South Amazonian Brazil (Mato Grosso and southern Para) - November 12 - 24, 2008

Published by Martin Reid (upupa AT

Participants: Martin Reid, Sheridan Coffey, Bradley Davis (guide)


See lots of bird photos here: website/BR08index.html

Sheridan Coffey and Martin Reid arranged a private birding tour using Birding Mato Grosso ( The plan was to visit the famous Cristalino Jungle Lodge in northern Mato Grosso, plus add some other nearby sites of interest. I chose Birding Mato Grosso partly because Bradley Davis – the principal guide – is the son of my boss! Actually, this was great luck on our part, because Brad was an awesome guide – more of that later.

With Brad’s help we worked out an itinerary that allowed for a little time in different habitats:

Nov 11: Arrived in Sao Paulo ; afternoon birding in the Biritiba-Mirim area with Rick Simpson. Night at Airport hotel.

Nov 12: flew to Cuiaba and met Brad at lunchtime; drove to Chapada dos Guimaraes; afternoon birding there; night at Pousada in National Park.

Nov 13: most of the day birding the Chapada; evening flight from Cuiaba to Alta Floresta; night at Floresta Amazonica Hotel.

Nov 14: Morning birding trails at hotel forest patch; afternoon transfer by road to Pousada Rio Azul (c. 4 hours on somewhat rough roads).

Nov 14 - 17: four nights at Pousada Rio Azul: birded the river, their entrance road for the Campina birds, plus their forest and their neighbor’s forest, and also along ranch roads that were mostly pasture with scattered forest fragments.

Nov 18: after last morning birding at Rio Azul, transferred by road and boat (c. 4 hours total) to Cristalino Jungle Lodge.

Nov 18 - 22: five nights at Cristalino: birded the tower two mornings, many of the trails, plus the river.

Nov 23: morning on Cristalino trails; (very) late afternoon transfer to Floresta Amazonica Hotel (c. 1.5 hours including a birding stop).

Nov 24: pre-dawn Hotel shuttle bus to Alta Floresta airport; flew to Sao Paulo, then red-eye flight to US.


Rick Simpson: ; .

We found Rick at the last minute (a couple of people recommended him, including Bradley Davis), as had been able to change our AA frequent-flyer flights to use the non-stop from Dallas to Sao Paulo, thus gaining an afternoon in Sao Paulo to go birding. Rick lives in Ubatuba, and concentrates on birding and guiding in the Ubatuba – Sao Paulo area; I got the impression that he really knows that area very well. He was on-time and very friendly (of course it helped that he and I grew up c. 10 miles from each other in southern England and are both Watford supporters!), had tapes of the key birds but used them wisely, and did a terrific job of finding us great birds in the limited time we had. We drove in Rick’s car the 90 minutes from Sao Paulo International Airport to the area east of Biritiba-Mirim, and basically birded the Antwren marsh plus a couple of other roadside marshes on the way.

Bradley Davis: ; .

Chance lead me to Bradley as a guide, in that I do some work for an environmental consultancy owned by Brad’s father, Rolph – who is a keen birder. Rolph told me of his son who lived in Alta Floresta working as a bird guide, and earlier this year Rolph and a few others went there with Bradley as their guide, and saw some high-value species. Thus when our thoughts turned to Brazil and the notion of hiring a private guide, I decided on Bradley – what a great decision that turned out to be! Reading Brad’s words in various places on the Internet it seemed as though he knew his stuff, and it was reassuring to be told by a very experienced Brazil birder/butterflyer (Will Carter) that we could not get a better guide for that area of Brazil than Brad.

Bradley was well-organized, flexible, patient, properly-equipped (all the sounds on his Ipod; good ‘scope, laser pointer, Owling light, etc), and he was uncanny at picking out faint vocalizations of a needed species or hearing the slightest of sounds that indicated a bird near the trail while in the forest. In many ways his skills reminded me of native guides I’d used in the Ecuadorian Amazon – and there’s no better compliment than that. On top of that he was very thoughtful and considerate, always carrying extra water for us on forest hikes, and ensuring that a cooler of drinks accompanied us on all road/boat excursions. Lastly, and very importantly, he is very persistent! There were a number of times that he persevered with the tape, using different techniques, long after I would probably have given up – and usually we ended up seeing the bird in question. I recommend him fully and without hesitation.


Bradley had told us in the planning stages that we were going to be there shortly after the rainy season had begun. In the end we lost almost no time to rain: maybe a couple of hours to heavy rain on one afternoon, a delayed afternoon start by an hour a couple of times, plus birding a couple of times in light rain for an hour or so. Most afternoons it rained, but often it would do so during the latter part of the Siesta period, then stop for a few hours in the late afternoon. As to birds, I think that we did better-than-average for Furnarids and Antbirds, partly because many of them were more responsive to tape than during the dry season, in my experience. A handful of species were less-responsive, according to Bradley, and one target species in particular was silent and/or missing: Pavovine Quetzal. At other times of the year, this species is relatively easy to find at both Rio Azul and Cristalino. There are a number of Austral migrants to the areas we visited that were absent at this time of year; these included White-naped Xenopsarsis, Amazonian Scrub and Southern Scrub Flycatchers, and Crested Black Tyrant – apparently these are gettable on our itinerary earlier in the year. It is always a trade-off when choosing a time to visit; some birds will be easier (Brad said that forest ground birds such as tinamous were a bit easier to locate in the dry season as you could hear them on the leaves) while others will be harder. I feel that we did very well, getting far more of our target species than I’d hoped – thus I am glad that we visited in mid-November.



Since the discovery of the Parana/Marsh/undescribed Antwren in a marsh just east of this town (located about 90 minutes east of Sao Paulo or 90 minutes southeast of the international airport) there has been a steady trickle of birders to this area, and to the one marsh in particular that seems to produce the Antwren fairly reliably. Rick has found a nice track quite close to this marsh that goes through mixed forest patches and scrub, and seemed very rich in birds based on our very short visit (Dusky-tailed Antbird; Hangnest Tody-Tyrant; Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher). Shortly before arriving at this marsh you pass through another, larger area of marshes on both sides of the road; this was where we saw the Rufous-sided Crakes come out just before dusk. To get the low-down on the Antwren and its taxonomic status, go to

Pousada Rio Azul:

This has been a fishing lodge for a number of years, but recently they have sought to expand into eco-tourism, and birding in particular. It is located c. 20 miles north of the Para/Mato Grosso border, roughly due north of Alta Floresta. It is c. 4.5 hours from the Floresta Amazonica Hotel to the Pousada, including a few birding stops, on mostly fairly rough dirt roads. The habitat for most of the drive is ranchland with scattered fragments of forest, and some secondary growth around stream and ponds. After crossing the border into Para State the ranches seem to have more and larger forest fragments, and many of the pastures have scattered trees, both living and dead. This patchwork of forest plus numerous dead trees seems to suit the larger Pcittadids, because macaws and parrots were unusually common in the area to the south of Pousada Rio Azul. The Pousada itself consists of c. 500 acres of primary forest in a black on the south bank of the Rio Azul (across the river is two million acres of forest controlled by the Brazilian Airforce!), plus along the entrance road on white-sand soil is campina-forest: stunted low trees with varying density of scrub and understory that is typical of nutrient-poor soils. Boat trips on the river provide another habitat (this is where almost all the sightings of Crimson Topaz have been) and provides access to a couple of trails on adjacent ranches for which the owners of Pousada Rio Azul have gained permission for their guests to visit. One of these trails has a large area of spiny bamboo that contains many of the bamboo specialist birds (and perhaps some that are as-yet undiscovered there; this trail has only been birded a handful of times). We found one small army ant swarm with some attendant birds (e.g. Bare-eyed Antbirds) in their main forest tract.

The accommodations are in a clearing in the primary forest, c. 100 yards from the river bank. There are a number of trails through the primary forest, two of which cross small shallow streams that run into the river nearby. There is a dining room/lounge plus three well-separated cabins that sleep varying numbers of people. The rooms are simple but pleasant, with a toilet-bathroom with solar-heated water; there is a covered porch outside with chairs so that you can take off any wet /muddy gear outside the room without getting wet. There is also a small plot where they grow their own vegetables plus many small, hummingbird-friendly bushes that had a regular clientele (mostly Black-throated Mangoes and Fork-tailed Woodnymphs but others too, including the undescribed “Tapajos” Hermit). Birding the forest at the edge of the clearing was very productive, as it appeared that many birds returned there in the middle of the day to feed in the secropias in the clearing or to rest in the couple of dead snags on the edge.

There is one other really nice spot to enjoy: down on the river just 60 yards downstream from the boat ramp there is a natural lagoon, about the size of a basketball court, that connects to the river via a narrow neck and is fed by springs bubbling up through the white-sand bottom of the lagoon. The water is shallow and absolutely clear; many species of fish wander in from the river and it’s like being at an Aquarium – you can see every scale.

I was impressed by the diversity; we saw Stingray and striking black-and-yellow banded Puff-Fish among many others. There is a small deck from wish to enjoy the lagoon, and this makes for a great birding spot also – currently this is the most reliable spot to see the Bald Parrots, as they almost always fly very low over the lagoon in the late afternoon. All the trails would be classed as “Easy”, as they are all quite flat and well maintained. We were the only guests during our visit, and Carlos, Carlos senior and Ivani – the owners - made us feel incredibly welcome; nothing was too much, we had full use of their 4WD truck to visit other spots, and the meals were fabulous. There is serious talk of building at least one observation platform; probably on the ecotone between the tall primary forest and the campina forest. I introduced the family to concept of butterfly bait and showed them how to use it; there are lots of butterflies there and photographing them during the post-lunch siesta time was a nice change of pace from the birding. Electricity is by generator, and available in the morning and evening.

Keep in mind that we were only the 8th and 9th birders to have ever visited this site. Much remains to be discovered, yet already the location boasts some key species – check Bradley’s website entry for Pousada Rio Azul to get a feel for its potential.

Cristalino Jungle Lodge:

Access is by a 50-minute drive from Alta Floresta through mostly cut-over land, but with some gallery forest by swamps and streams. Eventually you enter the Cristalino property on the south bank of the Rio Teles-Pirres (the lodge and main forest are north of this river) at a gate where your booking is confirmed. After that you drive through a fairly large forest fragment until you get to the bank of the Teles-Pirres river. From there you go by boat up the river a short distance to the mouth of the Rio Cristalino, and from there it is about half-an-hour upstream to the lodge, set amid primary forest as far as the eye can see. There are four levels of accommodation at the lodge: small dorm-type rooms with shared bathroom; duplex standard cabins with private bathroom; deluxe duplex cabins, and VIP detached cabins. We chose the deluxe duplex cabin and we were blown away with the facilities! Beyond the large covered porch (with hammock) was a large airy main room with two beds and an overhead ceiling fan; behind this was a really beautifully-designed bathroom area leading to the best shower I’ve ever used – as good as any four-star hotel in the States. The shower had a door onto a privacy-screened outside patio where there was a second shower (but this one does not have heated water). The bathroom area contained an elegant sink unit and many drawers and cubby-holes for all your stuff, and a number of different lighting arrangements could be used. Electricity is by generator and usually only available at lunchtime for 2 or 3 hours, then again from dusk until c. 10.30pm, This means that you get up without electricity, and there are candles and matches by each bedside. Actually I think the electricity does come on in the morning – it’s just that we were usually up and out before it was on. The meals were very good, with a nice selection of dishes. You can arrange for box lunches to take after breakfast, but we didn’t do this, as the lunch/siesta time really helped recharge our batteries for the afternoon (actually we spent siesta-time photographing butterflies and odonates!). The set-up was very well organized (with one exception – see later) and all the staff friendly and helpful – but the sheer scale of the operation meant that it could not match the warm intimacy of Pousada Rio Azul. One evening you will be shown an orientation slide program about the Foundation that is maintained by the lodge profits; this is used principally to purchase more land to expand the size of the protected forest.

There are many trails; some start at one of the three clearings that comprise the lodge complex while others require a boat trip along the Cristalino or back out to the Teles-Pirres to get to. A half-mile from the lodge by trail is a wonderful canopy tower. This metal construction is free-standing (i.e. supported with guy-wires rather than built around an emergent forest tree) and has three platforms: one in the subcanopy at 20 meters; one at canopy-level at 30 meters, and one above the canopy at 50 meters. Birds can be seen at all three, but most birders spend their time at the top scanning over the vast, unbroken panorama of forest for some of the many great birds that have been seen from there. Although you’ll see fewer birds, the 30-meter platform is the best for close photography as the tops of the trees are at almost touching-distance. Sometimes birds will perch very close to the platform, allowing for amazing photos. From the top platform you can use a scope to scan treetops at all kinds of distances, seeing birds that would be obscured by the taller trees if at the 30-meter height. The tower is very sturdy, but does sway slightly when people move around at the top. The steps are very robust and partly enclosed, and we had no difficulty in getting up and down.

One trip that’s well worth doing is to the large river island in the Teles-Pirres (you pass the top end of it when you arrive and go across the river towards the Rio Cristalino). This is a great spot for Amazonian Antpitta among others, plus your best chance to see Giant River Otters is on the Teles-Pirres, not the Cristalino (where we did see Neotropical River Otter). We did not find or hear of any army ant swarms during our stay at Cristalino.

There are a number of local pilot/guides, and normally you will be allocated one for the duration of your stay. We ended up having three different ones, due to circumstances, and found them all to be excellent pilots, quickly maneuvering the boat when needed, and carefully watching us and slowing down whenever we raised our ‘bins to look at something.

Our only problem at Cristalino came when we were leaving to go back to Alta Floresta (Cristalino and the Floresta Amazonica Hotel are owned by the same family, so you pay your Cristalino bar bill when you get back to the Amazonica). There were other visitors departing the dame day but a couple of hours before us. When we got to the far side of the Teles-Pirres there was no transport waiting; they had forgotten to send enough vehicles for all the departing guests. We had to wait two hours before a vehicle arrived; it was a bit frustrating, but we used the time to bird the large area of forest on the south bank, along the road, adding a couple of species new for the trip.

Chapada dos Guimaraes:

This town is set atop a dramatic red sandstone escarpment that rises up from the lowlands about an hour or so north-east of Cuiaba, the state capital of Mato Grosso. The area around the town has some spectacular scenery, with waterfalls, huge cliffs, and much gallery forest on the slopes. On the top are agricultural fields plus large patches of Cerrado habitat which hold a large percentage of the Cerrado specialists. We stayed one night at a lovely Pousada located deep inside the National Park found there, enjoying fine food, great views, and wonderful birds. We found our brief time there very birdy but relaxed, with almost all of it easy roadside birding – a nice foil to the harder work of finding birds in lowland primary forest. I recommend a couple of days there as a nice counterpoint to the Amazonian forest birding. Even though Brad Davis lives in Alta Floresta, 14 hours by bus from this area, he has birded it quite a lot, and he was able to take us right to the spot for a series of target Cerrado and gallery forest species.

Internal Flights:

All of our internal flights were arranged by Bradley Davis at Birding Mato Grosso. I am very glad that this was the case, because we ended up making – wisely in hindsight – last-minute changes as we’d grown nervous about the less-than-great connection times involved. Based on our experience it’s best to build-in generous connection times, as delays of various kinds are likely. In fact our very first flight was brought forward by 20 minutes at the last moment; luckily we had enough time to make it. Our return was delayed by fog at Alta Floresta for almost 3 hours, and when we finally got over Sao Paulo we were put in a holding pattern for an hour. Luckily our changed flights had a large buffer and we had no problems making our international flight. Brad was terrific, making a number of last minute changes efficiently and without charging us any extra. Note that the baggage allowance limit on the internal flights is not always enforced, but if it is, it’s only 5kg per person plus a handbag.


You’ll need a current Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate on arrival in Brazil (else they vaccinate you on the spot, I’ve been told). We used quite a bit of insect repellant, but still got bitten. It was not as bad as some places I’ve been (including coastal Texas) where you get bitten plus the bugs are so thick that you can’t bird properly – on this trip I hardly noticed getting bitten at all, although I had a number of bites each day. At the time of writing this report, Malaria is extremely rare in the places we visited. I avoided the salad vegetables and filtered water, but Sheridan didn’t, and she did not get sick.

Species Lists

Pre-trip outing:

Biritiba-Mirim: birded the Antwren marsh plus a couple of other roadside marshes on the way. From c. 1.30pm to 6pm we saw:

Rufous-sided Crake: two birds crept out of the marsh edge at dusk.
Wattled Jacana: fairly common.
Common Moorhean.
White-faced Whistling-Duck.
Brazilian Teal: fairly common.
Great Egret.
Southern Lapwing: common.
Black Vulture.
White-tailed Kite.
White-tailed Hawk.
Southern Caracara.
Picazuro Pigeon.
Pale-vented Pigeon.
Ruddy Ground-Dove.
Rock Pigeon.
Plain Parakeet: couple of small flocks.
Sick’s (Ashy-tailed) Swift: a small flock feeding over marsh near dusk.
Rufous Hornero.
Yellow-chinned Spintetail: feeding on marsh vegetation out in the open.
Red-eyed Thornbird: typically tough to see – I got the briefest glimpse.
Dusky-tailed Antbird: a pair on Rick’s Trail near the marsh –female seen well.
“Marsh” Antwren: a pair of the undescribed taxon at the usual spot; got pics of the male.
Southern Beardless Tyrannulet.
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher: great looks on Rick’s Trail.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia.
Olivaceous Elaenia.
Euler’s Flycatcher.
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant: nice looks at two on Rick’s Trail.
Shear-tailed Gray-Tyrant: two pairs seen flying over, close.
Fork-tailed Flycatcher.
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant.
Masked Water Tyrant.
Great Kiskadee.
Streaked Flycatcher.
Tropical Kingbird.
Swainson’s Flycatcher.
Red-eyed/Chivi Vireo.
Blue-and-white Swallow.
White-rumped Swallow.
Gray-breasted Martin.
Chalk-browed Mockingbird.
Yellow-legged Thrush: one male on Rick’s Trail.
Rufous-bellied Thrush.
Creamy-bellied Thrush.
Pale-breasted Thrush.
Orange-headed Tanager.
Burnished-buff Tanager.
Sayaca Tanager.
Brazilian Tanager: great looks at a pair on Rick’s Trail.
Ruby-crowned Tanager.
Black-goggled Tanager.
Blue Dacnis.
Yellow-bellied Seedeater.
Double-collared Seedeater.
Blue-black Grassquit.
Chestnut-bellied Seedfinch: apparently rare in this area – we saw two.
Hood Siskin.
Green-winged Saltator.
Golden-crowned Warbler.
Yellow-rumped Marshbird.
Chestnut-capped Blackbird.
Shiny Cowbird.
House Sparrow.

Main Bird List:

Note: all birds listed were seen unless the word “heard” appears in the text.
FAH = Floresta Amazonica Hotel
CDG = Chapada dos Guimaraes
PRA = Pousada Rio Azul
CJL = Cristalino Jungle Lodge
Note that all the birds seen at Biritiba-Mirim are listed under Rick Simpson, above.

Greater Rhea Rhea americana four in agricultural fields atop CDG
Grey Tinamou Tinamus tao heard often at PRA and CJL (where glimpsed by B)
Great Tinamou Tinamus major heard a couple of times at PRA
White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus heard every day at PRA
Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus heard every day at PRA and CJL
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui Brad saw one on the large river island near CJL
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulates heard both days at CDG
Brazilian Tinamou Crypturellus strigulosus common by voice at PRA (heard only); heard once at CJL
Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegates heard twice at CJL
Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris one seen in cerrado at CDG – great spot by Brad!
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens one by road near PRA flushed and I got flight pics

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Anhinga Anhinga anghinga

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus fairly common at PRA and CJL
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi one on Rio Teles-Pirres near CJL
Great Egret Ardea alba
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum two adults and a juvenile at CJL
Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulates one photographed at CJL
Green ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis along the rivers at PRA and CJL

White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata two on roadside pond
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis roadside ponds near PRA

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus around FAH area
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus common PRA, CJL
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa two at PRA
Osprey Pandion haliaetus one at PRA
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii two CDG; one PRA entrance road
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus roads between PRA and CJL
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus two sightings from tower at CJL
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea common throughout
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli singles at FAH, PRA, and CJL
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis three near the roads approaching PRA
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga one between PRA and CJL; one at CJL
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus only at CDG
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus one at PRA
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus one at FAH
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja pair at nest FAH; Brad saw a distant juv. at CJL
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus heard at PRA; one adult seen at CJL
Black Carcara Daptrius ater
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus three in ranchland near PRA; three in fragment near CJL
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima only around FAH
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans heard at PRA; one seen at CJL
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis heard twice at PRA
Cryptic Forest-Falcon Micrastur mintoni at CJL heard from tower; one of a pair seen on trail
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis one from road near PRA
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis one PRA, seen daily at CJL

Rusty-Margined Guan Penelope superciliaris two on road into National Park , CDG
Spix’s Guan Penelope jacquacu heard at PRA; two seen at CJL
Red-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cujubi fairly common at PRA and CJL
Razor-billed Currasow Mitu tuberosum three sightings of four birds at CJL
Bare-faced Currasow Crax fasciolata a male close to the clearing at CJL

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin close looks at four from boat at PRA
Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis two small flocks on separate trails at CJL
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis one glimpsed of three heard on roadside near PRA
Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis A pair seen out on the road close to PRA
Subgrebe Heliornis fulica two from boat along Rio Cristalino at CJL
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias 4 sightings of 5 birds from boat along R. Cristalino at CJL
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata Sheridan saw one from the speeding car at CDG

Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanus one on sand bar, Rio Teles-Pirres
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis abundant in open areas
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius one on roadside pond between PRA and CJL
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria three on roadside pools in open country

Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa 4 at CDG
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro common in open country
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis a few in forest at CDG and CJL
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea 2 seen, many heard at CJL
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea Heard often at PRA and CJL; 2 seen
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata two near Cuiaba
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti common
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata one seen during transfer from PRA to CJL
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi fairly common at CDG; 3 at CJL
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla 2 seen at CJL
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon Montana Sheridan and Brad saw one at CJL

Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus a pair seen two times just south of PRA
Blue-and-Yellow Macaw Ara ararauna numerous at PRA; less-so at CJL
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao fairly numerous at PRA; less-so at CJL
Red-and-Green Macaw Ara chloropterus fairly common at PRA only
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus common at PRA and CJL
Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata very common at PRA; fairly common CJL
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana fairly common at CDG
Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca nobilis one flock of eight birds at CDG
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalma common at PRA and CJL
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea common at CDG
Crimson-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura perlata a flock at FAH and a flock at CJL
Madeira Parakeet Pyrrhura snethlage fairly common at FAH and PRA; one at CJL
Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri a number of fly-overs at PRA and CJL
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri a flock of four at CDG
Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysoptera fairly common at PRA; a flock of 4 at CJL
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii a flock of 3 overhead at CJL
White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster seen daily at PRA; twice at CJL
Orange-cheeked Parrot Pyrilia barrabandi seen a couple of times at CJL
Bald Parrot Pyrilia aurantiocephala at PRA heard daily; twice seen flying low overhead
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus common at all forested spots
Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala uncommon at PRA
Kawall’s Parrot Amazona kawalli scarce at PRA and CJL
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica fairly common at PRA; heard at CJL
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinose two at FAH; two perched at CJL where rare
Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus at PRA three seen, and heard each day

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster two at PRA
Little Cuckoo Coccycua minuta one at CJL
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani abundant in open areas
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira fairly common in edge habitats
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia heard twice near PRA
Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus one seen in gallery forest at CDG

Barn Owl Tyto alba two in open areas near PRA
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii heard twice at CJL
Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi one seen, many heard at CJL
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia common in open areas
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator heard near airport at Alta Floresta

Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus seen twice at CJL
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor one seen at PRA
Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda eight seen at and around Pousada in N.P. at CDG
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis three seen in N.P. at CDG
Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus two probables flushed from the side of the trail at CJL
Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus two seen in N.P. at CDG
Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens two at PRA; one daily at CJL
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca up to six per day at CJL
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata two seen in N.P. at CDG

Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus a handful at a waterfall at CDG
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex three at a waterfall at CDG
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris two at a waterfall at CDG
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata 30+ at scenic overlook at CDG
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris fairly common at PRA and CJL
Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia two seen from tower at CJL
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura fairly common at PRA; uncommon at CJL
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata fairly common at PRA and CJL

Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus fairly common at PRA; one at CJL
Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus one on edge of clearing at CJL
White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus two at CJL
Eastern Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus two at CJL
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei two at CDG
Cinnamon-throated Hermit Phaethornis nattereri one at CDG
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis rubber one at PRA
“Tapajos” Hermit Phaethornis sp. novum four at PRA, where they sometimes visit the clearing
Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis one at PRA, uncommon at CJL
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura fairly common in Cerrado at CDG
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivor 1 at PRA
White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris common in Cerrado at CDG
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis uncommon at CDG; common at PRA
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris one at CDG
Fork-tailed Woodnyph Thalurania furcata uncommon CDG; common PRA; uncommon CJL
Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina two at PRA
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus uncommon PRA
Green-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae fairly common at PRA
Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor scarce at PRA
Crimson Topaz Topaza pella two males at PRA; a female at CJL is first doc. record there
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus five at CJL
Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus male and female in Cerrado at CDG
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris uncommon at PRA; one at CJL
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystine four at PRA

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis two seen at PRA
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus one seen by Sheridan and Brad at CJL
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris one seen at PRA
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui three seen at CDG; one at CJL
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus one seen at CJL

Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona common
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana fairly common
Green-and-Rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda uncommon
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea one seen by Brad; we heard it – at CJL

Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota one seen at CDG; heard at CJL
Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris one at CDG
Blue-cheeked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis a pair at PRA
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda seen at CDG, PRA, and CJL
Bronzy Jacamar Galbula leucogastra one at CJL
Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea uncommon at PRA and CJL
Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus heard at CJL
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus two seen from tower at CJL
Brown-banded Puffbird Notharchus ordii one seen at PRA; heard at CJL
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus one seen at PRA; heard at CJL
Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia one seen very well at PRA
Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis one seen very well at PRA
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru fairly common in Cerrado at CDG
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus a pair at close range from the tower at CJL
Rufous-necked Puffbird Malacoptila rufa one seen at FAH
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons common
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus uncommon at PRA and CJL
Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa common

Black-girdled Barbet Capito dayi seen daily at PRA; three seen from tower at CJL
Gould’s Toucanet Selenidera gouldii one seen at PRA
Lettered Aracari Pteroglossus inscriptus one at CDG; one at PRA
Red-necked Aracari Pteroglossus bitorquatus two at RPA; seven at CJL
Chestnut-eared Aracari Pteroglossus castanotis two or three at CDG, PRA, and CJL
Curl-crested Aracari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii two from the tower at CJL
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus fairly common in all forested areas
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco one in Cerrado at CDG
White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus common in all forested areas

Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons one seen, other heard at PRA
White-wedged Piculet Picumnus albosquamatus one seen in Cerrado at CDG
Yellow-tufted Woodlecker Melanerpes cruentatus fairly common
Checkered Woodpecker Veniliornis mixtus one seen poorly in Cerrado at CDG
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis fairly common at CJL
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula one from tower at CJL
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros one at PRA
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris a few near Cuiaba
Scale-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus heard at PRA and CJL
Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans two at PRA; one at CJL
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus one from tower at CJL
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus one or two at all forested locations
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis heard at CJL

Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus common at CDG
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens one in Cerrado at CDG
Chestnut-throated Spinetail Synallaxis cherriei one at CJL
Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis two at CJL
Speckled Spinetail Cranioleuca gutturata heard at CJL
Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus one at CJL
Rufous-tailed Foliage-Gleaner Philydor ruficaudatum one at PRA; one at CJL
Rufous-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythrocercum one at CJL
Chestnut-winged Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythropterum seen by Brad at PRA and CJL
Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes one at CJL
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus one at CJL
Para Foliage-Gleaner Automolus paraensis one at PRA
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-Gleaner Automolus rufipileatus one at CJL
Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis seen three times at CJL
Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus one seen at CJL
Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris two in mixed flock at CJL
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus one at PRA; Brad saw one at CJL

Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa one at PRA; one at CJL
Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda three at CJL
Spot-throated Woodcreeper Deconychura stictolaema two at CJL
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus seen at PRA, heard at CJL
Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris three in clearing at CJL
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula one at FAH
Red-billed Woodcreeper Hylexetastes perrotii two seen at PRA; heard each day there
Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus heard at CJL
Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia one at PRA
Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus three at PRA
Spix’s Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus spixii one at PRA; three at CJL
Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus one at PRA; two at CJL
Lafresnaye’s Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides one at CDG; one at PRA; two at CJL
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus three at PRA; one at CJL
Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus two at PRA
Curve-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus procurvoides one at CJL

Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus two at PRA; one at CJL
Great Antshrike Taraba major three in gallery forest at CDG
Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus two at PRA; one at CJL
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus heard at CDG
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliates two at PRA
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus two at CDG
White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops heard at FAH; one seen at CJL
Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus one at PRA; two at CJL
Natterer’s Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus stictocephalus one seen in Campina at PRA
Planalto Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni two at CDG
Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus heard at PRA; one at CJL
Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris two at PRA; one at CJL
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis three at CDG
Saturnine Antshrike Thamnomanes saturninus two at PRA
Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius four at CJL
Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura three at PRA; two at CJL
Amazonian Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata three at PRA; one at CJL
Sclater’s Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri three at PRA
Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli heard at FAH; one seen at CJL
White-eyed Antwren Epinecrophylla leucophthalma four at PRA
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris two at CJL
Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis five at CJL
Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii one at PRA; two at CJL
Large-billed Antwren Herpsilochmus longirostris two in gallery forest at CDG
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus one at PRA
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis form emiliae; two at PRA; one at CJL
White-fringed Antwren Formicivora grisea three seen at PRA
Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa four seen in the Cerrado at CDG
Striated Antbird Drymophila devillei one at PRA
Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens two at PRA
Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens one at PRA; one at CJL
Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu two at PRA
White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota two at PRA
White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys heard at PRA; one at CJL
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus one at PRA; one at CJL
Spix’s Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis striata three at PRA; heard at CJL
Yellow-browed Antbird Hypocnemis hypoxantha heard twice at PRA
Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda three at CJL
Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia one at PRA
Rufous-faced Antbird Schistocichla rufifacies split from Spot-winged; two at PRA
Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax one at PRA; heard at CJL
Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius heard at CJL
Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulatus heard at CJL
Scale-backed Antbird Willisornis poecilinotus two of the form nigrigula at PRA at antswarm
Bare-eyed Antbird Rhegmatorhina gymnops four at PRA at antswarm
Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata one at antswarm

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis heard at PRA
Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi one seen, three more heard at CJL
Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona heard at PRA and CJL
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia heard at PRA

Snethlage’s Gnateater Conopophaga (aurita) snethlageae one of this distinctive form seen at PRA
Collared Crescentchest Melanopareia torquata great looks at one in the Cerrado at CDG

White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae five at PRA; one at CJL
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans one at PRA; one at CJL; common by voice
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana three at PRA; six at CJL
Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea two males from the tower at CJL
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus a few at PRA and CJL
Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus a male at CJL

Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda one male in gallery forest at CDG; three males at CJL
Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla two males at PRA; three (two males, one female) at CJL
Snow-capped Manakin Lepidothrix nattereri two (pair) at CJL
White-crowned Manakin Pipra pipra one male at PRA; one male at CJL
Black Manakin Xenopipo atronitens one heard in Campina at PRA
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata a female in gallery forest at CDG
Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola heard at CJL
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus a female in gallery forest at CDG
Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus a male in gallery forest at CDG
Flame-crested Manakin Heterocercus linteatus a male at CJL; Brad also saw a female
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni one at PRA; one at CJL; common by voice
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris one at CJL
Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina one at CJL; heard at PRA

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus three at CJL
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii heard at CDG and PRA
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps one at PRA
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster two at CDG
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata one at CDG
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis four at CDG
White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme one from tower at CJL
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum two at CDG; heard PRA
Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri islerorum three in Cerrado at CDG
Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus one at CJL
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus rufomarginatus two in Cerrado at CDG
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus one at PRA
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleaginous three at CJL
Amazonian Tyrannuet Inezia subflava two on Rio Teles-Pirres near CJL
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus heard at PRA; two near Rio Teles-Pirres near CJL
Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus one at PRA; heard at CJL
White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus one at PRA; heard at CJL
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum two at CJL
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum two at PRA; four at CJL
Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis heard at CJL
Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus Sheridan saw one at PRA
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias flaviventris one at PRA
White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos one at CJL
Amazonian Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus one at CJL
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus one at CJL
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea two at CDG
Euler’s Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri two at CJL
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens one photographed at PRA
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi one at PRA
Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis three at CJL
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinereus one by agricultural fields at CDG
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus a few at PRA
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosa two at the Pousada at CDG
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius one at PRA; heard at CJL
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis common
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis two at CDG
Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris heard at PRA
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Lesser Kiskadee Pitangus lictor two at PRA; one at CJL
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus one at CDG
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua one at CDG; one at PRA
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex one at PRA
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer one at CJL
Swainson’s Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni one at CDG
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox heard at PRA
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum one at CJL
Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda one at CJL
Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda one seen very well at PRA
Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus heard at PRA and CJL
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor two at PRA
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus seen by Brad at PRA
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus two at CDG

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer common on all rivers
Purple Martin Progne subis two birds seen from tower at CJL were probably this
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea fairly common except at CJL, where rare
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera common at CDG
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata common on all rivers
White-thighed Swallow Atticora tibialis two at PRA
S. Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis common

Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla one at PRA and along road between PRA and CJL
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus common at FAH; heard at PRA and CJL
Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus three from tower at CJL
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis one at CDG; heard at PRA and CJL
Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis one at CJL
House Wren Troglodytes aedon one at CDG
Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus one at CJL
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus common at CDG
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas common at CDG
Lawrence’s Thrush Turdus lawrencii heard at PRA
Hauxwell’s Thrush Turdus hauxwelli heard at PRA and CJL
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis one at PRA
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus two at PRA
Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas three from road, approaching CDG from Cuiaba
Plush-crested Jay Cyanocorax chrysops heard twice at PRA; Brad saw some
Curl-crested Jay Cyanocorax cristatellus eight in Cerrado at CDG
House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus heard at CDG
Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus 2 at PRA
Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus two at PRA; one CJL
Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus two at PRA; two at CJL
Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps one at CJL
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis heard at CJL
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis one seen at PRA; common by voice

Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica heard at CDG
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris one at CDG
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta fairly common at PRA and CJL
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster one at PRA; one at CJL
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris three at PRA; one at CJL

White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus two at CDG
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus one at CDG
Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni one at CJL

Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis four at CDG; one at PRA
White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata four in Cerrado at CDG
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea six in Cerrado at CDG
Red-billed Pied-Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca four from tower at CJL
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira one at CDG
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis one at PRA
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata one high in a tree at CDG
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus two at CJL
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus two at CJL
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus fairly common
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica heard at CJL
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo common
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus fairly common at PRA and CJL
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca common at CDG
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana two at PRA; one at CJL
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis two at PRA
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii three at PRA
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola one at PRA
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis one at PRA
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta two at CJL
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia four at PRA
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata three at PRA and two at CJL
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer four at CJL
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus one in Campina at PRA
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus one from tower at CJL
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis four in gallery forest at CDG

Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens six in agricultural fields at CDG

Coal-crested Finch Charitospiza eucosma a pair feeding a youngster at CDG
Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus one with above species at CDG
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea a few in Cerrado at CDG
Lined Seedeater Lined Seedeater one at PRA
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis one at PRA
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis one on transfer from PRA to CJL
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola two at CDG
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria coronata fairly common near forested water
Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus one in gallery forest at CDG
Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris one in gallery forest at CDG
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis a few at CDG and PRA
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis two at PRA

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus a few at CDG
Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus one at CJL
Black-throated Saltator Saltator fuliginosus common in Cerrado at CDG

Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris fairly common on roads leading to PRA
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus a few on roads leading to PRA
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis two at PRA
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela fairly common
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous four in forest south of CJL
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus one at CJL
Amazonian Oropendola Psarocolius bifasciatus fairly common at PRA; one at CJL
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi common at CDG

I saw 440 species of which 150 were lifers (all seen; I don’t count heard birds for lifers)

Mammals included South American Coatimundi at PRA; Capybara (common at CJL); Spix’s Yellow-tailed Cavy at CDG; Dusky Titi Monkey at PRA, Giant and Neotropical River Otters at CJL; Paca at CJL; White-whiskered Spider Monkey, Brown Capuchin Monkey, White-nosed Bearded Saki Monkey all at CJL; Tayra at PRA. Also Spectacled and one probable Black Caiman in CJL, and a huge Yellow-footed Tortoise during the transfer from PRA to CJL.