Uganda - 13th - 29th May 2008

Published by Steve Dark (stevenjdark AT

Participants: Steve Dark & Jeremy Squire (Jeremysquire25 (at)



The idea was to do Kenya however, the political situation after their general election scuppered that plan. After a quick scan of the internet it was decided that Uganda was a worthy substitute. A decision we don’t regret one bit. This small land locked country roughly the size of the UK has a bird list of over 1000 and has some really remarkable birds like Shoebill and Black Bee-eater. It also has a long list of restricted range species and other birds often difficult to see in other parts of Africa. Then there is the option of both Gorilla and Chimpanzee trekking. Unfortunately because of the time scales involved we didn’t prepare for this trip as thoroughly as we would have liked. For example my ‘Where to watch birds in Uganda’ arrived just the day before I left.

We decided to send off emails to several of the Ugandan birding companies asking if they could accommodate us and provide an outline itinerary and inclusive price. The price was to include a full time guide, all transport, all accommodation, all meals, all park entrance fees and airport transfers. We initially asked them to exclude the Gorilla and Chimp trekking options as we had a restricted budget. Most responded positively however after we had exchanged a couple of more emails a firm favourite had emerged. We decided to go with the itinerary and price provided by Bird Uganda Safaris Http:// a company based in Kampala.

Their director Herbert Byaruhanga and his staff worked tirelessly on our behalf and made our stay effortless, all we had to do was go birding. The cost came out initially at $2000 plus $500 extra for the Gorilla trekking. This option we decided to take up as we both wanted to see Mountain Gorilla and do our David Attenborough thing sod the cost. We flew with KLM via Amsterdam at a cost of £475:70p per person including all taxes. We booked our ticked through Trail Finders whose price was lower than the one advertised on KLM’s own web site.

Flight details:

13th May 06:30 from London, arrive 08:55 Amsterdam.
Leave Amsterdam 11:10 arrive 20:15 Entebbe.

28th May 22:20 leave Entebbe arrive 05:55 Amsterdam.
29th May 07:15 leave Amsterdam arrive 07:40 London.



Birds of East Africa – Terry Stevenson and John Fanshawe. A truly wonderful book.
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara – Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan. Another top tome.
Where to watch birds in Uganda – Jonathan Rossouw & Marco Sacchi. A must have.
Lonely Planet guide to East Africa – for background reading
Bradt travel guide to Uganda – has a great birds section.

Trip Reports:

Uganda: A Birding Safari – June 2005 by Steve Arlow
Southern Uganda – Travel Survival Kit for visiting birders by Petri Hottola
Uganda 18th February – 14th March 2005 by Ulrik Andersen & Erik Molgaard


13th May – Arrived Entebbe and taken straight to our hotel Golf View Inn for dinner and an early night. Http://

Day 1 the 14th May - After an early breakfast, drive to Mabamba Swamp, 50km west of Kampala. Stop enroute at Mpigi Swamp. Greater part of the day at Mabamba on returning to our hotel we had an hour or so to stroll around the Entebbe Botanical Gardens.

Day 2 the 15th May – A driving day we left the Golf View, birding enroute to the Masindi Hotel. Http:// Birding around the hotel and after dinner out lamping Nightjars.

Day 3 the 16th May – Masindi to Murchison Falls overnight at the Red Chilli Rest Camp Murchison Falls. Http://

Day 4 the 17th May – Morning game drive in the National Park. After lunch back at Red Chilli we left for a boat trip on the Nile up to the Falls. We alighted at the base of the Falls and climbed up the steep path to the top. Birding around the top of the Falls and waiting for Bats to emerge. Dinner at Red Chilli.

Day 5 the 18th May – Early start and drive back to Masindi. Afternoon birding in Busingiro Forest. Overnight at the Masindi Hotel. Http://

Day 6 the 19th May – Birding the Budongo Forest and the ‘Royal Mile’ with our guide for the day Vincent Odama. Overnight at the Masindi Hotel.

Day 7 the 20th May – Travel day to Kibale and birding the forest in the afternoon. Overnight at the Chimpanzee Guest House.

Day 8 the 21st May – Breakfast at 05:00 birding the Kibale Forest for Owls etc.
Overnight at the Chimpanzee Guest House.

Day 9 the 22nd May – Breakfast at 05:30 morning birding Kanyanghu Forest.
After lunch we decided to leave Kibale and head off for Queen Elizabeth National
Park. Overnight at the Mwela Guest House.

Day 10 the 23rd May – another early breakfast at 05:45 and off for a morning safari.
After lunch left for the long drive to Bwindi. Overnight at the Bwindi View Bandas and Gorilla Nest Rest House. Http://

Day 11 the 24th May – Left at 05:40 for the 42km drive to Ruhizha. Birded the area all day. Overnight at the Bwindi View Bandas.

