July 19th: A full day at Huacarpay Lakes and night in the Inca Capital Cusco.
July 20th: Cusco to the Wayqecha Biological Station with birding stops along the way.
July 21st: Early breakfast at Wayqecha Biological Station and then down the road birding between the tunnels and Pillahuata and back to Wayqecha Biological Station for lunch. In the afternoon we birded up the road near Ajanacco Pass and back to the Wayqecha Biological Station for the night.
July 22nd: Early breakfast and again down the road to Pillahuata and Cock of the Rock Lodge. We birded the road all day making several stops. Night at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
July 23rd: Early we visited Cock of the Rock lek and then back to the lodge for breakfast and later we birded the roadside for the rest of the day. Night at CORL.
July 24th: Early breakfast and then down the road and a full morning roadside birding at lower elevations and then lunch at the lodge. In the afternoon we birded up the road. Night CORL.
July 25th: Early breakfast and then up the road and we birded around Rocotal all morning and in the afternoon we birded near the Lodge. Night at CORL.
July 26th: We left to Amazonia Lodge and during the morning we birded at 1000 meters elevation near Quitacalzon, Chontachaca, Patria and below Pilcopata and we arrived to Atalaya 4pm and a short boat trip and walk got us to Amazonia lodge.
July 27th: Early morning breakfast and we birded Jeep trail which is now only a forest trail and a small Oxbow Lake. After lunch and in the afternoon we birded other trails. Night Amazonia lodge.
July 28th: A full day biridng the trails. Night at Amazonian Lodge.
July 29th: Today we took to the water from Amazonia Lodge to Manu Wildlife Centre Lodge along the Alto Madre de Dios River arriving at MWC fairly early and birded the canopy tower. Night MWC.
July 30th: Canopy Tower and Creekside trail in the morning. In the afternoon we birded Collpa Trail. Night MWC.
July 31st: Today we visited the Macaw Clay Lick early in the morning and in the afternoon we birded the Collpa trail. Night MWC.
August 1st: This morning we visited the Antthrush Trail to bird a bamboo patch and in the afternoon we birded Riverside Trail.
August 2nd: After breakfast we visited Cocha Camungo canopy tower and Camungo oxbow lake all morning. In the afternoon we birded the grid. Night MWC.
August 3rd: Early breakfast and after we birded Collpa trail and in the afternoon we birded Fig pass trail. Night MWC.
August 4th: We visited Blanco Oxbow Lake paddling around on our catamaran all morning and in the afternoon we visted the canopy tower again. Night MWC.
August 5th: We left MWC early and we birded the Macaw Clay Lick and continued by boat to the gold mining town of Boca Colorado and then to Puerto Maldonado with some stops. We arrived at Puerto Maldonado 5 pm.
August 6th: Early we birded at La Cachuela and then breakfast and to airport for flights to Lima and home.
Great Tinamou - Tinamus major. Heard only, at Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Cinereous Tinamou - Crypturellus cinereus. Seen at Amazonia lodge - great views!
Little Tinamou-Crypturellus soui. Seen at Amazonia lodge.
Brown Tinamou - Crypturellus obsoletus. We saw this 3 different times at Cock of the Rock lodge in the Garden. Great views!
Undulated Tinamou - Crypturellus undulates. One individual at MWC in the garden.
Black capped tinamou - Crypturellus atrocapillus. Heard only, at Amazonia lodge several times.
Horned Screamer - Anhima cornuta. We saw this several times along the Madre De Dios River and Blanco Oxbow lake, many individuals.
Orinoco Goose - Oressochen jubata. We saw twice at different times on the river islands of the Madre de Dios. Great views!
Muscovy Duck - Cairina moschata. Seen two times, one in the Madre de Dios River and one at Blanco Oxbow Lake. Formerly called Musk Duck because the drake has a musky smell.
Torrent Duck – Merganetta armata. We saw one female from the roadside near Rocotal in a small river, nice view. How on earth does this species cope “acoustically” by living in such torrential waters?
Cinnamon Teal - Anas cyanoptera. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes. Very common.
Yellow-billed Pintail - Anas georgica. Also seen at Huacarpay Lakes.
Puna Teal - Anas puna. Common at Huacarpay Lakes.
Yellow-billed Teal - Anas flavirostris. Most Common at Huacarpay Lakes; The SACC says “Hellmayr & Conover (1948a) and many earlier classifications treated andium (Andean Teal) as a separate species from A. flavirostris. Many authors, from Meyer de Schauensee (1970) to Dickinson (2003), have treated andium as a subspecies of A. flavirostris. Anas andium was considered a separate species from Anas flavirostris by Ridgely et al. (2001), and this was followed by Hilty (2003). SACC proposal passed to recognize andium as separate species. Jaramillo (2003) further suggested that the subspecies oxyptera may also deserve recognition as a separate species from A. flavirostris.
Brazilian Teal - Amazonetta brasilensis. Two individuals at La Cachuela at a fish farm in Puerto Maldonado. A recent colonist in Peru.
CHACHALACAS, GUANS & CURASSOWS
Andean Guan - Penelope montagnii. Seen around Pillahuata, 3 individuals on the roadside.
Spix’s Guan - Penelope Jacquacu. Recorded at Amazonia Lodge. Great views sitting in a tree. In Greek mythology Penelope was daughter of Icarus and wife of Ulysses, King of Ithaca.
Blue-throated Piping Guan - Pipile cumanensis - Seen two different times at Amazonia Lodge and Blanco Oxbow Lake.
Wattled Guan - Aburria aburri. Heard only. We heard this below the cock of the rock lodge.
Speckled Chachalaca - Ortalis guttata. A very common bird of Amazonian lowlands. Common in more lightly wooded and forest edge areas in the lowlands.
Razor-billed Curassow - Mitu tuberosa. Seen at Amazonia lodge, great views near the Madre de Dios River.
NEW WORLD QUAIL
Rufous-breasted Wood- Quail - Odontophorus speciosus. Heard only.
Stripe faced Wood-Quail - Odontophorus balliviani. Heard only.
Starred Wood Quail - Odontophorus stellatus. One near the Camungo Canopy tower.
White-tufted Grebe - Rollandia rolland. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes. Named for Master Gunner Roland of the French Corvette L’Uranie which circumnavigated the globe in 1817-1820.
Wood Stork - Mycteria Americana. Seen six different times between MWC and Camungo Oxbow lake.
Neotropic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax brasilianus. Very common bird along the Madre de Dios River.
Anhinga - anhinga anhinga. Seen on two different days on Blanco Oxbow lake and Camungo Lake.
HERONS & BITTERNS
Fasciated Tiger Heron - Tigrisoma fasciatum. Common on the Alto Madre de Dios River.
Rufescent Tiger Heron - Tigrisoma lineatum. 1 individual at Blanco Oxbow lake.
Striated Heron - Butorides striatus. One at Blanco Lake.
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus Ibis. Common on the Alto Madre de Dios River.
Cocoi Heron - Ardea Cocoi. Common bird on Madre de Dios River.
Great Egret - Ardea albus. Common bird on Amazon Rivers.
Capped Heron - Pilherodius pileatus. Very pretty bird seen on 4 different occasions on the Alto Madre de Dios River and Blanco Lake.
Snowy Egret - Egretta thula. A very common bird on the Madre de Dios River.
Little Blue Heron - Egretta caerulea. Seen several times on the Madre de Dios River.
IBIS & SPOONBILLS
Puna Ibis – plegadis ridgwayi. We recorded this at Huacarpay Lakes and Wayqecha Biological Station.
Green Ibis - Mesembrinibis cayennensis. Heard only, at La Cachuela.
Roseate Spoonbill - Ajaia ajaja. Seen at La Cachuela on fish farms. Great views.
Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura. Very common bird. Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the resident tropical subspecies ruficollis and the southern subspecies group (jota and "falklandica") might merit recognition as separate species from the northern Cathartes aura group.
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture - Cathartes melambrotus. Common in the lowland Amazon.
Black Vulture - Coragyps atratus. Most common in the Amazon rainforest.
King Vulture - Sarcoramphus papa. We had great views at Amazonia lodge and near the MWC.
Osprey - Pandion haliaetus. One seen at Blanco Oxbow lake in flight.
KITES, HAWKS AND EAGLES
Swallow tailed Kite - Elanoides forficatus. Great views at MWC and near the Blanco Oxbow lake on 5 different days.
Black and White Hawk-Eagle - Spizastur melanoleucus. Seen at Amazonia lodge in flight, very good views.
Black Hawk-Eagle - Spizaetus tyrannus. One individual on the boat ride to MWC.
Ornate Hawk-Eagle - Spizaetus ornatus. Seen two different days.
Black and chestnut Eagle - Spizaetus isidori. Seen two times in the Manu Cloud Forest in flight and great views at that! Named after Isidore Geoffrey Saint – Hilliaire 1805-1861 French zoologist. ENDANGERED.
Snail Kite - Rostrhamus sociabilis. One on Blanco Oxbow lake eating, well what else - snails.
Double-toothed Kite - Harpagus bidentatus. Seen two times, near the cock of the rock lodge and at MWC.
