Bulgaria - 28th May - 5th June 2015

Published by Peter Williams (peterwilliams23 AT btinternet.com)

Participants: Ken Chamberlain, Martin Pearce, Peter Williams, Daniel Mitev - Guide


We are three British birdwatchers in our 60s, who organised a private trip to Bulgaria with a guide from Neophron Tours. We chose to focus on Eastern Bulgaria, largely the Black Sea Coast - 3 days around Varna, 3 days around Bourgas and 2 in the Eastern Rhodopes. The main reason for the focus was to avoid long days of driving. This meant we had to accept not seeing Wallcreeper or Nutcracker. For us this was acceptable. In retrospect this was an eminently sensible decision now that we appreciate the variable nature of Bulgaria's highways!

We therefore flew into Varna and out of Bourgas with Wizz Air. It is cheaper to fly in and out of Sofia but the extra cost was definitely worth it for us. Our guide was Daniel Mitev from Neophron Tours. Daniel was an excellent guide and birder, with astonishingly good ears (able to locate singing warblers as we drove by with windows closed!), excellent eyes and always keen to ensure we had an excellent birding trip. All our arrangements went well.

Bulgaria is an excellent place for a birding trip for several reasons. Firstly, it has a number of special birds which are hard to find elsewhere. Such birds as Eastern Imperial Eagle, Levant Sparrowhawk, Eagle Owl, 9 species of Woodpecker, 4 species of Shrike, Semi-Collared Flycatcher, Collared Pratincole, Sombre Tit and various Warblers - Paddyfield, Eastern Bonelli's, Olive-tree, Olivaceous, Icterine Subalpine and Barred are all viewable - and a good many others besides if you have longer than we did. Second, birds we used to regard as common but are now rare in the UK, are commonplace in Bulgaria and widespread. Birds such as Corn Bunting, Turtle Dove, Nightingale, Cirl Bunting, Hawfinch and Cuckoo were seen regularly every day. Third, Bulgaria is an interesting country with wonderful landscapes, quiet roads, and areas of great tranquillity. Rural depopulation is clearly a big issue and in post-communist times has led to significant numbers of derelict buildings. The financial crash has added to this burden with substantial numbers of building projects, particularly around the Black Sea coast, where work appeared to have stopped overnight and now, the unfinished shells only provide homes for Red-rumped Swallows and Black Redstarts.

Our trip was from 28th May to 5th June. This was rather late in the season, particularly for bird song, woodpeckers and birds on migration, but was the time we could all manage, and in the end, we did pretty well with nearly all our target species and actually heard a lot more birds singing than we expected, although the season was apparently later in some respects than in recent years. We saw 192 species overall. The weather was generally pleasant and warm and maxima were in the mid 20's. An impressive thunderstorm in the Rhodopes was the only rain we saw. Our only problem with the weather was the wind in the Varna area on Day 2 which made reed bed species difficult.

Day 1 - 28th May

We quickly met up with Daniel at Varna Airport at 13:45 and were soon heading inland. A number of stops on the way produced Black-headed Yellow Wagtails, Honey Buzzards, Lesser Grey Shrikes, Corn Buntings, Red-backed Shrikes, Bee Eaters, Woodlark and Lesser Spotted Eagle. A Nightjar flying down the road in front of us was a bit of a surprise. At one stop, on the edge of a forest, we connected with Wryneck, Hawfinch, Honey Buzzards, Common Buzzard, and White Stork (the latter on one of the numerous nests in most of the villages we travelled through). A stop at a winter 'flash' at Senokos produced; Great Egret, Black Stork, White Stork, Shelduck, 9 Ruddy Shelduck, 15 Little Stint, 10 Curlew Sandpiper, Hoopoe and Black-headed Yellow Wagtail. Moving around the flash to view the area from a different angle produced Marsh Warbler (brief views), Hawfinch, Turtle Dove and Marsh Harrier.

Stopping at a cliff on the way to our hotel led to really good views of a roosting European Eagle Owl. A final bonus, before arriving at the hotel at Kavarna was the sight of 3 Red-footed Falcons.