Day 12 the 25th May – Gorilla briefing at 08:00. Morning Gorilla trekking the Habinyanja Family Group. After lunch we birded the waterfall track through Bwindi.
Overnight at the Bwindi View Bandas.

Day 13 the 26th May – Left Bwindi at 08:15 morning visit to Rugando Parents Nursery School. Then enroute to Lake Mburo. Arrive Mburo intime for an afternoon boat trip around the lake. Overnight at the Lake Mburo Park Bandas.

Day 14 the 27th May – Spent the early morning on foot safari around the camp site.
Breakfast at 10:00. After some more birding around the camp we left Lake Mburo at 12:30 and headed back to Kampala. Overnight at the Red Chilli Hideaway.

Day 15 the 28th May – Our final day in Uganda out at 07:00 for Mabira Forest.
Spent the morning birding the various tracks. Left the forest early afternoon for the drive back to Kampala and our evening flight home.

Day 16 the 29th May – Arrive back in Heathrow via Schiphol.

Daily Account:

Day 1

Mamamba Swamp for the canoe ride into the swamp in search of the incongruous Shoebill. We didn’t have to wait long before we set eyes upon one of our most wanted. We also had Swamp Flycatcher, Papyrus Gonolek and Lesser Jacana. When we returned to the shore we tramped around the shoreline and we had terrific views of Golden Weaver and several other new species. After leaving Mamamba we birded around the shore of Lake Victoria picking up many African water birds. We finished the day with a visit to the Botanical Garden. Dinner was taken in our hotel

Day 2

An early morning departure to try and avoid the Kampala traffic. We birded enroute at many different spots and picked up lots of new birds. Grey-crowned Crane, Long-crested Eagle, Great Sparrowhawk, African Citril Finch, Marsh Widowbird, Northern Puffback and many many more African species. We checked into our accommodation late in the afternoon. After a quick freshen up we were out Nightjar hunting. This took place a couple of miles outside town. We noted Slender-tailed, Long-tailed, Black-shouldered and Standard-winged Nightjars. Not a bad evening.
Our evening meal was taken in the hotel restaurant.

Day 3

Another day of driving this time enroute to Murchison Falls. Again all the birding was done enroute at various stops. Birds we noted here included Golden-backed Weaver, Moustached Warbler, Red-faced Cisticola, Village Weaver, Waxbill, Casqued Hornbill, Red-collared Widowbird and Senegal Coucal. Our camp for the night was the Red Chilli Rest Camp. We had a cottage and it was very comfortable. Evening meal at the rest camp.

Day 4

After breakfast we queued for the ferry bto take us across the Nile for a game drive through the national park. Some of the birds noted Red-winged Grey Warbler, Goliath Heron, Spur-winged Plover, Dark-chanting Goshawk, Abyssinian Ground Hornbill,
Blue-billed Wood Dove, Flappet Lark, Zitting cisticola, African Stonechat, Croaking Cisticola, Piapiac Black-bellied Bustard, Heuglin’s Francolin, Whistling Cisticola, Black-billed Barbet and last but not least not a bird but a fantastic Leopard.
Back to Red Chilli for lunch then another queue for a boat to take us on a River Nile Cruise to Murchison Falls. Several birds noted on the trip up river including Saddle-billed Stork, Dwarf Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Goliath Heron, Broad-billed Roller, Water Dikkop, Red-fronted Bee-eater, Carmine Bee-eater, Fish eagle, Senegal Thick-knee, Oxpecker Rock Pratincole and Giant Kingfisher. We alighted at the base of the falls and trekked a path up alongside the main falls. We birded around the top of this majestic natural wonder had some tea and then waiting for the bats to emerge and for the Bat Hawk to make an appearance. Just before the bats a female Peregrine put in an appearance closely followed by a Greater Kestrel. A Red-winged Grey Warbler uttered its last refrain before going off to bed and suddenly the Bat Hawk appeared as if by magic. On the way back to the Red Chilli for dinner we did another spot of Nightjar lamping this time noting Plain, Speckled, Pennant-winged, Slender-tailed and Long-tailed Nightjars. What a great days birding.

Day 5

Left the Red Chilli early heading back to Masindi birding enroute some of the birds seen included Grey-headed Sparrow, African Thrush, Silverbird, Nubian Woodpecker, Beautiful Sunbird, Woodland Kingfisher, Little Swift, Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike, Diederic Cuckoo, Black-headed Tchagra, Black-billed Wood Dove, African Grey Hornbill, Sooty Chat, Grey Woodpecker, Grey-headed Bushshrike and Battleur.