Plumbeous Kite - Ictinia plumbea. Very common in Amazon lowland forests.
Cinereous Harrier- Circus cinereus. We saw one at Huacarpay lakes on the first day.
Crane Hawk - Geranospiza caerulescns. We saw one at Manu Wildlife center on a river island.
Slate-colored Hawk - Buteogallus schistacea. Seen at Blanco Oxbow lake - 3 individuals in total and one at La Cachuela in Puerto Maldonado, very good views.
Great Black Hawk - Buteogallus urubitinga. Common on the Madre de Dios River.
Montane Solitary Eagle - Buteogallus solitarius. Seen twice, once near Union bridge sitting in a tree and another below the Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Roadside Hawk - Rupornis magnirostris. Very common bird in Amazon lowland forest.
White-rumped Hawk -Parabuteo leucorrhous. Seen 1 individual at Ajanaco pass in flight and a very good view of this scarce raptor.
Variable Hawk - Geranoaetus polyosoma. We saw one individual at Wayqecha Biological station. The SACC says “Farquhar (1988) concluded that Buteo poecilochrous (Puna Hawk) and B. polyosoma (Red-backed Hawk) are conspecific, as they were formerly treated (REF); he was unable to find any way to reliably diagnose the two forms using plumage characters or measurements. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001), Jaramillo (2003), and Schulenberg et al. (2007) followed this treatment and suggested "Variable Hawk" be retained for the composite species. Genetic data (Riesing et al. 2003) are consistent with hypothesis that B. polyosoma and B. poecilochrous are conspecific. SACC proposal passed to treat as conspecific. Cabot & de Vries (2004, in press) and Cabot et al. (in press) present additional data that support their recognition as separate species. SACC proposal to re-elevate poecilochrous to species rank did not pass.”
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle - Geranoaetus melanoleucus. One bird at Huacarpay Lakes.
White-throated Hawk - Buteo albigula. We encountered this near Ajcancu pass - 4 individuals, great views sitting and in flight.
Limpkin - Aramus guarauna. Seen at Amazonia lodge and MWC.
RAILS & CRAKES
Gray-cowled Wood Rail -Aramides cajanea. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden. The old Gray-necked Wood-Rail has ben split two ways: Russet-naped Wood-Rail Aramides albiventris of Mexico and the Caribbean slope of Costa Rica and the one we saw of the Pacific slope of Cosat Rica to Argentina.
Rufous-sided Crake - Laterallus melanophaius. Heard only.
Plumbeous Rail - Pardirallus sanguinolentus. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes.
Common Gallinule - Gallinula galeata. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes, very common. Note that the New World form has been split from the Common Moorhen of Eurasia. Common Gallinule of Western Hemisphere is split from Common Moorhen on the basis of morphological, genetic, and vocal differences (Groenenberg et al 2008).
Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca. Common at Huacarpay lakes; Called "Andean Coot" in Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990), Taylor (1996 and Ridgely et al. (2001) but other authors use Slate-colored Coot.
Sunbittern - Eurypyga helias. Seen at the Macaw Clay lick - two individuals and very good views.
Collared Plover - Charandrius collaris. Common near the MWC on river islands.
Pied Lapwing - Vanellus (Haploxypterus) cayanus. Common on the Madre de Dios River.
Andean Lapwing - Vanellus resplendens. Very common at Huacarpay Lakes and in the Andes.
SANDPIPERS AND SNIPES
Puna Snipe - Gallinago andina. One seen at Huacarpay Lakes.
Lesser Yellowlegs -Tringa flavipes. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes and on the Madre de Dios River.
Solitary Sandpiper- Tringa solitaria. Recorded two different days near the MWC.
Pectoral Sandpiper - Calidris melanotos. Seen on the Madre de Dios River on 3 different days in small groups.
Stilt Sandpiper - Calidris himantopus. We saw one individual below the Barraca Community on a river island.
Wattled Jacana - Jacana jacana. Very common on two Oxbow Lakes - Camungo and Cocha Blanco.
GULLS & TERNS
Andean Gull - Chroicocephlus serranus. Very common at Huacarpay Lakes and throughout the Andes.
Large-billed Tern - Phaetusa simplex. Common in lower Madre de dios River.
Yellow-billed Tern - Sterna superciliaris. Very common along the Madre de dios River.
Black Skimmer - Rynchops niger. Common around MWC on the Madre de Dios River.
PIGEONS AND DOVES
Rock Pigeon - Columba livia. Common near human habitacion.
Scaled Pigeon - Patagioenas speciosa. Seen at La Cachuela, 3 individuals.
Spot Winged Pigeon – Patagioenas maculosa. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes, common.
Band-tailed Pigeon - Patagioenas fasciata. Seen around the Wayqecha Biological Station.
Pale-vented Pigeon - Patagioenas cayennensis. Common near water in the lowlands.
Pumbeous Pigeon -Patagioenas plumbea. Seen at cock of the rock lodge in the garden on two different days.
Ruddy Pigeon - Patagioenas subvinacea. Seen at camungo canopy tower - great views. VULNERABLE.
Eared Dove – Zenaida auriculata. Common in the highlands. Numbers increasing rapidly.
White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi decipiens. Seen at Cock of the rock lodge in the garden.
Gray-fronted Dove - Leptotila rufaxilla. Seen very commonly at MWC in the garden. This and the previous species have complicated distribution with places where they occur side by side and other where only one occurs or is more common. In this part of Peru the two species appear to segregate one another by elevation. White-tipped is found in the foothills and Gray- fronted in the lowlands. At least one is far more common than the other at different elevations.
Ruddy Quail Dove - Geotrygon montana. Seen at Amazonia Lodge, one individual on the trail.
Bare-faced Ground-Dove - Metriopelia ceciliae. Seen one at Huacarpay Lakes.
Hoatzin - Opisthocomus hoazin. Seen 4 differents days and common on Oxbow lakes at Amazonia lodge, Blanco oxbow lake and Camungo Oxbow lake.
Little Cuckoo - Coccycua minuta. We saw 2 individuals at the macaw clay lick. Nice views.
Squirrel Cuckoo - Piaya cayana. Very common at Amazonia Lodge and MWC.
Black-bellied Cuckoo - Piaya melanogaster. Seen at MWC. On the collpa trail two individuals and great looks.
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani. Very common in amazon lowland forest on river islands.
Rufescent Screech-Owl - Megascops ingens. Seen at cock of the rock Lodge - one individual in the garden.
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl - Megascops watsonii. Seen at Amazonia lodge - a very good view in the garden. Recent analyses of genetic and vocal differences (König et al. 1999) confirm a major division of the screech-owls into New World Otus (except O. flammulatus) and Old World groups, as noted by Amadon & Bull (1988).
Crested Owl - Lophostrix cristata. Heard only, at MWC.
Band-bellied Owl - Pulsatrix melanota. Heard only, at Amazonia lodge.
Black-banded Owl - Ciccaba huhula. Heard only, at Amazonia lodge.
Amazonian Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium hardyi. Seen at MWC on lookout trail, great view.
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium brasilianum. Nice views of one at MWC Lodge.
Yungas Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium bolivianum. Seen on the road to Ajcanacu pass, two individuals.
Great Potoo - Nyctibius grandes. One individual at Camungo Canopy tower nesting.
Andean Potoo – Nyctibius maculosus. Seen two different days in different places - very good views and fantastic photos.
NIGHTHAWKS & NIGHTJARS
Sand-colored Nighthawk - Chordeiles rupestris. Seen commonly at Madre de Dios River on the islands.
Common Pauraque - Nyctidromus albicollis. At Amazonia lodge and MWC and heard commonly.
Lyre tailed Nightjar - Uropsalis lyra. Great views on the Manu road near the San Pedro mirador.
Ladder-tailed Nightjar - Hydropsalis climacocerca. We saw one at MWC on the river island - great views.
Ocellated Poorwill - Nyctiphrynus ocellatus. One seen during the day on the Quetzal trail at MWC Lodge.
Chestnut-collared Swift - Streptoprocne rutilus. At tunnels at nest site - very good views.
White-collared Swift - Streptoprocne zonaris. Common.
Gray-rumped Swift - Chaetura cinereiventris. Seen at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife center at the canopy tower.
Short-tailed Swift - Chaetura brachyuran. This bird was seen at Amazonia lodge and Puerto Maldonado at La Cachuela.
Neotropical Palm Swift - Tachornis squamata. At Amazonia Lodge and around Manu Wildlife Center.
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift - Panyptila cayennensis. From the canopy towers - nice looks.
White-necked Jacobin - Florisuga mellivora. At Amazonia lodge common at the feeders.
Rufous-breasted Hermit - Glaucis hirsutus. Seen at MWC in the garden on two different days.
Green Hermit - Phaethornis guy. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge at the feeders.
White-bearded Hermit - Phaethornis hipidus. Seen at MWC on the Antthrush trail sitting for long time and very good views.
Reddish Hermit - Phaethornis ruber. On 3 different days. One around Chontachaca and at Manu Wildlife Center.
White-browed Hermit - Phaethornis stuarti. At MWC in the garden feeding on Heleconia flowers.
