Southern Spain Migration - 28 August - 17 September 2013

Published by Kathie Claydon (kandm.claydon AT

Participants: K & M Claydon, D & J Bridges


This was our 4th trip to the southern tip of Spain, based near Tarifa, to watch migration; each time it's been different due to differing weather patterns. We were joined by Dave and Jacquie Bridges (who may produce a separate trip report) and we decided to go a little earlier this year in the hope of catching the peak movement of Honey Buzzards. We succeeded, spectacularly so. We thought we'd hit the jackput on 31st August when we counted >1,620 passing over our accommodation but 2nd September was totally amazing. At first light we noticed a few Black Kites low over Los Lances beach and shortly after this half a dozen Honeys flew by, then more, and a little higher up, lots more. Then the real numbers came in an almost constant stream. About 6,400 between 08.00 to 12.00 when we stopped counting. Still they came, and there was something like another 4,000 during the afternoon - an estimate of >10,000 over this narrow stretch alone. We have yet to find out what the migration watch volunteers recorded for the day's total. Truly mind-blowing. It wasn't all Honeys, of course, there were thousands of Black Kites, many Egyptian Vultures, a few Short-toed and Booted Eagles, Black and White Storks.....

We had several days of impressive migration movement and many days with good numbers of raptors, storks and Bee Eaters passing through. On clear days birds were passing very high but on days when they could not cross the Strait because of strong winds and poor visibility (many raptor species will not cross if they cannot see the Moroccan coastline) we had fantastic close, low views of birds milling around the coast and valleys. During the second week things quietened down considerably with a couple of days of almost no passage, mainly because severe storms in northern Spain had prevented birds getting through the Pyrenean passes. Passerines were not numerous but there were some obvious movements, such as Whinchats which suddenly appeared for a couple of days and were then "gone". The number of waders, etc. at La Janda varied from day to day.


28 Aug Arrived Gibraltar late morning. Drove to Tarifa. Remainder of day at accommodation (PachaMama) 'scoping Los Lances beach and surrounds.
29 Aug a.m. Cazalla watchpoint. p.m. Bolonia and Sierra de la Plata.
30 Aug Early a.m. Los Lances. Rest of day at La Janda.
31 Aug Most of day watching Honey Buzzard and Black Kite migration above PachaMama. Late afternoon/evening Santuario (Jara) Valley including east track.
1 Sept a.m. Cazalla Watch Point. p.m. Huerta Grande and Bujeo woodland.
2 Sept Most of day migration watch from PachaMama. Late afternoon to La Peña/Santuario watchpoint.
3 Sept Early a.m. watch from PachaMama. Late morning Santuario/Jara Valley, Almodóvar reservoir and start of Ojen Valley.
4 Sept Early a.m. watch from PachaMama. La Janda from 11.00-14.00. Late afternoon lower areas of Sierra de la Plata.
5 Sept Early a.m. watch from PachaMama. 10.00-15.30 Cazalla watchpoint. Late p.m-dusk Santuario (Jara) Valley-east track.
6 Sept Early a.m. Los Lances then cetacean-watching boat trip/the Strait. p.m. Santuario/Jara Valley - Almodóvar reservoir.
7 Sept Early a.m. watch from PachaMama. 11.30-15.00 Algorrobo watchpoint, then Bujeo woodland.
8 Sept Early a.m. watch from PachaMama. Late morning Sierra de la Plata. p.m. Roman site of Buelo Claudia at Bolonia.
9 Sept Most of day walking the valley east of Tarifa.
10 Sept a.m. Barbate. p.m. La Janda.
11 Sept Early a.m. Los Lances then Cazalla watchpoint. Late afternoon Bujeo woodland and Santuario (Jara) Valley-east track.
12 Sept Early morning watch from PachaMama then day at La Janda.
13 Sept a.m. Cazalla watchpoint. p.m. Tambor Valley (towards La Hoya) and Bujeo woodland.
14 Sept Most of day in hills near Getares.
15 Sept a.m. Cazalla watchpoint. Afternoon short while along Zahara de los Atunes road then La Janda to dusk.
16 Sept Cazalla and Algorrobo watchpoints. Late afternoon La Peña/Santuario watchpoint.
17 Sept a.m. Cazalla watchpoint. p.m. La Janda.