Day 2 - 29th May

This was a day focussing on the lakes around Durankulak and Shabla however, before leaving and by looking south from the hotel balcony, good numbers of Alpine Swifts were seen around the Kavarna cliffs. Just short of Durankulak there were 20 Red-footed Falcons hawking over the fields. We arrived at the lake to find very windy conditions which, infuriatingly, persisted all day. In the camp site car park there were Tree Sparrows and a White Wagtail, with a Little Ringed Plover on the beach. The marsh area on the north-east side of the lake provided an opportunity to connect with; Great Reed Warbler, Reed Warblers, and Reed Bunting (of the sub-species reiseri, with extra heavy bill). A Paddyfield Warbler was heard, but not seen, even after much searching. Over the marsh and open water were Squacco Heron, Purple Heron, Whiskered Tern, Marsh Harriers and White-tailed Sea Eagle. Moving to the other side of the lake we heard, but didn't see Marsh Warbler, Golden Oriole and Icterine Warbler.

After lunch we moved to the Shabla lake complex. On the approach we were able to stop to look at a Red-rumped Swallow nest and admire the complex construction that was underway. A Barred Warbler was heard and then seen, there were Lesser Grey and Red-backed Shrikes everywhere and also Red-footed Falcons, Hobbies, Whitethroat, Black-headed Buntings, Roller and a Steppe Buzzard. At the marsh we heard a Savi's Warbler, which we failed to find but compensation came in the form of a Paddyfield Warbler, perched on a reed stem, which gave good, if brief, views and a truncated version of its song. Moving around to a different part of the lakes across a steppe like area we saw a number of Tawny Pipits, Hoopoes, Rollers and White Storks. Back at the marsh we were able to see a Savi's (attracted by tape) down to a few feet with a Starling like alarm call. We finished the day at the Tuzla Lake with 5 Garganey, Great Egret, Ferruginous Duck, Gadwall, Pochard, Water Rail, Spoonbill but the warblers stayed low in the reeds due to the continuing windy conditions. A Baltic Gull flying along the beach was a good end to the day.

Day 3 - Saturday 30th May

After the windy conditions of the previous day we decided on a pre-breakfast trip to the Tuzla Lake at Sabla for a (hopefully) better view of Paddyfield Warbler. It was a lovely sunny day with a cloudless sky and a light breeze but still the warblers didn't co-operate and none were in the reed tops. We did hear a Savi's and saw Black-headed Gull, and Hawfinch. After breakfast we saw a Lesser Spotted Eagle flying south behind the hotel. While discussing that we also spotted a bird of prey sitting on the cliffs. Daniel was very keen to 'scope' it and it was just as well as it turned out to be a Levant's Sparrowhawk. A Hobby then also passed by. Taking our cue from the birds, we drove to the cliffs for a closer view of the action and were fortunate to see a Dark Phase Booted Eagle, Long-legged Buzzard, Common Buzzard, Honey Buzzard, Kestrel and Hobby. Also there were a Black Redstart, Black-eared Wheatear, Hawfinch, an Olivaceous Warbler and 19 fly by Spoonbills. The 'squeaky gate' alarm call of a Nightingale was a new one for us.

We then headed off towards Kaliakra stopping at the Steppe area on the way where good numbers of Calandra Lark, Greater Short-toed Lark, Skylark, Tawny Pipit, Roller, Isabelline Wheatear and a Little Owl were seen. Having stopped for lunch at Balgarevo we drove towards the Kaliakra Cove, seeing Whinchat, Woodlark, Roller and hearing Olivaceous Warbler on the way. At the cove we had a frustrating time trying to pin down a pair of very mobile Pied Wheatears. Out at sea were a couple of Shags. At Kaliakra Point the Pied Wheatear frustrations were soon forgotten as they were commonplace and confiding as also were the Black-headed Buntings.

We had time to give the Tuzla Lake at Sabla another go, and stopping only for an excellent view of Ortolan Bunting on the way, we found conditions apparently perfect still. However, 4 or 5 fruitless stops around the lake later we still hadn't connected with the elusive Paddyfield Warblers, although we had heard it reasonably well. We did hear a calling Little Bittern sounding very like a dog's 'woof'. Finally, at our last stop we caught up with the Bloody (as it was now known) Warbler which gave good close-up views at low level and finally at the top of a reed stem. An excellent end to an excellent day’s birding.

Day 4 - Sunday 31st May

We were moving to the Bourgas area today and were able to make several interesting stops on the way. The first was at Batova river valley, where Woodpeckers were the principal target. After a few Spotted Flycatchers, Hawfinch and Lesser Spotted Woodpecker we were eventually able to spot a Grey-headed Woodpecker, which was pushed off by a couple of Green Woodpeckers which gave a good opportunity to compare and contrast. Peter had a brief view of a very mobile Semi-collared Flycatcher. Near a (closed) observation tower we heard, and then saw, a Middle Spotted Woodpecker. The brighter head and higher pitched call compared to Great Spotted were both evident. A Black Woodpecker was heard briefly but not seen. We also bumped into a couple of British birders here who were very keen to show us their pictures of Rose-coloured Starlings they had taken at Kaliakra point on Thursday - bless them! On the way back to the car park an Olivaceous Warbler was singing and eventually gave good views.

We stopped in the Gorica Forest for lunch at a cafe in the forest. While waiting for our food we were able to watch the local Semi-collared Flycatchers (also very mobile). After lunch we stopped in the forest itself where we saw a pair of Great Spotted Woodpeckers, Semi-collared Flycatchers and Spotted Flycatchers. Daniel then heard an Icterine Warbler and we were then entertained to a fascinating (and a little frustrating) half hour as the bird went through its repertoire of mimicry of Song Thrush, Jay, Common Buzzard, Starling, Tawny Owl Golden Oriole and Great Spotted Woodpecker. It was only towards the end of the half hour that we were able to see the bird high up in the branches and confirm that yes it was a warbler! From there we took the pass road to Bourgas with frequent stops for Sombre Tit which only Ken saw, for Woodchat Shrike and for Eastern Bonelli's Warbler which was heard but only seen fleetingly. On the final stretch to our hotel at Sarafovo we saw a Lesser Spotted Eagle and a Gull-billed Tern.

Day 5 - Monday 1st June

Our first stop was to have another go for the Eastern Bonelli's Warbler in the Eastern Balkan Range. The bird was eventually seen and heard well. Another Lesser Spotted Eagle was also seen at this location, along with Hawfinch and Great Spotted Woodpecker. At the town of Cerno More a single Collared Pratincole was seen in flight and two were on the ground in a ploughed field where their colouration made them extremely difficult to pick up. Further down the track around some lakes we found a Penduline Tit’s nest, but no birds. After some searching we found a bird in the process of nest building which had reached the ring stage. It was a wonderful construction and a very confiding bird. Also in the area were 10 Whiskered Tern, 1 Common tern, 3 Gull-billed Tern, 10 Black Tern, and 1 Pygmy Cormorant. Back at the Pratincole site we could see a number of birds in the distance over the local coal mine. Our next stop was at the salt pans at Atanosovsko where Avocets, Black-winged Stilts and Great Egret were seen. In the distance we could still see a large flock of Pratincoles. So Daniel drove around to the local, and magnificent, tennis centre and negotiated access to the back where, we were able to watch the impressive sight of more than100 Collared Pratincoles hawking for insects over a ripening barley field. They were joined by Swifts, Kestrels and Gull-billed Terns.

We stopped for a picnic lunch next to Bourgas Lake where there were Night Herons, Squacco Herons, Little Bittern, White Pelicans, Penduline Tit (heard), Whiskered Tern, Black Tern and a Grass Snake. At Lake Mandra the water was high and we only saw Night Heron and Hawfinch. At Dimcevo however, the water level seemed just perfect and the area was heaving with birds, including White Stork, Night Heron, Great Egret, Spoonbill, Grey Heron, Little Egret, Glossy Ibis (30+), Sandwich Tern, Black-headed Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Lapwings, Ringed Plover, Whiskered Tern, Marsh Sandpiper, Garganey, Little tern and Caspian Tern. At the Izgrev Salt Pans we added 5 Dalmatian Pelicans and at the Pomorie Salt Pans there were Kentish Plover along with Avocets and Black-winged Stilts.

Day 6 - Tuesday 2nd June.

This was to be a Woodpecker day close to the Turkish border where regular checks of passports are made. Our first stop was for Olive Tree Warbler at the entrance of the Stranja Nature Park which was partially successful with fleeting views. A lesser Spotted Woodpecker was also seen there. Our first stop in the Hasekijata Forest (a really nice beech forest) produced a very zebra-backed looking woodpecker which a process of deduction led to being called as a White-backed Woodpecker. The following stop gave views of Middle Spotted, Grey-headed Woodpecker and Great Spotted Woodpeckers, Nuthatch and Short-toed Treecreeper. After several quiet stops we reached Costi Village for coffee. On the way back we stopped again at the first forest stop which gave good views of a White-backed Woodpecker for Martin and Ken and an astonishing fly-by Black Woodpecker. We were just leaving in the van when Ken and Daniel had extremely close views of a further White-backed Woodpecker.

We then returned via the lake at Dimcevo where the Caspian Tern was still in residence and had been joined by some additional birds including Rook (the only one of the trip), Ruff, Wood Sandpiper, Mediterranean Gulls, White Pelicans and 9 Garganey.

Day 7 - Wednesday 3rd June.

This was a long day as we transferred to Crumovgrad in the Eastern Rhodopes. A few stops on the way picked up Lesser Spotted Eagle, Black Kite, Honey Buzzard, a pair of Montagu's Harriers and a family group of 5 Black Storks. Near Topolovgrad we stopped to try to see Eastern Imperial Eagle. We were soon successful and saw one bird down to 100 yards and another perched on a nearby pylon looking really immense. Also there were Isabelline Wheatear and Cirl Bunting. As we were leaving the village a Syrian Woodpecker flew into a handy viewing position - all 9 species seen on the trip!

The next stop was at the Lesser Kestrel reintroduction project, an excellent LIFE funded project where the first 'natural' hatching had recently taken place, alongside some of the birds brought in from Spain. The adult birds showed really well and we were spoiled by the sight of two further Eastern Imperial Eagles overhead.

A stop at a potential Levant's Sparrowhawk site soon produced a male which flew up into a poplar and then away. Shortly afterwards a Goshawk flew down the road in front of the van. The next stop was at a Masked Shrike area where we had good views of Woodchat Shrike, Nightingale, Golden Oriole and Raven. Just after we'd given up and were walking back to the van, Martin spotted the bird close to where the van was parked! We all had good views. After supper in a local restaurant in Crumovgrad we heard Scops Owls calling on the way back to the hotel.

Day 8 - Thursday 4th June.

On leaving Crumovgrad we stopped for a pair of Common Redstart of the sub-species samamisicus - with a white wing panel and seemingly much redder than ours. A stop at a potential Sombre Tit was unsuccessful. At Potochnitsa we had brief views of Olive Tree Warbler, Eastern Orphean Warbler, Sardinian Warbler and an Olivaceous Warbler. Also there were Woodchat Shrikes and some Griffon Vultures getting up from nearby crags. We then travelled towards a vulture feeding station for Subalpine Warbler, without luck, but did see a number of Griffon Vultures and a Long-legged Buzzard. A really bright lemon Grey Wagtail on the roof of a Museum appeared to be outside its normal range. At a crag site we immediately saw a Peregrine Falcon flying and calling, followed by good views of Sombre Tit. Also there were Rock Nuthatch at a nest hole with young showing, Blue Rock Thrush, Rock Bunting, an Ortolan Bunting and a Black-eared Wheatear up high. Further along at another crag site we eventually found a Subalpine Warbler and had excellent views of a perched Egyptian Vulture. An impressive thunderstorm at lunch led to local flooding but fortunately the van was able to plough through the flood. At a viewing point for Golden Eagle we were unsuccessful with the Eagle but did see a group of Alpine Swifts. At Kovil, 2 Syrian Woodpeckers were spotted on concrete telegraph poles working their way to the top then flycatching. They repeated this process 2 or 3 times each. Our last stop at a potential Black-eared Wheatear site produced a Chukar and some Hobbies but no Wheatears.

Day 9 - Friday 5th June.

We needed to get back to Bourgas for a tea time flight so we had time for only a few stops. Back at the crags we again saw Peregrine Falcon, but this time, we were able to see the Subalpine Warbler briefly. At the 2nd crag Red-rumped Swallows, Crag Martins and House Martins were busy coming down to a puddle in front of the van. Also there were Blue Rock Thrush, Long-legged Buzzard and Black-eared Wheatear. En route a Sparrowhawk dashed across the road. A lunch stop on a plateau produced Long-legged Buzzard, Calandra Larks.

