Peru - Cloud Forest and Amazonian Rainforest - March 22nd – April 9th 2008

Published by Barry Walker (bwalker AT terra.com.pe)

Participants: Silverio Duri, Carol Jean Cameron, Russell Akira Kumai, Tor Egil Hogsas,Paul Mark Suchanek, Dianne Smalley, Robert Smalley, Carol Livingston, Sandra Plummer

Comments

Trip Leader: Silverio Duri

This was a great trip in that we visited several wonderful lodges strategically placed at varying altitudes in the Cloud Forest and Lowland Amazonian rainforest of the Manu Biosphere Reserve, that enabled us to us to see birds of different altitudes. Some folks only did part of thre trip but even so managed o see a fantastic number of birds. A A remarkable added bonus was JAGUAR at Manu Wildlife Center, very good views and we even got pictures! We also saw a lot of Macaw at the Macaw Clay Lick of “Blanquillo” near Manu Wildlife Center. We had a high river ridre at Manu Wildlife Center and the water level got as high as the lodge and access was not possible to the trails up to the terra firme forest for a few days It was enjoyable trip for me , we saw a lot of good wonderfull birds like the Red and White Antpitta (Endemic), Orinoco Goose in the Lowland and Koepcke’s Hermit, Line-fronted Canastero up in the highlands at“Abra Acjanaco” and the Point-tailed Palmcreeper a bird that Bob had wanted to see for long time. A wonderfull trip!

SOME LOCALITIES WE BIRDED AT IN MANU

Ajcanacu : S 13 11 929 W 071 37 057 (3530 mts)
Esperanza Camp : S 13 10 478 W 071 35 478 (2910mts)
Pillahuata : S 13 09 725 W 071 35 670 ( 2600 mts)
Rocotal : S 13 06 081 W 071 34 145 (2010 mts)
Union Bridge S 13 04 457 W 071 34 157 (1550 mts)
Cock of the Rock Lodge: S 13 03 863 W 071 32 377 (1480 m.)
Quita Calzones or 1000 meter bridge : S 13 01 550 W 071 29 979 ( 1000 mts)
Patria ( Ricefields) S 12 57 394 W 71 25 112 ( 660 mts )
Pilcopata : S 12 54 518 W 071 24 196
Mirador above Atalaya ( Macaw Lookout) S 12 53 730 W 071 21 751
Atalaya : S 12 53 368 W 071 21 547
Amazonia Lodge : S 12 52 232 W 071 22 527 9 (500 mts)
Boca Manu Pueblo (where we had lunch!) S12°15'55.8'' W 070°54'42.8'' (300 mts)
Manu Wildlife Center S 12 21 327 W070 42 384 (250 mts)
Blanquillo Macaw Lick S12°26'39.4'' W070°42'15.3'' (250 mts)
Cocha Camungo at Lake S12°25'46.6'' W070°40'40.0'' (250 mts)
Cocha Blanco at Lake (250 mts)
Tapir Colpa MWC S 12 20 167 W 070 41 803 (250 mts)

DAY BY DAY ACTIVITIES

March 22: Morning flight to Cusco where Silverio was waiting and out to Hucarpay lakes with picnic lunch. Overnight in Cusco.

March 23: Cusco (3300 meters) to Pillahuata (Esperanza) camp (2910 meters) with stops at Huancarani, Paucartambo and Ajcanacu pass (3530 meters).

March 24: A full days birding in the Esperanza/Pillahuata area around 3000 meters.

March 25: Started birding by the tunnels down to the upper part of Rocotal (2010 meters). Night at Cock of the Rock Lodge

March 26: In the morning birding just around the Lodge and a little bit up the road and in the afternoon up to the Outlook for the Lyre-tailed Nightjar. Night Cock of the Rock Lodge

March 27: In the morning up to Rocotal (2010 mts) and in afternoon down to Quita Calzones (1000 mts). Night Cock of the Rock Lodge

March 28: In the morning we went down to Quita Calzones again and in the afternoon we birded just around the Lodge. Night at Cock of the Rock Lodge

March 29: Cock of the Rock Lodge to Amazonia Lodge. “raining until mid day” we started birding from above Quita Calzones. We did a few stpos at the Patria rice-fields (660 meters), drove thru Pilcopata where we stopped for supplies and then onto Atalaya with some birding near the Mirador. In the late afternoon we crossed the Alto Madre de Dios River and walked into Amazonia Lodge. Night Amazonia Lodge

March 30: Full day on the trails at Amazonia Lodge at 500 meters particularly the jeep track trail. Night Amazonia Lodge

March 31: In the morning we went up to the hill trail above Amazonia Lodge 700 mts including the Canopy Tower. Night Amazonia Lodge

April 01: After breackfast (raining morning) to the river and by boat to Manu Wildife Center Lodge (250 meters). Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 02: Morning to the “Blanquillo” Macaw Lick and then just back to the Lodge for lunch. Afternoon walking the Grid trails. Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 03: In the morning to the “Cocha Camungo”where we just had time to do the Canopy Tower and in the afternoon birding just around the garden. Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 04: Morning to the “Cocha Blanco” ox-bow Lake and coming back to the Lodge before lunch we went to the “Toucan Loop”and in the afternoon just around the garden. Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 05: In the early morning we did try to go to “Cocha Camungo” but we couldn’t make it because it was flooded and we went to the “bamboo forest” at “Cocha Nueva”but the same thing we couldn’t go for too long because the trail was still flooded, so we went back to the Lodge and we went to the “River side” trail and w around the Grid and in the afternoon to the Canopy Platform. Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 06: Morning ……finaly we went to the Canopy Tower at “Cocha Camungo” and the Lake itself and in the afternoon we went to the “Cocha Nueva” in the bamboo forest. Night Manu Wildlife Center Lodge

April 07: In the morning we went to walk the Tapir trail and making a loop by the Creek side trail . Afternoon to the Tapir Clay Lick

April 08: Early start and we went down the Madre de Dios River for 8 hours to Laberinto where we took a bus to Puerto Maldonado and late afternoon birding along the road to Puerto Maldonado from Laberinto. Night at Cabaña Quinta Hotel

April 09: Morning birding up to km 17 outside Puerto Maldonado. Early afternoon flights to Cusco and Lima and home.

Species list

* = Heard Only
E = Endemic to Peru.
NE = near-endemic e.g. just sneaks into NW Bolivia, SW Brazil, SW Ecuador or N. Chile.
SACC = South American Checklist Comittee

*Great Tinamou Tinamus major

*White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus

*Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus
Heard most days in the lowlands

*Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui

*Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus

Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus
1 seen briefly on the Jeep Track at Amazonia Lodge the day we arrived on March 29th

*Black-capped Tinamou Crypturellus atrocapillus

Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandi
Fabulous looks at Huancarani in an open field after we saw the Chesnut-breasted Mountain-Finch on March 23rd

White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland
Seen at Huacarpay Lake

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
1 seen well at Cocha Blanco on April 04th

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Seen only one and once at Cocha Blanco on April 04th

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Only one sen at the small agoon at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta
Good studies of this impressive species at the Lake

Andean Duck Oxyura ferruginea
Common at Huacarpay Lakes on March 22th

Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata
Great looks at 1 going down to Puerto Maldonado from Manu Wildife Center en route to Puerto Maldonado and 1 fliying around Manu Wildlife Center. A much rarer abd hard to see bird than most people think.

