wetland sites throughout

Yellow-billed Stork (Mycteria ibis) - 1 immature bird at Bilen Lodge

Abdim's Stork (Ciconia abdimii) - 1 Gibe Gorge

Marabou Stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus) - Frequent in built up areas and near rubbish dumps throughout

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) - 1 near Negele

Hadada Ibis (Bostrychia hagedash) - Singles on three dates

Wattled Ibis (Bostrychia carunculata) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 2-70 on eleven dates throughout, occurring in both grassland and woodland habitats. Especially abundant in the Web Valley, Bale NP.

Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) - Frequently seen throughout

African Spoonbill (Platalea alba) - Up to 50 Seen on wetland sites near Abbis

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) - Up to 50 Seen on wetland sites near Abbis

Fulvous Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) - Up to 100 at Cheleleke near Addis

Blue-winged Goose (Cyanochen cyanopterus) – Near threatened, endemic to the Abyssinian highlands 2-6 on four dates at Bale NP, including Sanetti Plateau, and north of Addis

Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) - Frequently seen throughout

Spur-winged Goose (Plectropterus gambensis) - Up to 60 at Cheleleke near Addis

Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) - Up to 100 at Cheleleke near Addis

Yellow-billed Duck (Anas undulata) - Occasional at wetland sites

African Black Duck (Anas sparsa) - 1 adult with two ducklings on the Shaya River between Dinsho and Gobe, 1 in flight between Addis and Debre Libanos

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) - 8 Sanetti Plateau and up to 200 Cheleleke near Addis

Red-billed Duck (Anas erythrorhyncha) - 4 Cheleleke near Addis

Hottentot Teal (Anas hottentota) - 4-15 on two dates near Addis

Garganey (Anas querquedula) - Up to 30 at Cheleleke near Addis

Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) - Up to 400 at Cheleleke near Addis

Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus) - Singles near Yabello, at Jemma and Awash NP

African Swallow-tailed Kite (Chelictinia riocourii) - 2 Awash NP

Black Kite (Milvus migrans) - Commonly seen around towns and villages in most areas

African Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) - Seen or heard on three dates in the Rift Valley

Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus) - 1 between Dinsho and Gobe, 2 Debre Libanos and 1 over the Kereyou Lodge, Awash NP

Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) - 1-2 on four dates

Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus) - Commonly seen around towns, rubbish tips and abattoirs throughout

African White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus) - 2-20 on nine dates throughout

Rüppell's Griffon-vulture (Gyps rueppellii) - 1-10 on eight dates throughout

Lappet-faced Vulture (Torgos tracheliotus) – Threatened - 1 between Sheshamane and Dinsho, 2 near Negele and 1 Awash NP

White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis) - 1 Debre Libanos

Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) - Singles Liben Plain and Awash NP

Black-chested Snake-eagle (Circaetus pectoralis) - 1 near Yabello

Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus) - 2 between Negele and Yabello and 1 Gibe Gorge

Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) - 1 adult male between Sof Omar and Gobe and 1 in the Rift Valley

Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus) – Threatened - Adult males seen north of Addis and at Awash and Ali Dege plains

African Harrier-hawk (Polyboroides typus)- Singles on four dates

Dark Chanting-goshawk (Melierax metabates) - 1-3 on five dates in the Rift Valley and at Jemma and Awash

Eastern Chanting-goshawk (Melierax poliopterus) - 1-2 on three dates around Negele and Yabello

Gabar Goshawk (Micronisus gabar) - Singles on two dates

African Goshawk (Accipiter tachiro) - 1 Lake Biseka

Little Sparrowhawk (Accipiter minullus) - 1 Wondo Genet

Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk (Accipiter rufiventris) - 1 Katcha Camp, Bale NP

Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) - 1-5 on five dates in highlands

Augur Buzzard (Buteo (auger) augur) - 2-10 on eight dates

Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) - 1 immature bird on the Sanetti Plateau

Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax) - Singles on two dates in the Negele area

Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) - 1-4 on six dates

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) - 1 immature bird on the Sanetti Plateau

Verreaux's Eagle (Aquila verreauxii) - 2 Gobe

Wahlberg's Eagle (Aquila wahlbergi) - Singles on three dates at Dinsho, Debre Libanos and Awash

African Hawk-eagle (Hieraaetus spilogaster) - 1 Sof Omar

Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) - 1-2 on two dates in Rift Valley

Ayres' Hawk-eagle (Hieraaetus ayresii) - 1 adult over forest at Wadera, near Negele

Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) - 1 near Soda, Yabello

Long-crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis) - 2 Rift Valley, 3 Gibe Gorge

Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius) - Singles near Soda, Yabello and in Awash NP

Pygmy Falcon (Polihierax semitorquatus) - Singles of four dates around Negele and at Awash NP

Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) – Threatened - At least 30 hunting over cereal fields between Sheshamane and Dinsho, with singles confirmed on three other dates

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) - Small numbers throughout

Fox Kestrel (Falco alopex) - 1 Jemma

Grey Kestrel (Falco ardosiaceus) - 1 near Yabello

Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus) - 1 Sanetti Plateau

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) - Singles on two dates

Crested Francolin (Peliperdix sephaena) - 1-6 on six dates at Sof Omar, around Negele and Yabello and at Bishangari

Moorland Francolin (Scleroptila psilolaemus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 3-7 on two dates on the Sanetti Plateau