Blue-fronted Lancebill - Doryfera johannae. Seen at Quebrada Quitacalzon great view siting below the bridge on a dry twig. Named for Johanna Loddiges the daughter of British hummingbird expert/collecter George Loddiges.
Green-fronted Lancebill - Doryfera ludovicae. Seen during roadside birding on the Manu road below Cock of the Rock Lodge, 3 individuals and seen well.
Wedge-billed Hummingbird - Schistes geoffroyi. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden very nice views.
Lesser Violetear - Colibri cyanotus. One around the Wayqecha Biologicat Station at flowers. The Central and Middle American form of Green Violetar have been split into Mexican Violetear by the AOU so our form which occurs from Costa Rica to Bolivia is now this species.
Sparkling Violetear - Colibri coruscans. Seen several times.
Black-eared Fairy - Heliothryx aurita. Seen at Camungo Canopy Tower.
Amethyst-throated Sunangel - Heliangelus amethysticollis. Common in the higher cloud forest around Wayqecha Biological Station and great views feeding at flowers.
Wire-crested Thorntail - Discosura langsdorffi. Common on the Verbena flowers at Cock of the rock lodge in the garden.
Rufous-crested Coquette - Lophornis delattrei. Another Verbena lover, seen at Amazonia Lodge in the garden, males and females and great looks. Named after French naturalist/collector Henri de Lattre (1838).
Festive Coquette - Lophornis chalybeus. Seen at MWC in the garden twice, male and female, nice view.
Peruvian Piedtail - Phlogophilus harterti. This endemic was seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden on several occasions. ENDEMIC.
Speckled Hummingbird - Adelomyia melanogenys. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden feeding on flowers.
Long-tailed Sylph - Aglaiocercus kingi. At Rocotal 3 individuals very good views. This long-tailed hummingbird was named for Admiral Philip Parker King, British marine surveyor, naturalist and traveler in tropical America 1825-1830.
Black-tailed Trainbearer – Lesbia victoriae. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes feeding on Nicotania flowers - very good view. Lesbia is Greek – a woman of Lesbos. Victoriae – named for Victoire Mulsant wife of French naturalist Martial Muslsant.
Green-tailed Trainbearer – Lesbia nuna. Seen after Paucartambo feeding at flowers near the road.
Rufous-capped Thornbill - Chalcostigma ruficeps. Seen around Wayqecha Biological Station on several occasions.
Scaled Metaltail - Metallura aeneocauda. Observed near the Wayqecha Biological Station feeding at flowers. Range Restricted.
Tyrian Metaltail – Metallura tyrianthina smaragdinicollis. Named after the color Tyrian purple. Variously known as Royal purple, Tyrian purple, purple of the ancients, this ancient dyestuff, mentioned in texts dating about 1600 BC, was produced from the mucus of the hypobranchial gland of various species of marine mollusks, notably Murex. Although originating in old port of Tire in modern day Syria (hence the name), man's first large scale chemical industry spread throughout the world. With the decline of the Roman Empire, the use of the dye also declined and large-scale production ceased with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. It was replaced by other cheaper dyes like lichen purple and madder.
Buff-thighed Puffleg -Haplophaedia assimilis. Seen near the San Pedro lookout in the cloud forest only one individual but a nice view. Range Restricted.
Shining Sunbeam – Aglaeactis cupripennis caumatonotus. One individual at Wayqecha Biological Station.
Bronzy Inca - Coeligena coeligena. Seen at cock of the rock lodge at the feeders twice.
Violet-throated Starfrontlet - Coeligena violifer osculans. Seen around Wayqecha Biological Station twice.
Chestnut-breasted Coronet - Boissonneaua matthewsii. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station. Common at flowers.
Booted Racket-tail - Ocreatus underwoodii. Common at Cock of the Rock Lodge. The “Racquet-tailed Puffleg was unknown in life but sepciemens existed in various London cabinets, whence a drawing was sent to Lesson (1832) by Mr. Underwood on behalf of Charles Stokes a London stockbroker and collector.
Gould ́s Jewelfront - Heliodoxa aurescens. Seen at Amazonia Lodge coming to feeders on 3 occasions.
Violet-fronted Brilliant - Heliodoxa leadbeateri. Very common at Cock of the rock Lodge.
Giant Hummingbird -Patagona gigas. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes – the worlds largest Hummer!
White-bellied Woodstar - Chaetocercus mulsant. We saw one individual near Rocotal.
Amethyst Woodstar -Calliphlox amethystine. Recorded twice at Amazonia lodge, very good view feeding at the Verbena flowers.
Blue-tailed Emerald - Chlorostilbon mellisugus. Seen at Amazonia lodge, common.
Violet-headed Hummingbird -Klais guimeti. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden at the Verbena flowers.
Gray-breasted Sabrewing - Campylopterus largipennis. Another common Hummingbird at Amazonia lodge.
Fork-tailed Woodnymph - Thalurania furcata. A few seen throughout the trip.
Many-spotted Hummingbird - Taphrolesbia hypostictus. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge, common.
White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia chionogaster. Seen around Chontachaca, nice view.
Sapphire-spangled Emerald - Amazilia lactea. Another common Hummingbird at Amazonia Lodge.
Golded-tailed Sapphire - Chrysuronia oenone. Very common at Amazonia lodge.
White-chinned Sapphire - Hylocharis cyanus. Seen at MWC feeding on flowers, males and female - very good views.
TROGONS AND QUETZALS
Pavonine Quetzal - Pharomachrus pavoninus. Heard only, along the MWC Quetzal trail.
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus. Seen several times at Amazonia lodge and Manu wildlife Center, great views.
Collared Trogon -Trogon collaris. At Manu Wildlife center on the Colpa trail and near the canopy tower.
Masked Trogon - Trogon personatus. Seen during roadside birding at Pillahuata and Rocotal.
Blue-crowned Trogon - Trogon curucui. Seen at Amazonia Lodge and MWC.
Amazonian Trogon - Trogon ramonianus. Seen at Amazonia lodge on two days. The subspecies ramonianus and caligatus were formerly (e.g., Cory 1919, Pinto 1937) considered separate species from Trogon violaceus (Violaceous Trogon) but Peters (1945) considered them all conspecific. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) considered caligatus (Gartered Trogon) of Middle America and northwestern South America to be a separate species from Trogon violaceus, and this was followed by Hilty (2003); Genetic data (DaCosta & Klicka 2008) indicate that caligatus is basal to a group that includes Amazonian T. violaceus, T. curucui, and T. surrucura (and that Amazonian violaceus may be paraphyletic with respect to the latter two species). SACC proposal was passed to recognize caligatus as a species. SACC proposal passed to recognize ramonianus as a separate species from T. violaceus.
So in short you have 3 species that came out of Violaceous Trogon:
Gartered Trogon Trogon caligatus – S. Mexico to NW Peru;
Amazonian Trogon - Trogon ramonianus – the Amazon Basin;
Guianan Trogon –Trogon viridis – Trindad and the Guianan Shield.
Ringed Kingfisher - Megaceryle torquata. Common on the Madre de Dios River and Oxbow Lakes.
Amazon Kingfisher - Chloroceryle amazona. Seen several times on the Madre de Dios River.
Green Kingfisher - Chloroceryle americana. One individual at Blanco Oxbow lake.
Green and Rufous Kingfisher - Chloroceryle inda. One of this very pretty bird seen at Blanco Oxbow Lake.
Broad-billed Motmot - Electron platyrhynchum. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the colpa trail.
Rufous Motmot - Baryphthengus martii. Heard only.
Amazonian Motmot - Momotus momota. Heard only.
Andean Motmot - Momotus aequatorialis. One of the very attractive birds seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden. So there are now 6 recognized species that came out of the old Blue-crowned Motmot:
Momotus coeruliceps Blue-crowned Motmot – NE and Central Mexico;
Momotus lessoni Blue-diademed Motmot – South Mexico to Central Panama;
Momotus subrufescens Whooping Motmot - E Panama to NC Venezuela and the Magdalena Valley of Colombia; SE Ecuador and extreme NW Peru;
Momotus bahamensis Trinidad Motmot – Trindad & Tobago;
Momotus momota Amazonian Motmot - Venezuela (S of the Orinoco) and the Guianas S through the entire Amazon basin to extreme N Argentina and Paraguay;
Momotus aequatorialis Andean Motmot – The Andes from NC Colombia to NE Bolivia.
Purus Jacamar - Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus. Several at Camungo Oxbow lake in family group.
White-throated Jacamar - Brachygalba albogularis. Seen at La Cachuela. 2 individuals and very good views of the range restricted bird. Range Restricted.
Bluish-fronted Jacamar - Galbula cyanescens. Common in Amazonia lowland forest.
PUFFBIRDS AND NUNBIRDS
White-necked Puffbird - Notharchus hyperrhynchus. A pair at the canopy tower at Manu Wildlife Center.
Pied Puffbird - Notharchus tectus. Nice looks at this tricky bird at the Canopy Tower at Manu Wildlife Center.
Chestnut capped Puffbird - Bucco macrodactylus. At Amazonia lodge.
Collared Puffbird - Bucco capensis. At Manu wildlife center in collpa trail two individuals seen very well.
