Bolivia - August - September 2019

Published by Manu Expeditions (birding AT

Participants: Richard Amable, Barry Walker



Day 1 (Aug 25th): We arrived at Viru-Viru International airport in Santa Cruz very early in the morning. We firstly visited the Botanical gardens, paying particular attention to any Santa Cruz specialties. We visited a small lake, which is home to Rufous-tailed Jacamar and Red-capped Cardinal. In the tall Chiquitano dry forest we looked for many birds including Green-cheeked Parakeet, Bolivian Slaty Antshrike and Fawn-breasted Wren. After our picnic lunch we spent the afternoon at Lomas de Arena. Several types of habitats are preserved in the area: savannahs, dry forest, marshes and large water bodies. The area is also a stop-over and wintering ground for many Austral and Boreal migrants. Night in Santa Cruz.

Day 2 (Aug 26th): Today we took a local flight to the bustling town of Trinidad situated in the flooded savannahs of Beni. After arrival we birded the road to Loma Suarez, taking lunch in town. This area is full of birds. Night at our air-conditioned hotel on the shores of Laguna Suarez.

Day 3 (Aug 27th): We drove to the savannahs near Loreto today, concentrating on open flooded fields and scrubby pasture. The birding was great here! Night at our air-conditioned hotel on the shores of Laguna Suarez.

Day 4 (Aug 28th): Another morning to look for missed birds. In the afternoon we visited the grasslands and seasonally flooded woodlands that are reminiscent of the more open parts of the famous Brazilian Pantanal or of the Venezuelan llanos and harbor the same rich and spectacular variety of birds. The open habitat made for easy viewing. Night at our air-conditioned hotel on the shores of Laguna Suarez.

Day 5 (Aug 29th): Flight from Trinidad to Santa Cruz and on to Refugio Los Volcanes. We did some birding near the hotel. Night at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Days 6 and 7 (Aug 30th and 31st): Refugio Los Volcanes is in a most spectacular geographical setting surrounded by many forest clad sugarloaf peaks and cascading waterfalls. Nights at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Day 8 (Sept 1st): Morning birding around Refugio Los Volcanes and in the afternoon on to Samaipata for the night. Night at Hotel in Samaipata.

Day 9 (Sept 2nd): We left Samaipata at dawn, heading to a locality for Alder Parrot. In the afternoon we took the road to Tambo, stopping and birding at suitable habitat along the way. In the late afternoon we arrived in Tambo and our country hotel.

Day 10 (Sept 3rd): In the morning we drove to the famous cliff of the Nature Reserve near Omereque to see fly-overs of the rare and endemic Red-fronted Macaw. After lunch we were in Saipina and some agricultural areas along the Rio Misque where Red-fronted Macaws (endemic), Blue-crowned Parakeets and Turquoise-fronted Amazons raid the crops. Night at Hotel in Tambo.

Day 11 (Sept 4th): Early start for the humid temperate forest at Siberia. We spent all day here with a picnic lunch, exploring side roads and trails. This was our first introduction to cloud forest birding. We spent the afternoon in some dry semi-deciduous habitat. Night at Hotel in Tambo.

Day 12 (Sept 5th): Very early start with a picnic breakfast, heading for the pleasant city of Cochabamba. We did a stop for some early morning birding at Siberia looking for species we may have missed. Continuing on we passed some remnant scrub Polylepis woodland. We stopped on the high grasslands and agricultures areas. Finally, we descended into the fertile Cochabamba valley. Night at our hotel in Cochabamba.

Day 13 (Sept 6th): Early start for the temperate forest of the Yungas (cloud forest) of Chapare. We started at the treeline in Tablas Montes. We spent the afternoon in the lower cloud forest. Night in Cochabamba.

Day 14 (Sept 7th): As a complete contrast to the previous day we visited a dry Andean valley above Quillacolla where stands of mature Polylepis woodland still exist. This was an exciting day’s birding. Night in Cochabamba.

Day 15 (Sept 8th): We drove to the high windswept town of Oruro, taking all morning to bird the route. The rest of the day's journey was through high Puna grasslands and we did bird particular areas for high altitude species such as Puna Hawk and Andean Flicker. In the afternoon we birded in the vicinity of Lake Uru-Uru. Much depended on the water level of the lake but we did see large numbers of three species of Flamingo. Night in Oruro.

Day 16 (Sept 9th): Very early start and a long drive on the road to Iquisivi. Continuing on we had a long drive to the town of Chullumani. We had a late arrival at the comfortable Hotel San Bartolome.

Day 17 (Sept 10th): Early start to a very pretty patch of Cloud Forest close to the Apa Apa private reserve. We spent the morning here with a picnic lunch. In the afternoon we headed to Coroico and our nice hotel there.

Day 18 (Sept 11th): Today we birded the road above Chairo in the Cotapata National Park. In the afternoon we returned to enjoy the resort and did some birding in the grounds. Another night at the comfortable hotel in Coroico.

Day 19 (Sept 12th): Early start for Chuspipata and the Old Coroico road. This track was spectacular and good for birds. We concentrated on the upper temperate forest in the morning. In the afternoon we did bird the La Cumbre area on the way back to La Paz and did see some high-altitude species. In the late afternoon we skirted La Paz and then arrived at our hotel on the shores of Lake Titicaca.

Day 20 (Sept 13th): Early start for the Sorata area with the towering snowy peak of Illampu at our backs. As we approached the dry Sorata valley we began to see habitat of the Berlepsche's Canastero, an endemic restricted to this valley only. Returning to the shores of Lake Titicaca we made the near-endemic flightless Titicaca Grebe our priority. Night in our hotel on the shores of Lake Titicaca.

Day 21 (Sept 14th): To El Alto airport and connections with international flights home. END OF THE TOUR.


RHEAS (Rheidae)

Greater Rhea - Rhea americana. Seen near Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

TINAMOUS (Tinamidae)

Gray Tinamou – Tinamus tao. Seen by a few near the cafetales at Los Volcanes Refugio. VULNERABLE.

Brown Tinamou – Crypturellus obsoletus*. Heard only.

Undulated Tinamou – Crypturellus undulates *. Heard only.

Red-winged Tinamou – Rhynchotus rufescens. Seen one at Santa Cruz airport.

Huayco Tinamou – Rhynchotus maculicollis* Heard only, several at Sorata.

Andean Tinamou – Nothoprocta pentlandii. Two seen on our way to Oruro.

SCREAMERS (Anhimidae)

Southern Screamer – Chauna torquata. Common in Trinidad area.


White-faced Whistling-Duck - Dendrocygna viduata. Seen several near Trinidad.

Orinoco Goose - Neochen jubata. Two seen on the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Andean Goose - Chloephaga melanoptera. Large number seen at Uru-Uru Lake in Oruro.

Muscovy Duck – Cairina moschata. Seen by a few in Trinidad.

Brazilian Teal - Amazonetta brasiliensis. Several seen in Trinidad.

Torrent Duck - Merganetta armata. Two seen at Cerro Tunari.

Crested Duck - Lophonetta specularioides. Seen at La Cumbre on our way to La Paz. The SACC says “Lophonetta specularioides is often (e.g., Hellmayr & Conover 1948a, Johnsgard 1979) placed in Anas, but see Johnson & Sorenson (1999) for return to monotypic Lophonetta, as in Meyer de Schauensee (1970) and Blake (1977).

Yellow-billed Teal - Anas flavirostris. Common in high Andes. The SACC says “Hellmayr & Conover (1948a) and many earlier classifications treated andium (Andean Teal) as a separate species from A. flavirostris. Many authors, from Meyer de Schauensee (1970) to Dickinson (2003), have treated andium as a subspecies of A. flavirostris. Anas andium was considered a separate species from Anas flavirostris by Ridgely et al. (2001), and this was followed by Hilty (2003). SACC proposal passed to recognize andium as separate species. 7 Jaramillo (2003) further suggested that the subspecies oxyptera may also deserve recognition as a separate species from A. flavirostris.

Yellow-billed Pintail - Anas georgica. Seen at Uru-Uru lake.

Puna Teal - Anas puna. Seen at Uru-Uru lake.

Cinnamon Teal - Anas cyanoptera. Seen at Uru-Uru lake.

White-cheeked Pintail – Anas bahamensis. Saw a few at Titicaca lake.