Scaly Francolin (Pternistis squamatus) - 2 near Negele and 6 in forest at Bishangari

Clapperton's Francolin (Pternistis clappertoni) - 2 Wabe Shebelle Langano and 6 Gibe Gorge

Harwood's Francolin (Pternistis harwoodi) – Threatened, endemic to Ethiopia - 2 in fields below Debre Libanos and another heard in Jemma Gorge

Erckel's Francolin (Pternistis erckelii) – Endemic to NE Africa - 10 Debre Libanos with singles at Jemma and Melka Jebdu

Chestnut-naped Francolin (Pternistis castaneicollis) – Endemic to NE Africa - 30 Web and Gaysay Valleys, 10 Sanetti Plateau

Yellow-necked Spurfowl (Pternistis leucoscepus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-8 on four dates

Harlequin Quail (Coturnix delegorguei) - 4-5 on two dates at Awash NP

Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) - Up to 100 on four dates at Bishangari, Debre Libanos and Bilen Lodge

Rouget's Rail (Rougetius rougetii) – Threatened, endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 2-10 on three dates in the Bale NP

Common Coot (Fulica atra) - 5 near Dinsho

Wattled Crane (Grus carunculatus) – Threatened
2 adults and 1 juvenile on two dates on the Sanetti Plateau

Arabian Bustard (Ardeotis arabs) - 9 from the Ankober-Awash road, 1 Awash NP and 3 in flight early morning near Bilen Lodge

Kori Bustard (Ardeotis kori) - 2 Liben Plain, 1 near Yabello, 3 Awash and 1 Ali Dege plain

Buff-crested Bustard (Eupodotis gindiana) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-2 on five dates around Negele and Yabello and at Awash

White-bellied Bustard (Eupodotis senegalensis) - 2 near Negele and 2-6 on two dates at Awash NP

Hartlaub's Bustard (Eupodotis hartlaubii) – Endemic to NE Africa - A single female on two dates at Awash NP

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) - Small numbers around Addis and at Lake Biseka

Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) - Up to 20 at Cheleleke near Addis

Three-banded/Heuglin's Courser (Rhinoptilus cinctus) - 2 near Negele and 1 at Bishangari

Temminck's Courser (Cursorius temminckii) - 7 Liben Plain

Spur-winged Lapwing (Vanellus spinosus) - 2-10 on five dates at lowland wetlands sites

Spot-breasted Lapwing (Vanellus melanocephalus) – Endemic to Ethiopia - 30 near Dinsho and 5 north of Addis on route to Debre Libanos

Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus senegallus) - 2 Gibe Gorge

Black-winged Lapwing (Vanellus melanopterus) - 2 Liben Plain, 3 north of Addis and 2 near Ankober

Crowned Lapwing (Vanellus coronatus) - 1-8 on three dates around Yabello and near Ankober

African Snipe (Gallinago nigripennis) - 1 Web Valley, Bale NP

Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis) - Small numbers in Rift Valley and at Bilen Lodge

Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) - 1 north of Addis

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) - Small numbers at wetland sites and on rivers throughout

Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) - 1 near Dinsho

Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) - Occasionally seen on rivers throughout

Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii) - 20 near Addis

Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) - Up to 20 near Addis

Grey-headed Gull (Larus cirrocephalus) - 2 Bishangari

Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus) - 1 Bishangari

Gull-billed Tern (Sterna nilotica) - 1 Bishangari and at least 10 Lake Biseka

White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus) - Common at Bishangari

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus) - 30-60 on two dates at Awash NP, Bilen Lodge and Ali Dege plain

Black-faced Sandgrouse (Pterocles decoratus) - 4 high overhead at Dawa River

Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii) - 13 around Bilen Lodge, including 1 incubating single egg

Speckled Pigeon (Columba guinea) - Common throughout

White-collared Pigeon (Columba albitorques) – Endemic to Abyssinian Highlands - Common in highlands

African Olive-pigeon (Columba arquatrix) - Frequent at Katcha camp and Bishangari

Lemon Dove (Columba larvata) - Small numbers at Wondo Genet and Bishangari

Dusky Turtle-dove (Streptopelia lugens) - Common and widespread

Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis) - Common and widespread

Vinaceous Dove (Streptopelia vinacea) - 1 Gibe Gorge

Ring-necked Dove (Streptopelia capicola) - Common and widespread

Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata) - Common and widespread

African Collared Dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea) - 6 from road between Ankober and Awash

White-winged Collared-dove (Streptopelia reichenowi) – Near threatened, endemic to NE Africa - At least 5 at Dawa River

Black-billed Wood-dove (Turtur abyssinicus) - Singles on three dates

Emerald-spotted Wood-dove (Turtur chalcospilos) - Singles on two dates

Tambourine Dove (Turtur tympanistria) - Small numbers at Wondo Genet and Wadera

Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis) - Small numbers at Bishangari and Jemma and common at Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Bruce's Green-pigeon (Treron waalia) - Small numbers at Bishangari, Jemma and Awash NP

Yellow-fronted Parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons) – Endemic to Ethiopia - 5 Wondo Genet, 2 Dinsho and at least 10 Bishangari

Red- (Orange-) bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris) – Endemic to NE Africa - Small numbers around Yabello