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Several sightings of this large Duck at Manu Wildlife Center

Speckled Teal Anas flavirostris
Common at Huacarpay Lake

Yellow-billed Pinteal Anas georgica
A few seen at Huacarpay Lake

Puna Teal Anas puna
A lot of them at Huacarpay Lakes

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera
Common at Huacarpay Lake

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
A lot of them seen along the Alto Madre de Dios River and at Madre de Dios River

Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Common along the lowland Rivers. The South American Checklist committee says “Formerly (e.g., Meyer de Schauensee 1970) known as "White-necked Heron," but this name is also used (e.g., Martínez-Vilata & Motis 1992) for Old World Ardea pacifica.”

Great Egret Ardea albus
Common along the lowland rivers and around Puerto Maldonado

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Striated Heron Butorides striatus

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Common at Huacarpay Lake

Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum
A few on the fast-flowing sections of the Alto Madre de Dios between Amazoni Lodge and Boca Manu

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum
One seen at Amazonia Lodge and another one by a small pond along the road on the way down to Puerto Maldonado from Laberinto

Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi
Common at Huacarpay

Andean Ibis Theristicus branickii
5 seen along the Manu road near Saylla on March 23th. The SACC says “Theristicus melanopis is often (e.g., Hellmayr & Conover 1948a, Meyer de Schauensee 1970, Blake 1977, Hancock et al. 1992) considered conspecific with T. caudatus. However, it (with branickii) was considered a separate species by Steinbacher (1979), Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990), Matheu & del Hoyo (1992), Ridgely et al. (2001), etc., but no explicit rationale has been published [?]; they form a superspecies (Steinbacher 1979). Sibley & Monroe (1990) considered branickii as separate species ("Andean Ibis") from melanopis. Proposal?

Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
5 of them seen at “Blanquillo” Macaw clay lick at Manu Wildlife Center

Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja
Seen for several days along the Madre de Dios River and the Alto Madre

Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Along the Madre de Dios River

Jabiru Jabiru mycteria
Seen few of them on the sandbar on the Madre de Dios on April 01th and 08th

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus

King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
Seen in three days in the Lowland

Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Common on the lowland rivers and ox-bow lakes

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
1at Km 20 west of PM on April 8th a rarity in Peru, recently extending its range from Brazila nd Bolivia

Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus
Seen two of them soaring at Cocha Blanco on April 04th

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
1 seen perch from the Canopy Tower at cocha Camungo on April 6th and another one flying at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Cinereous Harrier Circus Cinereous
Seen at Huacarpay Lake on March 22nd and some others ones seen on the way to the Espeanza camping site

Plain-breasted (Sharp-shinned) Hawk Accipiter (striatus) ventralis
1seen in the higher Cloud Forest by Tor and Paul on March 25th

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
One on April 4th

Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistacea

White-Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
1 seen in way up on top of the ridge at Amazonia Lodge

Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
A couple on the Cocha Blanco ox-bow lakes at manu Wildlife Center on April 6th

Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
1 seen at Rocotal up Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 27th

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris

Puna (Variable) Hawk Buteo poecilochrous
3 at Abra Malaga

Red-backed (Variable) Hawk Buteo polyosoma
One seen in the upper cloud forest on March 23rd. By some autorities considered a superspecies – Variable Hawk – with Puna Hawk. The SACC says “Farquhar (1988) concluded that Buteo poecilochrous and B. polyosoma are conspecific, as they were formerly treated (REF); he was unable to find any way to reliably diagnose the two forms using plumage characters or measurements. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Jaramillo (2003) followed this treatment and suggested "Variable Hawk" be retained for the composite species. Genetic data (Riesing et al. 2003) are consistent with hypothesis that B. polyosoma and B. poecilochrous are conspecific. [incorp. Cabot & De Vries 2003] [incorp. Vaurie 1962]. Proposal badly needed.

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
One seen flying along the River on the way down to Manu Wildlife Center from Amazonia Lodge on April 1th

Black Caracara Daptrius ater

Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus
Many sightings of this noisy bird!

Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus
Common in the highlands but we saw only once by the road on the way to the Esperanza camping site

Southern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Seen outside of Puerto Maldonado on April 8th on the way from Laberinto to Puerto Maldonado

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
One sen on Apirl 9th, on the road outside of Puerto Maldonado; a bird that Robert realy wanted to see

*Collared Forest-falcon Micrastur semitorquatus

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Aplomado falcon Falco femoralis
One seen well at Huacarpay Lake on March 22th

Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Many at Manu Wildlife Center

Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata
Common in the lowlands

Andean Guan Penelope montagnii
Seen twice in the Cloud Forest

Spix’s Guan Penelope jacquacu
Frequent sightings at Manu Wildlife Center

Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis
Common at Manu Wildlife Center. The SACC says “As noted by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001), evidence for species rank for the four species of Pipile is weak, and various authors have used just about every possible permutation of species limits. Many authors (e.g., Hilty & Brown 1986, Hilty 2003) continue to treat them as a single species, Pipile pipile ("Common Piping-Guan"), whereas others (e.g., Hellmayr & Conover 1942, Meyer de Schauensee 1966, Sibley & Monroe 1990, del Hoyo 1994) consider all four major groups as separate species, the treatment followed here. Sibley & Monroe (1990) and del Hoyo (1994) considered P. pipile, P. cumanensis, and P. cujubi to form a superspecies, but excluded P. jacutinga. Although the latter has been considered sympatric with P. p. grayi in eastern Paraguay (Blake 1977), del Hoyo & Motis (2004 REF) noted that the evidence for sympatry is weak. Meyer de Schauensee (1970) and Blake (1977) considered cumanensis to be conspecific with P. pipile, but considered cujubi and jacutinga to be separate species. Peters (1934) considered the genus to contain three species: P. pipile, P. cumanensis, and P. jacutinga. Pinto (1938) treated cujubi as a subspecies of P. pipile (and cumanensis, grayi, and jacutinga as species), but later (Pinto 1964) treated cujubi as a subspecies of P. jacutinga. Where P. cujubi nattereri and P. cumanensis grayi meet in eastern Bolivia, they interbreed freely, forming a hybrid swarm (del Hoyo and Motis 2004), and so this suggests that species limits should be re-evaluated and returned to those of Delacour & Amadon (1973), who considered the genus to contain two species: P. pipile (including cumanensis, cujubi, etc.) and P. jacutinga. Proposal needed. [incorp. Vaurie (1967a)]

Starred Wood-Quail Odontophorus stellatus
Seen briefly at Amazonia Lodge

Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
1 bird seen well including pictures at Cocha Blanco ox-bow Lake
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
Seen twice at Amazonia Lodhe and three more crossing the road outside of Puerto Maldonado

*Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor
At Amazonia Lodge

Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus
Several seen at Huacarpay Lake

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus
1 seen at Cocha Blanco ox-bow Lake

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Andean Coot Fulica ardesiaca.