Algorrobo Watchpoint: North side of N340 road, just west of Algeciras turn off the N-340 at 99.1 km road marker.

Almodóvar reservoir: East of Facinas, at start of Ojen Valley.

Barbate estuary / salt marshes: About 40kms north from Tarifa along the N340.

Bolonia: On the coast about half way between Tarifa and Barbate.

Bujeo (picnic area): Puerto del Bujeo. North side of N340 road, west of Algarrobo Watch Point.
Wooded "picnic site" just north of road and a view point overlooking Bay of Algeciras towards Gibraltar. A very rough track continues over the Sierra Bujeo-Sierra Algarrobo through excellent woodland but the track has deteriorated badly and we did not use the route this year.

Cazalla Watchpoint: Small hilltop lookout point on south side of N340 road just east of Tarifa town (85km post). Very helpful and friendly COCN* volunteers are normally here during migartion periods.

East of Tarifa: Scrub, dry hillsides and cultivations in valley east from Tarifa town.

Getares hills: Wooded hills/valley inland from Punta del Carnero, accessed from N340 south of Algeciras.

Huerte Grande: 7-acre "Eco Resort" with Visitor Centre and a short trail amongst mixed woodland. South side of N340 at Pelayo (90km post) by "La Hoya" signpost.

La Janda: North of Tahivilla on the N340 (east of Barbate). We usually access the area from the main Zahara de los Atunas junction. Formerly a vast shallow lake, now drained and cultivated but has many drainage channels, wet rice fields and open fields surrounded by hills.

La Peña/Santuario Watchpoint: In this report refers to the road (and a watchpoint) on north side of the N340 road, sign-posted to Hotel La Peña, and west of Santuario valley. Between Tarifa and Valdevaqueros.

Los Lances: Playa de los Lances. Here refers to the rough fields and scrub as well as the beach and reserve area.

Ojen Valley / Alcornocales: North of Tarifa, accessed from either Facinas or La Jara/Santuario Valley. Road now in very poor condition and we did not travel far this year.

Santuario/Jara Valley (and east track): East of Rio de la Jara, accessed from N340 through two large white arched pillars. Varying habitats, main route leads to Facinas-Puerto de Ojen road but a dirt track 1km or so north along the valley veers east through open fields, usually more productive at this time of year.

Sierra de la Plata: North of Bolonia (between Bolonia and Zahara de los Atunes).

Tambor Valley: Accessed off the south side of N340 at the same point as Huerte Grande). A very rough dirt track through overgrazed fields and scrub, leading to wooded hillsides and ending at Ceres de Tambor (wind turbines). It's a sign-posted walking path (sendero)/cycling route.

* There are two organisations which monitor migration in Spain across the Strait, COCN (Colectivo Ornitológico Cigüeña Negra) and Migres Foundation, both groups having enthusiastic teams of volunteers at the watchpoints; we support COCN.


On one afternoon, when the sea was particularly calm, we went on a whale-watching trip in the Strait. Very worth-while with hundreds of dolphins quite close to the boat (both Striped and Common Dolphins), several Bottle-nosed Dolphins and a group of Pilot Whales, as well as Scopoli's and Balearic Shearwaters and a Pomarine Skua. There are several operators in Tarifa but we always use the company called "firmm" which is a Swiss research foundation (non-profit, non-governmental) set up to study and protect marine mammals and their natural habitat. They run scientific projects and offer whale watching trips and observation courses; we feel confident that the welfare of the animals has absolute priority on their trips. Having said that, all the operators here are strictly regulated although not necessarily research-driven.


This area is known as the windy coast - it's Europe's windsurfing capital - and it certainly lived up to its reputation. For the first and third weeks the wind was very strong, uncomfortably so at times. Cloud was often low and heavy early in the day but usually cleared by mid-late morning. The middle week was much calmer, with mostly blue skies and so it was very hot. Evenings and nights were warm.