Black-winged Lovebird (Agapornis taranta) – Endemic to Abyssinian Highlands - 2-12 on five dates at Wondo Genet, Dinsho, Gobe, Bishangari and Debre Libanos

White-cheeked Turaco (Tauraco leucotis) – Endemic to Ethiopia - 1-20 on five dates at Wondo Genet, Gobe, Wadera and Bishangari

Ruspoli's Turaco (Tauraco ruspolii) – Threatened, endemic to southern Ethiopia - 2 by road north of Genale, 3 roosting in acacia scrub c.10km east of Negele, 3 by road a few km south of Wadera village, and up to 8 in forest a few km north of Wadera (with White-cheeked Turacos)

Bare-faced Go-away-bird (Corythaixoides personatus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 Yabello area and 1 Melka Jebdu

White-bellied Go-away-bird (Corythaixoides leucogaster) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in lowland areas

Eastern Grey Plantain-eater (Crinifer zonurus) - 2 Gibe Gorge

Red-chested Cuckoo (Cuculus solitarius) - 1 heard calling at Katcha camp

Klaas' Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx klaas) - 2 near Wadera and 1 Bishangari

White-browed Coucal (Centropus superciliosus) - 1-2 on two dates at Awash NP

Cape (Mackinder's) Eagle-owl (Bubo capensis mackinderi) - 1 at roadside roost near Dinsho, Bale NP

African Wood-owl (Strix woodfordii) - 1-2 heard on two dates at Katcha Camp, Bale NP

Pearl-spotted Owlet (Glaucidium perlatum) - Singles at Sof Omar and near Negele

Abyssinian Owl (Asio abyssinicus) – Endemic to East Africa - 1 roosting adult with fledged chick at Dinsho Lodge, Bale NP

Abyssinian (Montane) Nightjar (Caprimulgus poliocephalus) - Frequently heard in highland areas including Addis; 1 seen at roost at Dinsho

Slender-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus clarus) – Endemic to NE Africa 6 roosting at Wabe Shebelle Langano

African Palm-swift (Cypsiurus parvus) - 1-2 on two dates at Awash NP

Little Swift (Apus affinis) - Several over Addis

Speckled Mousebird (Colius striatus) - Frequent and widespread

Blue-naped Mousebird (Urocolius macrourus) - 1-10 on three dates at Awash and Bilen Lodge

Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina) - 1 Wondo Genet and 2 Wadera

Half-collared Kingfisher (Alcedo semitorquata) - 2 Jemma Valley and 1 Melka Jebdu

Malachite Kingfisher (Alcedo cristata) - Singles at Lake Awassa, Melka Jebdu and Awash NP

African Pygmy-kingfisher (Ispidina picta) - Singles near Negele, at Bishangari and Awash NP

Grey-headed Kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala) - 1 Jemma Valley

Woodland Kingfisher (Halcyon senegalensis) - 1-2 on three dates at Bishangari and Awash NP

Giant Kingfisher (Megaceryle maxima) - 2 Melka Jebdu

Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) - 2 Bishangari, 1 Melka Jebdu and 1 Bilen Lodge

Little Bee-eater (Merops pusillus) - 2 between Negele and Yabello and 2 Awash NP

Blue-breasted Bee-eater (Merops variegatus lafresnayii) - 2-6 on five dates at Wondo Genet, Yabello, Bishangari, Jemma and Awash NP

European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) - At least 5 from the road between Addis and Gibe Gorge

Northern Carmine Bee-eater (Merops nubicus) - Frequent in lowland areas

Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) - 2-4 on five dates at Gibe Gorge, Melka Jebdu, Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Lilac-breasted Roller (Coracias caudate lorti) - 1-3 on three dates in the Negele-Yabello area

Rufous-crowned Roller (Coracias noevia) - Singles on two dates in the Rift Valley

Broad-billed Roller (Eurystomus glaucurus) - 1 Bishangari

Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops) - Frequent and widespread

Black-billed Woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus somaliensis) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-6 on seven dates at Sof Omar, around Negele and Yabello, Gibe Gorge and Bilen Lodge

Abyssinian Scimitar-bill (Rhinopomastus minor) – Endemic to NE Africa - Singles on two dates in the Yabello area

Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus) - Common in lowland areas

Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill (Tockus flavirostris) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent in lowland areas

Von Der Decken's Hornbill (Tockus deckeni) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 Negele and 2 Yabello

Hemprich's Hornbill (Tockus hemprichii) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-3 on four dates at Wadera, Debra Libanos and Ankober

African Grey Hornbill (Tockus nasutus) - 2-5 on four dates at Yabello, Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill (Ceratogymna brevis) - Common at Wondo Genet, Dinsho, Sof Omar, Wadera and Bishangari

Abyssinian Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) - 1-5 on six dates in the Rift Valley

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus pusillus) - Frequent in lowland areas

Red-fronted Barbet (Tricholaema diademata) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-4 on three dates at Yabello and Jemma

Black-throated Barbet (Tricholaema melanocephala) – Endemic to NE Africa - 5-6 on two dates around Yabello

Banded Barbet (Lybius undatus) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - Singles on two dates at Wadera and Bishangari

Black-billed Barbet (Lybius guifsobalito) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 Jemma