Black-streaked Puffbird - Malacoptila fulvogularis. Seen near Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Lanceolated Monklet - Micromonacha lanceolata. Seen very well around cock of the rock lodge along the roadisde.
Rufous-capped Nunlet - Nonnula ruficapilla. Heard only.
Black-fronted Nunbird - Monasa nigrifrons. Common in amazon lowland forest. Monasa is Greek for solitary or a monk a reference to the plain plumage and quiet behavior of the Nunbirds.
White-fronted Nunbird - Monasa morphoeus. A bird of tierra firma forest seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail. Morpheous was the son of sleep and god of dreams, a referral to the lethargic behavior of this Nunbird.
Swallow-Wing - Chelidoptera tenebrosa. Common in manu amazon lowland forest and in river islands.
NEW WORLD BARBETS
Gilded Barbet - Capito auratus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center ifrom the canopy tower - 2 individuals.
Lemon-throated Barbet - Eubucco richardsoni. At Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Versicolored Barbet - Eubucco versicolor. Seen at cock of the rock lodge in the garden, nice observacion.
Channel-billed Toucan -Ramphastos vitellinus. Three individuals seen at Manu Wildlife Centre.
White-throated Toucan - Ramphastos tucanus. Seen two different days at manu wildlife center.
Emerald (Black-throated) Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus (atrigularis) prasinus. At Amazonia lodge. Range Restricted.
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus derbianus. 1 individual near the Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Blue-banded Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis. We observed on 2 different days. Range Restricted.
Golden-collared Toucanet - Selenidera reinwardtii. Heard only.
Chestnut-eared Aracari - Pteroglossus castanotis. Seen twice. In Greek Pteroglossus means “feathertongued” a reference to the slim feather-like tongues of toucans and aracaris.
Curl-crested Aracari - Pteroglossus beauharnaesii. At Manu Wildlife Center in canopy tower very good views. The cool afro crest feels like plastic to the touch! (On museum specimens).
WOODPECKERS & PICULETS
Rufous-breasted Piculet - Picumnus rufiventris. At MWC on the Antthrush Trail – nice looks at 3 individuals.
Fine-barred Piculet - Picumnus subtilis. Male and female seen at Amazonia Lodge. Range Restricted.
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cruentatus. Seen on two different days, once at Amazonia lodge and Manu wildlife center.
Little Woodpecker - Veniliornis passerines. Nice looks at Amazonia lodge.
Golden-Olive Woodpecker - Piculus rubiginosus. Seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge twice.
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker - Piculus rivolii. Seen near the Wayqecha Biological Station.
Spot-breasted Woodpecker - Colaptes punctigula. At Camungo Oxbow Lake nesting in a dead tree - great views.
Andean Flicker – Colaptes rupícola. Seen in the Andes.
Scaly-breasted Woodpecker - Celeus grammicus latifasciatus. Heard only.
Lineated Woodpecker - Dryocopus lineatus. Seen at Manu wildlife Center and Puerto Maldonado.
Red-necked Woodpecker - Campephilus rubricollis. At Manu Wildlife Center on the Grid Trails.
Crimson-crested Woodpecker- Campephilus melanoleucos. At Amazonia Lodge and MWC. Common.
CARACARAS & FALCONS
Laughing Falcon - Herpetotheres cachinnas. At Manu Wildlife Center in the Garden siting for long time.
Black Caracara - Daptrius ater. Seen several times on the Madre de Dios River in River Island and around MWC. Common.
Red-yhroated Caracara - Daptrius amaricanus. Seen on 3 different days.
Mountain Caracara – Phalcoboenus megalopterus. Seen well at Huacarpay lakes.
Southern Caracara - Caracara plancus. Seen on our way to MWC on a the river island eating a dead Capybara and also at La Cachuela in Puerto Maldonado.
American Kestrel – Falco sparverius. Common bird of Andes.
Aplomado Falcon – Falco femoralis. Seen at Huacarpay lakes in flight.
Bat Falcon - Falco rufigularis. Seen on our way from MWC to Boca Colorado sitting in a tree near the river.
Amazonian Parrotlet - Nannopsittaca dachilleae. Seen at the Macaw clay lick, big flocks flyng and some sitting.
Cobalt-winged Parakeet - Brotogeris cyanoptera. A very common bird in the Amazon lowlands.
Tui Parakeet - Brotogeris sanctithomae. Seen at Macaw clay lick several individuals, very good views.
Orange-cheeked Parrot - Pyrilia barrabandi. Seen at MWC at the Macaw clay lick very well. Named after Jaques Barrand (1767- 1809), French bird and flower illustrator.
Blue-headed Parrot - Pionus menstruus. Very common in amazon lowland forest around Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Yellow-crowned Amazon - Amazona ochrocephala. At the Macaw clay lick in Manu Wildlife center.
Scaly-naped Amazon - Amazona mercenaria. In cloud forest at Wayqecha biological Station and cock of the rock lodge.
Mealy Amazon - Amazona farinosa. At Manu Wildlife Center - many individuals. Farinosa is Latin for “Sprinkled with Flour” referring to the “dusted” appearance of this Amazon.
White-bellied Parrot- Pionites leucogaster. At the Macaw Clay lick - 5 individuals and very nice view.
Rose -fronted Parakeet -Pyrrhura roseifrons. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower.
Dusky-headed Parakeet - Aratinga weddellii. At Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center and common in amazon lowland forest.
Red-billed Macaw - Orthopsittaca manilata. At Manu Wildlife center in canopy tower and in Puerto Maldonado in La Cachuela.
Blue and Yellow Macaw - Ara ararauna. Seen several times in Manu lowland forest and pleasantly common.
Military Macaw - Ara militaris. Seen at Cock of the rock lodge, 8 individuals whilst roadside birding great views. VULNERABLE.
Scarlet Macaw - Ara macao. Seen very commonly in the manu lowland forest between Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Red and Green Macaw - Ara chloropterus. Very common at the Macaw Clay lick at MWC.
Chestnut-fronted Macaw - Ara severa. One of the very common Macaws in the amazon lowland forest.
Golden-plumed Parakeet - Leptosittaca branickii. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station - 6 individuals a very good observation. VULNERABLE.
White-eyed Parakeet - Psitticara leucophthalmus. Another very common bird in amazon forest.
Yellow-rumped Antwren - Euchrepomis sharpie. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge and a great observation of this rare bird. ENDANGERED.
Fasciated Antshrike - Cymbilaimus lineatus. At Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower, a pair - male and female.
Bamboo Antshrike - Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae. At Amazonia Lodge in bamboo patch a great view of male and female.
Great Antshrike - Taraba major. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Antthrush trail. Male and female.
Barred Antshrike - Thamnophilus doliatus. Seen at Macaw Clay lick at manu Wildlife Center - two individuals and at la Cachuela.
Plain-winged Antshrike - Thamnophilus schistaceus. Common in amazon lowland forest.
Chestnut-backed Antshrike - Thamnophilus palliatus. Well seen around the Cock of the Rock Lodge in bamboo - very good views. Range Restricted.
Variable Antshrike - Thamnophilus caerulescens. Seen whilst roadside birding near the Mirador San Pedro, 1 male.
Plain Antvireo - Dysithamnus mentalis. Heard only.
Dusky-throated Antshrike - Thamnomanes ardesiacus. Seen at MWC on the grid trail in understory forest - great views.
Bluish-slate Antshrike -Thamnomanes schistogynus. At Amazonia lodge – the understory flock leader.
Spot-winged Antshrike - Pygiptila stellaris. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Collpa trail in a mixed flock.
Pygmy Antwren- Myrmotherula brachyura. Seen at Amazonia lodge near the little Oxbow lake – a very good view.
Sclater ́s Antwren - Myrmotherula sclateri. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail in a mixed flock.
Amazonian Streaked Antwren - Myrmotherula multostriata. We saw this at Blanco Oxbow lake, very nice views of male and female.
Stripe-chested Antwren -Myrmotherula longicauda. Near Cock of the Rock Lodge, nice views.
White-flanked Antwren- Myrmotherula axillaris. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center in understory forest, male and female. Willis (1984), Ridgely & Tudor (1994), Hilty (2003), and Zimmer & Isler (2003) noted that vocal differences among several subspecies of Myrmotherula axillaris suggests that more than one species is involved.
Slaty Antwren - Myrmotherula schisticolor. At Cock of the Rock Lodge in a mixed flock, male and female and very good views.
Long-winged Antwren - Myrmotherula longipennis garbei. Seen at Manu wildlife center in collpa trail and grid.
Gray Antwren - Myrmotherula menetriesii. Common in lowland Amazon forest around Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Yellow-breasted Antwren -Herpsilochmus axillaris. Seen near the cock of the rock Lodge whilst roadside birding. VULNERABLE.
Gray Antbird - Cercomacra cinerascens. Seen at Manu wildlife center on the Quetzal trail.
Manu Antbird - Cercomacra manu. Seen at Manu Wildlife center on the antthrush trail. Range Restricted.
Riparian Antbird - Cercomacroides fuscicauda. Seen at Amazonia lodge near the little canopy tower, male and female.