In 2012 we were self-catering at Apartment Tanger on the cliffs east of Tarifa overlooking the Strait. At that time we checked out the accommodation available at our favourite restaurant, PachaMama, on the N340 north-west out of Tarifa town, opposite Los Lances beach. We weighed up the pros and cons and decided to book this for our 2013 trip. The "cons" were the noisy nightlife and passing traffic but the "pros" far outweighed these inconveniences: a vast balcony with 360o views including Los Lances beach and Santuario valley towards La Peña and right under the migration route of thousands of raptors when the predominantly-easterly wind is blowing. We did not regret the decision.

K & M Claydon

Species Lists

SPECIES LIST (K&M Claydon only; D&JB may produce a separate trip report)

BIRDS 145 sp.

Numerous around the farm at La Janda but occasional sightings of small coveys elsewhere.

COMMON PHEASANT Phasianus colchicus
Only in the vicinity of the farm at La Janda.

GADWALL Anas strepera
1 at La Janda on 10th Sep.

MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos
Small numbers at La Janda; highest day count 16.

SHOVELER Anas clypaeta
Small numbers at La Janda; highest day count 6.

GARGANEY Anas querquedula
2 at La Janda on 10th, 1 there on 15th.

TEAL Anas crecca
2 at La Janda on 30th Aug, 4 there on 12th Sept.

RED-CRESTED POCHARD Calonectris diomedea
Pair in main drain at La Janda on 30th Aug.

SCOPOLI'S SHEARWATER Calonectris diomedea
Up to 4 off Los Lances on seven days. c.6 seen from whale-watching boat in the Strait.

BALEARIC SHEARWATER Puffinus mauretanicus
Up to 4 off Los Lances on four days.

GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus roseus
12 at La Janda on 30th Aug, including 3 juvs. 1-3 juvs at La Janda on other visits. Single juv at Los Lances most days.

BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra
Frequent sightings of small groups and flocks:
29th Aug: 3 over Cazalla
1st Sep: 7 Cazalla
2nd Sep: 14 PachaMama
5th Sep: 20 Cazalla
7th Sep: 2 Algorrobo
9th Sep: 1 over Tarifa
11 Sep: 2 + 11 at Cazalla
13th Sep: 1 resting on Los Lances beach, 21 + 7 over Cazalla

WHITE STORK Ciconia ciconia
Large numbers around La Janda (decreasing over the three weeks). Some very large flocks (up to 2,000) attempting to cross the Strait at Tarifa.

GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus
Very large numbers at La Janda, estimated 1,000+ on 30th Aug and 12th Sept. 1 flew over Los Lances beach on 1st and a small flock was flying northwards off Tarifa on 6th.

EURASIAN SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia
1 at La Janda on 30th Aug, 7 there on 10th + 12th and 4 on 15th.

SQUACCO HERON Ardeola ralloides
4 at La Janda on 8th, 2 there on 10th.

Very common and widespread. Large roost in Tarifa town.

GREY HERON Ardea cinerea

PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea
1-2 (juvs) at La Janda most days. 2 by Jara river/Santuario Valley.

LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta
Common at La Janda (c.15 on 10th). 1-3 around Los Lances most days.

NORTHERN GANNET Morus bassanus
Occasional sightings of 1-2 off Los Lances. 2 seen from whale-watching boat.

Phalacrocorax carbo
3 at Barbate estuary.

OSPREY Pandion haliaetus
1 over Cazalla watchpoint on 5th; 2 over La Janda on 12th.

BLACK-WINGED KITE Elanus caeruleus
Singles at La Janda on two days.

EGYPTIAN VULTURE Neophron percnopterus
Good numbers passing through on most days, e.g. 100+ over Cazalla watchpoint on 13th.

Very impressive movements on six days: e.g. >10,000 over PachaMama on 2nd Sept (6,400 between 08.00 to 12.00) and >1,620 on 31st Aug. Main passage had tailed off by 6th but still seen on all but two days with up to 60 birds per day.

Up to 15 birds usually visible at any one time on most days - total number much higher.

SHORT-TOED SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus gallicus
Small numbers daily from 28th Aug-4th Sept then c.1,230 over PachaMama/Cazalla watchpoint on 5th and varying numbers after that (2-100 / day).