In the afternoon we birded in the Busingiro Forest and had our first taste of ‘Forest Neck’. Birds noted here Shikra, Superb Sunbird, Casqued Hornbill, Chestnut Wattle-eye, White-thighed Hornbill, Crowned Eagle, Chocolate-backed Kingfisher, Little Grey Greenbul, Forest Robin, Red-headed Malimbe and Green Crombec.
Evening meal was taken in the Masindi hotel restarant great food.

Day 6

Since we had the itinerary this was one of the days I was particularly looking forward to a visit to Budongo Forest and ‘The Royal Mile’. We picked up our guide to the forest on our way and Vincent Odama joined us for our morning birding. Vincent is a magnificent birder and knows the forst like the back of his hand. Birds noted here: Black-shouldered Kite, White-browed Coucal, Pied Hornbill, Red-headed Bluebill, Black Weaver, Yellow-throated Tinkerbird, Emerald Cuckoo, Slender-billed Greenbul, White-breasted Negrofinch, Forest Flycatcher, Brown Illadopsis, Buff-spotted Flufftail, White-thighed Hornbill, Red-capped Robin Chat, African Shrike Flycatcher, Grey-throated Flycatcher, Nahan;s Francolin, Dwark Kingfisher, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Western Nicator, Chestnut-capped Flycatcher, Yellow-billed Barbet, Green Hylia, Brown-chested Alethe, Buff-throated Apilis, Rufous-crowned Eremomela, African Shrike Flycatcher, Red-crested Malimbe, Purple-capped Starling, Ashy Flycatcher, African Goshawk, Red-tailed Antthrush, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Dusky-long-tailed Cuckoo, Narina Trogon, Honeyguide Greenbul, Red-tailed Greenbul, Olive Sunbird, Buff-throated Apalis, Dusky Tit, Pygmy Kingfisher, Madagasca Cuckoo Toro-Olive Greenbul, White-spotted Flufftail, Mottled Spinetail, Cassin’s Spinetail and Dark-capped Warbler.

After leaving the forest we spent some time around the town and picked up Red-headed Weaver, Ross’s Touraco, White-crested Touraco, and Horus Swift. Retired exhausted but well satisfied with our days forest birding.

Day 7

Travel to Kibale birding enroute visited several sites and in the afternoon we had a quick visit to the forest, we noted the following birds: Cassin’s Blue Flycatcher, White-chinned Prinia, Joyful Greenbul, Crested Shrike Flycatcher, Grey-throated barbet, Sooty Flycatcher, many-coloured Bushshrike, yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Slender-billed Greenbul, Emerald Cuckoo, paradise Flycatcher, Petite’s Cuckoo-shrike, Black-billed Touraco, Red-headed Malimbe, Green Sunbird, Little-green Sunbird, Black Bee-eater, Western Nicator Dusky-blue Flycatcher, masked Apalis, Afep Pigeon, Purple-headed Starling and just outside Kibale on the main road we spotted a small group of three Chimpanzees. Two females and a baby. Overnight and dinner at the Chimpanzee Guest House.

Day 8

Kibale Forest birding. We took breakfast at 05:00 so we could have a good chance for our owl. W hadn’t been in the forest for more than 15 minutes when the shout went up that the owl had been heard and seen flying across the road infront of us. A quick search with the lamp and the bird was soon located high up on a branch but out in the open. So we had our target in the bag before 6 o’clock African Wood Owl ticked and eventually when light allowed even photographed. We also had an African Goshawk.

After our success with the Wood Owl we moved to the further into the forest for more forest birding. Here we noted: Pale Breasted Illadopsis, Blue Striped Kingfisher, Chestnut-backed Wattle-eye, Green Hylia, Red-tailed Antthrush, Afep Pigeon, Speckled Tinkerbird, Velvet-breasted Drongo, Crowned Hornbill, Red-tailed Bristlebill, African Grey parrot, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Banded Wattle-eye, Narina Trogon, Green-whiskered Greenbul, Red-chested Owlet, Grey Apalis, Great Blue Touraco, Yellow-spotted Barbet, Thick-billed Seedeater and grey-backed Cameroptera. Another great days birding.

Day 9

This morning we birded inside the Kanyanghu Forest birds noted here included: Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Red-capped Chat, African Wagtail, Toro-olive Greenbul, Black-necked Weaver, Black-naped Touraco, Shiny-blue Kingfisher, Afep Pigeon, Pale-throated Illadopsis, Western Niator, Speckled Tinkerbird, Green Crombec, Pale-throated Bulbul, Plain Greenbul, Olive Sunbird, Blue-throated Brown Sunbird, Yellow-spotted Barbet, African Shrike Flycatcher, Green Hylia, White-throated Greenbul, Dusky Tit, Vieillot’s Black Weaver, Green Sunbird, Yellow-mantled Weaver, Brown-eared Woodpecker, Crowned Eagle, Emerald Cuckoo, Cassin’s Grey Flycatcher and Copper-breasted Sunbird. When we resurfaced back at the start of our trail we had some lunch and decided on a change of plan. We decided to cut the planned afternoon forest birding and insead head for the Queen Elizabeth National Park for some Savanna birding. We quickly booked overnight accommodation and headed off birding enroute. Some of the birds we saw on the way: McKinnon’s Fiscal Shrike, Cinnamon-breasted Bee-eater, Shikra, Pallid Harrier, Red-chested Cuckoo. Grassland Pipit, Long-crested Eagle, Grey-backed Shrike, Red-necked Francolin, Croaking Cisticola and Bar-breasted Firefinch. We booked into our accommodation the Mweya Guest House just after sunset.