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Spotted Sandpiper Tringa macularia

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
3 at Huacarpay Lakes

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris
A few of this Amazonian River shorebird on the Madre de Dios River

Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanus
Several sightings on the Madre de Dios River

Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens
Seen at Huacarpay Lake

Andean Gull Larus serranus

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris
Daily on the lowland Amaazonian rivers

Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex
Seen most days on the lowland rivers

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
1 seen on the way down to Puerto Maldonado from Manu Wildlife Center

Spot-winged Pigeon Patagioenas maculosa
Seen along the road on the way down to the camping site

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
Common in the higher Cloud Forest. Common in the highlands. Johnson & Clayton (2000a), Johnson et al. (2001), and Johnson (2004) found strong evidece that Columba is paraphyletic, with Old World Columba more closely related to Streptopelia than to New World "Columba." This is consistent with previously recognized differences between New World and Old World Columba in terms of morphology (Ridgway 1916), serology (Cumley & Irwin 1944), and behavior (Johnston 1962, Goodwin 1959a). Johnston (1962), however, considered the P. fasciata superspecies to be more closely related to Old World Columba than to New World species due to plumage characters (but see Goodwin 1983); genetic data (Johnson et al. 2001) indicate that fasciata is basal to other New World, but that they still form a monophyletic . . The New World taxa are here placed in the genus Patagioenas. SACC Proposal passed to recognize Patagioenas. The AOU has also made this change (Banks et al. 2003)

Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Common in the lowland s

Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea

Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina tapalcoti
Seen alon the road outside of Puerto Maldonado on April 08th and 09th

Picui Ground-Dove Columbina Picui
Seen briefly from the bus on the way from Laberinto to Puerto Maldonado

Bare-faced Ground-Dove Metriopelia ceciliae
At Huacarpay Lakes and on the Manu Road

Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Seen at Manu Wildlife Center

Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
Seen twice at Manu Wildlife Center

Blue-and-Yellow Macaw Ara ararauna
Manu is Macaw paradise and these guys flying across the river at dusk in the late afternoon sun were a real treat.

Military Macaw Ara militaris
A foothill bird which is an Amazonia Lodge speciality; we saw them flying from the Canopy Tower at Amazonia Lodge

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
Less common than the next species ut good studies of this species

Red-and-Green Macaw Ara chloropterus
Star performer at the Macaw Lick – could not be better.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa
Common small Macaw of the lowlands

Red-bellied Macaw Ara manilata
Likes Mauritia palms and several groups flying over on the way to and from feeding and roosting sites and very good look outside of Puerto Maldonado

Blue-headed Macaw Ara couloni
6 birds seen perched near Patria on the way to Amazonia Lodge

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
Common in the lowlands below Cock of the Rock Lodge and around Amazonia Lodge

Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii
Many sightings including at the nest hole

Rose-faced Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons
The painted Parakeet complex ahs recently been split into several species and the Manu bird is now Rose-faced Parakeet.

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri
A wonderfull view outside of Puerto Maldonado telescope view of 5 of them; always a pleasure to see and can be difficult

Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera cyanoptera
Common and noisy in lowland forest

Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae
Much less common than the former but seen on every day seen in the Manu Wildlife Center area

*White-bellied Parrot (NE) Pionites leucogaster

Orange-cheeked Parrot Pionopsitta barrabandi
Seen briefly from the Canopy Tower at Cocha Camungo

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus
A lot of them seen at the Macaw Lick but only up on the trees a common lowland forest resident

Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala
Great ‘scope studies at the Macaw lick, but only a few perched up on the tree tops

Scaly-naped Parrot Amazona mercenaria
A cloud forest Amazonas – big flocks near Pillahauta and Cock of the Rock Lodge

Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa
Common in the lowlands and good ‘scope looks at the Macaw Lick also up on the trees. Noisy birds

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana

Little Cukoo Piaya minuta
Seen well at Cocha Camungo on April 6th

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin
Punk chickens! Noisy and clumbsy; Always a pleasure to watch

Greater Ani Crotophaga major
Good looks at Cocha Camungo on April 06th

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Common in the lowland

Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii
Great look in response to playback at Amazonia Lodge and heard every night in the lowlands. Recent analyses of genetic and vocal differences (König et al. 1999) confirm a major division of the screech-owls into New World Otus (except O. flammulatus) and Old World groups, as noted by Amadon & Bull (1988). Consequently, the AOU (Banks et al. 2003) placed all New World Otus (except O. flammulatus) in the genus Megascops. SACC Proposal passed to place South American Otus in Megascops

Rufescent Screch-Owl Megascops ingens
Good look after a lot of work below the Lyre-tailed Nightjar spot

*Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata

Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi
1 responded to palyback at the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center on April 5th Howell and Robbins (1995) and Robbins and Howell (1995) supported recognition of hardyi as a species separate from Glaucidium minutissimum, and they also showed that Middle American taxa in this group should also be considered separate species. This treatment has been followed by König et al. (1999) and Marks et al. (1999).

Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris
Great looks along the Madre de Dios River; roosts on sanbars and dead logs in the river; How does it handle the heat?

Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
1 seen at Amazonia Lodge

*Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris
1 seen at Espernaza on March 24th along the road

Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca
Several seen roosting along the edge of ox-bow lakes including full tailed males

Swallow-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis segmentata
A stunning full tailed male responded to playback at the Pillahuata camp on March 24th

Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra
Seen briefly at the mirador above Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 26th

Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutilus
Common at Cock of the Rock Lodge

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia
Several sightings in the lowlands

Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata
Several sightings in the Lowland

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
A few numbers seen at Manu Wildlife Center on April 03th

Green Hermit Phaethornis guy
Great looks at the feeders at Cock of the Rock Lodge

White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus
The common forest Hermit in the lowlands; Seen well at the flowers at Manu Wildlife Center

Koepcke’s Hermit (E) Phaethornis koepckeae
A Peruvian endemic and a speciality at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Redish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
1 well seen at Manu Wildlife Center on April 07th

Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae
Seen up around Rocotal on March 27th

Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis
Daily at the Amazonia Lodge feeders

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
1 seen from the Canopy Tower at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus

Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans

Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti

Rufous-crested Coquette Lophornis delattrei
Juvenal male and female daily at Amazonia Lodge

Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii
Good looks of females at Cock of the Rock Lodge and one Male seen in the flowering tree near the 1000 meter bridge below Cock of the Rock Lodge

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Common at the Butterfly bushes at Amazonia Lodge

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata

Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone

Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus

Great looks at the Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders

Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea
1 seen briefly on April 9th near Puerto Maldonado

Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys

Gould’s Jewelfront Helidoxa aurescens
A fantastic bird at the Butterfly Bushes at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri
Common at the Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders every day

Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas
2 at Huacarpay Lakes ‘scoped – the worlds largest Hummingbird

Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis caumatonotus
Usually common in the higher cloud forest but we saw only once on March 23th

Great Sapphrewing Pterophanes cyanopterus
Seen in the higher cloud forest as well

Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena
1 just below Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 27th

Gould’s Inca (NE) Coeligena inca
One seen in the Cloud Forest on March 25th

Violet-throated Starfrontlet (NE) Coeligena violifer osculans
Fairly common around the camping site

Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii
Seen twice around Pillahuata

Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis
Very common in the Cloud forest

Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii annae
Good views at Cock of the Rock Lodge feeders

Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna

Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina smaragdinicollis
Common in the cloud forest

Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi
A couple of sightings including one male

Wedge-billed Hummingbird Schistes geoffroyi
Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge bushes

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita
1 perofrmed well at the bushes at Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center

White-bellied Woodstar Acestrura mulsant

Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps
Fantastic view of 1 at the waterfall where we had lunch, the day we went down to Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 25th and another one in the next day around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus
One seen at Amazonia Lodge on March 31st. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) considered mesurus (Ecuadorian Trogon) of western Ecuador and northwestern Peru to be a separate species from Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon) SACC proposal to recognize this split did not pass because of insufficient published data.