Andean Duck – Oxyura ferruginea. Seen at Titicaca lake. Andean populations have often (e.g., Hellmayr & Conover 1948a, Siegfried 1976, Sibley & Ahlquist 1990, AOU 1998, Ridgely & Greenfield 2001, Jaramillo 2003, del Hoyo & Collar 2014) been treated as a separate species, O. ferruginea ("Andean Duck" or "Andean Ruddy-Duck"). However, see Adams and Slavid (1984), Fjeldså (1986), McCracken & Sorenson (2005), and Donegan et al. (2015) for rationale for treating them as conspecific, as done previously (e.g., Blake 1977, Johnsgard 1979), and then followed by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990), Carboneras (1992f), and Dickinson & Remsen (2013). Siegfried (1976) and Livezey (1995) considered ferruginea to be more closely related to O. vittata than to O. jamaicensis, but McCracken & Sorenson (2005) showed that this is incorrect.


Andean Guan - Penelope montagnii. Seen one at the Apa-Apa reserve.

Dusky-legged Guan - Penelope obscura. Saw a couple on our way to Comarapa.

Blue-throated Piping-Guan - Pipile cumanensis. Common in Trinidad.

Speckled Chachalaca – Ortalis guttata. Common in Trinidad.

Bare-faced Curassow – Crax fasciolata. Two seen in Trinidad. VULNERABLE.

FLAMINGOS (Phoenicopteridae)

Chilean Flamingo - Phoenicopterus chilensis. Common at Uru-Uru lake.

Andean Flamingo - Phoenicoparrus andinus. Common at Uru-Uru lake.

James's Flamingo - Phoenicoparrus jamesi. Seen at Uru-Uru lake. Named for Harry Berkley James (1846-1892) British businessman and ornithologist in Chile. VULNERABLE.

GREBES (Podicipedidae)

White-tufted Grebe - Rollandia Rolland. One seen at Uru-Uru lake and more at Titicaca lake. Sometimes this grebe is known as the Short-winged Grebe, but Titicaca Grebe is a much more appropriate name as that lake forms the main part of its distribution. It is also found farther south in lakes Popoo and Uru-uru. Therefore, it is restricted to the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru. The most curious aspect of this grebe is that it is flightless, a trait it shares with the Peruvian Junín Grebe (Podiceps taczanowskii) and interestingly that grebe is in a different genus so the loss of flight occurred independently twice in South American grebes. The Titicaca Grebe was at one time quite common and estimates ranged as high as 10,000 individuals, but this grebe has been on a decline for at least the last two decades and this is partially blamed on the use of fishing nets which are catching the grebes and drowning them, current estimates are that 2000 remain. ENDANGERED.

Northern Silvery Grebe – Podiceps occipitalis. Seen at Uru-Uru lake. SACC says Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) and Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the northern Andean subspecies, juninensis, might merit recognition as a separate species from Podiceps occipitalis. Del Hoyo & Collar (2014) treated them as separate species. The gene tree in Ogawa et al. (2015) is consistent with treating juninensis as a separate species. HBW accepts the split.


Ruddy Ground-Dove - Columbina talpacoti. Seen near Trinidad.

Picui Ground-Dove - Columbina picui. Seen in Trinidad and near Saipina.

Bare-faced Ground-Dove - Metriopelia ceciliae. Seen at Cerro Tunari and near Oruro. Named for Cecile Gautrau daughter of French naturalist Rene Lesson.

Black-winged Ground-Dove - Metriopelia melanoptera. Seen on the way to La Paz.

Rock Dove - Columba livia. Common.

Picazuro Pigeon - Patagioenas picazuro. Common in Trinidad. Picazuro is a Guarani name meaning “ sour pigeon” from its taste after it has eaten certain fruits.

Spot-winged Pigeon - Patagioenas maculosa. Seen near Oruro.

Band-tailed Pigeon - Patagioenas fasciata. Seen at Tablas Montes.

Plumbeous Pigeon - Patagioenas plumbea. Seen in several places.

Eared Dove - Zenaida auriculata. Common.

White-tipped Dove - Leptotila verreauxi. Seen at Los Volcanes, but not well. Named for the impressive sounding John Baptiste Edouard Verreaux (1810-1868) French Natural History dealer and collector.

Gray-fronted Dove - Leptotila rufaxilla. Seen in Trinidad.

White-throated Quail-Dove - Geotrygon frenata. Saw two near El Chairo, Coroico.


Squirrel Cuckoo - Piaya cayana. Common.

Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani. Common in Trinidad.

Guira Cuckoo - Guira guira. Common in the tropics.

Striped Cuckoo - Tapera naevia. Heard and seen in Trinidad.


Common Pauraque - Nyctidromus albicollis*. Heard only, a few in Trinidad.

Scissor-tailed Nightjar - Hydropsalis torquata. Seen along the drive to Loreto in Trinidad.

Lyre-tailed Nightjar. Seen on the way to Chullumani.

SWIFTS (Apodidae)

Rothschild's Swift - Cypseloides rothschildi. Seen by a few at Cerro Tunari. The Rothschild’s Swift was long considered to be conspecific with the Sooty Swift (Cypseloides fumigatus), which species is largely confined to south-eastern South America. Like other Cypseloides species, Rothschild’s Swift is a medium-sized swift with long, broad wings, and a short square-ended tail. Its plumage is entirely mid brown; in the field separation from Sooty Swift is probably impossible, except on distribution. The present species is more or less confined to northwest Argentina into Bolivia. Very poorly known indeed, virtually nothing has been published concerning the Rothschild’s Swift’s ecology and behavior. This is a very localized and overlooked Swift and with the advances in digital photography it is being recorded more and more.

White-collared Swift - Streptoprocne zonaris. Common.

Pale-rumped Swift – Chaetura egregia. Seen in El Chairo - Coroico.

Andean Swift - Aeronautes andecolus. Common in the high Andes.

HUMMINGBIRDS (Trochilidae)

Buff-bellied Hermit - Phaethornis subochraceus. Seen in Trinidad.

Sparkling Violetear - Colibri coruscans. Seen in Coroico.
Black-throated Mango - Anthracothorax nigricollis. One seen near Trinidad.

Amethyst-throated Sunangel - Heliangelus amethysticollis. Saw one at Tablas Montes. From the Greek Helios =sun, Angelos = angel. From the habit of this genus of lifting their wings monetarily as in stylized angel paintings, on alighting on a twig.

Long-tailed Sylph - Aglaiocercus kingi. Seen near Apa Apa reserve. Named for Rear-Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856) British marine surveyor and collector in tropical America.

Wedge-tailed Hillstar - Oreotrochilus adela. One seen by some, near Cerro Tunari. The Wedge-tailed Hillstar was formerly considered endemic to southern Bolivia, but has, like several other Bolivian ‘endemics’ recently been found in extreme northwestern Argentina.

Tyrian Metaltail - Metallura tyrianthina. Named after the color Tyrian purple.

Black-hooded Sunbeam - Aglaeactis pamela. Ten near Sorata. A spectacular Hummer. Pamela from the Greek meaning all-black. ENDEMIC.

Great Sapphirewing - Pterophanes cyanopterus. Saw two near Quime.

Goulds (Collared) Inca - Coeligena (torquata) inca. Seen in Coroico. Relationships uncertain within the complex containing C. conradii, C. torquata, C. eisenmanni and present species (also relationship to C. prunellei and C. wilsoni); further studies needed (see also C. torquata). Present species traditionally considered conspecific with C. torquata (which see). Race omissa doubtfully valid, as the characters distinguished are very weak and not constant. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Fawn-breasted Brilliant – Heliodoxa rubinoides. Saw one at the Old Coroico road.

Bolivian (Violet-throated) Starfrontlet - Coeligena violifer. Saw one at Tablas Montes and another along the Old Coroico road. ENDEMIC.