White-backed Fire-eye - Pyriglena leuconota marcapatensis. Heard only, at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
White-browed Antbird - Myrmoborus leucophrys. Seen at Amazonia lodge on the jeep trail.
Black-faced Antbird- Myrmoborus myotherinus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail - a male.
Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird - Hypocnemis subflava. Seen below Quebrada Quitacalzon in bamboo - 3 individuals. Range Restricted.
Silvered Antbird – Sclateria naevia. Nice view at Amazonia lodge on the little creek.
White-lined Antbird - Percnostola lophotes. Seen in two different places, once at Amazonia lodge and MWC in bamboo – common. Another bamboo specialist! Range just creeps over the border into NW Bolivia.
Chestnut-tailed Antbird - Myrmeciza hemimelaena. Heard only.
Goeldi ́s Antbird -Myrmeciza goeldii. Seen at Amazonia lodge and MWC, very common. Favors Bamboo but is not restricted to it. Named for Emil August Goeldi, German naturalist resident in Brazil and author of “Aves do Brasil” 1894.
Black-throated Antbird - Myrmeciza atrothorax. Seen at Amazonia lodge near the Madre de Dios River – a pair.
White-throated Antbird -Gynopithys salvini. Heard only.
Hairy-crested Antbird - Rhegmatorhina melanosticta. Heard only, at Manu Wildlife Center.
Spot-backed Antbird - Hylophylax naevia. Heard only.
Black-spotted Bare-eye - Phlepogsis nigromaculata. Seen at Amazonia lodge in bamboo.
Slaty Gnateater -Conopophaga ardesiaca. Heard only.
Red and White Antpitta - Grallaria erythroleuca. 2 seen at Pillahuata -fantastic views. ENDEMIC.
Rufous (Urubamba) Antpitta - Grallaria rufula occabambae. Heard only, between Ajanacco to Wayqecha Biological Station. Range Restricted.
Amazonian Antpitta- Hylopezus berlepschi. Heard only, at Amazonia lodge several times.
Rusty-belted Tapaculo - Liosceles thoracicus. Heard only.
White-crowned Tapaculo - Scytolopus atratus. Heard only, between Rocotal and Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Rufous-capped Antthrush - Formicarius colma. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Antthrush trail.
Black-faced Antthrush- Formicarius analis. Seen at Manu Wildlife center on the grid trail.
Black-tailed Leaftosser -Sclerurus caudacutus. Seen at Manu wildlife center on the Collpa Trail, one individual great view.
Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus amazonus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower. Certainly consists of multiple species (Hardy et al. 1991, Ridgely & Tudor 1994, Parker et al. 1995, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Hilty 2003), with at least five subspecies groups possibly deserving separate species status (Marantz et al. 2003). The subspecies viridis and amazonus are elevational replacements in southern Peru with different song types (Robbins et al. 2013).
Long-tailed Woodcreeper - Deconychura longicauda pallida. Seen at Manu wildlife center on the creekside trail, one individual.
Plain-brown Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla fuliginosa. We encountered this at Manu Wildlife Center on the Riverside trail.
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper - Glyphorynchus spirurus. Very common in amazon lowland forest.
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper -Dendrexetastes rufigula. Seen at Amazonia lodge and MWC. A common bird of lodge clearings.
Long-billed Woodcreeper - Nasica longirostris. One of the very nice birds seen at Manu Wildlife Center in the garden.
Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper - Dendrocolaptes certhia. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail.
Black-banded Woodcreeper- Dendrocolaptes picumnus. We saw this at Amazonia lodge, great view.
Strong-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus. Seen at Manu Wildlife center near the canopy tower.
Elegant Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus elegans juruanus. Seen at Manu Wildlife center on the grid. We saw the jurua subspecies. Note that Zimmer (1934d), Pinto (1937), Ridgely & Tudor (1994), and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) considered Xiphorhynchus elegans and X. spixii (Spix’s Woodcreeper) conspecific, but see Haffer (1997) for rationale for treating them as separate species, as in Peters (1951) and Meyer de Schauensee (1970). Aleixo (2002) also found molecular support for treating nominate spixii as a separate species from all other taxa in the group. Cory & Hellmayr (1925) treated the subspecies juruanus and insignis as separate species from X. spixii (Jurua Woodcreeper), and Pinto (1947) also maintained juruanus as a separate species; but they were considered conspecific by Zimmer (1934d) and Peters (1951).
Buff-throated Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus guttatus. Very common at Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center. The most common Lowland rainforest Woodcreeper; some authorities consider Buff-throated Woodcreeper of SE Brazil as distinct but some authorities consider the reason for splitting weak.
Straight-billed Woodcreeper - Dendroplex picus. A bird of lighter woodland and farmlands - we observed this at La Cachuela, Puerto Maldonado.
Red-billed Scythebill - Campylorhamphus trochilirostris. Seen below the Cock of the Rock Lodge in bamboo.
Montane Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger. This bird we observed at Pillahuata in the cloud forest.
Inambari Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae. Heard only. SACC says The Amazonian fuscicapillus subspecies group (with madeirae and layardi) was formerly (e.g., Cory & Hellmayr 1925) treated as a separate species from Lepidocolaptes albolineatus –Lineated Woodcreeper but recent authors have followed Zimmer (1934c) in treating them as conspecific; Hilty (2003) suspected that this treatment will be shown to be correct, and Marantz et al. (2003) suspected that more than one species was involved. Rodrigues et al. (2013) treated all diagnosable taxa in the complex as separate species; they also described a new species, Lepidocolaptes fatimalimae, from southwestern Amazonia. SACC proposal passed to recognize fatimalimae as a species and also elevate subspecies layardi and fuscicapillus to species rank. So there are now 5 species.
Plain Xenops - Xenops minutus. Seen at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Streaked Xenops - Xenops rutilans. Seen near Cock of the Rock Lodge in a mixed flock.
Point-tailed Palmcreeper - Berlepschia rikeri. Heard only, at Manu Wildlife Center.
Streaked Tuftedcheek - Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii. We observed this bird around Pillahuata in mixed flock, 2 individuals.
Pale-legged Hornero - Furnarius leucopus. Common at Amazonia lodge and MWC.
Wren-like Rushbird - Phleocryptes melanops. Seen at Huacarpay Lake –ONLY found in reedbeds.
Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner - Anabazenops dorsalis. Seen at Amazonia lodge in bamboo.
Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner - Philydor erythropterum. Seen at MWC. on the collpa trail.
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner - Philydor rufus. Seen at MWC. In the garden.
Montane Foliage-gleaner - Anabacerthia striaticollis. Seen around Pillahuata during roadside birding.
Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner - Anabacerthia ruficaudatus. Seen at Manu Wildlife center on the collpa trail.
Chestnut-winged Hookbill - Ancistrops strigilatus. At Manu wildlife center on the collpa trail in a mixed flock.
Black-billed Treehunter - Thripadectes melanorhynchus. Seen near the mirador San Pedro, 2 individuals in a mixed flock and great views.
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner - Automolus ochrolaemus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Creekside trail.
Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner -Automolus infuscatus. At Manu Wildlife Center on the grid trails.
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner - Automolus rufipileatus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center in the garden.
Pearled Treerunner - Margarornis squamiger. Seen below the tunnels in a mixed flock - 3 individuals - great views.
Streak-fronted Thornbird - Phacellodomus striaticeps. Seen at Huacarpay lake, one individual.
Puna Thistletail - Asthenes helleri. Seen near Ajanaco Pass - 2 individuals – nice looks! Named for Edmund Heller (1875- 1944) US naturalist and collector who worked at the Field Museum of Natural History. VULNERABLE, Range Restricted.
Rusty-fronted Canastero - Asthenes ottonis. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes. ENDEMIC.
Orange-fronted Plushcrown - Metepothrix aurantiacus. This atypical furnarid was seen at Amazonia lodge.
Plain Softtail - Thripophaga fusciceps. Seen at Amazonia Lodge and MWC.
Ash-browed Spinetail - Cranioleuca curtata. Seen around Quebrada Quitacalzon, 2 individuals. VULNERABLE.
Creamy-crested Spinetail - Cranioleuca gutturata. Seen between Paucartambo an Ajanaco, 1 individual. ENDEMIC.
Azara ́s Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae urubambae. A very common bird of the upper cloud forest.
Plain-crowned Spinetail - Synallaxis gujanensis. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden.
Tawny-rumped Tyrannnulet -Phyllomyias uropy. One at Pillahuata in a mixed flock.
Forest Elaenia - Myiopagis gaimardii. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower.
White-crested Elaenia - Elaenia albiceps. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes – here the urabambansis subspecies.
Mottle-backed Elaenia - Elaenia gigas. Observed below the CORL.
Highland Elaenia - Elaenia obscura. Seen near the the tunnels, 1 individual nice view.
Sierran Elaenia - Elaenia pallatangae. Common around Wayqecha biological station.
White-throated Tyrannulet – Mecocerculus leucophrys. Common in the cloud forest Wayqecha to Rocotal.
White-banded Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus stictopterus. Another common bird around Wayqecha.
Tufted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes parulus. Seen between Paucartambo and Ajanacco Pass - 2 individuals.