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris

Masked Trogon Trogon personatuts
Seen three times in the Cloud forest

Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui

Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
One seen up in the terra firme forest at Manu Wildlife Center on April 07th

Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum

Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota

Highland Motmot Momotus aequatorialis
Seen around Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 27th. The SACC lumps this with Blue-crowned Motmot. They say - Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) proposed that the Andean form aequatorialis was a separate species from M. momota, and this was followed by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Dickinson (2003), thus returning to the classification of Cory (1919) and Chapman (1923, 1926). However, no formal analysis has ever been published, and the published evidence in support of treating aequatorialis as a species-level taxon is weak. SACC proposal passed for treating aequatorialis as conspecific with M. momota (and we hope that this decision stimulates further research on the M. momota complex).

Purus Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus
Several seen well on Cocha Camungo at Manu Wildlife Center and 1 more outside of Puerto Maldonado. Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis and G. purusianus were formerly (e.g., Cory 1919, Pinto 1937) treated as separate species, but Peters (1948) and Meyer de Schauensee (1970) considered them conspecific ("Chestnut Jacamar"). Haffer (1974) noted that they are parapatric in the Río Ucayali area with no sign of interbreeding and that they differ in plumage to the same degree as other jacamars currently ranked as species; they constitute a superspecies (Haffer 1974, Sibley & Monroe 1990, Tobias et al. 2002).

White-throated Jacamar (NE) Brachygalba albogularis
Very good look of 1 of them outside of Puerto Maldonado “La Pastora Port”on April 9th A tricky bird to see

Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens
Common in the Amazonian lowlands

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus
Seen on the terra firme forest, responded to playback, ‘scope views on April 07th

Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus
2 ‘scoped from the canopy Tower at manu Wildlife Center.

Semicollared Puffbird Malacoptila semicincta
Very good look 1 of them on the Tapir trail on April 07th

Black-streaked Puffbird Malacoptila fulvogularis
1 individual seen well up at Rocotal on March 27th

Rufous-capped Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla
1 seen in the bamboo forest at “Cocha Nueva” at Manu Wildlife Center

Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons

White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus

Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Common along the lowland rivers

Gilded Barbet Capito auratus
1 seen around the GRID trail at Manu Wildife Center on April 05th

Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni
Seen several days at Manu Wildlife Center

Scarlet-hooded Barbet (E) Eubucco tucinkae
1 well seen including pictures at Amazonia Lodge on March 31th

Versicolored Barbet Eubucco versicolor
Common around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Blue-banded Toucanet (NE) Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis
Seen in two ays at Rocotal up in the Cloud Forest

Ivory-billed Aracari Pteroglossus azarae
Seen in two days around Manu Wildlife Center

Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis
The common Amazonian lowland Aracari around Manu Wildlife Center

Curl-crested Aracari (NE) Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
A total of 3 birds all at Manu Wildlife Center from the Canaopy Tower

*Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan Andigena hypoglauca

Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii
1 seen well on the Tapir trail on the way to the Tapir lick on April 7th

*Chanel-billed Toucan Ramphastos culminatus
Cory (1919) and Meyer de Schauensee (1966, 1970) considered R. culminatus ("Yellow-ridged Toucan") and R. citrolaemus ("Citron-throated Toucan") as separate species from Ramphastos vitellinus. Haffer (1974) treated these as a subspecies of R. vitellinus, and this treatment, actually a partial return to the classification of Pinto (1937) and Peters (1948), has been followed by most subsequent authors (but not Sibley & Monroe 1990, Hilty 2003). Haffer identified broad hybrid zones between vitellinus and culminatus wherever they meet; see Short & Horne (2001) for additional information

White-throated (Cuvier’s) Toucan Ramphastos tucanus
Haffer (1974) showed that R. cuvieri ("Cuvier's Toucan") and R. tucanus form a broad hybrid zone in northern and eastern Amazonia, and, therefore, treated cuvieri (with inca, also considered a separate species by Peters 1948) as a subspecies of Ramphastos tucanus; see also Short & Horne (2001); this treatment has been followed by most subsequent authors, but Sibley & Monroe (1990) continued to treat cuvieri as a species, following earlier classifications (e.g., Cory 1919, Peters 1948, Meyer de Schauensee 1970).

Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons
1 at MWC from the canopy tower with a mixed species flock posed well enough to see whit telescope

Fine-barred Piculet (E) Picumnus subtilis
2 seen seen just arriving to the Lowland coming down from Cock of the Rock Lodge on April 28th

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus

Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus

Red-stained Woodpecker Venilornis affinis
1 individual seen with mixed canopy flocks from the “Camungo”Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center and another one outside of Puerto Maldonado on April 9th

White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus
1seen at Cocha Camungo from the Canopy Tower

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros
Seen around the GRID trails on April 05th at Manu Wildlife Center

Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
Seen on March 26th

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii atriceps
2 in the Cloud Forest

Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus latifasciatus
2 of them seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the Canopy Tower

Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus
The cream of Woodpeckers, well seen from the Canopy Tower of Manu wildlife Center

Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis
1 very good look in the bamboo forest at Cocha Nueva on April 6th
*Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus
One responded well to palyback at Cocha Nueva but was diffcult to see well

Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis
Pretty common at Manu Wildlife Center, we saw two of them on the Tapir trail

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos
Seen well at Amazonia Lodge

Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda pallida
1 seen around the GRID trails at Manu Wildlife Center on April 05th

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus amazonus
1 seen in understory mixed flock on April 7th This race will be elevated to species level in the future. Keep track of these subspecies. Sittasomus griseicapillus almost certainly consists of multiple species (Hardy et al. 1991, Ridgely & Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1995, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2003), with at least five subspecies groups possibly deserving separate species status (Marantz et al. 2003).

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus
One of the commoner Amazonian Woodcreepers

Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris
A very good look of one of them on two days around Manu Wildlife Center

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula
Several days seen well at Manu Widlife Center

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
1 seen weel before getting to the Canopy Tower at Cocha Camungo on April 6th . The SACC says The orenocensis subspecies group was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925, AOU 1983) treated as a separate species from Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus, and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) suggested that this would be found to be the correct treatment. The emigrans subspecies group of Middle America was also formerly (e.g., Ridgway 1911) considered a separate species. Zimmer (1934c), however, was unable to find a clear demarcation in plumage between the two groups, and Marantz et al. (2003) noted that voices were remarkably similar among these forms, given their pronounced plumage differences; clearly, a thorough analysis is required. Proposal needed?

