Morocco - Agadir and Surrounds - November 2008

Published by Alan Miller (anne.alan.miller AT

Participants: Alan Miller, Anne Miller


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Bald Ibis
Bald Ibis
Moroccan Wagtail
Moroccan Wagtail
Moussier's Redstart
Moussier's Redstart
Audouin's Gull
Audouin's Gull
Common Bulbul
Common Bulbul

A wonderful fortnight enjoying the sights and sounds of Morocco with the highlight being 80 Bald Ibis feeding not 10 yards from the car.

General details

This report supplements Trip Reports placed on the ‘web’ following visits to Agadir in November 2006 and November 2007.

Once again, Anne and I booked a two-week package holiday through Eclipse Direct and stayed in Agadir at the Riu Hotel Le Tikida Beach on an ‘all-inclusive’ basis. We flew direct from Manchester to Agadir with Thompson Air with good flight times, departing Manchester at 10.00hrs on 5th, and Agadir at 14.35hrs on 19th. The flights were less than 4 hours long and there was no time difference between the UK and Morocco.

The hotel was excellent with a beachfront location and good-sized gardens. During the day it was reasonably quiet as many guests were golfers, playing on a golf course (6kms away) owned by the hotel group. Guests had unlimited access and a free courtesy bus. Two visits to walk through the course proved very fruitful.

We hired a car for three days through The car, a small Kia with air-conditioning, proved adequate and very economical and the hire charge was ‘negotiated’ down about £20 per day.

The weather for our stay was excellent with mainly blue skies and sunshine with little wind. The one day of cloud and a little rain in Agadir was the day we travelled north to Essaouira and stayed in the sunshine. The temperature was usually a pleasant 20 to 30 degrees during the day however on one of the hotter days I left the thermometer in the full sun for a short period and it reached a scorching 45 degrees.

Before we left home, up-to-date information was obtained from the Moroccan birding website ‘’


The Hotel

The grounds were worth checking regularly, even from the sun-loungers. Common Bulbul was the noisiest resident with a supporting cast of Spotless Starling, White Wagtail, Collared Dove, Chiffchaff and Sardinian Warbler. On our first morning we were treated to a flyover of five Bald Ibis. Looking out to sea there was a regular passage of Lesser Black-backed Gulls and Western Yellow-legged gulls between the fish quay to our right and a beach roost near the Kings Palace to our left. Also seen over the sea were Moroccan Cormorant and Sandwich Tern.

Butterflies were also seen in the grounds with the most regular being Greenish Black-tip, African Grass Blue and Speckled Wood. Other visitors included Painted Lady, Small White, Long-tailed Blue, Lang’s Short-tailed Blue and Cleopatra.


An imposing extension to the old promenade is currently being built connecting the new hotels at the south end of the bay to the old seafront. About half the three kilometre promenade is completed and work is well underway on the remainder which will take it almost to the King’s Palace.

Notwithstanding the new promenade, it must also be said that the walk along the beach itself is wonderful, although still slightly disappointing not to be able to walk the last half a kilometre at the southern end round to the Oued Souss river mouth because guards prevented tourists from walking past the end of the Kings Palace gardens. The main gull roost was on the undisturbed stretch of beach near the Palace and could be viewed with binoculars.

Walking south on the land side of the beachfront hotels there is a superb stretch of landscaped gardens containing named plants, shrubs and cacti, many in flower. There we regularly saw the local race of Magpie together with Stonechat, House Bunting, Collared Dove and Kestrel

The road alongside the gardens has now been extended southwards past a new ‘Sofitel’ hotel under construction. The grounds away from the building works were untouched low scrub and in a small area near the road we found Stone Curlew on three occasions, as well as Moussier’s Redstart, Black Redstart, Crested Lark and a Blue Rock Thrush. Walking back through the villas at the edge of the tourist area are patches of scrub awaiting building, together with more scrub around the outside of the area. Here we found more Moussier’s Redstart and Southern Grey Shrike, Sardinian Warbler and a single Spanish Sparrow.

At the northern end of the bay between the end of the beach and the harbour and fish quays the new marina complex is virtually complete. Some of the flats were occupied, as were some of the shop units with exclusive outlets. A couple of pavement café’s proved useful for sitting with a Moroccan mint tea and watching Sandwich Tern fishing just yards away and twice an Osprey. Also around the marina were Grey Heron, Little Egret and on 13th an Audouin’s Gull.

It was our routine to go for a walk after our evening meal and on 13th we took a different route on a wooded path and were delighted to hear a Tawny Owl calling several times.