Torrent Tyrannulet - Serpophaga hypoleuca. Seen at Paucartambo Bridge on the Mapacho River.
Ringed Antpipit - Corythopis torquata. Seen at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center, an atypical ground dwelling flyctacher.
Bolivian Tyrannulet - Zimmerius bolivianus. We saw this at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Slender-footed Tyrannulet - Zimmerius gracilipes. Seen around Pillahuata in a mixed flock.
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant - Phylloscartes opthalmicus. Seen at Quebrada Quitacalzon in a mixed flock.
Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes parkeri. Seen at quebrada quita calzon, great views of 5 individuals. One of the several birds named for Theodore A Parker the pioneer US ornithologist tragically killed in a plane crash in southern Ecuador in 1993.
Streak-necked Flycatcher - Mionectes striaticollis. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge whilst roadside birding.
Inca Flycatcher -Leptopogon taczanowskii. This Peruvian endemic was seen at Pacchayoc, great views. Named for Wladislaw Taczanowskii, Polish ornithologist and author of “Ornithologie du Perou” 1884. ENDEMIC.
Slaty-capped Flycatcher- Leptopogon superciliaris. Common in cloud forest in mixed understory flocks between Wayqecha to Quebrada Quitacalzon.
Ornate Flycatcher - Myiotriccus ornatus. Seen at Quebrada Quitacalzon, 2 individuals of this pretty bird.
Many-colored Rush-Tyrant - Tachuris rubrigastra. This reeedbed specialist was seen at Huacarpay Lakes – a stunning bird.
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant - Myiornis ecaudatus. Seen at Amazonia Lodge.
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant - Lophotriccus pileatus. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Flammulated Pygmy-Tyrant - Hemitriccus flammulatus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Anthrush Trail in bamboo.
Johannes ́ Tody Tyrant - Hemitriccus iohannis. Seen at Amazonia lodge near the little tower, nice view.
Rusty-Fronted Tody-Flycatcher - Poecilotriccus latirostre. Seen at Amazonia lodge near the little tower.
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher - Todirostrum maculatum. A pair at the Macaw clay lick.
Yellow-olive Tolmomyias - Tolmomyias sulphurescens. Seen at Amazonia lodge on the canopy trail.
Gray-crowned Tolmomyias - Tolmomyias poliocephalus. Seen at Amazonia lodge- great views calling in the tree.
Golden-crowned Spadebill - Platyrinchus coronatus. Heard only.
White-crested Spadebill - Platyrinchus platyrhynchos. Heard only.
Unadorned Flycatcher - Myiophobus inornatus. Seen at Rocotal - fantastic views of 2 individuals.
Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus. Seen at La Cachuela in Puerto Maldonado.
Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea. Very common bird in the Manu Cloud Forest.
Euler ́s Flycatcher - Lathrotriccus euleri. Heard only, at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail.
Smoke-colored Pewee - Contopus fumigatus. Near Rocotal on several occasions.
Black Phoebe - Sayornis nigricans. Seen at Paucartambo below the bridge and in Manu.
Austral Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus. A female/immature seen at Manu Wildlife Center for 4 days in the garden (rubinus). In a recent paper – Carmi el al 2016 it istrongly suggests several taxonomic changes to the genus Pyrocephalus, including elevating three currently recognized subspecies to full species status: the austral migrant South American subspecies rubinus, and the two Galápagos subspecies dubius and nanus. As such, they propose a revised taxonom:
Species Pyrocephalus rubinus (Boddaert, 1783), Austral Vermilion Flycatcher;
Species Pyrocephalus obscurus Gould, 1839, Vermilion Flycatcher;
Species Pyrocephalus nanus Gould, 1838, Galápagos Vermilion Flycatcher;
Species Pyrocephalus dubius Gould, 1839, San Cristóbal Vermilion Flycatcher. The San Cristobal Vermillion Flycatcher is extinct.
White-winged Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus aterrimus. Seen above Paucartambo, male and female.
Drab Water-Tyrant - Ochthornis littoralis. Very common bird on the banks of the Madre de Dios River.
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maculirostris. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes.
Little Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola fluviatilis. Seen at the Macaw Clay lick at MWC.
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola rufivertex. This bird we saw at Huacarpay Lakes in the fields.
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes striaticollis. Seen below the two tunnels whilst roadside birding.
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes fuscorufus. Seen above Pillahuata during roadside birding.
Slaty-backed (Maroon-belted) Chat-Tyrant – Ochthoeca (thoracica) cinnamomeiventris. Seen below the two tunnels, 2 individuals. Garcia-Moreno et al. (1998) suggested that the plumage and genetic differences between subspecies groups north and south of the Maranon should be recognized at the species level, with Ochthoeca thoracica the name for the southern species. Ridgely & Tudor (1994) reported that there are also vocal differences that would support this split. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) and Hilty (2003) further recognized Venezuelan nigrita as a separate species from O. cinnamomeiventris, as done by Cory & Hellmayr (1927); see Zimmer (1937b) for the rationale for treating them all as conspecific based on plumage pattern, the treatment followed by Fitzpatrick (2004). Proposal needed.
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca rufipectoralis. Seen between Paucartambo and Ajcanacco.
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca fumicolor. Seen at Ajanacco pass and good looks indeed.
White-browed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca leucophrys. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes and above Paucartambo.
Long-tailed Tyrant - Colonia colonus. We saw this at Amazonia lodge, 3 individuals.
Piratic Flycatcher- Legatus leucophaius. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower - good view.
Rusty-margined Flycatcher - Myiozetetes cayanensis. Seen at La Cachuela by the roadside- fantastic view.
Social Flycatcher- Myiozatetes similis. Common in Amazon lowland forest - Amazonia Lodge and Manu wildlife Center.
Gray-capped Flycatcher - Myiozetetes granadensis. Another common bird in the Amazon lowland rainforest.
Dusky-chested Flycatcher- Myiozetetes luteiventris. We saw this at Manu wildlife center on the Creekside trail sitting in a canopy tree - scarce.
Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus. Common around Manu wildlife and Camungo Lake and Blanco Oxbow lake.
Lesser Kiskadee - Pitangus lector. Seen in two different places and days – always near water.
Lemon-browed Flycatcher - Conopias cinchoneti. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge. VULNERABLE.
Streaked Flycatcher - Myiodynastes maculatus. Seen in Amazonia Lodge and Manu wildlife Center.
Boat-billed Flycatcher - Megarynchus pitangua. Seen at La Cachuela in Puerto Maldonado.
Sulphury Flycatcher - Tyrannopsis sulphuera. Seen near Patria village – a Mauritia Palm specialist.
Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher - Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus. Seen at Manu wildlife center from the canopy tower. An Austral migrant and the bird with the longest scientific name in the world.
Tropical Kingbird - Tyrannus melancholicus. Very common bird in amazon lowland forest.
White-rumped Sirystes - Sirystes albocinerea. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center at the Canopy tower and on the Antthrush Trail.
Dusky-capped Flycatcher - Myiarchus tuberculifer. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station.
Swainson ́s Flycatcher - Myiarchus swainsoni. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center at the canopy tower - great views.
Short-crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus ferox. Common at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Rufous-tailed Flatbill - Ramphotrigon ruficauda. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Quetzal trail.
White-eyed Attila - Attila bolivianus. Seen at La Cachuela in Puerto Maldonado.
Band-tailed Fruiteater - Pipreola intermedia. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station.
Barred Fruiteater - Pipreola arcuata. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station in a fruiting tree.
Red-crested Cotinga - Ampelion rubrocristata. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station in a fruiting tree, great views. 3 species of Cotinga feeding together in one tree!
Andean Cock of the Rock - Rupicola peruviana. Seen at Puente Union dancing at the lek - fantastic.
Purple-throated Fruitcrow - Querula purpurata. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the creekside trail - 5 individuals, fantastic views.
Amazonian Umbrellabird - Cephalopterus ornatus. 2 males, fantastic view sititng near the road.
Plum-throated Cotinga - Cotinga maynana. Seen in two different places from canopy towers.
Spangled Cotinga - Cotinga cayana. Seen at Camungo canopy tower - fantastic views of male and female.
Screaming Piha - Lipaugus vociferans. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the grid trail.
Bare-necked Fruitcrow - Gymnoderus foetidus. 2 seen in total.
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin - Tyranneutes stolzmanni. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail calling.
Blue-backed Manakin - Chiroxiphia pareola regina. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Quetzal trail, 1 individual.
Yungas Manakin - Chiroxiphia boliviana. Seen at cock of the rock lodge in the garden, fantastic views.
Fiery-capped Manakin - Machaeropterus pyrocephalus. Seen at Cock of the Rock lodge in the garden - nice view.
Band-tailed Manakin - Ceratopipra fasciicauda. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on Grid trail, very good view.
Round-tailed Mnakin-Pipra chloromeros. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail - fantastic view.
Cerulean-capped Manakin - Lepidothrix coeruleocapilla. One at Quebrada Quitacalzon eating in a fruiting tree. ENDEMIC.
TITYRAS AND BECARDS
Black-tailed Tityra -Tityra cayana. Seen at MWC.