Rufous-booted Racket-tail - Ocreatus underwoodii. Seen by a some at Apa Apa reserve. ENDEMIC. An article in Zootaxa 4200 (1): 083–108 2016 Biogeography and taxonomy of racket-tail hummingbirds (Aves: Trochilidae: Ocreatus): evidence for species delimitation from morphology and display behavior by KARL-L. SCHUCHMANN, ANDRÉ-A. WELLER & DIETMAR JÜRGENS provided evidence from plumage and behavior that Ocreatus underwoodii should be treated as four species, with the subspecies addae, annae, and peruana elevated to species rank:
White-booted Racket-tail - O. underwoodii, Venezuela to W Ecuador;
Peruvian Racket-tail - O. peruvianus, E Ecuador to NE Peru;
Anna’s Racket-tail - O. annae, Pasco to Cuzco (Peruvian endemic);
Rufous-booted Racket-tail - O. addae, Bolivia (Bolivian endemic).

Green-tailed Trainbearer - Lesbia nuna. Saw a few in the high Andes. Greek: Lesbia – a woman of Lesbos. Nuna – from Nouna-Koali a graceful Indian virgin in Jean F. Denis’s (1829) novel.

Giant Hummingbird - Patagona gigas. Saw one at Cerro Tunari and also at other sites. One of the world's largest hummingbirds after the Sword-billed Hummingbird if talking about measurement from tail tip to bill tip.

White-bellied Woodstar - Chaetocercus mulsant. Seen at a couple of sites, Apa-Apa and Quirusillas.

Blue-tailed Emerald - Chlorostilbon mellisugus. Two seen near Saipina.

Glittering-bellied Emerald - Chlorostilbon lucidus. Saw a few at Quirusillas.

Fork-tailed Woodnymph - Thalurania furcata. Seen at Los Volcanes.

White-bellied Hummingbird - Amazilia chionogaster. Seen at several sites. This form’s song is totally different from other areas and there is a potential split here.

White-chinned Sapphire - Hylocharis cyanus. Saw one in Trinidad.

Gilded Hummingbird. Several seen at Jardin Botanica in SCZ.

HOATZIN (Opisthocomidae)

Hoatzin - Opisthocomus hoazin. Seen in Trinidad.

RAILS (Rallidae)

Rufous-sided Crake*. Heard only, in Trinidad and Saipina wetlands.

Gray-cowled Wood-Rail - Aramides cajaneus. Common.

Common Gallinule - Gallinula galeata. Several seen. Note that this species is a recent split from Common Moorhen of the old world (Gallinula chlorops) on the basis of morphological, genetic, and vocal differences (Groenenberg et al 2008).

Giant Coot - Fulica gigantean. Saw one near La Cumbre.

Slate-colored Coot - Fulica ardesiaca. Seen on Titicaca lake.

LIMPKIN (Aramidae)

Limpkin – Aramus guarauna. Saw a couple in Trinidad.

PLOVERS (Charadriidae)

Southern Lapwing - Vanellus chilensis. Common in SCZ and Trinidad.

Andean Lapwing - Vanellus resplendens. Common in the Andes.

Puna Plover - Charadrius alticola. Saw a couple at Uru-Uru lake.

STILTS AND AVOCETS (Recurvirostridae)

Black-necked Stilt - Himantopus mexicanus. Several seen at Uru-Uru lake. Taxonomy is a bit confusing. The SACC says “Himantopus mexicanus was formerly considered a subspecies of Old-World H. himantopus (“Common Stilt”). Some authors have treated southern South American melanurus (White-backed Stilt) as a separate species. The six taxa in the genus Himantopus form a near-globally distributed super species and between one to six species-level taxa recognized by various authors. Virtually no data are available relevant to taxon-ranking of allopatric populations. The contact between mexicanus and melanurus in South America, where at least some hybridization occurs, affords one of the best opportunities for such study.

Andean Avocet - Recurvirostra andina. Saw a couple at Uru-Uru lake.

SANDPIPERS (Scolopacidae)

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca. Seen at Uru-Uru lake.

Lesser Yellowlegs - Tringa flavipes. Seen in Trinidad.

Solitary Sandpiper - Tringa solitaria. Seen in Trinidad.

Baird's Sandpiper - Calidris bairdii. Seen at Uru-Uru lake.

Buff-breasted Sandpiper - Tryngites subruficollis. Seen by a few near Trinidad.

Wilson's Phalarope - Phalaropus tricolor. Hundreds seen at Titicaca lake.

JACANAS (Jacanidae)

Wattled Jacana - Jacana jacana. Seen in SCZ and common in Trinidad.


Andean Gull - Chroicocephalus serranus. Common in the high Andes, at lakes and ponds.

STORKS (Ciconidae)

Maguari Stork - Ciconia maguari. Seen in Trinidad.

Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria. Seen in Trinidad.

Wood Stork - Mycteria americana. Seen in Trinidad.

ANHINGA (Anhingidae)

Anhinga - Anhinga anhinga. Seen in Trinidad.

CORMORANTS (Phalacrocoracidae)

Neotropic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax brasilianus. Common.

HERONS (Ardeidae)

Rufescent Tiger-Heron - Tigrisoma lineatum. Common in Trinidad.

Fasciated Tiger-Heron - Tigrisoma fasciatum. Saw one near El Chairo.

Black-crowned Night-Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax. Seen in Trinidad.

Striated Heron - Butorides striata. Seen in Trinidad.

Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis. Common. It only colonized the Americas from the Old World in the 20th century, one of the most striking examples of avian range expansions in historic times. Largely a terrestrial feeder, reports of stomach contents have shown that grasshoppers are their main prey item.

Cocoi Heron - Ardea cocoa. Common in Trinidad.

Great Egret - Ardea alba. Common in Trinidad. Formerly placed in either Egretta or the monotypic genus Casmerodius. Called Western Great Egret after the split of Ardea modesta (Eastern Great Egret) from A. alba (Sheldon 1987, Collar 2007, Christidis & Boles 2008).

Whistling Heron - Syrigma sibilatrix. Several seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

Snowy Egret - Egretta thula. Seen in Trinidad. Thula’ is an Araucano (Chilean) Indian name for the Black-necked Swan, erroneously given to the Snowy Egret!

IBISES (Threskiornithidae)

Puna Ibis - Plegadis ridgwayi. Common in the altiplano.

Green Ibis - Mesembrinibis cayennensis. Saw a few in Trinidad.

Bare-faced Ibis - Phimosus infuscatus. Common near SCZ and Trinidad.

Plumbeous Ibis - Theristicus caerulescens. Saw a few in Trinidad.

Buff-necked Ibis - Theristicus caudatus. Seen around Trinidad.

Roseate Spoonbill - Platalea ajaja. Saw a few around Trinidad.


Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura. Common. Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the resident tropical subspecies ruficollis and the southern subspecies group (jota and "falklandica") might merit recognition as separate species from the northern Cathartes aura group.

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture - Cathartes burrovianus. Two seen at SCZ.

Black Vulture - Coragyps atratus. Common. After the opinions of a few 19th century taxonomists were long ignored, recent genetic studies have indicated that New World vultures are modified storks and don’t belong with the raptors; an excellent example of convergent evolution.

King Vulture - Sarcoramphus papa. Saw a few at Los Volcanes.

Andean Condor - Vultur gryphus. Several seen, at many sites.

HAWKS AND EAGLES (Accipitridae)

Gray-headed Kite - Leptodon cayanensis. One seen near Ibare river in Trinidad.

Swallow-tailed Kite - Elanoides forficatus. Saw a few in the Chapare area.

Pearl Kite - Gampsonyx swainsonii. Saw one in Trinidad.

Black-collared Hawk - Busarellus nigricollis. Seen in Trinidad.

Snail Kite - Rostrhamus sociabilis. Seen in Trinidad.

Cinereous Harrier - Circus cinereus. Saw one at Titicaca lake.

Long-winged Harrier - Circus buffoni. Seen in Trinidad. Named for George-Louis Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) French naturalist and director of the Jardin du Roi in Paris.

Bicolored Hawk - Accipiter bicolor. Saw one very high near Tablas Montes.

Savanna Hawk - Buteogallus meridionalis. Seen in Trinidad.

Great Black-Hawk - Buteogallus urubitinga. Saw a few around Trinidad.

White-rumped Hawk - Parabuteo leucorrhous. Seen one very high near Tablas Montes.

Roadside Hawk - Rupornis magnirostris. Common.

White-tailed Hawk - Geranoaetus albicaudatus. Saw one near Trinidad.