Day 10

Queen Elizabeth National Park morning safari. Up and out the door by 05:45 the first bird we noted was a Square-tailed Nightjar in the road. First bird in the park was White-browed Robin-chat followed by: Pied Kingfisher, Black-headed Gonolec, White-browed Coucal, Ruppell’s Long-tailed Starling, Red-necked Francolin, Red-eyed Dove, Palmnut Vulture, Egyptian Goose, Grey-backed Fiscal, Northern Black Flycatcher, Common Bulbul, Blue-spotted Wood Dove and at 07:45 we spotted another magnificent Leopard. This time to far away for photographs but two different leopards on the same trip before we had even seen a lion. A pride of Lions appeared at 08:30. After luch we left Queen Elizabeth for the long drive to our overnight stop Bwindi. While enjoying a beer at our guest house we noted White-tailed Blue Flycatcher, Elliot’s Woodpecker in a tree right next to our table, and lastly Green-winged Pytilia. Overnight and dinner at the Bwindi View.

Day 11

Up and breakfasted early 05:40 for the 42Km drive to Ruhizha where we arrived at 07:40 we birded the area all day. Birds noted here: Olive Pigeon, Dwarf Honeyguide, Black Sawwing Chestnut-throated Apalis, Red-fronted Barbet, Rwenzori Batis, Chubb’s Cisticola, Doherty’s Bushshrike, Thick-billed Seedeater, Regal Sunbird, Olive Thrush, Mountain Buzzard, yellow-whiskered Bulbul, Mountain-masked Apalis, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Northern Double-collared Sunbird, White-tailed Blue Flycatcher, Dusky Flycatcher, Green-headed Sunbird, Variable Sunbird, Slaty Flycatcher, Rwenzori Apalis, Black-billed Touraco, Augur Buzzard, Slender-billed Greenbul, Blackand White Mannikin, Baglafecht Weaver, Graur’s Warbler after a lunch in the field we continued birding and noted, Stripped Tit, Crowned Hornbill, Bronze-naped Pigeon, African Goshawk, African Green Pigeon, White-naped Pigeon, Red-eyed Dove, Great-blue Touraco, White-headed Wood Hoopoe, Grey-throated Barbet, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, yellow-spotted Barbet, Angola Swallow, Mountain Greenbul, Snowy-crowned Robin Chat,Red-throated Alethe, Mountain yellow warbler, Grauer’s Swamp Warbler, Stout Cisticola, White-chinned Prinia, Chinspot Batis, Mc Kinnon’s Shrike, Luhder’s Bush-shrike, Mountain Oriole, Chestnut-winged Starling, Strange Weaver, Brown-capped Weaver and Kandt’s Waxbill. Retired to our guest house for dinner.

Day 12

The big day had finally arrived. Gorilla briefing at 08:00. Morning Gorilla trekking. The group we were going to trek was known as the Habinyanja family Group which consisted of two silverbacks and at least twenty other family members. Well the trekking is a story on its own suffice to say we scored with nearly all the family and birding took a serious back seat. We lunched at 12:30 and we were back in Bwindi by 14:00. We then decided to bird the waterfall track through the forest birds noted here: Equatorial Akalat, Great Blue Touraco, Tullberg’s Woodpecker, Stulman’s Starling, Black Bee-eater, Bar-tailed Trogon and Mountain Illadopsis. Retired exhausted to our bed and final night at the Bwindi Guest House.

Day 13

Another driving day today, we left Bwindi after a leisurely breakfast at 08:45. We said our goodbyes to the very friendly staff and headed off to Lake Mburo. Just after leaving Bwindi we made a stop at the Rugando Parents Nursery School where we presented the head teacher with the goodies we took with us from home. They were all very grateful and it certainly made me feel very humble. We caught the afternoon lake Mburo Cruise and after a short safety briefing we were off. Birds noted on the cruise: African Finfoot, Black Crake, Malachite Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Woodland Kingfisher, Giant Kingfisher, Fish Eagle, Green Heron, Long-tailed Cormorant and Lesser masked weaver. The Fish Eagle in particular offered great photo opportunities. Overnight and evening meal in the Lake Mburo Park Bandas.