Double-toothed Barbet (Lybius bidentatus) - 1 Wondo Genet and 5 Bishangari

Yellow-breasted Barbet (Trachyphonus margaritatus) - At least 1-3 on three dates at Melka Jebdu, Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Red-and-yellow Barbet (Trachyphonus erythrocephalus) – Endemic to NE Africa 3 near Negele

D'arnaud's Barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-3 on three dates in lowland areas

Greater Honeyguide (Indicator indicator) - 1 Dawa River

Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor) - Two singles at Sof Omar and Bishangari

Rufous-necked Wryneck (Jynx ruficollis) - 1 Wabe Shebelle Langano

Nubian Woodpecker (Campethera nubica) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequently heard and seen in lowland areas

Abyssinian Woodpecker (Dendropicos abyssinicus) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 1-6 on five dates at Wondo Genet, Gaysay Valley, above Gobe and at Wadera

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens) - Singles at Yabello, Gibe Gorge and Melka Jebdu

Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namaquus) - 1 near Yabello

African Grey-headed Woodpecker (Dendropicos spodocephalus) – Endemic to NE Africa 1 at Bishangari in open, grazed area of trees adjacent to the Lodge forest

Singing Bushlark (Mirafra cantillans) - Frequent at Awash NP

Red-winged Lark (Mirafra hypermetra) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common at Awash NP

Foxy/Abyssinian Lark (Mirafra alopex intercedens) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 in open grassland near Soda, south of Yabello

Gillett's Lark (Mirafra gilletti) – Endemic to NE Africa - Several heard and two seen at Awash NP

Sidamo Lark (Heteromirafra sidamoensis) – Threatened, endemic to southern Ethiopia - 2 seen at very close range on the Liben Plain

Chestnut-backed Finch-lark (Eremopterix leucotis) - Small flocks of 10-20 on three dates at Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark (Eremopterix signata) – Endemic to NE Africa A flock of at least 40 at Bilen Lodge

Erlanger's Lark (Calandrella (blanfordi) erlangeri) – Endemic to Ethiopia - 2 in ploughed field between Sof Omar and Robe

Somali Short-toed Lark (Calandrella somalica) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 seen and heard singing on the Liben Plain

Thekla Lark (Galerida theklae) - 2-5 on four dates in the Bale NP and at Jemma

Sand Martin (Riparia riparia) - Small numbers at Bishangari and Bilen Lodge

Plain Martin (Riparia paludicola) - A flock of at least 20 at Awash NP

Rock Martin (Hirundo fuligula) - 4-6 on three dates at Web Valley, Debre Libanos and Jemma

Eurasian Swallow (Hirundo rustica) - Common and widespread

Ethiopian Swallow (Hirundo aethiopica) - Small numbers over Awash town

Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii) - Small numbers with Eurasian Swallows in lowland areas

White-tailed Swallow (Hirundo megaensis) – Threatened, endemic to southern Ethiopia - 4-5 on two dates in the Yabello area

Mosque Swallow (Hirundo senegalensis) - 2 Awash NP

Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica rufula) - Frequent and widespread

House Martin (Delichon urbica) - 1-20 on four dates

Brown Sawwing (Psalidoprocne (pristoptera) antinorii) - 10-20 on two dates at Katcha Camp, Bale NP

Black Sawwing (Psalidoprocne (pristoptera) holomelas) - 1 Web Valley, Bale NP

Abyssinian Longclaw (Macronyx flavicollis) – Near threatened, endemic to the Abyssinian highlands
3 on two dates in the Web Valley and near Dinsho, Bale NP

Plain-backed Pipit (Anthus leucophrys) - Common on the Liben Plain and 2 in Gibe Gorge

Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris) - 3 near Yabello and 1 Awash NP

Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis) - 6 Katcha Camp and 2 Jemma

African Pied Wagtail (Motacilla aguimp) - Small numbers in wetland areas throughout

Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava) - Frequent to common throughout, including blue-headed and black-headed races

Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) - Frequent to common in wetland areas throughout

Mountain Wagtail (Motacilla clara) - 1-3 on four dates at Web Valley, Debre Libanos, Jemma and Melka Jebdu

Grey Cuckooshrike (Coracina caesia) - 2 Wondo Genet and 2 Dinsho

Black Cuckooshrike (Campephaga flava) - Singles at Bishangari and Jemma

Red-shouldered Cuckooshrike (Campephaga phoenicea) - 1 Bishangari

Somali Bulbul (Pycnonotus somaliensis) – Endemic to NE Africa 1 between Ankober and Awash NP

Dodson's Bulbul (Pycnonotus dodsoni) – Endemic to NE Africa - 3 Sof Omar

Dark-capped Bulbul (Pycnonotus tricolor) - Common and widespread

Northern Brownbul (Phyllastrephus strepitans) – Endemic to NE Africa At least 8 at Sof Omar

White-browed Scrub-robin (Cercotrichas leucophrys) - Frequent in lowland areas

Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin (Cercotrichas galactotes) - 1 Dawa River

Rüppell's Robin-chat (Cossypha semirufa) – Endemic to NE Africa - Commonly heard and seen throughout highland areas

White-browed Robin-chat (Cossypha heuglini) - 1 Sof Omar

Spotted Morning-thrush (Cichladusa guttata) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 Dawa River

Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) - 1 Bishangari

Brown-tailed Chat (Cercomela scotocerca) - At least 10 at Sof Omar

Sombre Chat (Cercomela dubia) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 Lake Biseka

Blackstart (Cercomela melanura) - 1-2 on two dates at Lake Biseka

Moorland Chat (Cercomela sordida) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in highland areas

Common Stonechat (Saxicola axillaris albofasciata) - 1-2 on three dates at Dinsho, Gobe and Debre Libanos

Rüppell's Chat (Myrmecocichla melaena) – Endemic to Abyssinian Highlands - Common at Debre Libanos, Jemma and Ankober

Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) - Small numbers in highland areas

Abyssinian Black Wheatear (Oenanthe lugubris) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 2-3 on two dates at Jemma, Ankober and Melka Jebdu

Pied Wheatear (Oenanthe pleschanka) - Frequent in suitable habitat throughout

Black-eared Wheatear (Oenanthe hispanica) - 1 near Bilen Lodge

Isabelline Wheatear (Oenanthe isabellina) - Frequent to common in Negele and Yabello areas, Awash NP and at Bilen Lodge

Botta's Wheatear (Oenanthe bottae) - 2-10 on two dates between Sheshamane and Disho and between Gobe and Sof Omar

Mocking Cliff-chat (Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris) - 1-8 on two dates at Debre Libanos and Jemma

White-winged Cliff-chat (Thamnolaea semirufa) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 1-4 on three dates at Gibe Gorge, Debre Libanos and Jemma

Little Rock-thrush (Monticola rufocinereus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 Melka Jebdu

Blue Rock-thrush (Monticola solitarius) - Singles at Debre Libanos and Jemma

Abyssinian Ground-thrush (Zoothera piaggiae) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-2 on four dates above Gobe, at Katcha Camp, Wadera and Bishangari

Groundscraper Thrush (Psophocichla litsipsirupa) - Frequent in highland areas

African Thrush (Turdus (olivaceus) pelios) - Small numbers in lowland areas

African Bare-eyed Thrush (Turdus tephronotus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 Dawa River

Abyssinian/Mountain Thrush (Turdus abyssinicus) - Common, especially in highland areas

Cinnamon Bracken-warbler (Bradypterus cinnamomeus) - Small numbers in Bale NP and Jemma

Red-faced Cisticola (Cisticola erythrops) - 1 Gibe Gorge

Singing Cisticola (Cisticola cantans) - Small numbers at Katcha camp and Debre Libanos

Boran Cisticola (Cisticola bodessa) – Endemic to NE Africa - At least 3 near Soda, south of Yabello

Rattling Cisticola (Cisticola chinianus) - 2 Bishangari

Ashy Cisticola (Cisticola cinereolus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2-3 on two dates in Awash NP

Ethiopian Cisticola (Cisticola lugubris) – Endemic to Ethiopia and Eritrea - 1-3 on three dates in Bale NP

Stout Cisticola (Cisticola robustus) - Frequent at Debre Libanos

Pectoral-patch Cisticola (Cisticola brunnescens) - Frequent on the Liben Plain

Tawny-flanked Prinia (Prinia subflava) - Frequent throughout

Red-fronted Warbler (Spiloptila rufifrons) - 3 near the Dawa River and 4 Awash NP

Brown-tailed Apalis (Apalis (flavida) viridiceps) - Small numbers at Sof Omar, Dawa River and around Yabello

Grey-backed Camaroptera (Camaroptera brevicaudata) - Frequently heard and seen throughout

Grey Wren-warbler (Calamonastes simplex) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-2 on three dates south of Yabello and in Awash NP

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler (Hippolais pallida) - 1 Awash NP and 2 Bilen Lodge

Buff-bellied Warbler (Phyllolais pulchella) - 3 Yabello and 1 Bishangari

Bale Parisoma (Parisoma griseaventris) - Endemic to Bale Mountains - 1 seen and another heard in scattered Hypericum bushes above Gobe

Brown Parisoma (Parisoma lugens) - 1 at Debre Libanos

Banded Parisoma (Parisoma boehmi) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 between Welchite and Yabello and at least 10 near Dubuluk south of Yabello

Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) - 1-2 on four dates

Lesser Whitethroat (Sylvia curruca) - Singles at Bishangari and Debre Libanos

Yellow-bellied Eremomela (Eremomela icteropygialis) - 1 on the Liben Plain at least 10 in the Dubuluk area, south of Yabello

Northern Crombec (Sylvietta brachyura) - Frequent at Yabello, Melka Jebdu, Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Red-faced Crombec (Sylvietta whytii) - Common at Sof Omar, Yabello and Bishangari

Somali Crombec (Sylvietta isabellina) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 near Dubuluk, south of Yabello

Brown Woodland-warbler (Phylloscopus umbrovirens) - 1-3 on two dates at Dinsho

Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) - Common throughout

African Grey Flycatcher (Bradornis microrhynchus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2-6 on two dates in the Yabello area

Abyssinian Slaty-flycatcher (Dioptrornis chocolatinus) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - Common in Bale NP

Northern Black-flycatcher (Melaenornis edolioides) - 1 between Sof Omar and Gobe

African Dusky Flycatcher (Muscicapa adusta) - Frequent in the Bale NP, around Negele and at Bishangari

African Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis) - 1-2 on ten dates throughout