Variable (Red-backed) Hawk - Geranoaetus polyosoma. Common. Farquhar (1988) concluded that Buteo poecilochrous (Puna) and B. polyosoma (Red-backed) are conspecific, as they were formerly treated (REF); he was unable to find any way to reliably diagnose the two forms using plumage characters or measurements. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001), Jaramillo (2003), and Schulenberg et al. (2007) followed this treatment and suggested "Variable Hawk" be retained for the composite species. Genetic data (Riesing et al. 2003) are consistent with hypothesis that B. polyosoma and B. poecilochrous are conspecific.

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle - Geranoaetus melanoleucus. Saw one near Cerro Tunari.

Short-tailed Hawk - Buteo brachyurus. Saw two near Tablas Montes in Cochabamba.

BARN OWLS (Tytonidae)

Barn Owl – Tyto alba. Seen near Saipina.

OWLS (Strigidae)

Tropical Screech-Owl - Megascops choliba*. Heard only, near Chullumani and also at Coroico.

Rufescent Screech-Owl - Megascops ingens. Seen at Los Volcanes.

Magellanic Horned Owl - Bubo magellanicus . Seen near Inquisive. A subspecies of Great-horned Owl to some, split by HBW.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl - Glaucidium brasilianum*. Heard only.

Yungas Pygmy-Owl – Glaucidium bolivianus*. Heard only, near Tablas Montes.

Subtropical Pygmy-Owl – Glaucidium parkeri *. Heard only at Los Volcanes. Range Restricted.

Burrowing Owl - Athene cunicularia. Two seen at Lomas de Arena.

TROGONS (Trogonidae)

Black-tailed Trogon - Trogon melanurus. Saw two in Trinidad.

Blue-crowned Trogon - Trogon curucui. Seen at several sites.

KINGFISHERS (Alcedinidae)

Ringed Kingfisher - Megaceryle torquata. Common in Trinidad.

Amazon Kingfisher - Chloroceryle amazona. Common in the lowlands.

Green Kingfisher – Chloroceryle americana. Saw one in the Botanical Garden in SCZ.

PUFFBIRDS (Bucconidae)

Spot-backed (Chaco) Puffbird - Nystalus maculatus stratipectus. Saw one near Saipina. Race striatipectus was thought possibly a separate species on basis of morphology, but vocalizations apparently similar to those of nominate; moreover, some supposed diagnostic characters itemized in HBW (more heavily streaked face, whiter crown spots, upperparts less spangled, tail more narrowly banded, bill “thinner, more arched, duller”) not sustained by material in NHMUK. Proposed race parvirostris (C Brazil) not reliably separable from nominate; pallidigula (SW Brazil) synonymous with striatipectus, showing only minor, apparently clinal differences. Two subspecies currently recognized. Range Restricted.

Black-fronted Nunbird - Monasa nigrifrons. Saw a few in Trinidad. Monasa is Greek for solitary or a monk a reference to the plain plumage and quiet behavior of the Nunbirds.

JACAMARS (Galbulidae)

Rufous-tailed Jacamar - Galbula ruficauda. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

TOUCANS (Ramphastidae)

Toco Toucan - Ramphastos toco. Seen in Trinidad and at Los Volcanes.

Channel-billed Toucan - Ramphastos vitellinus Seen at Los Volcanes.

Blue-banded Toucanet - Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis. Seen at El Chapare.

Chestnut-eared Aracari - Pteroglossus castanotis. Common. From the Greek – Pteron = feather. Glossus = tongue. Feather tongued.


White-barred Piculet – Picumnus cirratus. Saw two at Quirusillas.

White-wedged Piculet - Picumnus albosquamatus. Several seen in Trinidad.

White Woodpecker - Melanerpes candidus. A few seen in Lomas de Arena in SCZ.

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cruentatus. Four seen at the Botanical Gardens in SCZ.

White-fronted Woodpecker - Melanerpes cactorum. Several seen near Saipina.

Striped Woodpecker - Veniliornis lignarius. A couple seen in Saipina fields.

Little Woodpecker - Veniliornis passerinus. Seen in Trinidad.

Golden-olive Woodpecker - Colaptes rubiginosus. Seen in Coroico.

Green-barred Flicker - Colaptes melanochloros. Saw a few on the way to Oruro.

Andean Flicker - Colaptes rupicola. Common in the high Andes.

Lineated Woodpecker - Dryocopus lineatus. Seen in SCZ.

Red-necked Woodpecker - Campephilus rubricollis. Seen in Los Volcanes and also at El Chairo, near Coroico.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker - Campephilus melanoleucos. Seen in Trinidad.

Cream-backed Woodpecker - Campephilus leucopogon. Seen by a few at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas.

FALCONS (Falconidae)

Laughing Falcon - Herpetotheres cachinnans. Saw a few in Trinidad.

Barred Forest-Falcon - Micrastur ruficollis. Saw one at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas.

Collared Forest-Falcon - Micrastur semitorquatus. Saw two at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Southern Caracara - Caracara plancus. Common in the lowland regions and central valleys.

Mountain Caracara - Phalcoboenus megalopterus. Common in the highland regions.

Yellow-headed Caracara - Milvago chimachima. Several seen near Trinidad.

American Kestrel - Falco sparverius. Fairly common at most sites.

Aplomado Falcon - Falco femoralis. Seen in Santa Cruz and another in Sorata.

Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinus. One seen at Lake Titicaca.


Blue-and-yellow Macaw - Ara ararauna. Heard and seen in Loreto - Trinidad.

Blue-throated Macaw - Ara glaucogularis. Heard and seen near Loreto in Trinidad. CRITICALLY ENDANGERED ENDEMIC.

Military Macaw - Ara militaris. Saw a few at Refugio Los Volcanes. VULNERABLE.

Red-fronted Macaw - Ara rubrogenys. Several seen at the Red-fronted Macaw Reserve near Omereque. CRITICALLY ENDANGERED ENDEMIC.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw - Ara severus. A few seen at the Jardin Botanico near SCZ.

Yellow-collared Macaw - Primolius auricollis. Saw a few near Trinidad city.

Blue-crowned Parakeet - Aratinga acuticaudata. Seen in SCZ and more at Saipina.

Mitred Parakeet - Aratinga mitrata. Several seen in central valleys.

White-eyed Parakeet - Aratinga leucophthalma. Several seen at SCZ and Trinidad.

Dusky-headed Parakeet - Aratinga weddellii. Saw a few in the Jardin Botanico near SCZ.

Peach-fronted Parakeet - Aratinga aurea. Saw several in Trinidad.

Green-cheeked Parakeet - Pyrrhura molinae. Seen at most sites, common.

Blue-winged Parrotlet - Forpus xanthopterygius. Saw several in Trinidad.

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet - Brotogeris chiriri. Common in Trinidad.

Cliff Parakeet - Myiopsitta luchsi. Saw a few at Omereque, near the Red-fronted Macaw Reserve. ENDEMIC.

Gray-hooded Parakeet - Psilopsiagon aymara. Saw a large number at Omereque, Saipina and Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Blue-headed Parrot - Pionus menstruus. Seen at Los Volcanes.

Scaly-headed Parrot - Pionus maximiliani. Seen in the Jarding Bonatico in SCZ.

Tucuman (Alder) Parrot - Amazona tucumana. Saw about twenty in Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas. VULNERABLE.

Speckle-faced Parrot - Pionus tumultuosus. Saw a few at Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani.

Turquoise-fronted Parrot - Amazona aestiva. Fairly common in Trinidad and in the central valleys.

Scaly-naped Parrot - Amazona mercenarius. Heard and seen flying over very high at Tablas Montes.

ANTBIRDS (Thamnophilidae)

Great Antshrike - Taraba major. Seen in Trinidad.

Barred Antshrike - Thamnophilus doliatus. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

Bolivian Slaty-Antshrike - Thamnophilus sticturus. Two seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ. Just sneaks into Paraguay.

Variable Antshrike - Thamnophilus caerulescens. Seen at Apa Apa reserve and at El Chairo near Coroico.

Upland Antshrike - Thamnophilus aroyae. Saw one at Apa Apa reserve and another at El Chairo near Coroico.

Plain Antvireo - Dysithamnus mentalis. Seen by one participant at the hotel in Coroico.

Black-capped Antwren - Herpsilochmus atricapillus. Saw a few at Refugio Los Volcanes. Range Restricted.