Day 14

This morning was spent with a park ranger on a walking safari through the park, here we picked up: Greater Honeyguide, Lilac-breasted Roller, Grey Hornbill, Red-billed Quellea, Nubian Woodpecker, Levaillant’s Cuckoo, Striped Kingfisher, Ross’s Touraco, Pied Kingfisher, Ruppell’s Long-tailed Starling, Spot-flanked Barbet, Diederic Cuckoo, Red-chested Sunbird, Marico Sunbird, White-browed Robin Chat, Red-eyed Dove, Sooty Chat, Brown-crowned Tchagra, Paradise Flycatcher, Black Cuckoo shrike, Green Pigeon, Red-billed Firefinch, Trilling Cisticola, Copper Sunbird, Lead coloured Flycatcher, Tabora Cisticola, Red-faced Crombec, Thick-billed Cuckoo, White-browed Scrub Robin, Fork-tailed Drongo, Wattled Lapwing, Black sawing, Lizard Buzzard, Brown-necked parrot, Yellow-breasted Apalis, Golden-breasted Rock Bunting, Green-backed Camaroptera, Lesser-striped swallow, Emerald-spotted Wood Dove, Golden-backed Weaver, Sulphur-breasted Bush-shrike, and Coqui Francolin. We had breakfast at 10:30 and while having our meal we ticked off Cardinal Quelea, Bare-faced Go-away-bird and Little Weaver. We finally left Mburo National Park at 12:30 and headed for our last stop in Uganda the Red Chilli Hideaway in Kampala. We unpacked and enjoyed the company in the Red Chilli and even managed to send some e-mails. Evening meal and several beers later we retired to our bed.

Day 15

Our final day in Uganda and we were up and breakfasted by 06:30 and out the door by 07:00. We headed the 53Km East to Mabira Forest and we arrived there at about 08:30. We started picking up birds almost immediately birds noted here included: Black-necked Weaver, White-eye, African Thrush, Blue Flycatcher, Snowy-headed Robin Chat, Casqued Hornbill, Grey-capped Warbler, Purple-headed Starling, Grey Parrot, Weyns’s Weaver, White-throated Bee-eater, Speckled Tinkerbird, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Little Greenbul, Sabine’s Spinetail, Sombre Greenbul, Olive-green Camaroptera, Jameson’s Wattle-eye, Emerald Cuckoo, Slender-billed Greenbul, Grey-headed Negrofinch, Buff-throated Apalis, Grey-throated Flycatcher, Western Nicator, Red-chested Cuckoo, Lead-coloured Flycatcher, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Little Green Sunbird, Collared Sunbird, Grey Greenbul, Sooty Bulbul, Afep Pigeon, Pale-breasted Barbet, Tambourine Dove, Yellow-throated Tinkerbird, Pygmy Kingfisher, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Magpie Mannikin, Scaly-breasted Illadopsis, Olive Sunbirdm Green-backed Twinspot, Great Blue Touraco, Yellow-whiskered Greenbul, Grey-breasted Barbet, Black-billed Touraco, Blue-shouldered Robin Chat, Black-headed Oriole, Blue-throated Bronze Sunbird, Marabou Stork, Hooded Vulture, Black-bellied Seedcracker, Forest Robin, Fire-crested Alethe, Bocage’s Bush-shrike, Black and White Shrike Flycatcher, Green-headed Sunbird and African Pied Wagtail.

We left the forest at 13:00 for the drive back through Kampala and the trip to the airport at Entebee and our evening flight home. We did stop enroute for a coffee at smart hotel near Kampala and note a couple of birds: Common Kestrel, Variable Sunbird and Red-chested Sunbird.