BOOTED EAGLE Hieraaetus pennatus
Small numbers (up to 15 daily) until 4th Sept then increasing - e.g. >100 on 5th, 200+ on 13th and many more on 14th (the most numerous raptor that day).

2 adults + 1 juv together at La Janda on 12th.

BONELLI'S EAGLE Aquila fasciata
1 juv over Algorrobo on 7th; 2 near Punta Carnero on 14th; 1 adult at La Janda on 17th.

Obvious passage throughout with frequent sightings of 1-3 birds often moving steadily southwards (Los Lances/Cazalla watchpoint/Algorrobo, etc.) 20+ birds seen through the day on 5th. 5 circling together near Punta Carnero on 14th.

WESTERN MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosus
Small numbers on passage, singles frequent in most areas. Up to 14 around La Janda each visit.

HEN HARRIER Circus cyaneus
1 over Los Lances fields on 29th Aug.

MONTAGU'S HARRIER Circus pygargus
Frequent sightings around La Janda (up to 11 birds, mostly juvs and females). >12 over Cazalla watchpoint on 5th.

RED KITE Milvus milvus
4 over PachaMama on 31st Aug. 1 in Santuario/Jara Valley on 5th; 2 (ad + juv) over Cazalla watchpoint on 13th.

BLACK KITE Milvus migrans
Some very impressive movements on five days, e.g. 9,000 on 31st Aug over Pacha Mama. Seen daily.

1 at Algorrobo showed features well, although hybrids with Buteo buteo are known here.

Occasional sightings of singles/2s all areas, local birds as well as some over Cazalla with other migrating raptors.

LESSER KESTREL Falco naumanni
5 at La Janda on 10th and 12th, 9 there on 15th. Up to 10 along Santuario/Jara east valley on 11th and 14th.

COMMON KESTREL Falco tinnunculus
Common, seen most days.

EURASIAN HOBBY Falco subbuteo
1 juv falcon over Cazalla watchpoint on 15th was probably this sp.

PEREGRINE FALCON Falco peregrinus
Singles at La Janda, over PachaMama-Santuario/Jara Valley and over Tarifa.

COMMON MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus
Surprisinlgly few, only at La Janda where max. day count was 4.

Seen at La Janda each visit (8-10).

OYSTERCATCHER Haematopus ostralegus
1 at Los Lances seen on four days, 2 there on 10th. 1 at Barbate estuary.

BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus
Large numbers - hundreds - at La Janda each visit.

AVOCET Recurvirostris avosetta
Just 1, at La Janda on 30th Aug.

NORTHERN LAPWING Vanellus vanellus
2 at La Janda on 30th Aug, 3 there on 4th Sept.

GREY PLOVER Pluvialis squatarola
1 at Barbate on 10th.

RINGED PLOVER Charadrius hiaticula
Up to 10 at Los Lances beach each visit. 30+ at Barbate.

LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius
c. 6 at Los Lances each visit. 2 at La Janda on 4th & 8th, 6+ there on 12th and 3 on 15th. 2 at Almodóvar reservoir on 6th.

KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus
Up to 15 at Los Lances each visit. 60+ at Barbate.

COMMON SNIPE Gallinago gallinago
Common around La Janda, highest count of 10 on 15th but likely many more in rice fields.

14 at La Janda on 10th, 1 there on 15th.

BAR-TAILED GODWIT Limosa lapponica
3 at Barbate on 10th. 1 at Los Lances beach on 11th.

WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus
3-4 at Los Lances on 28th Aug. 15+ at Barbate on 10th.

COMMON REDSHANK Tringa totanus
3 at Barbate on 10th.

COMMON GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia
1 at La Janda on 30th Aug. 2 at Barbate on 10th.

GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus
Very common at La Janda - highest day-count 20 but probably many more in rice fields. 3 at Barbate.

WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola
3 at La Janda on 10th. 10+ at Los Lances on 12th.

COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos
1 at La Janda on 30th Aug. 1 at Almodóvar reservoir on 3rd Sept, 2 there on 6th. 2 at Los Lances beach on 6th. 1 Barbate and 1 La Janda on 10th.