Scaly Chatterer (Turdoides aylmeri) - A group of six near Dawa River

Rufous Chatterer (Turdoides rubiginosus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1-10 on three dates on the Liben Plain, near Yabello and at Melka Jebdu

White-rumped Babbler (Turdoides leucopygius omoensis) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent at Wondo Genet, Sof Omar, near Negele, Bishangari and Gibe Gorge; 2 of the ‘leucopygia’ race at Melka Jebdu

Abyssinian Catbird (Parophasma galinieri) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands Frequently heard and small numbers seen in Bale NP (especially around Dinsho lodge and Katcha camp)

White-winged Tit (Parus leucomelas) - 3 at Bishangari

White-backed Tit (Parus leuconotus) – Endemic to Ethiopia - 2-3 on three dates around Dinsho lodge

Somali Tit (Parus (afer) thruppi) – Endemic to NE Africa - Singles at Sof Omar and near Dubuluk, south of Yabello

African Spotted Creeper (Salpornis spilonotus salvadori) - 1 in roadside trees by Lake Awassa

Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit (Anthoscopus musculus) – Endemic to NE Africa - At least 6 in the Yabello area

Kenya (Eastern) Violet-backed Sunbird (Anthreptes orientalis) - At leat 10 at Dawa River

Collared Sunbird (Anthreptes collaris) - Frequent around Negele, at Gibe Gorge, Debre Libanos and Jemma

Nile Valley Sunbird (Anthreptes metallicus) - Frequent at Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Western Olive-Sunbird (Nectarinia olivacea obscura) - Singles at Wonde Genet, Katcha camp and Wadera

Scarlet-chested Sunbird (Nectarinia senegalensis) - Frequent in lowland areas throughout

Hunter's Sunbird (Nectarinia hunteri) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 near Yabello

Variable Sunbird (Nectarinia venusta) - Small numbers at Wondo Genet and in Bale NP

Shining Sunbird (Nectarinia habessinica) – Endemic to NE Africa - Singles at Sof Omar, Dawa River, Awash NP; common at Bilen Lodge

Tacazze Sunbird (Nectarinia tacazze) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common at Wondo Genet and in Bale NP

Mariqua Sunbird (Nectarinia mariquensis) - Small numbers at Yabello, Bishangari and Melka Jebdu

Purple-banded Sunbird (Nectarinia bifasciata) - 2 calling and displaying near Negele

Beautiful Sunbird (Nectarinia pulchella) - Frequent at Bishangari and Melka Jebdu

Black-bellied Sunbird (Nectarinia nectarinioides) – Endemic to NE Africa - 5 Dawa River

African Yellow White-eye (Zosterops senegalensis) - Small numbers at lowland sites

White-breasted White-eye (Zosterops abyssinicus) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common throughout

Dark-headed Oriole (Oriolus monacha) – Endemic to Ethiopian highlands Common at Wondo Genet, Katcha camp and Wadera

African Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus larvatus) - Singles at Negele and Yabello

Brubru (Nilaus afer) - 2-4 on three dates at Sof Omar and Yabello

Northern Puffback (Dryoscopus gambensis) - Small numbers at lowland sites throughout

Pringle's Puffback (Dryoscopus pringlii) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 seen and others heard from roadside near Dawa River

Black-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra senegala) - Small numbers in lowland areas

Red-naped Bushshrike (Laniarius ruficeps) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 near Dawa River

Tropical Boubou (Laniarius aethiopicus) - Frequent throughout

Slate-coloured Boubou (Laniarius funebris) – Endemic to NE Africa - Small numbers at Sof Omar, Yabello and Bishangari

Rosy-patched Bushshrike (Rhodophoneus cruentus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 between Welchite and Yabello and 4 Awash NP

Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike (Telophorus sulfureopectus) - 2 on three dates at Yabello and Bishangari

Grey-headed Bushshrike (Malaconotus blanchoti) - 1-3 on three dates at Negele and Awash NP

White Helmetshrike (Prionops plumatus) - Flocks seen at Sof Omar, Dawa River and Awash NP

Grey-headed Batis (Batis orientalis) - Small numbers at Sof Omar, Yabello and in Awash NP

Black-headed Batis (Batis minor) - 2-4 on three dates at Yabello and Bishangari

Pygmy Batis (Batis perkeo) – Endemic to NE Africa - Small numbers at Sof Omar and Yabello

Brown-throated Wattle-eye (Platysteira cyanea) - 1 Gibe Gorge

Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus) - 1 Yabello

Southern Grey Shrike (Lanius (excubitor) meridionalis) - Frequent at Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Grey-backed Fiscal (Lanius excubitoroides) - 3 Bishangari

Somali Fiscal (Lanius somalicus) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 near Yabello and 2 Awash NP

Common Fiscal (Lanius collaris) - Common roadside bird throughout

Woodchat Shrike (Lanius senator) - Small numbers Gibe Gorge and Awash NP

Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus) - 1 Bishangari

Northern White-crowned Shrike (Eurocephalus rueppelli) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent in lowland areas throughout

Fork-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis) - Frequent in lowland areas throughout

Stresemann's Bush-crow (Zavattariornis stresemanni) – Threatened, endemic to southern Ethiopia -
10-30 on two dates in the Yabello area

Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) - 2 Web Valley and 2 Sanetti Plateau

Cape Crow (Corvus capensis) - Frequent between Sheshamane and Gobe, at Gibe Gorge and Debre Libanos

Pied Crow (Corvus albus) - Common around Addis and other built-up areas

Dwarf Raven/Somali Crow (Corvus ruficollis edithae) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent at Robe, on the Liben Plain and near Yabello

Fan-tailed Raven (Corvus rhipidurus) - Common in Bale NP, Bishangari, Gibe Gorge, Debre Libanos and Jemma

Thick-billed Raven (Corvus crassirostris) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - Common at Wondo Genet and on route to Bishangari and Gibe Gorge

Red-winged Starling (Onychognathus morio) - Frequent at Bishangari

Slender-billed Starling (Onychognathus tenuirostris) - Common Wonde Genet, Bale NP and Ankober

White-billed Starling (Onychognathus albirostris) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - 4 Debre Libanos and a flock of 50 at Jemma

Bristle-crowned Starling (Onychognathus salvadorii) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent at Sof Omar and Lake Biseka

Greater Blue-eared Glossy-starling (Lamprotornis chalybaeus) - Common throughout

Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-starling (Lamprotornis chloropterus) - A flock of at least 15 at Gibe Gorge

Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in lowland areas

Shelley's Starling (Lamprotornis shelleyi) – Endemic to NE Africa - 6-8 on two dates near Dawa River and Yabello

Sharpe's Starling (Cinnyricinclus sharpii) - 20 Wondo Genet

Magpie Starling (Speculipastor bicolor) - 4 near Dawa River

White-crowned Starling (Spreo albicapillus) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common around Negele and Yabello

Golden-breasted Starling (Cosmopsarus regius) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent around Negele and common between Negele and Yabello

Wattled Starling (Creatophora cinerea) - Small numbers at Bishangari and Bilen Lodge

Swainson's Sparrow (Passer swainsonii) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in lowland areas and settlements

Chestnut Sparrow (Passer eminibey) – Endemic to NE Africa - A flock of at least 50 between Welchite and Yabello

Yellow-spotted Petronia (Petronia pyrgita) - Frequent at Sof Omar, Yabello, Bishangari and Bilen Lodge

Bush Petronia (Petronia dentata) - At least 6 at Gibe Gorge

Red-billed Buffalo-weaver (Bubalornis niger) - 4 on the Liben Plain

White-headed Buffalo-weaver (Dinemellia dinemelli) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in lowland areas

White-browed Sparrow-weaver (Plocepasser mahali) - Common at Yabello and Bilen Lodge

Grey-capped Social-weaver (Pseudonigrita arnaudi) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common around Negele and Yabello

Black-capped Social-weaver (Pseudonigrita cabanisi) – Endemic to NE Africa - Small numbers around Yabello

Baglafecht Weaver (Ploceus baglafecht) - Frequent in Bale NP, at Bishangari, Gibe Gorge and Debre Libanos

Little Weaver (Ploceus luteolus) - Frequent at Lake Awassa and Bishangari

Lesser Masked Weaver (Ploceus intermedius) - 1 near Yabello

Spectacled Weaver (Ploceus ocularis) - Small numbers at Wondo Genet and Bishangari

Rüppell's Weaver (Ploceus galbula) - 2 males at Melka Jebdu

Vitelline Masked-weaver (Ploceus (velatus) vitellinus) - Small numbers on the Liben Plain and at Yabello

Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus) - Small numbers at Gibe Gorge and Awash NP

Speke's Weaver (Ploceus spekei) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common at Yabello

Juba/Salvadori's Weaver (Ploceus dicrocephalus) – Endemic to NE Africa - A flock of at least 30, including some breeding plumage males, at Dawa River

Red-headed Weaver (Anaplectes rubriceps) - Small numbers in lowland areas

Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea) - A flock of at least 20 in Awash NP

Black Bishop (Euplectes gierowii) - A flock of around 20 including one breeding plumage male at Bilen Lodge

Northern Red (Orange) Bishop (Euplectes franciscanus) - 1 near Cheleleke, near Addis

Yellow Bishop (Euplectes capensis) - Common in Bale NP

Green-winged Pytilia/Melba Finch (Pytilia melba) - 4 in Awash NP

Bar-breasted Firefinch (Lagonosticta rufopicta) - 2 Gibe Gorge

Red-billed Firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala) - 1-10 on three dates at Gibe Gorge, Jemma and Awash NP

Red-cheeked Cordonbleu (Uraeginthus bengalus) - Common in lowand areas throughout

Purple Grenadier (Granatina ianthinogaster) – Endemic to NE Africa - 8 Yabello and 2 Awash NP

Yellow-bellied Waxbill (Coccopygia quartinia) - Frequent at Gobe and Katcha camp

Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga) – Endemic to NE Africa - A flock of 15 at Debre Libanos

Black-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda charmosyna) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 near Yabello and 3 in Awash NP

Bronze Munia (Spermestes cucullata) - At least 10 at Gibe Gorge

African Silverbill (Euodice cantans) - Common at Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Cut-throat (Amadina fasciata) - 2 near Lake Awassa and a flock of 20 in Awash NP