Species Lists

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Long-tailed (Reed) Cormorant Phalacrocorax africanus
Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great White Egret Ardea alba
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Squacco Heron Ardeola
Rufous-bellied Heron Ardeola rufiventris
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Hamerkop Scopus umbretta
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis
African Openbill Stork Anastomus lamelligerus
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Abdim's Stork Ciconia abdimii
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia abdimii
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus
Shoebill Balaeniceps rex
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash
African Spoonbill Platalea alba
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiacus
Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata
Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus.
Black Kite Milvus migrans
African Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer
Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus
Rueppell's Vulture Gyps rueppellii
Black-breasted Snake-Eagle Circaetus pectoralis
Brown Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinereus
(Western) Banded Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinerascens
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
African Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
African Harrier-Hawk (Gymnogene) Polyboroides typus
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus
Dark Chanting-Goshawk Melierax metabates
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro
Shikra (Little Banded Goshawk) Accipiter badius
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus
Black Goshawk (Great/Black Sparrowhawk) Accipiter melanoleucus
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
Steppe Eagle Aguila nipalensis
Wahlberg's Eagle Aquila wahlbergi
Ayres' Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis
Cassin's Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus africanus
Crowned Hawk-Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Grey Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
African Hobby Falco cuvierii
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Coqui Francolin Francolinus coqui
Crested Francolin Francolinus sephaena
Nahan's Francolin Francolinus nahani
Heuglin's Francolin Francolinus icterorhynchus
Ring-necked Francolin Francolinus streptophorus
Handsome Francolin Francolinus nobilis
Red-necked Spurfowl Francolinus afer
Helmeted Guineafowl Numida meleagris
Crested Guineafowl Guttera pucherani
Kurrichane Buttonquail Turnix sykvatica
Grey Crowned-Crane Balearica regulorum
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra
African Crake Crecopsis egregia
Black Crake Amaurornis flavirostra
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata
African Finfoot Podica senegalensis
Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami
Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogaster
Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis
African Jacana Actophilornis africanus
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avocetta
Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus
Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis
Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis
Rock (White-collared) Pratincole Glareola nuchalis
Long-toed Lapwing (Plover) Vanellus crassirostris
Spur-winged Plover (Lapwing) Vanellus spinosus
Black-headed Lapwing Vanellus tectus
Senegal (Lesser Black-winged) Lapwing Vanellus lugubris
Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus
Wattled Lapwing (Plover) Vanellus senegallus
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris
Rock Dove Columba livia
Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta
African Olive Pigeon Columba arquatrix
White-naped Pigeon Columba albinucha
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques
African Mourning Dove Streptopelia decipiens
Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata
Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola
Dusky Turtle Dove Streptopelia lugens
Vinaceous Dove Streptopelia vinacea
Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove Turtur chalcospilos
Black-billed Wood-Dove Turtur abyssinicus
Blue-spotted Wood-Dove Turtur afer
Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria
African Green-Pigeon Treron calva
Red-headed Lovebird Agapornis pullarius
Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus
Meyer's Parrot Poicephalus meyeri
Brown-necked Parrot Poicephalus robustus
Great Blue Turaco Corythaeola cristata
Black-billed Turaco Tauraco schuettii
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus
Ross' Turaco Musophaga rossae
Bare-faced Go-away-bird Corythaixoides personatus
Eastern (Gray) Plantain-eater Crinifer zonurus
Jacobin Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Levaillant's Cuckoo Oxylophus levaillantii
Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius
Thick-billed Cuckoo pachycoccyx audeberti
Black Cuckoo Cuculus clamosus
African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis
Madagascar Cuckoo Cuculus rochii
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi
Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus
Klaas' Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas
African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus
Dideric Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis
Yellowbill (Blue Malkoha) Ceuthmochares aereus
Black Coucal Centropus grillii
Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus
Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis
White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus
African Scops-Owl Otus senegalensis
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus
African Wood-Owl Strix woodfordii
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum
Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis
Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii
Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius
Standard-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx longipennis
Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus climacurus
Slender-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus clarus
Plain Nightjar Caprimulgus inomatus
Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus
Mottled Spinetail Telacanthura ussheri
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini
Cassin's Spinetail Neafrapus cassini
African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Common Swift Apus apus
Little Swift Apus affinis
Horus Swift Apus hours
White-rumped Swift Apus caffer
African Black Swift Apus barbatus
Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus
Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus
Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum
Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys
Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata
African Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina (Ceyx) picta
African Dwarf Kingfisher Ispidina (Ceyx) lecontei
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia
Gray-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala
Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis
Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica
Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti
Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maxima
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki
Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus
Blue-breasted Bee-eater Merops variegatus
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater Merops hirundineus
White-throated Bee-eater Merops albicollis
Madagascar Bee-eater Merops superciliosus
Northern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicus
Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudata
Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis
Green Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus
White-headed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus bollei
Black Scimitar-bill Rhinopomastus aterrimus
Common (Greater) Scimitar-bill Rhinopomastus cyanomelas
Forest Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus castaneiceps
White-headed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus bollei
Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus
African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus
African Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus
Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna subcylindricus
Brown-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes cylindricus
Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator
Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill Bucorbvus abyssinicus
Grey-throated Barbet Gymnobucco bonapartei
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus
Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsute
Red-fronted Barbet Tricholaema diademata
Spot-flanked Barbet Tricholaema lacrymosa
Black-billed Barbet Lybius guifsobalito
Double-toothed Barbet Lybius bidentatus
Yellow-billed Barbet Trachyphonus purpuratus
Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator
Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor
Thick-billed Honeyguide Indicator conirostris
Willcock's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi
Dwarf Honey Guide Indicator pumilio
Nubian Woodpecker Campethera nubica
Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus
Elliot's Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii
Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae
Brown-backed Woodpecker Picoides obsoletus
Rufous-naped Lark Mirafra africana
Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea
Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Banded Martin Riparia cincta
Rock Martin Ptyonoprogen fuligula
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Angola Swallow Hirundo angolensis
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Lesser Striped-Swallow Cecropis abyssinica
Red-rumped Swallow Cercropis dauruca
Mosque Swallow Cecropis senegalensis
White-headed Sawwing Psalidoprocne albiceps
Black Sawwing Psalidoprocne holomelas
African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp
Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis
Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara
Yellow-throated Longclaw Macronyx croceus
Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys
Grassland Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus
Grey Cuckoo-shrike Coracina caesia
White-breasted Cuckoo-shrike Coracina pectoralis
Petit's Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga petiti
Black Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga flava
Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga phoenicea
Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga quiscalina
Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
Shelley's Greenbul Andropadus masukuensis
Little Greenbul Andropadus virens
Little Grey Greenbul Andropadus gracilis
Plain Greenbul Andropadus curvirostris
Slender-billed Greenbul Andropadus gracilirostris
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul Andropadus latirostris
Eastern Mountain-Greenbul Andropadus nigriceps
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator
Yellow-throated Leaflove Chlorocichla flavicollis
Leaflove Pyrrhurus scandens
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima
Toro Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris
Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus
White-throated Greenbul Phyllastrephus albigularis
Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactyla
Western Nicator Nicator chloris
Red-tailed Greenbul Criniger calurus
Rufous Flycatcher-Thrush Neocossyphus fraseri
Red-tailed Ant-Thrush Neocossyphus rufus
Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus
African Thrush Turdus pelios
Brown-chested Alethe Alethe poliocephala
Red-throated Alethe Alethe poliophrys
Fire-crested Alethe Alethe diademata
Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops
Whistling Cisticola Cisticola lateralis
Trilling Cisticola Cisticola woosnami
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi
Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes
Carruthers' Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi
Stout Cisticola Cisticola robustus
Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticaudus
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava
White-chinned Prinia Prinia (Schistolais) leucopogon
Red-winged Warbler Heliolais erythroptera
Red-winged Grey Warbler Drymocichla incana
Ruwenzori Apalis Apalis ruwenzorii
Black-throated Apalis Apalis jacksoni
Lowland Masked Apalis Apalis binotata
Mountain Masked Apalis Apalis personata
Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida
Buff-throated Apalis Apalis rufogularis
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema
Grey Apalis Apalis cinerea
Grey-capped Warbler Eminia lepida
Green-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brachyura
Yellow-browed Camaroptera Camaroptera superciliaris
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota
White-winged Warbler Bradypterus carpalis
Grauer's Swamp-Warbler Bradypterus graueri
Black-faced Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus rufus
African Moustached-Warbler Melocichla mentalis
African Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus
African Yellow Warbler Chloropeta natalensis
Mountain Yellow Warbler Chloropeta similis
Papyrus Yellow Warbler Chloropeta gracilirostris
Buff-bellied Warbler Phyllolais pulchella
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata
Green-backed Eremomela Eremomela canescens
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys
Northern Crombec Sylvietta brachyura
Red-faced Crombec Sylvietta whytii
Short-tailed Warbler Hemitesia neumanni
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor
Green Hylia Hylia prasina
Red-faced Woodland-Warbler Phylloscopus laetus
Silverbird Empidornis semipartitus
Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus
White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri
Northern Black-Flycatcher Melaenornis edolioides
Fraser's Forest-Flycatcher Fraseria ocreata
Sooty Flycatcher Muscicapa infuscata
Swamp Flycatcher Muscicapa aquatica
African Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Muscicapa comitata
Cassin's Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini
Chapin's Flycatcher Muscicapa lendu
Ashy Flycatcher Muscicapa caerulescens
Grey-throated Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis
Grey Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax
Lowland Akalat Sheppardia cyornithopsis
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis
White-bellied Robin-Chat Cossyphicula roberti
Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat Cossypha cyanocampter