RUDDY TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres
5+ at Barbate.

RED KNOT Calidris canutus
2 at Los Lances on 30th Aug. 2 Barbate on 10th Sept.

SANDERLING Calidris alba
Seen most days (20-50) along beach at Los Lances. 20+ at Barbate.

CURLEW SANDPIPER Calidris ferruginea
7 at Barbate on 10th.

DUNLIN Calidris alpina
Small flocks (6-12) at Los Lances beach on several days.

RUFF Philomachus pugnax
6 at La Janda on 30th, 3 there on 12th. 2 at Barbate on 10th.

COLLARED PRATINCOLE Glareola pratincola
1 juv. at Los Lances beach on 30th Aug. c.6 at La Janda on each visit.

BLACK-HEADED GULL Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Small numbers often on Los Lances beach.

AUDOUIN'S GULL Ichthyaetus audouinii
4-5 at Los Lances most day.

YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus michahellis
Very common along the coast, with flocks frequently on Los Lances beach.

20+ at La Janda on 12th. 1-3 often at Los Lances. 4 at Barbate.

GULL-BILLED TERN Gelochelidon nilotica
1 at La Janda on 30th Aug.

CASPIAN TERN Hydroprogne caspia
1 at Barbate estuary on 10th. 2 at Los Lances on 12th.

SANDWICH TERN Thalasseus sandvicensis
Up to 20 seen at Los Lances on several days.

WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybrida
4 at La Janda on 30th Sept.

GREAT SKUA Stercorarius skua
1 off Los Lances beach on 7th.

Stercorarius pomarinus
1 adult seen from boat in the Strait on 6th.

Common but not numerous.

STOCK DOVE Columba oenas
1 at La Janda on 8th Sept.

WOODPIGEON Columba palumbus
Large flocks, up to 1,000, at La Janda each visit.

EUROPEAN TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia turtur
2-6 seen at La Janda on each visit. 5 over PachaMama on 7th. 2 along Santuario/Jara Valley-east track on 11th. 2 near La Janda on 12th. Occasional singles elsewhere.

EURASIAN COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto
Common throughout.

RED-NECKED NIGHTJAR Caprmulgus ruficollis
4 at La Janda on 15th Sept.

ALPINE SWIFT Tachymarptis melba
2 over Tarifa on 9th. 2 at La Janda on 12th. 1 over Cazalla watchpoint on 16th.

Seen less frequently than Pallid A.pallidus, recorded on nine days.

PALLID SWIFT Apus pallidus
Common. Seen most days in small flocks.

2 over Cazalla watchpoint on 18th Sept. None seen around Sierra de la Plata.

Singles at La Janda on 4th, 12th and 15th. 1 at Los Lances on 6th.

EUROPEAN BEE EATER Merops apiaster
Many flocks moving on most days, flocks up c.40 birds.

HOOPOE Upupa epops
1-2 seen most days, all areas.

1 juvenile at Bujeo woodland. Heard several times around Sierra de la Plata but not seen.

WOODCHAT SHRIKE Lanius senator
5 at La Janda on 30th and 1 there on 15th. 1 in Santuario/Jara Valley-east track on 3rd, 2 there on 5th and again on 6th. Only two were adults (6th and 15th).

1 female over PachaMama on 2nd.

JACKDAW Coloeus monedula
Seen only at La Janda where 150-200 each visit.

2-4 frequently around Cazalla watchpoint. 2 near Bolonia (around San Bartolomé). 3 distant birds at La Janda on 12th.

CRESTED TIT Lophophanes cristatus
2 at Bujeo woods on 7th.

GREAT TIT Parus major
3 at Bujeo woods on 7th.

BLUE TIT Cyanistes caeruleus
Occasional sightings of 1-3 birds at Bujeo, Huerta Grande and Cazalla watchpoint.

GREATER SHORT-TOED LARK Calandrella brachydactyla
At least 2 birds in Santuario/Jara Valley-east track on 5th. 3 at Los Lances on 6th.

LESSER SHORT-TOED LARK Calandrella rufescens
2 at La Janda on 4th.

CRESTED LARK Galerida cristata

THEKLA LARK Galerida theklae
2 at Cazalla watchpoint seen on three days. 4 at Almodóvar reservoir on 6th.

COMMON BULBUL Pycnonotus barbatus
4 birds in valley to east of Tarifa town.

SAND MARTIN Riparia riparia
Very few, just 2-3 seen on seven days.

Hirundo rustica
Common. Many moving southwards each day. On 12th Sept there was a constant southward passage along Los Lances beach for a couple of hours.

EURASIAN CRAG MARTIN Ptyonoprogne rupestris
2 at Sierra de la Plata on two days.

HOUSE MARTIN Delichon urbicum
Small numbers on several days, usually just 1-3 birds, but highest day count 25 at Bujeo on 7th Sept.

RED-RUMPED SWALLOW Cecropis daurica
2 singles east of Algeciras on 28th Aug. 7 in Santuario/Jara Valley on 3rd. 2 over PachaMama on 9th. 1 at La Janda on 12th. 1 in Getares hills on 14th. 7 over Cazalla watchpoint on 15th and 1 there on 16th. 1 past PachaMama on 16th.

CETTI'S WARBLER Cettia cettia
Frequently heard in any suitable habitat but only 3 seen, at La Janda.

WILLOW WARBLER Phylloscopus trochilus
1 at Cazalla watchpoint on 13th.

COMMON CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus collybita
2 at Bujeo woods on 1st and again on 7th.

IBERIAN CHIFFCHAFF Phylloscopus ibericus
1 seen and heard at Huerta Grande on 1st.

WESTERN BONELLI'S WARBLER Phylloscopus bonelli
2 singles at Bujeo woods on 7th.

ZITTING CISTICOLA Cisticola juncidis
Common and widespread.

BLACKCAP Sylvia atricapilla
1 at Huerta Grande on 1st. 1 at Bujeo woods on 7th. 1 heard east of Tarifa.

1 east of Tarifa on 9th.

SUBALPINE WARBLER Sylvia cantillans
1 female at Bujeo woods on 1st.

SARDINIAN WARBLER Sylvia melanocephala
Common and widespread.

FIRECREST Regulus ignicapilla
1 at Huerta Grande on 1st. 1 at Bujeo woods on 7th.

WREN Troglodytes troglodytes
1 east of Tarifa on 16th.

SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER Certhia brachydactyla
1 at Bujeo woods on 13th.

SPOTLESS STARLING Sturnus unicolor
Very common, seen daily in large flocks, most areas.

BLACKBIRD Turdus merula
5 along Sierra de la Plata road. Occasional sightings of up to 3 birds most days.

ROBIN Erithacus rubecula
1 at Bujeo on 7th. 1 east of Tarifa on 16th.

COMMON NIGHTINGALE Luscinia megarhynchos
1 seen and heard (creaking call) in Getares hills on 14th. 1 at La Janda singing briefly on 15th.

COMMON REDSTART Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Male at Bujeo woods on 7th. 2 males east of Tarifa on 9th. 5 Tambor Valley 13th. 4 Getares hills on 14th.

WHINCHAT Saxicola rubetra
7 at La Janda on 10th and 3 there on 15th.

STONECHAT Saxicola rubicola
Very common and widespread.

NORTHERN WHEATEAR Oenanthe oenanthe
2 at La Janda on 30th Aug, 1 there on 8th Sept and 1 on 15th. Pair in Santuario/Jara Valley-east track on 5th. 1 male by Los Lances beach on 6th. 1 at Cazalla watchpoint on 16th.

BLACK-EARED WHEATEAR Oenanthe hispanica
2 pairs at La Peña/Santuario watchpoint on 2nd. 1 female in Ojen Valley on 3rd. 1 female Santuario/Jara Valley on 6th.

BLUE ROCK THRUSH Monticola solitarius
Male at Sierra de la Plata on 29th Aug, 2 males + 1 female there 8th Sept. Brief view of 1 near Zahara de los Atunes on 10th.

SPOTTED FLYCATCHER Muscicapa striata
Fairly common and widespread, usually singles but two family groups at Bujeo woodland on 1st and 8 there on 8th.