Gray Antbird - Cercomacra cinerascens. Saw one male at El Chariro near Coroico.

Mato Grosso Antbird - Cercomacra melanaria. Seen near Trinidad. Named for the state of Mato Grosso in Brazil. Mato Grosso means thick bushes in Portuguese, which is where this species is always found.

White-backed Fire-eye - Pyriglena leuconota. Heard and seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Band-tailed Antbird - Hypocnemoides maculicauda. Saw a pair near Ibare river in Trinidad.

CRESCENTCHESTS (Melanopareiidae)

Olive-crowned Crescentchest - Melanopareia maximiliani. Seen near Pojo village on the way to Cerro Tunari. Range Restricted.

GNATEATERS (Conophagidae)

Slaty Gnateater - Conopophaga ardesiaca. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

ANTPITTAS (Grallaridae)

Rufous (Bolivian) Antpitta - Grallaria rufula*. Heard only, at Tablas Montes and at Old Coroico road. ENDEMIC.

Rufous-faced Antpitta - Grallaria erythrotis*. Heard only, in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also at Tablas Montes near Chapare. Was an endemic until earlier in 2016 when it was found in Peru.

TAPACULOS (Rhinocryptidae)

Trilling Tapaculo - Scytalopus parvirostris. Saw one, but heard several in the cloud forest near La Siberia and at Tablas Montes in Cochabamba.

Bolivian Tapaculo - Scytalopus bolivianus. Two at Refugio Los Volcanes. Scytalopus: Gr. skutale or skutalon= stick, cudgel and pous, podos= foot. In other words, Stickfoot!

Diademed Tapaculo - Scytalopus schulenbergi*. Heard only, at the Old Coroico road. Named for Thomas Schulenburg of Cornell University author of “A Field Guide to the Birds of Peru”. Vocal and plumage differences between populations in Cusco Peru and Punu, Pru and La Paz Bolivia may show two species are involved. Range Restricted.

ANTHUSHES (Formicariidae)

Short-tailed Antthrush - Chamaeza campanisona. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

OVENBIRDS (Funariinae)

Common Miner - Geositta cunicularia. Seen in the high Andes, at a site before Quime village.

Olivaceous Woodcreeper - Sittasomus griseicapillus. Seen in the Jarding Botanico in SCZ and at several other sites. Two forms reported.

Strong-billed Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus. One seen at El Chairo near Coroico.

Great Rufous Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes major. One seen at Loreto near Trinidad.

Tschudi’s Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus chumchotambo. Two seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Buff-throated Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus guttatus. Two seen in Trinidad, near the Ibare river.

Red-billed Scythebill - Campylorhamphus trochilirostris. Heard in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and seen in Trinidad.

Narrow-billed Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes angustirostris. Common at most sites in the central valleys.

Streaked Xenops - Xenops rutilans. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Streaked Tuftedcheek - Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii. Seen along the Coroico road.

Bolivian Earthcreeper - Tarphonomus harterti . Saw one near the El Tambo hotel, near Saipina. A few records from extreme N. Argentina. Named for Ernts Johann Otto Hartert (1859-1933) German Ornithologist and curator of the Rothschild museum, Tring.

Rufous Hornero - Furnarius rufus. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

Wren-like Rushbird - Phleocryptes melanops*. Heard only, at Uru Uru lake near Oruro.

Cream-winged Cinclodes - Cinclodes albiventris. Several seen in the high Andes near Cochabamba and Oruro. Jaramillo (2003) suggested that the albiventris group might warrant recognition as a separate species from Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus. Unfortunately, Chesser’s (2004a) sampling did not include populations of C. fuscus from the Andes north of Argentina. Sanín et al. (2009) sampled C. fuscus from throughout its range and found that it was polyphyletic, with various populations more closely related to C. olrogi, C. oustaleti, C. comechingonus, and C. antarcticus. SACC proposal passed to elevate the albiventris and albidiventris groups to species rank. As for English names, Jaramillo (2003) proposed Creamwinged Cinclodes for C. albiventris and Buff- winged Cinclodes for C. fuscus, and Jaramillo (see proposal 415) proposed Chestnut-winged Cinclodes for C. albidiventris; these are used here tentatively until formal SACC action.

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner - Philydor rufum. Saw a few at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Pearled Treerunner - Margarornis squamiger. Seen in the Siberia area and one more at Coroico road.

Brown-capped Tit-Spinetail - Leptasthenura fuliginiceps. Seen at Cerro Tunari and more near Sorata.

Tawny Tit-Spinetail - Sylviorthorhynchus yanacensis. Saw one at Cerro Tunari near Cochabamba.

Streak-fronted Thornbird - Phacellodomus striaticeps. Two seen near Saipina.

Spot-breasted Thornbird - Phacellodomus maculipectus. seen near Samaipata. Range Restricted.

Greater Thornbird - Phacellodomus ruber. Seen in Trinidad and Saipina.

Creamy-breasted (Rusty-vented) Canastero - Asthenes dorbignyi dorbignyi. Seen at Cerro Tunari and another on the way to Oruro. Range Restricted.

Berlepsch’s Canastero – Asthenes berlepschi. Saw a few near Sorata. The Berlepsch’s Canastero has a tiny range and is little known, recognized only from the slopes of Mt. Illampu in La Paz Department, Bolivia. It does have distinctive plumage features, including rufous outer two tail feathers, and it is larger and larger billed than allied species. Vocal and molecular studies are needed to understand the taxonomic position of this species. It is found between 2600 and 3700 m in arid shrubby slopes, even in little scrubby ravines adjacent to terraced agricultural areas above Sorata. ENDEMIC.

Scribble-tailed Canastero - Asthenes maculicauda*. Heard only, near Sorata. Range Restricted.

Puna Canastero - Asthenes sclateri. Saw one at the high section of Cerro Tunari. Range Restricted.

Black-throated Thistletail - Asthenes harterti bajaranoi. Saw one after La Siberia and another in Tablas Montes. ENDEMIC.

Plain Softtail - Thripophaga fusciceps fusciceps. Seen in Trinidad, the Beni form. Races vary markedly in size; this, and anomalous pattern of their distribution and unusual combination of habitats, could suggest that the three forms are separate species, although vocal differences seem to be rather subtle; further research needed. Three subspecies recognized. The one we saw in Beni may be split as Bolivian Plain Softtail. ENDEMIC.

Light-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca albiceps. Saw two in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Gray-crested Cacholote - Pseudoseisura unirufa. Two seen near Trinidad. HBW says: Close to Caatinga Cacholote P. cristata; formerly treated as conspecific, but differs ecologically and vocally (important differences in vocalizations demonstrated by playback experiments), and possibly also in social system and nest architecture. Despite geographical isolation of the two populations of present species, there are no evident plumage differences that would warrant naming of subspecies. Monotypic. Distribution: NC & E Bolivia (Beni, extreme NW & SE Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (S Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul) and N Paraguay (Alto Paraguay). Range Restricted.

Stripe-crowned Spinetail - Cranioleuca pyrrhophia. Saw a few in the Saipina area.

Bolivian Spinetail - Cranioleuca henricae Saw two near Inquisive. ENDANGERED ENDEMIC.

Chotoy Spinetail - Schoeniophylax phryganophilus. Saw three at Lomas de Arena reserve in SCZ.

Yellow-chinned Spinetail - Certhiaxis cinnamomeus. Seen several at the Trinidad wetlands.

Ochre-cheeked Spinetail - Synallaxis scutata. Saw one at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Plain-crowned Spinetail - Synallaxis gujanensis. Saw one in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and more at Trinidad.

Sooty-fronted Spinetail - Synallaxis frontalis. Two seen on the way to Samaipata.

Azara's Spinetail - Synallaxis azarae. Heard and seen near Coroico and another near Sorata. Named for the Spaniard Brigadier General Felix Manuel de Azara (1742-1821) who commanded the Paraguayan/Brazilian frontier.

MANAKINS (Pipridae)

Yungas Manakin - Chiroxiphia boliviana. Heard and seen at Refugio Los Volcanes and other sites. Range Restricted.

Band-tailed Manakin - Pipra fasciicauda. Heard and seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

COTINGAS (Cotingidae)

Barred Fruiteater - Pipreola arcuata. Saw only one along Coroico road.