Masked Tityra - Tityra semifasciata. Seen at Manu wildlife center in the garden in dead palm tree.
Black-crowned Tityra - Tityra inquisitor. Seen at Amazonia lodge by the river, a pair male and female.
Cinereous Mourner - Laniocera hypopyrra. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the Quetzal trail.
Barred Becard - Pachyramphus versicolor. Seen near Pillahuata iwhilst roadside birding.
Chestnut-crowned Becard - Pachyramphus castaneus. Seen at Camungo canopy tower nesting and observed well.
White-winged Becard -Pachyramphus polichopterus. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden.
Pink-throated Becard - Pachyramphus minor. Seen at Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center two different times.
White-collared Jay - Cyanolyca viridicyana. Seen at Pacchayuc. Range Restricted.
Purplish Jay - Cyanocorax cyanomelas. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden, good view.
Violaceous Jay - Cyanocorax violaceus. Common around Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Green Jay - Cyanocorax luxuosus. Our last of the four Jays that inhabit Manu seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
SWALLOWS & MARTINS
Blue and White Swallow - Pygochelidon cyanoleuca. Common.
Brown-bellied Swallow - Orochelidon murina. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes and Paucartambo, very common.
Pale-footed Swallow - Orochelidon flavipes. Seen near Rocotal, several individuals in flight.
White-banded Swallow - Atticora fasciata. Common bird along the Madre de Dios River.
White-thighed Swallow - Atticora tibialis. Seen at Amazonia Lodge resting below the roof.
Southern Rough-winged Swallow - Stelgidopteryx ruficollis. Another common bird in the Amazon.
Brown-chested Martin - Progne tapera. Seen perched on the Madre De Dios River below the Nuevo Eden, sitting on dry branches.
White-winged Swallow -Tachycineta albiventer. Most common bird in Madre De Dios River and lakes.
Southern Nightingale-Wren - Microcerculus marginatus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the collpa trail.
Mountain Wren - Troglodytes solstitialis. Seen at Wayquecha in a roadside mixed flock.
Thrush-like Wren - Campylorhynchus turdinus. Well seen at Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Moustached Wren - Pheugopedius genibarbis. Seen at Amazonia lodge in bamboo.
Fulvous Wren - Cinnycerthia fulva. A noisy group seen near the two tunnels – a family group of 7 - very nice views of this tricky to see species. Range Restricted.
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren - Henicorhina leucophrys. Seen near rocotal and commonly heard.
Chestnut-breasted Wren - Cyphorhinus thoracicus. Heard only.
House Wren – Troglodytes aedon. One seeen at Amazonia lodge . Many authors (e.g., Hellmayr 1934, Pinto 1944, Phelps & Phelps 1950a) formerly treated Neotropical mainland populations as a separate species T. musculus; see also Brumfield and Capparella (1996); this treatment was followed by Brewer (2001) and Kroodsma & Brewer (2005). The Falklands population,
T. a. cobbi, is treated as a species (Wood 1993), as was done by Brewer (2001), Mazar Barnett & Pearman (2001), Jaramillo (2003), and Kroodsma & Brewer (2005).
GNATWRENS AND ALLIES
Long-billed Gnatwren - Ramphocaenus melanurus. 2 on the anthrush trail at Manu Wildlife Center.
Black-capped Donacobius - Donacobius atricapillus. Seen at Camungo Oxbow Lake and Cocha Blanco, fantastic views.
THRUSHES AND SOLITAIRES
Andean Solitarie - Myadestes ralloides. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge on 2 different days.
White-eared Solitaire - Entomodestes leucotis. One seen at Rocotal eating fruits – a very good view.
Chiguanco Thrush - Turdus chiguanco chiguanco. Very common bird of Andes.
Great Thrush - Turdus fuscater ockenderi. Another common thrush prefering wetter cloud forest than the previous species.
Slaty Thrush - Turdus nigriceps. At Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden eating fruits - good view.
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis. The common lowland Thrush.
TANAGERS AND ALLIES
Red-capped Cardinal - Paroaria gularis. Another common bird at Amazonia lodge and on oxbow lakes.
Magpie Tanager - Cissopis leveriana. Seen Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center - nice views.
Hooded Tanager - Nemosia pileata. Seen at Macaw Clay lick in cecropia trees, 2 individuals.
Slaty Tanager – Creugops dentada. At Pillahuata and the San Pedro lookout, male and female.
Superciliaried Hemispingus - Hemispingus superciliaris urubambae. Very common around tunnels and Pillahuata - fantastic looks.
Black-eared Hemispingus- Hemispingus melanotis berlepschi. We saw one near Pillahuata in a mixed flock.
Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager - Cnemoscopus rubrirostris chrysogaster. We saw one near the tunnels in a mixed flock. Here the black billed chrysogaster subspecies.
Rust and Yellow Tanager - Thlypopsis ruficeps. Seen aroud Wayqecha Bio Station.
Yellow-crested Tanager - Tachyphonus cristatus. At Manu wildlife center on the canopy tower trail.
White-shouldered Tanager - Tachyphonus luctuosus. At Manu Wildlife Center in a mixed flock.
White-winged Shrike-Tanager - Lanio versicolor. The canopy flock leader, seen at Manu Wildlife Center.
Masked-crimson Tanager - Ramphocelus nigrogulari. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the garden - very common.
Silver-beaked Tanager - Ramphocelus carbo. Common in the Amazonia lowlands but not in primary forest.
Hooded Mountain-Tanager - Buthraupis montana. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station – around 10 individuals.
Grass-green Tanager - Chlorornis riefferii. Seen around Pillahuata in mixed flocks - 3 individuals, fantastic views.
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus igniventris. Another attractive bird with nice colors and well seen around Wayqecha Biological Station.
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus somptuosus. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge, a flock 7 individuals.
Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager- Dubusia taeniata. 1 individual below the tunnels – an undergrowth Tanager sometimes hard to see.
Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Dubusia castaneoventris. Seen near Wayqecha. Range Restricted.
Yellow-throated Tanager - Iridosornis analis. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in fruiting trees in the garden.
Golden-collared Tanager - Iridosornis jelskii. Seen at Wayqecha Biological Station.
Blue and Yellow Tanager - Pipraeidea bonariensis. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes - 2 males.
Orange-eared Tanager - Chlorochrysa calliparaea. Common at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden and along the road.
Blue-gray Tanager - Thraupis episcopus. A common bird in open areas in the Amazon.
Palm Tanager - Thraupis palmarum. Common where palms are.
Blue-capped Tanager- Thraupis cyanocephala. Seen around Wayqecha Biological Station commonly.
Golden-naped Tanager - Tangara ruficervix. Seen at Amazonia lodge in the Garden in a fruiting tree.
Masked Tanager -Tangara nigrocincta. Seen at Bambu Lodge when we stopped for lunch, great views for long time eating fruits.
Blue-necked Tanager - Tangara cyanicollis. Another common bird in cloud forest between Cock of the Rock Lodge and Amazonia Lodge.
Yellow-bellied Tanager - Tangara xanthogastra. Seen in the lower cloud forest.
Spotted Tanager - Tangara punctate. Another common tanager near Cock of the Rock Lodge, always present in mixed flocks.
Blue and Black Tanager - Tangara vassorii atrocaerulea. One seen near Rocotal.
Beryl-spangled Tanager - Tangara nigroviridis. Another common bird in cloud forest mixed flocks.
Turquoise Tanager - Tangara mexicana. Seen near Pilcopata and at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower.
Paradise Tanager - Tanagara chilensis. Stumming Tanager found in the foothills and lowlands of Manu. Not found in Chile!
Opal-crowned Tanager - Tangara callophrys. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower, nice views of 3 birds.
Bay-headed Tanager - Tangara gyrola. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden in fruiting trees.
Golden-eared Tanager - Tangara chrysotis. Seen at the fruit feeder at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Saffron-crowned Tanager - Tangara xanthocephala lamprotis. Another nice colorful bird seen in the cloud forest – here the subspecies with an orange not saffron crown.
Green and Gold Tanager - Tangara arthus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower, fantastic views.
Golden Tanager - Tangara arthus. Very common in the coud forest.
Swallow Tanager - Tersina viridis. A pair seen Seen at Quebrada Quitacalzon in the cloud forest.
Black-faced Dacnis -Dacnis lineata. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from canopy tower.
Yellow-bellied Dacnis - Dacnis flaviventer. A pair seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower.
Blue Dacnis - Dacnis cayana. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in fruiting trees.
Purple Honeycreeper - Cyanerpes caeruleus. Seen at Amazonia Lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Green Honeycreeper - Chlorophanes spiza. Several recorded in the lowlands.
Golden-collared Honeycreeper - Iridophanes pulcherrima. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge.
Guira Tanager - Hemithraupis guira. Seen at Manu Wildlife center from the canopy tower.
Cinereous Conebill - Conirostrum cinereum cinereum. Seen commonly at Huacarpay Lakes.
White-browed Conebill - Conirostrum ferrugineiventre. Seen at Ajanacco pass in a mixed flock.