Amazonian Barred Woodpecker Dendrocolaptes certhia
Seen in two days around Manu Wildlife Center

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus (or Dendroplex) picus picus
1 seen at Cocha Camungo on April 6th Nesting in the garden at Amazonia Lodge. Xiphorhynchus picus and X. kienerii (= necopinus) were formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925, Zimmer 1934c, Pinto 1937, Phelps & Phelps 1950a) treated in a separate genus, Dendroplex, but this was merged into Xiphorhynchus by Peters (1951). Wetmore (1972), however, maintained Dendroplex as a separate genus based not only on bill shape but on (unstated) cranial characters.

Jurua (Elegant) Woodcreeper Xiphorynchus (elegans) juruanus
Seen with a mixed flock. Zimmer (1934d), Pinto (1937), Ridgely & Tudor (1994), and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) considered Xiphorhynchus elegans and X. spixii conspecific, but see Haffer (1997) for rationale for treating them as separate species, as in Peters (1951) and Meyer de Schauensee (1970). Aleixo (2002) also found molecular support for treating nominate spixii as a separate species from all other taxa in the group; they constitute a superspecies. Cory & Hellmayr (1925) treated the subspecies juruanus and insignis as separate species from X. spixii, and Pinto (1947) also maintained juruanus as a separate species; but they were considered conspecific by Zimmer (1934d) and Peters (1951).

Buff-throated (Lafraneye’s) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus (guttatus) guttatoides
Commonest Woodcreeper and one to learn well; recently split from Buff throated Woodcreeper but some authorities consider the reason for splitting weak

Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis
One in the Cloud Forest

Montane Woodcreeper Xiphorynchus lacrymiger
Quiet common seen around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus
Good looks from the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
Wonderfull views on a small pach of Bamboo forest on the way from Pilcopata to Amazonia Lodge and another one at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis
1 seen on the way from Cusco to the Esperanza camping site on March 23th – much more restricted to water than the preceeding species

Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus tricolor

Puna Thistletail Schizoeaca helleri
1 seen well in response to playback in the upper cloud forest on March 24th

Azara’s Spinetail Synallaxis azarae urubambae

Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis
1 seen at Cocha Camungo on April 6th

Cabanis’ Spinetail (NE) Synallaxis cabanisi
Seen at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Marcapata Spinetail (E) Cranioleuca marcapatae marcapatae
2 seen well bellow the tunnels, (below the camping site) in Chusquea Bamboo. A highly localised endemic (Cuzco only)

*Creamy-crested Spinetail (E) Cranioleuca albicapilla albigula

Line-fronted Canastero (NE) Asthenes urubambansis
Seen well at Acjanaco “the pass”after lunch on the way to the Camping site on March 23th

Streak-fronted Thornbird Pacellodomus striaticeps
One seen at “Huancarane”one of ouer official birding spot on March 23th

Plain Softtail Thripophaga fusciceps dimorpha
Seen most days at Manu Wildlife Center

Wren-like Rushbird Phleocryptus melanops
At Huacarpay Lakes

Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger
Common in the higher Cloud forests

Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri
Good response from 1at a mauritia palm stand outside Puerto Maldonado on April 9th – Thought to be rare some yearsw ago its now found in most palm stands in the lowlands.

*Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus

Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis
Fairly common in the Cloud forest near Cock of the Rock Lodge

Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythropterus
Seen for a couple of days at Manu Wildife Center

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
One seen at Amazonia Lodge

Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus ochrolaemus
One responded well to playback on the Tapir trail at Manu Wildlife Center on April 7th

*Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner Automolus melanopezus

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus
One seen at Manu Wildlife Center

Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner Automolus dorsalis
Bamboo specialist seen on 2 occasions

Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus
Two of them seen quiet well around the GRID trails on April 2th

Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris
One at Amazonia Lodge and one at Manu Wildlife Center

Plain Xenops Xenops minutes
One seen Manu Widlife Center

Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge on April 27th and 28th

*Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus

Bamboo Antshrike (NE) Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae
Seen well at Amazonia Lodge and heard in the Guadua bamboo on the Cocha Nueva trail at Manu Wildife Center

Great Antshrike Taraba major
1 female seen briefly at Amazonia Lodge on March 31th

Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
Seen at Cocha Camungo on April 6th

Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
Heard daily below Cock of the Rock Lodge and one seen well there

Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus

Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris
Common in the lowlands

Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus ardesiacus
1at Amazonia Lodge and another one at Manu Wildlife Center

Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus
Understory flock leader and common – seen twice around ManuWildlife Center

Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura brachyura
Heard several days but seen only once at Manu Wildlife Center on April 7th

*Sclater's Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri

Amazonia Streaked Antwren Myrmotherula surinamensis
Seen at Manu Wildlife Center behind the cabins

Stripe-chested Antwren Myrmotherula longicauda
One of the commoner Myrmotherula in the foothills; seen from the dining room at Cock of the Rock Lodge

Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli
1 seen at Manu Wildife Center on April 2th around the GRID trails

White-eyed Antwren Myrmotherula leucophthalma
1in the Tierra Firme forest at manu Wildife Center (tapir trail). Birds in SE Peru do not show a white iris. Adead leaf cluster specialist

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris
Common in understory flocks. Common in understory flocks. Willis (1984b), Ridgely & Tudor (1994), Hilty (2003), and Zimmer & Isler (2003) noted that vocal differences among several subspecies of Myrmotherula axillaris suggest that more than one species is involved. This is my experience and there are at least two species in peru and more elsewhere – keep track of where you see this species.

Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis garbei
Seen twice in one, one at Cocha Nueva trail ond another one at near the Lodge at Manu Wildlife Center whit understory mix-flog on April 7th

Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii
Common in the lowlands with mixed flocks

*Banded Antbird Dichrozona cincta

Yellow-breasted Antwren Herpsilochmus axillaris
A couple seen at eye level below Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 27th

Striated Antbird Drymophila devillei
1 seen weel by the small pach of bamboo forest along the “River side trail” at Manu Widlife Center

Black Antbird Cercomacra serva
1 seen at Amazonia Lodge on the ridge trail on the way up to the canopy tower on March 31th

*Manu Antbird (NE) Cercomacra manu
They refuce to show up at the bamboo forest at Cocha Nueva trail; Only described in 1990, the range just creeps into nw Bolivia and s. Amazonian Brazil.