White-tipped Plantcutter - Phytotoma rutila. A few seen near Saipina. Range Restricted.

Red-crested Cotinga - Ampelion rubrocristatus. Two seen at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Scimitar-winged Piha - Lipaugus uropygialis. Only one seen by some in Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani. Perhaps one of the more important birds of the trip and seldom seen. VULNERABLE.

Andean Cock-of-the-Rock - Rupicola peruvianus. Seen at El Chairo near Coroico.


Barred Becard - Pachyramphus versicolor. A couple seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia.


Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet - Phyllomyias uropygialis. Seen near Quime village on the way to Inquisive.

Forest Elaenia - Myiopagis gaimardii. Seen near Ibare river in Trinidad.

White-crested Elaenia - Elaenia albiceps. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Highland Elaenia - Elaenia obscura. Two seen at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas.

Sierran Elaenia - Elaenia pallatangae. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet - Camptostoma obsoletum. Several seen at Trinidad and other sites.

Suiriri Flycatcher - Suiriri suiriri. Several seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and near Saipina.

Buff-banded Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus hellmayri. Saw two at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas. hellmayri: In honor of Carl Eduard Hellmayr (1878-1944) Austrian/US ornithologist.

White-banded Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus stictopterus. Saw two at Laguna Esperanza and also near Samaipata.

White-throated Tyrannulet - Mecocerculus leucophrys. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also at Tablas Montes near Cochabamba.

Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes flavirostris. Saw a couple at Cerro Tunari and more near Uru Uru lake in Oruro.

Tufted Tit-Tyrant - Anairetes parulus. Saw one at Cerro Tunari and another near Quime.

Torrent Tyrannulet - Serpophaga cinerea. Saw one at El Chairo near Coroico.

White-bellied Tyrannulet - Serpophaga munda. Seen near Trinidad.

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet - Phaeomyias murina. Saw one near Inquisive town. The SACC says “Ridgely & Tudor (1994) noted that vocal differences suggest that Phaeomyias murina might consist of more than one species. Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) considered the subspecies tumbezana (with inflava and maranonica) of southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru to represent a separate species based on differences in vocalizations. Rheindt et al. (2008c) found genetic evidence consistent with two species, and Zucker et al. (2016) found additional evidence for multiple species within P. murina.

Yellow Tyrannulet - Capsiempis flaveola. Saw two near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Greater Wagtail-Tyrant - Stigmatura budytoides. Several seen near El Tambo Hotel and a few more near Saipina.

Bolivian Tyrannulet - Zimmerius bolivianus. Saw one at Apa Apa Reserve near Chullumani.

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant - Phylloscartes ophthalmicus. Saw two at Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani.

Streak-necked Flycatcher - Mionectes striaticollis. Saw one at Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani and also on the way to Coroico.

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher - Mionectes oleagineus. Seen at El Chairo near Coroico.

Sepia-capped Flycatcher - Leptopogon amaurocephalus. Saw one near the hotel in Trinidad.

Slaty-capped Flycatcher - Leptopogon superciliaris. Saw one at El Chairo near Coroico.

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher - Sublegatus modestus. Seen in Trinidad and Refugio Los Volcanes.

Many-colored Rush-Tyrant - Tachuris rubrigastra. Saw two at Uru Uru lake and more at Titicaca lake.

Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant - Myiornis ecaudatus. A couple seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant - Myiornis albiventris. Two seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Yungas Tody-Tyrant - Hemitriccus spodiops. Several heard and seen at El Chairo near Coroico.

Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant - Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer. Seen at Laguna Esperanza in Quirusillas and more near Saipina.

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher - Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps. Seen at Laguna Esperanza in Quirusillas and also at Apa Apa reserve. A pretty bird.

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher - Poecilotriccus latirostris. Several seen near Trinidad.

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher - Todirostrum maculatum. Seen by a few participants near Trinidad.

Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher - Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum. Seen in the Trinidad area.

Yellow-margined Flycatcher - Tolmomyias assimilis. Two seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Bran-colored Flycatcher - Myiophobus fasciatus. One seen neat Tapacare hotel in Trinidad.

Cinnamon Flycatcher - Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus. One seen at Tablas Montes and more near Coroico.

Cliff Flycatcher - Hirundinea ferruginea. One seen on the way to Chullumani.

Euler's Flycatcher - Lathrotriccus euleri. One seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Fuscous Flycatcher - Cnemotriccus fuscatus. Seen only by the tour leader in Trinidad.

Black Phoebe - Sayornis nigricans. Seen in Refugio Los Volcanes and more at El Chairo near Coroico.

Austral (Scarlet) Vermilion Flycatcher - Pyrocephalus rubinus. Seen commonly in Trinidad.

Andean Negrito - Lessonia oreas. A few seen at Uru Uru lake near Oruro.

Hudson's Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus hudsoni. A few seen in the Trinidad area.

Plumbeous Black Tyrant - Knipolegus cabanisis. Seen near Laguna Esperanza in Quirusillas. Named for Jean Louis Cabanis (1816-1906) German ornithologist.

White-winged Black-Tyrant - Knipolegus aterrimus. Seen at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba and also near Sorata.

Yellow-browed Tyrant - Satrapa icterophrys. Seen in the Trinidad area.

Cinereous Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola cinereus. Seen in the high Andes near Cochabamba and on the way to Ururo.

Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola rufivertex. Seen in the high Andes near Cochabamba and on the way to Ururo.

Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant - Agriornis montanus. Seen near Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

White-rumped Monjita - Xolmis velatus. Seen at Loreto near Trinidad.

White Monjita - Xolmis irupero. Seen at Loreto near Trinidad.

Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant - Myiotheretes striaticollis. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes and other sites.

Black-backed Water-Tyrant - Fluvicola albiventer. A few seen at a wetland near Trinidad.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant - Arundinicola leucocephala. One seen at a wetland near Trinidad.

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca rufipectoralis. Several seen at Tablas Montes near Cochabamba and other sites.

d'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca oenanthoides. Two seen in the high Andes on the way to Oruro.

White-browed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca leucophrys. Two seen at Cerro Tunari near Cochabamba.

Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant - Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris. Saw one at Old Coroico road.

Cattle Tyrant - Machetornis rixosa. Several seen near Trinidad.

Rusty-margined Flycatcher - Myiozetetes cayanensis. One seen near Trinidad area.

Social Flycatcher - Myiozetetes similis. Common in the lowlands and Trinidad.

Great Kiskadee - Pitangus sulphuratus. Common in Trinidad.

Streaked Flycatcher - Myiodynastes maculatus. Two seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Crowned Slaty Flycatcher - Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus. One seen in Trinidad and another near Saipina. The bird with the longest scientific name in the world!

Tropical Kingbird - Tyrannus melancholicus. Common.

Fork-tailed Flycatcher - Tyrannus savanna. Several seen near Trinidad.

Rufous Casiornis - Casiornis rufus. One seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and another in Trinidad.

Dusky-capped Flycatcher - Myiarchus tuberculifer. Seen at El Chairo in Coroico.

Swainson's Flycatcher - Myiarchus swainsoni. Seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

Short-crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus ferox. Several seen in Trinidad.

Brown-crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus tyrannulus. One seen at Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani.

Dull-capped Attila - Attila bolivianus. Saw a few near the Ibare river in Trinidad.

VIREOS (Vireonidae)

Rufous-browed Peppershrike - Cyclarhis gujanensis. A few seen near Trinidad.

Dusky-capped Greenlet - Hylophilus hypoxanthus. One seen by some near El Chairo in Coroico.

JAYS (Corvinae)

White-collared Jay - Cyanolyca viridicyanus. Several seen along the Old Coroico road. Range Restricted.

Purplish Jay - Cyanocorax cyanomelas. Common at most sites.

Plush-crested Jay - Cyanocorax chrysops. Common at most sites.

SWALLOWS (Hirundinidae)

Blue-and-white Swallow - Pygochelidon cyanoleuca. Common at most sites.

Andean Swallow - Orochelidon andecola. Several seen on the way to Oruro.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow - Stelgidopteryx ruficollis. Seen near Saipina.

Brown-chested Martin - Progne tapera. Several seen near the hotel Tapacare in Trinidad.

Gray-breasted Martin - Progne chalybea. Several seen in Trinidad.