White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini
Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis
Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla
Brown-backed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas hartlaubi
White-browed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra
Mocking Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris
Shrike-flycatcher Megabias (Bias) flammulatus
Black-and-white Flycatcher Bias musicus
Brown-throated Wattle-eye Platysteira cyanea
Chestnut Wattle-eye Platysteira castanea
Jameson's Wattle-eye Dyaphorophyia jamesoni
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops
Chinspot Batis Batis molitor
Black-headed Batis Batis minor
Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii
African Blue-Flycatcher Elminia longicauda
White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher Elminia albicauda
Red-bellied Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer
African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus
Puvel's Illadopsis Illadopsis puveli
Pale-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis rufipennis
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera
Grey-chested Illadopsis Kakamega poliothorax
Brown Babbler Turdoides plebejus
Arrow-marked Babbler Turdoides jardineii
Dusky Babbler Turdoides tenebrosa
White-winged Black Tit Melaniparus leucomelas
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus
Stripe-breasted Tit Melaniparus fasciiventer
Western Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes longuemarei
Little Green Sunbird Anthreptes seimundi
Green Sunbird Anthreptes rectirostris
Collared Sunbird Hedydipna (Anthreptes) collaris
Green-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra (Nectarinia) verticalis
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Cyanomitra (Nectarinia)cyanolaema
Blue-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra (Nectarinia) alinae
Western Olive-Sunbird Cyanomitra (Nectarinia) obscura
Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra (Nectarinia) senegalensis
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis
Olive-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) chloropygia
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) preussi
Regal Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) regia
Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) pulchella
Marico Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) mariquensis
Purple-banded Sunbird Cinnyris bifasciatus
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) erythrocerca
Superb Sunbird Cinnyris superbus
Variable Sunbird Cinnyris venustus
Copper Sunbird Cinnyris (Nectarinia) cuprea
African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrhynchus
Mountain Oriole Oriolus percivali
Grey-backed Fiscal Lanius excubitoroides
Mackinnon's Shrike Lanius mackinnoni
Common Fiscal Lanius collaris
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Brubru Nilaus afer
Northern Puffback Dryoscopus gambensis
Pink-footed Puffback Dryoscopus angolensis
Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegala
Brown-crowned Tchagra Tchagra australis
Lehder's Bushshrike Laniarius luehderi
Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus
Black-headed Gonolek Laniarius erythrogaster
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri
Mountain Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis
Bocage's Bushshrike Telophorus bocagei
Many-coloured Bushshrike Telophorus multicolor
Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike Telophorus sulfureopectus
Doherty's Bushshrike Telophorus dohertyi
Grey-headed Bushshrike Malaconotus blanchoti
Fork-tailed Drongo Dicrurus adsimilis
Velvet-mantled Drongo Dicrurus modestus
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer
Pied Crow Corvus albus
Cape Crow Corvus capensis
Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea
Greater Blue-eared Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus
Lesser Blue-eared Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis chloropterus
Splendid Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis splendidus
Rueppell's Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis purpuropterus
Purple-headed Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis purpureiceps
Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni
Yellow-billed Oxpecker Buphagus africanus
Northern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus
Chestnut Sparrow Passer eminibey
Speckle-fronted Weaver Sporopipes frontalis
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser superciliosus
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht
Slender-billed Weaver Ploceus pelzelni
Little Weaver Ploceus luteolus
Lesser Masked Weaver Ploceus ocularis
Vitelline Masked Weaver Ploceus vitellinus
Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis
Black-necked Weaver Ploceus nigricollis
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus
Holub's Golden-Weaver Ploceus xanthops
Orange Weaver Ploceus aurantius
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops
Village Weaver Ploceus cucullatus
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus
Weyns' Weaver Ploceus weynsi
Black-headed Weaver Ploceus melanocephalus
Golden-backed Weaver Ploceus jacksoni
Yellow-mantled Weaver Ploceus tricolor
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis
Compact Weaver Pachyphantes superciliosus
Thick-billed Weaver Amblyospiza albifrons
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus
Cardinal Quelea Quelea cardinalis
Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea
Red-Headed Quelea Quelea erythrops
Black Bishop Euplectes gierowii
Black-winged Bishop Euplectes hordeaceus
Orange Bishop Euplectes franciscanus
Red Bishop Euplectes orix
Fan-tailed Widowbird Euplectes axillaris
Yellow-mantled Widowbird Euplectes macrourus
Yellow-shouldered Widowbird Euplectes [macrourus] macrocercus
White-winged Widowbird Euplectes albonotatus
Red-collared Widowbird Euplectes ardens
Marsh Widowbird Euplectes hartlaubi
White-breasted Negrofinch Nigrita fusconota
Grey-headed Negrofinch Nigrita canicapilla
Pale-fronted Negrofinch Nigrita luteifrons
Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba
Green Twinspot Mandingoa nitidula
Red-headed Bluebill Spermophaga ruficapilla
Brown Twinspot Clytospiza monteiri
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea
Green Twinspot Mandingoa nitidula
Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara
African Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata
Bar-breasted Firefinch Lagonosticta rufopicta
Black-bellied Seedcracker Pyrenestes ostrinus
Red-cheeked Cordonbleu Uraeginthus bengalus
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
Black-crowned Waxbill Estrilda nonnula
Kandt's Waxbill Estrilda kandti
Bronze Mannikin Spermestes cucullata
Magpie Mannikin Spermestes fringilloides
Black-and-white Mannikin Spermestes bicolor
Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura
Western Citril Serinus frontalis
White-rumped Seedeater Serinus leucopygius
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis
Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus
Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus
Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni
Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris
Cabanis' Bunting Emberiza cabanisi
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis