Indonesia - Lesser Sundas - February 2012

Published by Greg Roberts (friarbird.roberts AT gmail.com)

Participants: Timothy Burr, Barbara DeWitt, Jan England, Peter Ginsburg, Greg Roberts (leader), Marie Tarrant, Bill Watson

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Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher

It is unusual to visit this region – the Indonesian islands of Sumba, Timor, Flores and Komodo - in the wet season but I figured that conditions might be more congenial with more cloud cover and some rain about cooling things down. As it transpired, we lost very little birding time due to rain, and weather conditions indeed were quite pleasant. Birds were generally quite vocal and we missed just a handful of the 100-odd endemic and regional specialties.

The trip was organised with the aid of Darwin Sumang who I have worked with before and he again provided exceptionally good on-the-ground service. Our transport was comfortable and punctual, the flights were on time, the food was very good and accommodation ranged from excellent to adequate, given the limitations in some areas. See Darwin’s website - http://www.vacationindonesiatours.com/.

ITINERARY:

4/2 – Our group of Americans and Australians met in Denpasar, Bali. Overnight at Aston Inn Tuban.

5/2 – Our short flight to Waingapu on Sumba was on time and we met with our on convoy of three vehicles. We drove to the KM 91 post near Lewa on the main road which transects the island. From here it was a 1.5km walk to forest patches along a muddy track, where we remained until nightfall. The highlight was a lovely pair of Little Sumba Hawk-Owls seen brilliantly just after dusk. Overnight at the Lewa People’s House, our primary base for birding on Sumba.

6/2 – We concentrated on the forest between KM 65 and KM 69 on the main road in Langgalin National Park. The Sumba and regional endemics came thick and fast with highlights including a pair of Sumba Hornbills showing nicely, the often difficult Sumba Flycatcher for some, Sumba Green Pigeon, Apricot-breasted Sunbird and at dusk, a nice Sumba Boobook above the road.

7/2 – An early start for an hour-long drive and a short hike along a muddy trail to reach a forest clearing at Manurara. We had nice views of Red-naped Fruit-Dove, Marigold Lorikeet and Great-billed Parrot here. Afternoon birding around the posts at KM 69 and KM98, where we connected with Wallacean Cuckoo-shrike and Elegant Pitta.

8/2 – We headed back down the road in the morning to forest in the vicinity of KM 98 where we added Metallic Pigeon, Sumba Myzomela and Sumba Jungle-Flycatcher, with nice scope views of Citron-crested Cockatoo, seen very distantly at Manurara. In the afternoon, we transferred to the Hotel Elvin in Waingapu and headed 20km east to an area of sparse grassland. We soon connected with the Sumba Buttonquail, getting good flight views of four individuals flushed. The only one of Sumba’s 12 endemics which we missed was Sumba Brown Flycatcher.

9/2 – We flew from Waingapu to Kupang, West Timor, checking into the Kristal Hotel. In the early afternoon we visited rice paddies and scrub edges near Bipolo where we found our first regional specialties including White-bellied Chat, Streak-breasted Honeyeater and Timor Friarbird. Later we visited forest patches at Bariti where we had some good birds including a Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher and a pair of Olive-shouldered Parrots – we were to encounter this increasingly difficult parrot on no less than four occasions – and more Timor specialties including Fawn-breasted Whistler and Timor Blue-Flycatcher.

10/2 – In the morning we searched the remnant lowland rainforest patch at Bipolo, encountering the endemic Timor Stubtail, Plain Gerygone, Timor Figbird, Flame-breasted Sunbird, Black-chested Myzomela and Olive-brown Oriole. We had cracking views of a close Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher, saw more Olive-shouldered Parrots, and were fortunate to find a Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon, seen briefly by one of the group at Bariti. In the afternoon we transferred to a larger forest patch at Camplong, where we had a fly-over Timor Black-Pigeon.

11/2 - The morning saw us back at Camplong. We saw a Dusky Cuckoo-Dove before calling Buff-banded Thicket-Warblers had us scrambling for views of this skulker; it was another two days before everyone finally saw it. Black-banded Flycatcher and Orange-sided Thrush also showed, and a Streaked (Southern) Boobook was flushed from its day-time roost. In the afternoon we drove to the village of Oenasi, visiting the custodians of a local forest patch, which we birded briefly before moving on to Soe and checking into the Wisma Bhagia Hotel.

12/2 – We drove to 1200m on Gunung Mutis for our visit to the quaint, park-like highland forests of Timor. Yellow-eared Honeyeater, Timor Leaf-Warbler and Olive-headed Lorikeet were plentiful but we dipped on Iris Lorikeet and Timor Imperial-Pigeon - two Timor endemics that are always tricky. Late in the afternoon we had another cultural encounter, this time in Fatumnasi, before birding a forest area below the village.

13/2 – We drove from Soe to the forest patch at Oenasi, where we had Spot-breasted Dark-eye and Thick-billed Flowerpecker, with good views also of Dusky Cuckoo-Dove and Buff-banded Thicket-Warbler. Later we returned to the rice paddies near Bipolo, also visiting nearby shrimp ponds where we finally connected with Five-coloured Munia and Timor Sparrow. We returned to Kupang in the evening.

14/2 – As our original plan to fly to Ruteng was aborted by airline rescheduling, we flew to Labuan Bajo on Flores, driving to the forest patch at Puarlolo. We had our first Flores specialties here including Thick-billed Dark-eye, Crested Dark-eye, Russet-capped Tesia, Flores Minivet, Brown-capped Fantail and Golden-rumped Flowerpecker. It took a while for everyone to get onto Flores Monarch, the local specialty, but it finally showed well right by the road as we were having lunch. We drove to Ruteng, stopping in an area of flowering eucalypts were Flores Lorikeet was abundant. We checked into Catholic Missionary, a convent providing nice accommodation.

15/2 – We drove north to a mid-elevation forest patch near Pagal in the morning where we had brief views of Wallace’s Hanging-Parrot and excellent roadside views of White-rumped Kingfisher. In the late afternoon we headed east of Ruteng to Danau Ranamese, a lake in the highland rainforest where our birding was constrained by rain.

16/2 – Our morning was spent in the highland forest of Golo Lusang where we had Flores Jungle-Flycatcher, Yellow-browed Dark-eye and Scaly-crowned Honeyeater. One of the group saw Bare-throated Whistler as the species was unexpectedly taciturn. In the afternoon we returned to Danau Ranamese for fly-over views of Dark-backed Imperial-Pigeon. Nightfall had a pair of Flores Scops-Owl calling vociferously and although very close at times, the birds failed to show; this was the only Flores-Sumbawa endemic that we failed to see.

17/2 – We had some morning birding at Danau Ranamese, failing to connect with the whistler again, before transferring to the lowland centre of Kisol, where the grubby Catholic Seminary proved to be the only disappointing accommodation of the trip. Shortly after dusk in the nearby forest patch we had at least five Moluccan Scops-Owls calling, with one bird showing well.

18/2 – Pre-dawn saw us at the interface between the forest and a village plantation, where we had brief flight views of a pair of Wallace’s Scops-Owls, one of which had responded to playback. We connected with Flores Crow and Flores Green Pigeon in the forest before returning to Golo Lusang for a final attempt at Bare-throated Whistler; a male finally showed well, much to the relief of everyone. Late in the day we had a long drive back to Labuan Bajo and the very nice Hotel Bintang Flores.

19/2 – In the morning we birded lowland forest patches at Potawangka, where Flores Crow showed well. Some of the group returned to Potawangka in the afternoon while others went snorkelling off Bidaden Island.

20/2 - An early morning start for a 4-hour boat ride to Komodo Island, where the legendary dragons did not disappoint. Yellow-crested Cockatoo and Green Junglefowl were the birding highlights here.

21/2 – We flew from Labuan Bajo to Denpasar. Overnight again at Aston Inn Tuban.

Common names in the list below generally follow A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea (Coates & Bishop) with taxonomy following The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World except where recent taxonomic changes have been published or publication is imminent. H = Heard. E = Lesser Sundas endemic. EI = Indonesian endemic.

Species Lists

Orange-footed Megapode Megapodius reinwardt – H Sumba; 2 Komodo.
Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora raaltenii – 1 seen others heard Bipolo.
EI - Green Junglefowl Gallus varius – H Lewa, Kisol, Potawangka; 2 Komodo.
Wandering Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arcuta – several Bipolo.
Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa – small numbers throughout.
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax – 1 Danau Ranamese.
Striated Heron Butorides striata – 3 Danau Ranamese.
Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa – several Sumba.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis – widespread.
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea - 2 Sumba.
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia – several Bipolo.
White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae – common Bipolo.
Little Egret Egretta garzetta – several Bipolo.
Pacific Reef Egret Egretta sacra – several Komodo.
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor – 1 Komodo boat trip.
Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris – a few Bipolo.
EI - Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis – 1 Sumba; 3 Flores en route to Ruteng.
Australian Hobby Falco longipennis – 1 Bariti.
Osprey Pandion haliaetus – 1 near Ruteng.
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata – 1 Oenasi; others H Timor.
Oriental Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus – singles Oenasi, Bipolo, Potawangka.
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus – 1 Flores en route to Ruteng.
Black Kite Milvus migrans – several Sumba.
Brahminy Kite Haliastur Haliastur indus – widespread.
White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster – several Labuan Bajo, Komodo.
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus – singles Lewa, Oenasi, Pagal.
Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis – 2 singles Lewa.
Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster sylvestris – 1 Kisol.
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus race hellmayrii – 1 Gunung Mutis; race tjendanae – 2 Lewa.
Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus – 1 Pagal.
Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus kienerii – 1 Pagal.
White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea – H Bipolo.
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca – 1 Danau Ranamese.
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea – 1 unexpectedly at Golo Lusang.
E - Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti – 4 Sumba, grasslands east of Waingapu.
Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis – 2 Komodo boat trip.
Crested Tern Sterna bergii – common Komodo boat trip.
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus – 1 Bipolo.
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia – 1 Bipolo.
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos – several Bipolo.
E - Metallic (White-throated) Pigeon Columba (vitiensis) metallica – 1 Lewa; 3 Oenasi.
Island Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata – several Komodo.
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis – widespread.
Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall – 1 Danau Ranamese.
EI - Dusky (Barred-necked) Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia magna – 1 Camplong; 2 Oenasi.
Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana – 1 Danau Ranamese.
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps – several Lewa.
E - Timor Black Pigeon (Black [Slaty] Cuckoo-Dove) Turacoena modesta – 1 Camplong.
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica race indica – common Sumba, Flores; race longirostris [Green-winged Pigeon] – common Timor.
EI - Barred Dove Geopelia maugei – common Flores, Komodo.
E - Sumba Green Pigeon Treron teysmannii – a few Lewa; a large flock Manurara.
E - Flores Green Pigeon Treron floris – 1 Kisol.
EI - Black-backed Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus cinctus race cinctus – a few Gunung Mutis, Oelnasi; race albocinctus – 2 Pagal.
E - Red-naped Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus dohertyi – 1 Manurara.
Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus regina race flavicollis – common Timor; H Flores.
Black-naped Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus melanospilus – common Sumba, Flores.
Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea – common Flores, Komodo, Sumba.
EI - Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon Ducula rosacea – 1 Bariti; 1 Bipolo.
EI - Dark-backed Imperial-Pigeon Ducula lacernulata – 3 Danau Ranamese; H Kisol.
E - Wallace's Hanging-Parrot Loriculus flosculus – 3 Pagal.
E - Citron-crested (Yellow-crested) Cockatoo Cacatua (sulphurea) citrinocristata – 1 Lewa; 1 Manurara.
EI - Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea – several Komodo.
E - Marigold (Rainbow) Lorikeet Trichoglossus (haematodus) fortis – a few Lewa; common Manurara.
E - Flores (Rainbow) Lorikeet Trichoglossus (haematodus) weberi – common at site between Ruteng and Labuan Bajo.
E - Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles – 2 Bipolo; common Gunung Mutis.
Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyus race geoffroyus – 2 Bipolo; race floresianus common Sumba, Flores.
EI - Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos sumbensis – several Manurara, 2 Lewa.
Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus cornelia – a few Lewa.
E - Olive-shouldered Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus – pairs Bipolo, Bariti, Camplong, Gunung Mutis.
Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus – H Flores, Sumba.
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus – 1 Oenasi.
Little Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus – 1 Oenasi, others H.
Common Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus – H Sumba, Flores; 1 Bipolo.
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis – widespread.
Barn Owl Tyto alba sumbaensis – 1 during day at its hollow entrance, Lewa.
E - Flores Scops Owl Otus alfredi – 4 H Danau Ranamese.
E - Wallace's Scops Owl Otus silvicola – 1 H Danau Ranamese; 2 Kisol.
EI - Moluccan Scops Owl Otus magicus albiventris; 1 seen others H Kisol.
E - Sumba Boobook Ninox rudolfi – 1 seen others H Lewa.
E - Little Sumba Hawk-Owl (Boobook) Ninox sumbaensis – 2 seen others H Lewa.
E - Streaked (Southern or Timor) Boobook Ninox (novaeseelandiae) fusca – 1 Camplong; H Bipolo.
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus (likely new taxa) – 1 Bipolo.
E - Mee's (Sunda) Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi – 2 Lewa others H; H Kisol.
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta race sumbawae – common Sumba, Flores; race neglecta – common Timor.
Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus race micans – small numbers Sumba;
race dammermani – small numbers Flores.
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus – 2 Camplong.
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis – a few Sumba.
E - White-rumped Kingfisher Caridonax fulgidus – 1 Pagal; H Kisol.
Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa – 1 Lewa.
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris – widespread.
E - Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia – 1 Bariti; 1 Bipolo; H Oenasi.
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis floresiana – 1 near Waingapu.
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus – widespread in small numbers.
Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus – widespread.
E - Sumba Hornbill Rhyticeros everetti – 2 pairs Lewa.
Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis grandis – common Flores.
EI - Elegant Pitta elegans race maria – 1 seen, commonly H Sumba; race concinna – H Kisol, Potawangka; race elegans – 2 seen, H commonly on Timor.
E - Sunda (Scaly-crowned) Honeyeater Lichmera lombokia – common Golo Lusang.
EI - Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata – common near Waingupu; H Komodo.
E - Yellow-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans – common Gunung Mutis.
E - Sumba (Red-headed) Myzomela dammermani – several Lewa.
E - Black-breasted (-chested) Myzomela vulnerata – several Bipolo, Camplong, Oenasi.
E - Streak-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulate – widespread Timor.
E - Timor Friarbird Philemon inornatus – widespread Timor.
Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides race neglectus – common Flores, Sumba; race buceroides – a few Timor.
EI - Lesser Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus – common Sumba, Flores.
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus – common Sumba.
EI - Wallacean Cuckoo-shrike Coracina personata race sumbensis – a few Lewa; race personata – 1 Bipolo.
E – Sumba Cuckoo-shrike (Pale-shouldered Cicadabird) Coracina dohertyi – fairly common Lewa; 1 Puarlolo.
EI - White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii – widespread.
E - Flores (Little) Minivet Pericrocotus lansbergei – common Flores.
E - Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus – small numbers Bipolo, Camplong, Oenasi.
Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis race fulviventris – common Sumba; race fulvotincta – common Flores; race calliope – small numbers Timor.
E - Bare-throated Whistler Pachycephala nudigula – 2 Golo Lusang; H Danau Ranamese.
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach - 2 Gunung Mutis.
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis – widespread Sumba, Flores, Komodo.
E - Timor (Olive-brown) Oriole Oriolus melanotis – a few Bipolo, Oenasi.
E - Timor (Green) Figbird Sphecotheres viridis – common Bipolo, Camplong, Oenasi.
Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris rufiventris – common Timor.
E - Brown-capped Fantail Rhipidura diluta – common Flores.
Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas race sumbaensis – small numbers Sumba; race semicollaris – common Timor.
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea symmixta – small numbers Flores.
Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi race sumbaensis – small numbers Lewa; race floris – a few Puarlolo, Potawangka.
Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens – H Oenasi, Camplong.
E - Flores Monarch Monarcha sacerdotum – 3 Puarlolo.
Spectacled Monarch Monarcha trivirgatus – a few Bipolo, Camplong.
Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis ruficollis – a few Bipolo, Bariti, Oenasi.
E - Flores Crow Corvus florensis – several Kisol, Potawangka.
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos – widespread.
Great (Cinereous) Tit Parus major cinereus – common Sumba; a few Flores.
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica – widespread.
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica – widespread.
Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata – a few Lewa.
Tree Martin Petrochelidon nigricans timorensis – 1 Bipolo.
Australasian Bushlark Mirafra javanica parva – common Sumba grasslands.
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis fuscicapilla – a few Sumba grasslands, Bipolo.
Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis – 2 Bipolo.
E - Buff-banded Bushbird (Thicketbird) Buettikoferlla bivittata – several Camplong, Oenasi.
E - Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata – small numbers Bipolo, Camplong; H Oenasi.
E - Russet-capped Tesia Tesia everetti – common Flores.
Sunda Bush Warbler Cettia vulcania everetti – common Timor.
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus sumbae – 1 Bipolo.
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis – several Lewa.
E - Timor Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes – common Gunung Mutis; a few Pagal.
E - Flores (Timor) Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus (presbytes) floris – common Ruteng highlands.
Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis floris – a few Danau Ranamese, Golo Lusang.
Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla race timorensis – 1 seen others H Gunung Mutis; race everetti – 1 seen others H Golo Lusang.
Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea – H Kisol.
E - Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata – common Timor.
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus unicus – common Pagal.
Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus – a few Danau Ranamese.
E - Yellow-spectacled White-eye Zosterops wallacei – common Sumba, Flores.
EI - Yellow-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris – H Komodo.
Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citronella – common Sumba.
E - White-browed White-eye (Yellow-browed Dark-eye) Lophozosterops superciliaries – common Ruteng highlands.
E - Dark-crowned White-eye (Crested Dark-eye) Lophozosterops dohertyi – several Puarlolo, Pagal.
E - Flores White-eye (Thick-billed Dark-eye) Heleia crassirostris – 2 Puarlolo; 1 Pagal; 1 Potawangka.
E - Timor White-eye (Spot-breasted Dark-eye) Heleia muelleri – 1 Oenasi.
Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor – widespread.
Javan (White-vented) Myna Acridotheres javanicus – 2 Bipolo.
Chestnut-capped Thrush Zoothera interpres – 1 Puarlolo.
E - Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi – many H a few seen Lewa.
E - Orange-sided Thrush Zoothera peronii – 3 Camplong; H Oenasi.
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus schlegelii – common Gunung Mutis.
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata race fruticola –a few Flores; race francki – common Sumba, race pyrrhonata – common Timor.
E - White-bellied (Timor) Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis – fairly common Bipolo, Camplong, Oenasi.
E - Flores (Russet-backed) Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias oscillans – 2 Golong Lusang others H; H Danau Ranamese.
E - Sumba (Russet-backed) Jungle-Flycatcher Rhinomyias (oscillans) stresemanni – 1 Lewa.
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra race clarae – 2 Gunung Mutis; race vulcani – 1 Danau Ranamese.
E - Sumba Flycatcher Ficedula harterti – 3 Lewa, others heard.
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni mayri – 2 Golo Lusang.
Grey-headed (Canary) Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis race connectens – common Sumba; race sejuncta – a few Danau Ranamese.
E - Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis – 2 Camplong.
E - Timor Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus – common Bipolo, Camplong, Oenasi.
E - Golden-rumped Flowerpecker Dicaeum annae – widespread Flores in small numbers.
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile obsoletum – 3 Oenasi.
E - Black-fronted Flowerpecker Dicaeum igniferum – common Flores lowlands.
EI - Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei – common Timor lowlands.
EI - Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum race wilhelminae – common Lewa; race rhodopygiale – 1 Danau Ranamese.
Plain/Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis rubrigena – common Sumba.
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis ornatus – common Flores, Komodo.
Apricot-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris buettikoferi – common Lewa.
Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris – common Flores; a few Oenasi.
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus – widespread.
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava – a few Oenasi, near Waingapu.
Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata – common Timor.
Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor – 1 juvenile Gunung Mutis.
Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca – small numbers Sumba, Timor.
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata race sumbae – common Sumba; race blasii – common Timor, Flores.
Five-coloured Munia Lonchura quinticolor - 2 Bipolo.
Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallid – small numbers Manurara.
Timor Sparrow Lonchura fuscata – 2 Bipolo.
Oriental/Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus albidus – a few Gunung Mutis.
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava – common Bipolo.
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster – common Timor.

MAMMALS - Timor Deer (common Komodo).