Blue-backed Conebill - Conirostrum sitticolor. Seen around Pillahuata in a mixed flock.
Capped Conebill - Conirostrum albifrons. Common in cloud forest mixed flocks.
Moustached Flowerpiercer - Diglosa mystacalis albilinear. Seen at ajanacco pass in a mixed flock.
Black-throated Flowerpiercer - Diglossopis brunneiventris. Commonly seen bird around Huacarpay Lakes.
Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer - Diglossopis glauca. Seen 4 times in mixed cloud forest flocks.
Masked Flowerpiercer - Diglossopis cyanea. Seen near Wayqecha Biological Station.
Peruvian Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus punensis. Seen at Huacarpay lakes and named for the southern Peruvian department of Puno.
Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola. Seen in Puerto Maldonado at La Cachuela and many in the city Puerto Maldonado.
Buff-throated Saltator - Saltator maximus. Common bird below 1300 meters. Klicka et al. (2007) found strong genetic support for a sister relationship between Saltator and core Thraupidae. Sushkin (1924) proposed that Saltator was thraupine, not emberizine/cardinaline. SACC proposal passed to transfer Saltator from Cardinalidae to Incertae Sedis. SACC proposal to transfer to Thraupidae did not pass. Barker et al. (2013) found that Saltator and Saltatricula were embedded in the Thraupidae. SACC proposal passed to transfer to Thraupidae. Chavez et al. (2013) found that relationships within the genus are not consistent with the current linear sequence of species. SACC proposal passed to revise linear sequence.
Grayish Saltator - Saltator coerulescens. Seen at Macaw clay lick and Puerto Maldonado at La Cachuela.
Golden-billed Saltator – Saltator aurantiirostris. We saw this at Huacarpay Lakes - a common bird of the Andes.
Black and White Seedeater – Sporophila luctuosa. 3 of this nomadic species seen in the cloud forest neat Pacchayoc.
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater - Sporophila angolensis. Seen at Cock of the Rock lodge eating grass seeds by the roadside. Not found in Angola!
Black-billed Seed Finch – Sporophila atrirostris. Seen at Macaw Clay lick near Manu Wildlife Center for a long time eating seeds.
Band-tailed Seedeater - Catamenia analis. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes – a common bird of the Andes.
Plain-colored Seedeater -Catamenia inornata. Seen at Ajanacco pass.
Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola. Seen at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center – not common in Manu.
NEW WORLD SPARROWS AND ALLIES
Rufous-collared Sparrow - Zonotrichia capensis. A very common bird of the Andes throughout Peru and South America.
Yellow-browed Sparrow - Ammodramus aurifrons. Seen in two different places.
Pectoral Sparrow - Arremon taciturnus. Seen at Amazonia Lodge in Jeep Trail - fantastic view.
Gray-browed Brushfinch - Arremon assimilis. Heard only.
Black-faced Brushfinch - Atalaptes melanolaemus. Common between Wayqecha to Cock of the Rock Lodge. The Atlapetes genus has been completely revamped based on bio-chemical data and work done at Copenhagen Field Museum. Formerly considered part of Rufous-napped Brush-Finch complex A. rufinucha. Atlapetes melanolaemus was formerly (Hellmayr 1938, Paynter 1970a, Meyer de Schauensee 1970, Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Sibley & Monroe 1990) considered a subspecies of A. rufinucha, but see García-Moreno & Fjeldså (1999). Range Restricted.
Short-billed Chlorospingus - Chlorospingus parvirostris. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge - common in the gardens and in mixed flocks. Genetic data (REFS, Burns et al. 2002, 2003) indicate the genus Chlorospingus is not a member of the Thraupidae, but (Klicka et al. 2007) a member of the Emberizidae. SACC proposal passed to transfer to Emberizidae. Barker et al. (2013) further confirmed the placement of the genus with the New World sparrows. Frank Pitelka (in Tordoff 1954a) long ago noted the emberizine-like behavior of Chlorospingus. SACC proposal passed to change English names of the species in the genus from “Bush-Tanager” to “Chlorospingus”.
Yellow-throated Chlorospingus - Chlorospingus flavigularis. Seen at Cock of the Rock lodge and Quebrada Quitacalzon - common in mixed flocks.
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager - Habia rubica. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center on the grid trail in understory forest.
Golden Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris. Seen at Pillahuata, 1 individual good views.
NEW WORLD WARBLERS
Tropical Parula -Setophaga pitiayumi. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in mixed flocks.
Citrine Warbler - Myiothlypis luteoviridis striaticeps. Seen at Rocotal in Bamboo understory.
Pale-legged Warbler - Myiothlypis signatus signatus. Seen between Paucartambo and Ajanacco. Range Restricted.
Buff-rumped Warbler - Myiothypis fulvicauda. Seen at Amazonia lodge.
Two-banded Warbler - Myiothlypis bivittatus. Common around cock of the rock lodge in roadsides, well seen several times.
Golden-bellied (Cuzco) Warbler - Myiothlypis chrysogaster. Seen around Quebrada Quitacalzon in a mixed flock. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) treated the northern subspecies chlorophrys as a separate species – Choco Warbler - from Myiothlypis chrysogaster based on differences in descriptions of songs; see Zimmer (1949) for rationale for considering them sister taxa. This Golden–bellied Warbler becomes a Peruvian endemic.
Russet-crowned Warbler - Myiothlypis coronatus. Seen near Rocotal in a mixed flock.
Three-striped (Yungas) Warbler - Basileuterus tristriatus punctipectus. Common on the Manu Road. Gutiérrez-Pinto et al. (2012) found that broadly defined Basileuterus tristriatus consists of 10 distinct clades, one of which is B. trifasciatus, which is the sister group to B. tristriatus tacarcunae of the Darién. Donegan (2014) provided evidence that the Bolivian punctipectus group (including canens) should be treated as a separate species.
Slate-throated Redstard (Whitestart) - Myioborus miniatus. Seen around San Pedro and Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden.
Spectacled Redstart (Whitestart) - Myioborus melanocephalus. Seen around Rocotal, 2 individuals in a mixed flock.
Crested Oropendola - Psarocolius decumanus maculosus. Common in amazon lowland forest in Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Center.
Dusky-green Oropendola - Psarocolius atrovirens. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge and around Rocotal, very common.
Russet-backed Oropendola - Psarocolius angustifrons alfredi. Common in the Amazon lowlands.
Olive Oropendola - Psarocolius bifasciatus. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower - great view.
Casqued Cacique -Cacicus oseryi. Seen at Manu wildlife center on the riverside trail several times.
Yellow-rumped Cacique - Cacicus cela. Very common bird in the Amazon lowland forest always nesting near the lodges.
Red-rumped Cacique - Cacicus haemorrhous. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy tower 2 individuals.
(Southern) Mountain Cacique - Cacicus chrysonotus. We saw 4 in a mixed flock. The northern (leucoramphus) and southern (chrysonotus) groups of subspecies were treated as separate species by Blake (1968b), but most classifications have treated them as a single species (e.g., Hellmayr 1937, Meyer de Schauensee 1966, 1970, Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Fjeldså & Krabbe 1990; and usually as Cacicus leucoramphus, an error, because chrysonotus has priority) because specimens near the contact zone show some signs of gene flow (Hellmayr 1937, Bond 1953). However, see Jaramillo & Burke (1999) for possible reasons for ranking them as species; this was followed by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001), Hilty (2003), and Fraga (2011). Powell et al. (2014) found that the two were deeply divergent genetically, more so than some Cacicus treated as species, but did not sample populations anywhere near the contact zone. SACC proposal to treat leucoramphus as a separate species did not pass. Hosner et al. (2015b) found evidence for intergradation between the taxa in Ayacucho, Peru.
Epaulet Oriole - Icterus cayanensis. Seen at Camungo Canopy tower - a good view.
Orange-backed Troupial - Icterus croconotus. Seen at Amazonia lodge and Manu Wildlife Centre at Camungo oxbow lake.
Pale-eyed Blackbird - Agelaius xanthophthalmus. Seen at Camungo oxbow lake - 3 individuals and very good views.
Yellow-winged Blackbird - Agelaius Thilius. Seen at Huacarpay Lakes and very a common bird.
Giant Cowbird - Molothrus oryzivora. Common on Madre de Dios River islands – a brood parasite.
Hooded Siskin - Spinus magellanica urubambensis. Very common bird of the Andes, seen at Huacarpay Lakes and other places.
Olivaceous Siskin - Spinus olivacea. 3 seen in the cloud forest in cecropia trees.
Thick-billed Euphonia - Euphonia laniirostris. Seen at Camungo canopy tower at Manu Wildlife Center.
White-lored Euphonia - Euphonia chryssopasta. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center in the canopy tower tree nesting.
Bronze -green Euphonia - Euphonia mesochrysa. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge - common in mixed flocks.
Orange-bellied Euphonia - Euphonia xanthogaster. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge and in the Amazon lowlands.
Rufous-bellied Euphonia - Euphonia rufiventris. Seen at Manu Wildlife Center from the canopy towers.
Blue-naped Chlorophonia - Chlrophonia cyanea. Seen at Cock of the Rock Lodge in the garden, very good views.