Back at Bourgas Lake 2 White-tailed Sea Eagles put in an impressive appearance. At the Salt pans Dalmatian Pelicans, Common Terns, Avocets and an Olivaceous Warbler rounded off a really enjoyable holiday.

Species Lists

English Name, Latin Name, Number of days seen

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis 5
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 4
Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus 3
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis 1
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 9
White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus 3
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus 2
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus 3
Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 4
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 1
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides 4
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 5
Great Egret Casmerodius albus 5
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 2
White Stork Ciconia ciconia 9
Black Stork Ciconia nigra 3
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus 2
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 4
Mute Swan Cygnus olor 7
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 7
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 1
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 6
Gadwall Anas strepera 5
Shoveler Anas clypeata 2
Garganey Anas querquedula 3
Common Pochard Athya ferina 4
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyocra 3
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus 2
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus 2
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla 2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca 1
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina 7
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennata 3
Black Kite Milvus migrans 2
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus 8
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus 2
Steppe Buzzard Buteo buteo vulpinus 2
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus 5
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo 9
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivornus 5
Sparrowhawk Accipter nisus 1
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipter brevipes 2
Goshawk Accipter gentilis 1
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 8
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 1
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus 4
Hobby Falco subbuteo 3
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 2
Chukar Alectoris chukar 1
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix 2
Common Quail Cotumix coturnix 1
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 2
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus 1
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2
Common Coot Fulica atra 5
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus 2
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 3
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 5
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola 1
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 2
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula 2
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus 1
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 8
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 2
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 1
Ruff Philomachus pugnax 1
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea 1
Little Stint Calidris minuta 1
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis 9
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus 1
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus 4
Baltic Gull Larus fuscus fuscus 1
Little Tern Sterna albifrons 2
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis 2
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 2
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 5
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia 2
Black Tern Chlidonias niger 2
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus 3
Stock Dove Columba oenas 1
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus 8
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto 9
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur 9
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 9
Eurasian Eagle Owl Bubo bubo 1
Little Owl Athene noctua 2
Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops 2
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus 1
Common Swift Apus apus 9
Alpine Swift Apus melba 4
European Roller Coracias garrulus 7
Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops 9
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster 9
Black Woodpecker Dendrocopos martius 2
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major 5
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus 3
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius 2
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos 1
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor 2
Wryneck Jynx torquilla 1
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus 2
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis 4
Common Skylark Alauda arvensis 9
Crested Lark Galerida cristata 3
Woodlark Lullula arborea 4
Greater short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla 1
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra 3
Sand Martin Riparia riparia 4
Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris 3
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 7
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica 9
House Martin Delichon urbicum 9
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris 3
White Wagtail Motacilla alba 7
Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava feldeg 8
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes 2
Robin Erithacus rubecula 5
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos 9
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus 1
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros 5
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra 1
European Stonechat Saxicola torquatus 3
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe 4
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina 3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica 3
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka 1
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata 1
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquarta 1
Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius 2
Song Thrush Turdus philemolos 7
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus 3
Common Blackbird Turdus merula 8
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides 2
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti 4
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus 7
Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola 2
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus 3
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris 2
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina 2
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais pallida 6
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum 3
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus 1
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita 6
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix 1
Eastern Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus orientalis 2
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla 8
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin 1
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantilland 2
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria 4
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca 2
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis 6
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melancephala 1
Bearded (Reedling) Tit Panurus biarmicus 1
Great Tit Parus major 9
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus 7
Marsh Tit Parus palustris 1
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris 1
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus 3
Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus 2
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea 4
Western Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer 1
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydatyla 2
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus 9
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio 9
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator 4
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor 8
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus 1
Jay Garrulus glandarius 9
Magpie Pica pica 9
Jackdaw Corvus monedula 8
Rook Corvus frugilegus 1
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix 9
Common Raven Corvus corax 3
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris 9
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 9
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolenis 9
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 5
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs 8
Greenfinch Chloris chloris 7
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis 8
Linnet Carduelis cannabina 5
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes 8
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra 9
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus 5
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus 2
Ortolan Bunting Emberizahortulana 5
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella 1
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala 8
(Western) Rock Bunting Emberiza cia 1

Total number of species seen 192