Golf du Soleil

The private, gated and walled Golf Course was a green oasis, reached by a courtesy bus from our hotel in 15 minutes. There is a path through the middle of the course allowing safe walking away from wayward balls, leading to a five-star hotel (also owned by the same hotel group and good for loos and a drink). Seen on the course were Little Grebe, Coot, Serin, Common Sandpiper, Black Redstart, Grey Wagtail and Moroccan (White) Wagtail.

Dragonflies were in evidence around the waterways and we recorded Violet Dropwing, Orange-winged Dropwing, Epaulet Skimmer, Iberian Bluetail, Red-veined Darter, Common Darter and Blue Emperor.

North of Agadir

We hired a car for three days and on the 16th November headed north to visit Essaouira. As it is a three-hour drive we concentrated on making progress but did check out gulls on the beaches just south of Tamri and on one found a group containing 300 Audouin’s Gulls and 700Lesser Black-backed Gulls. Interestingly they were not intermingled and there was a clear line through the group, from a distance looking part grey and part black. As we passed the river mouth at Tamri we saw a group of 5 Bald Ibis feeding.

After visiting Essaouira, we had planned to visit the river mouth accessed via the sandy track to the south end of the promenade. When we got to the river we found major disturbance as the old bridge had been demolished and a new structure was being prepared. Consequently we only added Mediterranean Gull to the trip list.

It was getting towards dusk as we returned and about 5 kilometres north of Tamri we saw a flock of 80 Bald Ibis land in a sandy scrub area next to the road. We pulled over and waited and watched as they walked past the car, getting within 10 metres of us before flying off.

Oued Souss

We had failed to locate the mouth of the Oued (River) Souss on previous visits but made a concerted effort on the other two days with the hire car. In the end it proved easy by turning off the Agadir – Inzegane road at the signed junction to Golf du Soleil, then continuing past the golf course. The road runs to a dead end at the south side of the Kings Palace between the Palace walls and the river. There are several open viewing platforms. Our first visit was in the morning but viewing was difficult as most of the time we were looking into the sun. The second visit was made late afternoon where viewing was easier. Here we connected with many waders including Black-winged Stilt, Greenshank, Redshank, Little Ringed Plover, Kentish Plover, Grey Plover, Common Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Curlew, Whimbrel, Black-tailed Godwit and Bar-tailed Godwit. On the first visit there were 6 Spoonbill, and on the second visit there was Marsh Harrier, Zitting Cisticola and a Bluethroat.

Further details are available from the author who can be contacted on

Species Lists

1. Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis – 7 at Golf du Soleil on 8th, 6 on 12th.

2. Moroccan (Great) Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo maroccanus – regular off Agadir beach and at Essaouira on 16th.

3. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis – 6 enroute Essaouira on 16th.

4. Little Egret Egretta garzetta – seen regularly, max. 6 at Oued Souss on 18th

5. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea – seen regularly, max 18 at Oued Souss on 17th and 18th; and 17 at Agadir Marina on 13th.

6. Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita – 85 at Tamri on 16th; 5 on 11th and 6 on 14th at Agadir

7. Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia – 1 at Tamri on 16th; 6 at Oued Souss on 17th.

8. Mallard Anas platyrhynchos – 2 at Golf du Soleil on 8th and 1 on 12th

9. Osprey Pandion haliaetus – 1 at Agadir Marina on 10th and 13th.

10. Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus – 2 at Tamri on 16th; 1 at Oued Souss on 18th.

11. Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus – 1 at Golf du Soleil on 8th

12. Kestrel Falco tinnunculus – Up to 3 seen almost daily

13. Moorhen Gallinula chloropus – 3 at Tamri on 16th.

14. Coot Fulica atra – 21 on 8th and 14 on 12th at Golf du Soleil; 8 at Tamri on 16th.

15. Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus – 6 on 17th and 8 on 18th at Oued Souss.

16. Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus – 40 on 17th & 30 on 18th at Oued Souss

17. Stone Curlew Burhinus oedicnemus – 5 on 11th, 7 on 14th and 1 on 18th at Agadir

18. Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola – 4 on 17th and 12 on 18th at Oued Souss

19. Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius – 2 at Essaouira on 16th, 1 on 17th and 18th at Oued Souss.

20. Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus – 1 on 17th at Oued Souss

21. Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa – 2 on 18th at Oued Souss

22. Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica – 4 on 17th at Oued Souss

23. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus – 1 on 17th at Oued Souss

24. Curlew Numenius arquata – 1 on 17th and 6 on 18th at Oued Souss

25. Redshank Tringa tetanus – 4 on 17th and 12 on 18th at Oued Souss

26. Greenshank Tringa nebularia – 4 on 18th at Oued Souss

27. Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus – 1 on 18th at Oued Souss

28. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos – 1 at Golf du Soleil on 8th and 12th;
3 on 17th and 2 on 18th at Oued Souss

29. Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres – 2 on 16th at Essaouira

30. Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea – 4 on 18th at Oued Souss

31. Ruff Philomachus pugnax – 2 on 17th and 4 on 18th at Oued Souss

32. Western Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis – up to 1000 seen daily

33. Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus – up to 1000 seen daily

34. Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus – 9 on 16th at Essaouira, 10 on 17th and 50 on 18th at Oued Souss

35. Slender-billed Gull Larus gegei – 1 on 18th at Oued Souss

36. Audouin’s Gull Larus audouinii – 1 at Agadir Marina on 13th, 300 on beach south of Tamri on 16th and 12 at Oued Souss on 18th

37. Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis – 2 or 3 regularly seen off Agadir Beach and in the Marina. 1 at Essaouira on 16th.

38. Feral Pigeon Columba livia (domest.) – Good numbers daily.

39. Woodpigeon Columba palumbus – 1 on 12th at Golf du Soleil and 1 on 18th at Oued Souss

40. Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur – 1 at Golf du Soleil on 8th

41. Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto – seen daily

42. Tawny Owl Strix aluco – 1 heard on 13th in Agadir

43. Crested Lark Galerida cristata – seen regularly. Max. 20 at Agadir on 14th

44. Plain Martin Riparia pauldicola – 3 on 8th at Golf du Soleil

45. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica – Seen regularly. Max. 4 on 19th at Agadir

46. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea – 1 at Golf du Soleil on 8th and 12th; 1 on 15th at Agadir

47. White Wagtail Motacilla alba – seen daily. Max 32 on 13th at Agadir

47a. Moroccan Wagtail Motacilla alba subpersonata – 2 at Golf du Soleil on 8th

48. Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis – 2 on 9th at Agadir

49. Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus – seen daily. Max 18 on 8th

50. Robin Erithacus rubecula – 8 on 8th and 4 on 12th at Golf du Soleil; 1 at Agadir on 9th, 11th and 14th; 1 on 17th at Oued Souss

51. Bluethroat Luscinia svecica svecica – 1 on 18th at Oued Souss

52. Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros – 1 or 2 seen regularly

53. Moussier’s Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri – 3 on 11th and 1 on 14th at Agadir; 3 on 16th enroute Essaouira; 1 on 17th at Oued Souss

54. Stonechat Saxicola torquata – seen regularly. Max. 10 on 11th

55. Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius – 1 at Agadir on 11th

56. Common Blackbird Turdus merula – Seen daily

57. Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis – 1 at Oued Souss on 18th

58. Reed Warbler Acrcephalus scirpaceus – 1 at Golf du Soleil on 12th

59. Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala – seen almost daily. Max 8 on 14th

60. Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita – seen daily. Max. 20 on 8th

61. Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis elegans – 1 at Agadir on 7th, 11th and 14th; 4 enroute Essaouira on 16th; 2 at Oued Souss on 17th.

62. Common Magpie Pica pica mauritanica – Seen daily. Max. 22 on 12th

63. Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis – 3 south of Essaouira on 16th

64. Raven Corvus corax – 2 north of Tamri on 16th

65. Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor – Common. High count 41 on 11th at Agadir

66. House Sparrow Passer domesticus – Common

67. Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolenis – 1 on 11th at Agadir

68. Serin Serinus serinus – 5 on 8th at Golf du Soleil; 6 on 18th at Oued Souss

69. Greenfinch Carduelis chloris – 5 on 14th at Agadir; 3 on 16th at Essaouira; 2 on 17th at Oued Souss.

70. Goldfinch Carduelis Carduelis – 3 at Agadir on 11th; 7 at Essaouira on 16th; 2 on 17th at Oued Souss

71. House Bunting Emberiza striolata sahari – Up to 3 seen regularly around Agadir; 6 at Essaouira on 16th


Small White Pieris rapae
African Grass Blue Zizeeria knysna
Long-tailed Blue Lampides boeticus
Lang’s Short-tailed Blue Leptotes pirithous
Greenish Black-tip Elphinstonia charlonia
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria
Cleopatra Gonepteryx cleopatra


Red-veined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombii
Common Darter Sympetrum striolatum
Blue Emperor Anax imperator
Iberian Bluetail Ischnura graellsii
Epaulet Skimmer Orthetrum chrysostigma
Violet Dropwing Trithemis annulata
Orange-winged Dropwing Trithemis kirbyi


7-spot Ladybird Coccinella 7-punctata
Egyptian Grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium
Brown-banded Cockroach Supella longipalpa
Ground Beetle sp.
North African Water Frog Rana saharica
Yellow striped Grasshopper