Southern Martin - Progne elegans. Saw one near Saipina.

White-winged Swallow - Tachycineta albiventer. Several seen at the Ibare river near Trinidad.

WRENS (Troglodytidae)

House Wren - Troglodytes aedon. Common in most areas.

Mountain Wren - Troglodytes solstitialis. Saw a few in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Thrush-like Wren - Campylorhynchus turdinus. Seen at the canopy tower in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and more at Trinidad.

Moustached Wren - Pheugopedius genibarbis. Seen near the Ibare river in Trinidad and heard also in Refugio Los Volcanes.

Fawn-breasted Wren - Cantorchilus guarayanus. Two seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and also in Trinidad.

Gray-breasted Wood-Wren - Henicorhina leucophrys*. Heard only, at Tablas Montes near El Chapare.

GNATCATCHERS (Polioptilidae)

Masked Gnatcatcher - Polioptila dumicola. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

DIPPERS (Cinclidae)

White-capped Dipper - Cinclus leucocephalus. Saw one near Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.


Chalk-browed Mockingbird - Mimus saturninus. Seen in Trinidad.

White-banded Mockingbird – Mimus triurus. Seen at Lomas de Arenas Reserve in SCZ.

Brown-backed Mockingbird - Mimus dorsalis. Seen near Cochabamba and another near Sorata. Range Restricted.

THRUSHES (Turdidae)

Andean Solitaire - Myadestes ralloides. Seen and heard in El Chairo near Coroico.

Rufous-bellied Thrush - Turdus rufiventris. Seen in the central valley regions.

Creamy-bellied Thrush - Turdus amaurochalinus. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

Black-billed Thrush - Turdus ignobilis. Several seen in Coroico.

Great Thrush - Turdus fuscater. Seen at Cerro Tunari and Tablas Montes in Cochabamba, also along Coroico road.

Chiguanco Thrush - Turdus chiguanco. Common in the high Andes. Note that a detailed study of the Chiguanco/Great Thrush complex is needed to determine exactly how many species-level taxa exist. The name comes from the Quechua “Chiwanco”.

Glossy-black Thrush - Turdus serranus. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

White-necked Thrush - Turdus albicollis. Two seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.


House Sparrow - Passer domesticus. Common in Trinidad and SCZ, also in Saipina.

PIPITS (Motacillidae)

Yellowish Pipit – Anthus lutescens. Saw one near Loreto in Trinidad.

FINCHES (Fringillidae)

Hooded Siskin - Sporagra magellanica. Common at most high Andean sites.

Black Siskin - Sporagra atrata. Saw a large flock near the hotel at lake Titicaca.

Purple-throated Euphonia - Euphonia chlorotica. Seen in Trinidad and in the Samaipata area.

Thick-billed Euphonia - Euphonia laniirostris. Several seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Golden-rumped Euphonia - Euphonia cyanocephala. Two seen near Samaipata.

Blue-naped Chlorophonia - Chlorophonia cyanea. Two seen near Los Volcanes lake on the way to Samaipata.


Rufous-collared Sparrow - Zonotrichia capensis. Common in most high Andean sites.

Grassland Sparrow - Ammodramus humeralis. Seen near Loreto in Trinidad.

Saffron-billed Sparrow - Arremon flavirostris. Seen near Saipina and also near Comarapa.

White-browed Brush-Finch - Arremon torquatus. One seen near Pojo Village on the way to Cochabamba. Range Restricted.

Black-faced (Gray-eared) Brush-Finch - Atlapetes melanolaemus. Saw one at the Old Coroico road.

Bolivian Brush-Finch - Atlapetes rufinucha. Seen in the cloud forest near la Siberia and also in Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba. ENDEMIC.

Fulvous-headed Brush-Finch - Atlapetes fulviceps. Seen near Pojo village on the way to Cochabamba and also near Cerro Tunari.

Common Chlorospingus - Chlorospingus flavopectus. Seen commonly in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also in Tablas Montes near El Chapare in Cochabamba.


Russet-backed Oropendola - Psarocolius angustifrons. One seen by a few tour participants on the way to Chullumani.

Dusky-green Oropendola - Psarocolius atrovirens. A few seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Crested Oropendola - Psarocolius decumanus. Common in SCZ, Trinidad and in Refugio Los Volcanes.

Golden-winged Cacique - Cacicus chrysopterus. One seen by some at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas.

Solitary Cacique - Cacicus solitarius. Seen near Trinidad and at the Ibare river.

Yellow-rumped Cacique - Cacicus cela. Seen in SCZ and near Trinidad.

Orange-backed Troupial - Icterus croconotus. Seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and more near Trinidad.

Variable Oriole - Icterus pyrrhopterus. Seen in Loreto near Trinidad.

Velvet-fronted Grackle - Lampropsar tanagrinus boliviensis. Several groups seen near Ibare river in Beni Trinidad.

Chopi Blackbird - Gnorimopsar chopi. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

Unicolored Blackbird - Agelasticus cyanopus. Seen in the wetland near Trinidad.

Yellow-winged Blackbird - Agelasticus thilius. Seen at Uru Uru lake and also at Titicaca lake.

Bolivian Blackbird - Oreopsar bolivianus. Several seen near the Red-fronted Macaw reserve and also in the central valleys. ENDEMIC.

Southern Mountain Cacique - Cacicus chrysonotus. Seen in Tablas Montes near El Chapare. Often considered conspecific with Northern Mountain Cacique C. leucoramphus (which see). Monotypic. Distribution: Andes of Peru (from Junín) S to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz). Range Restricted.

Grayish Baywing - Agelaioides badius. Seen in Cerro Tunari and near Cochabamba. Generally considered a separate species from Pale Baywing, Agelaioides fringillarius of NE Brazil. Range Restricted.

Giant Cowbird - Molothrus oryzivorus. Saw one on the way to Samaipata and also in Saipina.

Shiny Cowbird - Molothrus bonariensis. Seen in SCZ and Trinidad.

White-browed Meadowlark - Sturnella superciliaris. Saw many in the wetland near Trinidad and also near Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Scarlet-headed Blackbird - Amblyramphus holosericeus. Two seen near the hotel Tapacare in Trinidad.


Tropical Parula - Parula pitiayumi. Several seen in Samaipata area and in the central valleys.

Masked Yellowthroat - Geothlypis aequinoctialis. Seen at a wetland near Trinidad.

Slate-throated (Whitestart) Redstart - Myioborus miniatus. Seen at Regufio Los Volcanes and Tablas Montes in Cochabamba.

Brown-capped (Whitestart) Redstart - Myioborus brunniceps. Seen at Laguna Esperanza in Quirusillas and at other sites. Range Restricted.

Spectacled (Whitestart) Redstart - Myioborus melanocephalus. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also in Tablas Montes near Chapare.

Two-banded Warbler - Basileuterus bivittatus. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes and near El Chairo in Coroico.

Citrine Warbler - Basileuterus luteoviridis. Seen well at Tablas Montes near Chapare and also along Old Coroico road.

Pale-legged Warbler - Basileuterus signatus. Seen at Laguna Esperanza near Quirusillas and in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Yungas (Three-striped) Warbler - Basileuterus tristriatus punctipectus. Seen at Apa Apa reserve in Chullumani. Note that a proposal supports the split of the form in Southern Peru and Bolivia as Yungas Warbler Basileuterus punctipectus as opposed to tristriatus to the north. Range Restricted.

Riverbank Warbler - Phaeothlypis rivularis. A couple seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.


Highland Hepatic Tanager - Piranga hepatica flava. Seen at the Red-fronted Macaw reserve near Omereque.

White-winged Tanager - Piranga leucoptera. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Black-backed Grosbeak - Pheucticus aureoventris. Seen in the Jardin Botanico in SCZ and also in Trinidad.

Ultramarine Grosbeak - Cyanocompsa brissonii. Seen near Saipina.


Red-crested Cardinal - Paroaria coronata. Seen in fields near Trinidad.

Red-capped Cardinal - Paroaria gularis. Seen in Trinidad.

Magpie Tanager - Cissopis leverianus. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Hooded Tanager - Nemosia pileata. Seen near Trinidad.

Orange-browed Hemispingus - Kleinothraupis calophrys. Seen at Old Coroico Road by some.