Village Indigobird (Vidua chalybeata) - A flock of at least 10 at Jemma

Pin-tailed Whydah (Vidua macroura) - Common in Awash NP

Eastern Paradise-whydah (Vidua paradisaea) - Common in Awash NP

Yellow-crowned Canary (Serinus flavicollis) 3-10 on three dates above Gobe and at Katcha camp

Ethiopian (Black-headed) Siskin (Serinus nigriceps) – Endemic to NE Africa - Common in Bale NP and at Ankober

African Citril-finch (Serinus citrinelloides) – Endemic to NE Africa - Frequent at Wondo Genet, Bishangari and Debre Libanos

Yellow-throated Seedeater (Serinus flavigula) – Threatened, endemic to central Ethiopia - 2 seen foraging and at least 2 others singing at Melka Jebdu

Abyssinian Yellow-rumped (White-throated) Seedeater (Serinus xanthopygius) – Endemic to Ethiopia and Eritrea - At least 10 in a mixed flock with Yellow-fronted Canaries at start of descent into Gibe Gorge

Kenya Yellow-rumped/Reichenow’s Seedeater (Serinus reichenowi) – Endemic to NE Africa - Small numbers at Negele

Salvadori's Canary (Serinus xantholaemus) – Near threatened, endemic to Ethopia - 1 mobbing owlet and singing and 2 more heard at Sof Omar

Yellow-fronted Canary (Serinus mozambicus) - A flock of at least 10 in Gibe Gorge

Northern Grosbeak-canary (Serinus donaldsoni) – Endemic to NE Africa - 1 between Welchite and Yabello

White-bellied Canary (Serinus dorsostriatus) – Endemic to NE Africa - Singles on two dates around Yabello

Brown-rumped Seedeater (Serinus tristriatus) – Endemic to Abyssinian highlands - Common in Bale NP and at Debre Libanos

Ankober Serin (Serinus ankoberensis) – Threatened, endemic to west Rift Valley scarp in Ethiopia -At least 20 on steep rocks and adjacent fields at Ankober

Streaky Seedeater (Serinus striolatus) - Common in highland areas

Cinnamon-breasted Bunting (Emberiza tahapisi) - Common at Debre Libanos and Jemma

Somali Golden-breasted Bunting (Emberiza poliopleura) – Endemic to NE Africa - 2 between Welchite and Yabello and 2 at Bilen Lodge

Checklist of mammals

Guereza colobus (Colobus guereza) – Common in forested areas in highlands

Hamadrys (sacred) baboon (Papio hamadrys) – a single troop northwest of Awash NP

Olive baboon (Papio anubis) – Common in forested areas throughout

Gelada (Theropithecus gelada) – several troops at Debre Libanos and Ankober

Grivet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops aethiops) – Wondo Genet

Vervet monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops pygerythrus) – common in lowland acacia

Bale monkey (Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis) – a small group seen in forest above Katcha campsite, Bale Mountains NP

Scrub hare (Lepus saxatilius) – small numbers in acacia scrub

Starck’s hare (Lepus starki) – 1 Sanetti Plateau

Unstriped ground squirrel (Xerus rutilus) – 2 near Yabello and 3 Bilen

Gambian sun squirrel (Helioscurus gambianus) – singles at Wondo Genet and Bishangari

Naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber) – 2 near Yabello

Giant root-rat (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus) – common Bale Mountains NP

Unstriped grass-rat (Arvicanthis sp.) – common Bale Mountains NP

Ethiopian meadow rat (Stenocephalemys sp.) – common Bale Mountains NP

Common (golden) jackal (Canis aureus) – 1-2 on three dates at Awash NP

Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) – a total of 12 over three dates in the Web Valley and on the Sanetti Plateau, Bale Mountains NP

Ichneumon (Egyptian) mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) – 1 Bishangari

Slender mongoose (Herpestes saniguinea) – singles Debre Libanos and Awash NP

Dwarf mongoose (Helogale parvula) – 1 Bishangari

Spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) – 1 seen at Dinsho, several others heard elsewhere

Lion (Panthera leo) – 1 Bilen Lodge

Ethiopian rock hyrax(Procavia habessinica) – small numbers in Web Valley, Bale Mountains NP, Debre Libanos and Awash NP

Grevy’s zebra(Equus grevyi) – 5 distanly on the Ali Dege Plain

Common warthog(Phacochoerus africanus) – common in Bale Mountains NP, at Bishangari, Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Menelik’s bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki) – small numbers in wooded areas in Bale Mountains NP

Mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) – Common around Dinsho, Bale Mountains NP

Lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) – 1 near Yabello and 2 Awash NP

Bush duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia) – 2 Negele

Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) – 2 Sanetti Plateau, Bale Mountains NP

Salt’s dikdik (Madoqua saltiana) – Common Awash NP and Bilen Lodge

Guenther’s dikdik (Madoqua guentheri) – common around Yabello

Bohor reedbuck (Redunca redunca) – common around Dinsho, Bale Mountains NP

Grant’s gazelle (Gazella granti) – 30 near Soda, south of Yabello

Soemmerrings gazelle (Gazella soemmerringi) – common at Awash NP and Ali Dege Plain

Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) – 1-2 on two dates at Bilen Lodge

Beisa oryx (Oryx beisa) – common at Awash NP and Ali Dege Plain


Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) – 3 Lake Biseka, Awash NP

Giant tortoise (Geochelone sp) – 1 Bilen Lodge