PIED FLYCATCHER Ficedula hypoleuca
2 singles at Bujeo woodland on 7th. 2 together in pines by The Mirador on 13th. 2 east of Tarifa on 16th.

HOUSE SPARROW Passer domesticus

SPANISH SPARROW Passer hispaniolensis
At least 5 obvious males picked out amongst the large flocks of House Sparrows at La Janda; probably many more as we did not attempt a full count.

Occasional sightings of small parties: 6+ at Los Lances, c.10 at La Janda, 3-4 at Almadovar reservoir, 6 Cazalla watchpoint. A few singles elsewhere.

WHITE WAGTAIL Motacilla alba
Just 2, by Almadovar reservoir.

TAWNY PIPIT Anthus campestris
Min.7 on 31st along Santuario/Jara Valley-east track on 31st Aug.. 4 at Los Lances on 6th.

CHAFFINCH Fringilla coelebs
Uncommon. c.6 Huerta Grande. Singles/2s Santuario/Jara Valley-east track, Bujeo, Tambor Valley and Getares hills.

GREENFINCH Chloris chloris
Common at La Janda around sunflower crops. Small numbers elsewhere - Huerte Grande, Bujeo, Tambor Valley.

LINNET Linaria cannabina
20+ at La Janda on 30th Aug. Up to 10 along Santuario/Jara Valley-east track. 3 by Almodóvar reservoir.

GOLDFINCH Carduelis carduelis
Very common everywhere.

CORN BUNTING Emberiza calandra
Common. Flocks of 30-50 frequent around PachaMama and Santuario/Jara Valley. Smaller numbers at Cazalla watchpoint and La Janda.

CIRL BUNTING Emberiza cirlus
3 in hills near Getares.


Rattus norvegicus
EUROPEAN RABBIT Oryctolagus cuniculus
STRIPED DOLPHIN Stenella coeruleoalba
COMMON DOLPHIN Delphinus delphis
LONG-FINNED PILOT WHALE Globicephala melas
EGYPTIAN MONGOOSE Herpestes ichneumon
[ signs of EUROPEAN OTTER Lutra lutra ]


STRIPELESS TREE FROG Hyla meridionalis
SPANISH TERRAPIN Mauremys leprosa
MOORISH GECKO Tarentola mauritanica
IBERIAN WALL LIZARD Podarcis hispanica
? HORSESHOE WHIP SNAKE (dead) Hemorrhois hippocrepis
? LADDER SNAKE Rhinechis scalaris


WALL BROWN Lasiommata megera
TREE GRAYLING Hipparchia statilinus
GATEKEEPER Pyronia tithonus
MEADOW BROWN Maniola jurtina
SWALLOWTAIL Papilio machaon
CLOUDED YELLOW Colias crocea
LARGE WHITE Pieris brassicae
SMALL WHITE Pieris rapae
SMALL COPPER Lycaena phlaeas
LONG-TAILED BLUE Lampides boeticus
HOLLY BLUE Celastrina argiolus
BROWN ARGUS Aricia agestis
COMMON BLUE Polyommatus icarus
ADONIS BLUE Lysandra bellargus
MONARCH Danaus plexippus
PAINTED LADY Vanessa cardui
TWO-TAILED PASHA Charaxes jasius
SPECKLED WOOD Pararge aegeria
HUMMINGBIRD HAWKMOTH Macroglossum stellatarum
CRIMSON SPECKLED MOTH Utetheisa pulchella


LESSER EMPEROR Anax parthenope
KEELED SKIMMER Orthetrum coerulescens
LONG SKIMMER Orthetrum trinacria
RED-VEINED DARTER Sympetrum fonscolombii
BANDED GROUNDLING Brachythemis leucosticta


BLUE-WINGED GRASSHOPPER ? Oedipoda caerulescens
EGYPTIAN GRASSHOPPER Anacridium aegyptium
PRAYING MANTIS sp. ? Manta religiosa
MANTIS (nymph) sp. ? Empusa fasciata
MANTIS sp. ? Ameles spallanzania
CARPENTER BEE Xylocopos sp.
HORNET Vespa crabro
THREAD-WAISTED WASP sp. ? Sceliphron sp.