*White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota marcapatensis
Bellow Cock of the Rock Lodge

White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys
1 seen at Amazonia Lodge and another one at Cock of the Rock Lodge

Peruvian Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis peruviana
This form we saw mostly in the foothills. One thing’s for sure it does not warble! We saw both yellow breasted and white breasted birds. The SACC says: Ridgely & Tudor (1994) and Zimmer & Isler (2003) noted that the yellow-bellied (flavescens) subspecies group is almost certainly a separate species from Hypocnemis cantator (as treated by Cory & Hellmayr [1924] and Pinto [1937]). Following Zimmer (1932a), they have been treated as conspecific. Vocal differences and documentation of syntopy and parapatry among taxa formerly ranked as subspecies (Isler et al. 2007) indicate that H. cantator actually consists of at least six species, H. flavescens, peruviana, subflava, ochrogyna, striata. SACC proposal passed to revise species limits.

Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis subflava
This form was in the lowlands.

Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia
One responded well to playback at the pont at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

White-lined Antbird (NE) Percnostola lophotes
Another bamboo specialists; Range just creeps over the border into nw Bolivia. 1 seen at Amazonia Lodge and another one at Manu Wildife Center on April 6th whit bether look

Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza hemimelaena
1 seen at the Cocha Nueva trail on April 6th

Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra
1 bird seen on the Cocha Nueva trail on April 6th – a pretty bird indeed!

Goeldi's Antbird (NE) Myrmeciza goeldii
1 seen at Amazonia Lodge and another one at Manu Wildlife center alondg the River side trail “bether look”. Likes Bamboo but is not restricted to it

White-throated Antbird Gymnopithys salvini
1 seen around the GRID trail at Manu Wildlife Center on April 2th; An obligate Army Ant follower and a real prize

*Brownish-headed Antbird Percnostola brunneiceps
Formally part of the Spot-winged Antbird group

*Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma colma/nigrifrons
1 seen well at Manu Wildife Center on April 2 around the GRID trail

*Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis
Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis

*Stripe-headed Antpitta (NE) Grallaria andicola

*White-throated Antpitta Grallaria albigula

Red-and-white Antpitta (E) Grallaria erythroleuca
A Peruvian endemic restricted to the Department of Cusco. Some effort needed to see this but we were fortunate in having easy views of 2 individuals near Pillahuata in the Cloud Forest.

Rufous Antpitta (NE) Grallaria rufula occobambae
One seen well bellow Acjanaco “the pass” in the chusquea bamboo forest, 1 responde d well to play back. This is the occobambae race of a superspecies that will be split into at least 7 species. The occobambae race is found in extreme southern Peru and Northrn Bolivia. Peru hosts no less than 4 of the soon to be splits. The SACC says “Geographic variation in song strongly suggests that Grallaria rufula includes more than one species (Krabbe & Schulenberg 2003a).”

*Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi

*Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona

*Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferriginepectus leymeybambae

Slaty Gnateater (NE) Conopophaga ardesiaca
1 seen briefly at Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 26th

Chesnut-crowned Gnateater Conopophaga castaneiceps
1 individual seen briefly at Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 28th

Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus
1 seen very well at Manu Wildlife Center on April 07th

Trilling Tapaculo Scylotopus parvirostris
1 seen near our camp at Pillahuata

*White-crowned Tapaculo Scytolopus atratus
The atratus group certainly contains several taxa and will be split in the future. Manu birds sound distinctly different form birds further north.

Cinereous Mourner Laniocerca hypopyra
A pair on the GRID trail at Manu Wildife Center

Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristata
Seen before getting to Acjanaco “the pass” on March 23th

Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata
Great looks near the tunnels above Pillahuata on March 24th and 25th

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans
Commonly heard at Manu Wildife Center and one seen for Paul

Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana
1 bird seen including ‘scoped from the Canopy Tower

Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana
Only one female from the canopy Tower

Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus
Fairly common in foothill/lowland forest, and one seen at MWC

*Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata

Andean Cock-of-the-Rock Rupicola peruviana
Well what can we say – common but sunning expecially at the lek at the lodge named after this bird; The lek at dawn is a very special experience.

Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda
Good loks at the the leks on the GRID trail

Round-tailed Manakin (NE) Pipra chloromeros
At Amazonia Lodge on March 31th

*Blue-crowned Manakin Pipra coronata exquisita

*Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola regina

Yungas Manakin Chiroxiphia boliviana
Seen from the road at Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 26th

Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus
One at the lek on the jeep track at Amazonia Lodge – a very pretty bird

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni
1 seen along the “creek side”trail at MWC

Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris
1 seen at Manu Wildlife Center on April 5th

Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis

McConnell’s Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli
1 seen briefly at bellow Cock of the Rock Lodge

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
1 seen at manu Wildlife Center

Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris
Seen around Cock of the Rock Lodge

*Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus simplex

White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus
1 seen on the GRID trail at MWC on April 5th

Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemmitriccus granadensis
After some effort seen near Pillahuata in the Cloud Forest on March 25th

*Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostre

Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquata
1 seen up on the ridge by the canopy tower at Amaonia Lodge on March 31th

Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus
Good looks at one perched atop a canopy leaf along the Manu road on March 28th

White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme
One seen well at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus
A couple of individuals seen just by the garden of the Lodge at Manu Wildlife Center

*Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii

White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps urabambensis
A couple near Pillahuata (Sierran commoner here but with a different call)

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostri

Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae
Common at Pillahuata

Slaty Elaenia Elaenia estrepera
1 seen just by Tor at Manu Wildlife Center on April 4th

White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys
A sprightly Tyrranulet seen on several days in the higher Cloud forest

White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus
Some seen bellow Pillahuata

Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea
2 seen from the bridge on the road at Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 26th

River Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea
1 very good look from the Macaw hide at “Blanquillo” Macaw lick

Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus
1 individual seen briefly bellow the camping site at Pillahuata on March 25th

Many-colored Rush-Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra
1 at Huacarpay Lakes – always a treat!

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes ophthalmicus
A coomin mixed flock species near Cock of the Rock Lodge

Variegated Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes orbitalis
Seen also around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Phylloscartes parkeri
1seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge on 27th

*Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus

Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala
One on the Cocha Nueva “bamboo” trail at manu Wildife Center – indeed magacephala!

Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus
Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) used the English group name "Flatbill" for the species of Tolmomyias, returning to a name used by Cory & Hellmayr (1925). However there is already a long established genus which carries the vulgar name Flatbill (Ramphotrigon) so I feel its best to use Tolmomyias

Yellow-breasted (Olive-faced) Flycatcher Tolmomyias (viridiceps) flaviventris
One below Cock of the Rock Lodge. Tolmomyias flaviventris almost certainly involves more than one species; see Bates et al. (1992) and Ridgely & Tudor (1994). The subspecies viridiceps is almost certainly a distinct species, and was so considered by Ridgely et al. (2001) and Hilty (2003). However, Zimmer (1939a) considered them conspecific because he considered the subspecies subsimilis and dissors to represent taxa that were intermediate between the two, and this treatment was followed by Fitzpatrick (2004) in the absence of published data supporting a split.

Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus
1 seen at Manu Wildife Center

White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus
1 seen well on the GRID trail on April 5th

Unadorned Flycatcher Myiophobus onornatus
1 seen above Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 27th

Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea
Common in the Cloud Forest

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
One at Amazonia Lodge

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
One near Cock of the Rock Lodge

Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus

Western Wood-Pewee/Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus/ virens
A few near Cok of the Rock Lodge and 1 Eastern Wood Pewee at Manu Wildlife Center

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans latirostris
Fairly common on rushing streams along the road to Manu; This is the southern race Sayornis nigricans latirostris. The change from the darker-winged nominate n. nigricans to the white-winged latirostris is a north-south cline, with larger amounts of white gradually appearing further south.

Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca thoracia
1 seen well, below the tunnels on March 25th biochemical work done at Copenhagen University by Jon Fjeldsa indicates this is a seperate species from Slaty-backed Chat-tyrant – O. cinnamomeiventris to the north of the Maranon valley. A good looking bird and one of Barry’s favorites. García-Moreno et al. (1998) suggested that the plumage and genetic differences between subspecies groups north and south of the Marañon should be recognized at the species level, with Ochthoeca thoracica the name for the southern species. Ridgely & Tudor (1994) reported that there are also vocal differences that would support this split. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Hilty (2003) further recognized Venezuelan nigrita as a separate species from O. cinnamomeiventris, as done by Cory & Hellmayr (1927); see Zimmer (1937b) for the rationale for treating them all as conspecific based on plumage pattern, the treatment followed by Fitzpatrick (2004).

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis rufipectoralis

Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor berlepschi
Seen in two days, including pictures at Acjanaco “the Pass”on top of the sing

White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys
2 at Huacarpay Lakes

Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis
Not at all Drab! It’s pretty!

Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fuscorufus
Seen around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex occipitalis
At Huacarpay Lakes

Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas
2 at Huacarpay Lakes. At Huacarpay Lakes and Lake Junin. Lessonia oreas was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1927, Meyer de Schauensee 1970) considered conspecific with L. rufa (with composite species known as "Rufous-backed Negrito"), but see Traylor (1977) for recognition of the two as separate species, as suggested by Meyer de Schauensee (1966); they form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990).

Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus

*White-eyed Attila Attila bolivianus
Several heard and one seen I response to playback. An Amazonian species.

Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus
1 seen well after some effort at on the terra firme forest “Tapir trail”on April 7th

Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
Seen well from the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildife Center

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer

Swainson’s Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni

Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savanna
Few migrants in the Lowland

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Many migrant flocks

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrranus aurantioatrocristatus
The bird with the longest scientific name in the world was seen from the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center and also from around the garden of the Lodge

Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea
2 near Puerto Maldonado on April 9th

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
2 near Puerto Maldonado a day before the end of the trip snuck onto our trip list!

Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti
Several sightings around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus
Fairlu common above and below Cock of the Rock Lodge

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis

Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius

Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor
Fairly common alongside Ox-bow lakes

Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus

Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor
1 seen at Rocotal on March 25th

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
1 weel seen at Amazonia Lodge on March 30th

Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
A pair on two consecutive days at Manu Wildife Center

Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor
Seen from the canopy Tower at Cocha Camungo

Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana

Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata

Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
1 individual seen just by Tor

White-collared Jay (NE) Cyanolyca viridicyana
A group of 4 or 5 seen near Pillahuata

Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas
Fairly common in the lowlands from Amazonai Lodge to Manu Wildlife Center; At the northern edge of its range here

Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus
Fairly common in the lowlands

Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas yncas
Thought by some to be a sepreate species from the Central American birds but eveidence is weak. 3 seen near Cock of the Rock Lodge

Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo Vireo (chivi) olivaceus
This non-red eyed resident form is considered by some authorities to be a distinct species from the red eyed North American migrants – Chivi Vire.The SACC says : Some classifications (e.g., Pinto 1944) have considered the South American chivi group as a separate species ("Chivi Vireo") from V. olivaceus, or as conspecific with V. flavoviridis (Hamilton 1962), but see Hellmayr (1935), Zimmer (1941d), Eisenmann 1962a, Johnson & Zink (1985), and Ridgely & Tudor (1989). Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) suggested, however, that more than one species may be involved within the South American chivi group.

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus
1 seen from the Canopy Tower at Cocha Camungo

Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus
1 seen on the GRID trail; Always with canopy flocks

White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus
1 seen from the bridge at Cock of the Rock Lodge

*Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides ralloides

Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco chiguanco

Great Thrush Turdus fuscater ockenderi

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis

*Lawrence’s Thrush Turdus lawrencii

Fulvous Wren (NE) Cinnycerthia fulva
Good looks at a noisy family group at Rocotal – likes Chusquea bamboo

*Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis

*Buff-breasted Wren Thrylothorus leucotis

House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Common Wren seen in 3 ocacions in diferent places

Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys

Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus
1 briefly seen at the little pach of bamboo forest between Pillcaopata and Atalaya before getting to Amazonia Lodge. Microcerculus marginatus formerly (e.g., Meyer de Schauensee 1970) included Middle American M. philomela, but see Stiles (1983) for treatment of the Middle American taxa as two separate species, both separate from South American M. marginatus, a return to the classification of Hellmayr (1934); they form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990). More than one species is almost certainly involved within South American populations based on vocalizations (see Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2003, Kroodsma & Brewer 2005). Microcerculus marginatus was called "Southern Nightingale-Wren" by Ridgely & Tudor (1989), Brewer (2001), and Kroodsma & Brewer (2005);

Chestnut-breasted Wren Cyphorhinus thoracicus
1 briefly seen below Cock of the Rock Lodge

Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus
Common on the ox-bow lakes and marshes of the lownds; Also known as Don O’Cobius – that famous little Irishman!

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer

Brown-chested Martin Phaeoprogne tapera

Southern Martin Progne elegans
1 seen perch on top af the tree by the garden at Manu Wildlife Center on April 3th

Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina
In the highlands

Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata

White-thiged Swallow Neochelidon tibialis
A few birds seen at Amazonia Lodge

Andean Swalllow Stelgidopteryx andecola
Few numbirds seen by Acjanaco “the pass”

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Seen at the Plaza de Armas in Puerto Maldonado on April 8th

Hooded Siskin, Carduelis magellanica urubambensis

Olivaceous Siskin Carduelis olivacea
Seen bellow Cock of the Rock Lodge

Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus

Spectacled Whitestart Myioborus melanocephalus

Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus
Common just below Cock of the Rock Lodge

Cuzco (Golden-bellied) Warbler (E) Basileuterus (chrysogaster) chlorophrys
Formerly considered a superspecies with B. c. chlorophrys; Now considered a Peruvian endemic. 2 bellow Cock of the Rock Lodge The SACC says: Considered a superspecies with B. c. chlorophrys of Colmbia and Ecuador. Considered a seperate species by some and if so would be a Peruvian endemic (Cuzco Warbler..Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) treated the northern subspecies chlorophrys as a separate species from Basileuterus chrysogaster based on differences in descriptions of songs; see Zimmer (1949) for rationale for considering them sister taxa. SACC proposal to split chlorophrys from chrysogaster did not pass due to insufficient published data.

Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis striaticeps
Fairly common near Pillahuata

Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus
Several seen in the Manu Cloud Forest

Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus
Common in the Manu Cloud Forest

Buff-rumped Warbler Phaeothlypus fulvicauda
Seen by the creek like going to the port at Amazonia Lodge. Phaeothlypis fulvicauda and P. rivularis have been treated as conspecific by many authors (e.g., Meyer de Schauensee 1966, 1970); most recent authors (e.g., Lowery & Monroe 1968, AOU 1983, 1998, Ridgely and Tudor 1989) followed the suggestion by Miller (1952) that they should be regarded as separate species, as they had been treated by Hellmayr (1935); they constitute a superspecies (AOU 1983, Sibley & Monroe 1990). MtDNA gene trees (Lovette 2004) suggest that P. fulvicauda and P. rivularis may not be monophyletic groups, although this in part may be due to gene flow between the two in southwestern Amazonia.

Canada Warbler
1 seen above Cock of the Rock Lodge on March 26th

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons
Common in open areas in the lowlands

Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus
One on the hill trail at Amzonia Lodge

Rufous-naped Brush-Finch (NE) Atalaptes melanolaemus
Quite common around Pillahuata

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis
Common in the lowlands

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Rare in Manu a few seen in the lower Cloud Forest

White-browed Conebill (NE) Conirostrum ferrugineiventre
A super bird, seen around pillahuata

Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor
1 seen in the Manu Cloud Forest

Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons
Common at Machu Picchu and a few near Cock of the Rock Lodge

Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamus melanopis
A pair in the grasslands around Puerto Maldonado on April 8th

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana

Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii
Stunning! several seen in the Cloud Forest
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus cinereocephalus
Common between Pillahuata and Cock of the Rock Lodge

Yellow-whiskered Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus parvirostris
Mostly found below the next bird, its congener, but often in mixed flocks. Common around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis flavigularis
Above and below Cock of the Rock Lodge

Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris
Fairly common at Pilllahuata

Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis
Good looks in response to plaback of at least 10 birds at Machu Picchu

Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis berlepschi
Several above and below Cock of the Rock Lodge, the berlepschi race is quite different and may deserve full species status. The SACC says: If split would be a Peruvian Endemic. Hemispingus calophrys was formerly (e.g., Hellmayr 1936, Meyer de Schauensee 1970, Storer 1970a) considered a subspecies of H. atropileus, but Weske & Terborgh (1974) provided rationale for treating southern calophrys as a species separate from H. atropileus; this treatment has been followed by most recent authors (e.g., Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Sibley & Monroe 1990), but not by Isler & Isler (1987). The subspecies auricularis is at least as distinct genetically and morphologically, and should presumably given equal taxonomic rank (Garca-Moreno et al. 2001), whether species or subspecies. Proposal needed. Taxa ranked as species in this group form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990).

Three-striped Hemispingus Hemispingus trifasciatus
Few seen around the camping site

Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordid
1 seen well from the Blindat the Blanquillo macaw lick on April 2th

White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor
Canopy flock leader a voice to remember for locating these flocks; Pairs and small family groups seen in several canopy flocks.

Slaty Tanager (NE) Creurgops dentata
Above Cock of the Rock Lodge

Yellow-crested Tanager (NE) Tachyphonus rufiventer
Seen around the GRID trail at Manu Wildlife Center on April 04th

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus
Seen on several dates in the lowlands; A widespread and common species.

Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
1 seen just by Tor and Paul around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica peruviana
A few in the understory at Manu Wildlife Center

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo

Blue-Gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum

Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala
Common around Puillahuata camp

Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis
Unlike most Peruvian Tanagers likes arid and semi arid areas; At Huacarpay Lakes and also on the Manu road

Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana
Quite a few on 2 days around the Pillhauta camp; the display is pretty acrobatic for such a large Tanager

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris igniventris
Fairly common around Pillahuata common but spectacular

Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis
All members of this genus are stunning and this was no exception, seen at Rocotal on March 27th

Golden-collared Tanager (NE) Iridosornis jelskii
Quiet common around Pillahuata camp

Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Widely distributed but scarce; the color of its underparts defies definition. We saw twice of this handsome bird.

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
Seen one day at Amazonia Lodge and several days at Manu Wildlife Center

Golden-bellied Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta
Seen at Amazonia Lodge and at Manu wildlife Center

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta
Few of them seen at Manu Wildlife Center

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster brunneifrons
The commonest Euphonia in Manu

Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris
3 sightings at Manu Wildlfe Center

Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Fairly common around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea
Common in the Cloud Forest

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana
A lowland species seen from the Canopy Tower at MWC and at Cocha Camungo

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis
What can you say! A plesure to have such a pretty species so common

Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii
Another lowland Tanager present in most canopy flocks

Golden Tanager Tangara arthus
Phew! Showy around Cock of the Rock Lodge

Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala lamprotis
Another Christams Tree ornament. In most Cloud Foest mixed flocks.

Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata
Replaces the former in the higher foothills; Not uncommon around 1000 meters

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola

Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis
Another Christamas Tree bird - Common

Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis

Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii atrocaerulea
Commoner than the former but often to-gether

Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia
2 in the scope from the canopy tower

Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys
Rather commoner than the former from the Canopy Tower.

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata

Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer

Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana

Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus

Peruvian Sierra-Finch (NE) Phrygilus punensis
Fairly common in open highland areas

Mourning Sierra-Finch Phrygilus fruticeti
At Huacarpay Lakes and Hunacarani

Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus

Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch (E) Poospiza caesar
Limited range endemic found only in the Departments of Cusco and Puno; 3 seen at he usual site near the village of Huancarani.

Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Squiet a few near Patria and near Puerto Maldonado

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris
Common in open areas in the lowlands

Chesnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis
Seen around Puerto Maldonado

Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis analis

Moustached Flower-piercer (NE) Diglossa mystacalis albilinear
Common near treeline on the Manu Road

Black-throated Flower-piercer Diglossa brunneiventris

Deep-blue Flower-piercer Diglossopis glauca
Only one seen above Cock of the Rock Lodge

Masked Flower-piercer Diglossopis cyanea
Common in the upper Cloud Forest

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus

Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens

Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris albociliaris

Casqued Oropendola (NE) Psarocolius oseryi
Seen three dates at Manu Wildlife Center

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus maculosus

Dusky-green Oropendola (NE) Psarocolius atrovirens
Just sneaks into Bolivia , Replaces Russet-backed Oropendola in the Cloud Forest.

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi

Amazonian Oropendola Psarocolius bifasciatus
At Manu Wildlife Center

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela

Mountain Cacique Cacicus leucorhampus chrysonotus
Seen both days around Pillahuata camp, often with White-collared Jays; this southern race deserves full species status and will be split form northern birds

Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis
One scoped on two occasions from the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center

Pale-eyed Blackbird (NE) Agelaius xanthophthalmus
2 seen well on Cocha Camungo; Described relatively recently, in 1969, and known from only a handful of Peruvian and Ecuadorian sites; a Oxbow lake and marsh specialist.

Yellow-winged Blackbird Agelaius thilius
Common at Hucarapay at the northern end of its range here

Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris
Seen outside of Puerto Maldonado on April 8th

Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
Common in the lowlands

A grand total of 535 species of which 42 were heard only, 5 were endemics and 25 near-endemics.