Black-eared Hemispingus – Sphenopsis melanotus. Seen at Regufio Los Volcanes.

Superciliaried Hemispingus – Thlypopsis superciliaris. Seen at Tablas Montes and along the Old Coroico Road.

Orange-headed Tanager - Thlypopsis sordida. Two seen near Trinidad.

Rust-and-yellow Tanager - Thlypopsis ruficeps. Seen at Tablas Montes and near Sorata in La Paz.

Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch - Micropspingus erythrophrys. Seen near Pojo village on the way to Cochabamba. The Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch is confined to a relatively small area on the east slope of the Andes between central-west Bolivia and northwest Argentina, where it is mainly found at elevations of 1200 to 2100 m. Range Restricted.

Ringed Warbling-Finch – Microspingus torquata. Common in the central valleys.

Black-capped Warbling-Finch – Microspingus melanoleuca. Seen near Saipina and at other sites in the central valleys.

Black-goggled Tanager - Trichothraupis melanops. Saw two near Laguna Los Volcanes near Samaipata.

Gray-headed Tanager - Eucometis penicillata. Seen near Trinidad and Refugio Los Volcanes.

Silver-beaked Tanager - Ramphocelus carbo. Common in Trinidad and Refugio Los Volcanes.

Hooded Mountain-Tanager - Buthraupis montana. Seen at Tablas Montes near Chapare.

Grass-green Tanager - Chlorornis riefferii. Seen at Tablas Montes near Chapare.

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus igniventris. Seen at Tablas Montes and also at the Old Coroico road.

Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager - Anisognathus somptuosus. Saw a few at Apa Apa reserve near Chullumani.

Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager - Dubusia castaneoventris. Seen at Tablas Montes and also at the Old Coroico Road. Just gets into Argentina.

Rufous-bellied Mountain-Tanager – Pseudosaltator rufiventris. Seen near Pojo village and then several in Cerro Tunari. This species formerly was known as Rufous-bellied Saltator (Saltator rufiventris), but it never fitted well within the saltators, a group of very large billed and often sweet-sounding Neotropical birds. Rufous-bellied on the other hand has a stubby and rounded bill, unlike that of the saltators, and different vocalizations. Recent molecular evidence clarifies that this species is not a saltator at all, but a tanager. Rufous-bellied Mountain-Tanager is found in highland slopes of Bolivia and northwestern Argentina.

Golden-collared Tanager - Iridosornis jelskii. Seen at Old Coroico road. Range Restricted.

Fawn-breasted Tanager - Pipraeidea melanonota. Seen at Refugio Los Volcanes and at Tablas Montes.

Blue-gray Tanager - Thraupis episcopus. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Sayaca Tanager - Thraupis sayaca. Common at most sites in the lowlands and central valleys.

Palm Tanager - Thraupis palmarum. Seen in Trinidad and Refugio Los Volcanes.

Blue-capped Tanager - Thraupis cyanocephala. Seen at Tablas Montes near Chapare.

Blue-and-yellow Tanager - Thraupis bonariensis. Seen near the Tambo hotel in Monte Blanco. Named after Buenos Aires, Argentina’s capital. The southernmost ranging tanager.

Spotted Tanager - Tangara punctata. Seen at El Chairo near Coroico.

Blue-browed Tanager - Tangara cyanotis. Seen very well at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Swallow Tanager - Tersina viridis. Seen at Chairo and at the hotel in Coroico.

Blue Dacnis - Dacnis cayana. Seen near Trinidad and at Refugio Los Volcanes.

Purple Honeycreeper - Cyanerpes caeruleus. Seen at El Chairo near Coroico.

Guira Tanager - Hemithraupis guira. Seen along the Ibare river trail near Trinidad.

Chestnut-vented Conebill - Conirostrum speciosum. Seen near Laguna Volcanes near Samaipata.

Cinereous Conebill - Conirostrum cinereum. Seen very well near el Pongo village near Quime.

White-browed Conebill - Conirostrum ferrugineiventre. Seen very well near el Pongo village near Quime. Range Restricted.

Blue-backed Conebill - Conirostrum sitticolor. Seen one in the cloud forest near La Siberia.

Giant Conebill - Conirostrum binghami. Saw a group of eleven moving nicely at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Moustached Flowerpiercer - Diglossa mystacalis. Seen along the Old Coroico road. Flowerpiercers are nectar thieves, as their name suggests - piercing the flowers at their base without performing any pollination duties.

Black-throated Flowerpiercer - Diglossa brunneiventris. Several seen near Sorata in La Paz.

Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer - Diglossa carbonaria. Several seen al Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba. Endemic to western Bolivia, where it is chiefly found at elevations of 2500 – 4000 m at the borders of humid forest and in shrubby woodland. ENDEMIC.

Masked Flowerpiercer - Diglossa cyanea. Seen in the cloud forest at La Siberia and Tablas Montes near Chapare.

Black-hooded Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus atriceps. Saw a few at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba. Range Restricted.

Peruvian Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus punensis. Several seen near Sorata in La Paz. Named for the Department of Puno in Peru. Range Restricted.

Plumbeous Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus unicolor. Seen near Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Band-tailed Sierra-Finch - Phrygilus alaudinus. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also near Cerro Tunari.

Andean Boulder (Short-tailed) Finch - Idiopsar brachyurus. Saw one very close at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba. Not more short tailed than any other finch. Range Restricted.

White-winged Diuca-Finch - Diuca speculifera. Seen at high elevations on the way to Quime and Inquisive and at La Cumbre near La Paz.

Gray-crested Finch - Lophospingus griseocristatus. Common in the central valleys and also near Cochabamba.

Bolivian Warbling-Finch - Poospiza boliviana. Seen by only one participant near Pojo village. Up until recently this finch was thought to be endemic to Bolivia, however it has been found recently in northernmost Argentina.

Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch - Poospiza hypochondria. Seen near El Tambo hotel and at Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch - Poospiza whitii. Only one seen, near Saipina.

Cochabamba Mountain-Finch - Poospiza garleppi. Several seen at Cerro Tunari. The Cochabamba Mountain-Finch is an endemic of Bolivia, being found in humid inter-Andean valleys where moist ravines are found near tree-line. This riparian habitat in the transition between the higher Puna and the lower and drier Valle zones is not very common; therefore, this species is rather local and patchily distributed. ENDANGERED ENDEMIC.

Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch - Sicalis uropygialis. Seen near Cerro Tunari and also at La Cumbre on the way to La Paz.

Greenish Yellow-Finch - Sicalis olivascens. Seen in a flock near Cerro Tunari in Cochabamba.

Saffron Finch - Sicalis flaveola. Common in the lowlands (SCZ and Trinidad) and central valleys.

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch - Emberizoides herbicola. Seen near the international airport in SCZ.

Great Pampa-Finch - Embernagra platensis. Seen in Trinidad and also in Cochabamba.

Blue-black Grassquit - Volatinia jacarina. Seen at Lomas de Arena in SCZ.

Rusty-collared Seedeater - Sporophila collaris. Saw a few at a wetland near Trinidad.

Lined Seedeater - Sporophila lineola. Seen near Trinidad.

Double-collared Seedeater - Sporophila caerulescens. Seen in Trinidad.

White-bellied (Bicolored) Seedeater - Sporophila leucoptera bicolor. Seen in the Jaridin Botanico in SCZ and Trinidad, the bicolor form in Trinidad. Bolivian race bicolor differs in being black vs grey on head, back and tail in male; song generally very similar, but perhaps with more complex variations. Four subspecies recognized.

Rufous-rumped Seedeater - Sporophila hypochroma. Seen by some near the hotel in Trinidad.

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch – Sporphila angolensis. Seen at El Chairo near Coroico. Not found in Angola!

Band-tailed Seedeater - Catamenia analis. Seen in the cloud forest near La Siberia and also near Cerro Tunari.

Red-crested Finch - Coryphospingus cucullatus. Seen at Laguna Esperanza and also near Saipina.

Bananaquit - Coereba flaveola. Common in El Chairo near Coroico.

Dull-colored Grassquit - Tiaris obscurus. Seen near Saipina.

Grayish Saltator - Saltator coerulescens. Several seen in Trinidad.

Golden-billed Saltator - Saltator aurantiirostris. Seen at different sites in the high Andes.