Mountains of South-west Cameroon, 3rd-17th March 2001

Published by Charles Davies (daviesc1973 AT


Charles Davies 53, New Dover Road, Canterbury, Kent CT1 3DP, UK

This report updates information on some of the birdwatching areas in south-west Cameroon already covered in several comprehensive trip reports, including those of Eddie Williams (1991 and 1993), Steve Keen (1993), Richard Webb (1995), Jon Hornbuckle (1997) and Jan Vermuelen (1997).

I visited only three main areas during a two-week trip to the mountains of south-west Cameroon: the Bamenda Highlands (2 days), Mount Cameroon (1 week) and Mount Kupe (4 days). Although recording fewer than 125 species, it was possible for me to see most of the Cameroon mountain specialties, including Cameroon Francolin.

For general tourist information, I'd recommend The Rough Guide to West Africa (Jim Hudgens and Richard Trillo) ( I found the information generally very accurate, including most of the prices. Cameroon uses the Central African Franc, which is fixed at 100 to the French franc. This is probably why the prices had not diverged from the guide as rapidly as they do in many developing countries.


Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve
Bali Safari Lodge
Mount Cameroon
Mount Kupe
Bird List
Mammals etc.


Getting there: Driving south from Bamenda (towards Douala), take a left turn onto an un-signposted dirt road about 18km from Bamenda and just before the town of Santa. Apparently, there is a radio mast on the right just before the turn but I missed it. I had no trouble finding the reserve by public transport, though. Just hire a taxi in Bamenda and ask them to take you to Lake Awing. The trip from Bamenda to the reserve cost me 1,500 CFA and I paid the same again for the taxi to pick me up in the evening. Like previous visitors, I started walking at the two metal poles, about 3 km along the dirt track from the main road. The birds most people are hoping to see - Bannerman's Turaco, Banded Wattle-eye and Bannerman's Weaver - can be seen anywhere between here and Lake Awing, which I would estimate is another 3 km on from the metal poles.

Habitat: Mostly eucalyptus plantations - there was nothing left that I would even call a forest patch. The only closed canopy area was along the stream leading up to Lake Awing, but even this was getting a lot of help from the eucalyptus. On the other hand, quite a few native trees remain, especially in the more inaccessible valleys away from the road (these were mostly where I heard the Turaco calling from), and there is quite a lot of native undergrowth, especially along several gullies crossing the road.

Hotel: Ideal Park Hotel, Bamenda (6,500 CFA per night). This is right in the middle of the market area and therefore not in the best part of town, but the restaurant is good.

Equipment requirements: None, apart from sunscreen (its not a forest). Easily day- or even part-day-trippable from Bamenda.

Birds: Bannerman's Turaco, Tullberg's Woodpecker, Yellow-breasted Boubou (common), Banded Wattle-eye, Fernando Po Oliveback, Mountain Wagtail, Bannerman's Weaver (common).


Getting there: Driving west from Bamenda towards the town of Bali, stop at the Bali Safari Lodge just before Bali, and about 20km away from Bamenda. When I visited, there was a police checkpoint right after the entrance to the lodge. The woodland is a short way (maybe 200m) back towards Bamenda. Walking from the entrance to the lodge back towards Bamenda, cross a small stream on the main road; the woodland is just past this on the right. A swampy area with low palms flanks the road, behind which is some eucalyptus and a few other trees, possibly native. I took a very small, obscure path off the road, crossing the ditch running along the road on a plank. I could not find the abandoned hut referred to in previous reports, but I did see the Bamenda Apalis and a few other birds after waiting about an hour in the middle of forest, between the palms and the eucalyptus.

Birds: Red-chested Goshawk, Bamenda Apalis, Grey-headed Oliveback.


Getting there: My guess is that this trail would now be difficult even with a four-wheel drive (although I think I have heard of people making it up in a vehicle following my visit). I decided to give it a try, though, since I'd read in the "Rough Guide to West Africa" about the Mount Cameroon Project, a new organization through which tourists could arrange trips up the mountain. I found them a highly efficient set-up and would highly recommend them to anyone. I sent them an e-mail in advance letting them know I was a birdwatcher, and they were expecting me when I turned up and had already arranged a guide who knew birds, including locations for the Cameroon Francolin. I would recommend my guide (Jonas Menyoli Ndongo) and porter (Mmachenry M. Kale), not least because they helped me a Francolin within five days, but also because they were good company, which is obviously important if you are camping. Personally, I was a bit skeptical that anyone I hired would even know the difference between Cameroon Francolin and Scaly Francolin, but the guides were quite familiar with the difference between the two species, which have different calls and different local names. If I remember, the local name for Cameroon Francolin is "Laim" (or something similar), whereas Scaly Francolin is locally called "Bushfowl". I have read that Cameroon Francolin is mostly restricted to forest, whereas Scaly Francolin is less fussy. This certainly fits with my records of both species (mostly heard) while on the mountain.

The Project was also very flexible. I didn't have enough to pay for a full week up front and the banks in Buea wouldn't take my Euro travellers cheques, but the people were happy to let me pay part in advance and someone accompanied me to Limbe the Monday after I came back down, where I was able to change the rest of the money I owed.

The office of the Mount Cameroon Project in Buea is near the "Mobil" station, which most taxi drivers (or failing this, their passengers!) will know. Their e-mail is I hiked up the mountain from the village of Bonakanda, using the "radio station track". According to the tourist map I was given, the track leads from the village at about 900m up to about 2,600m, then descending gradually to an abandoned radio station at 2,500m. The walk seemed to be about 15 km, but it is not such an easy hike since you gain 1,700m in altitude fairly steeply from the village.

From the radio station, we descended to Nitele, a hunters' camp consisting of three small huts, at about 1,850m altitude. This is perhaps another 7 km from the radio station.

My guess is that this trail would now be difficult even with a four-wheel drive. Even the hunters take short cuts and don't use all of the radio station trail itself, meaning that sections of it (I tried some of the unused sections when I was on my own) were quite overgrown. At a minimum, you would have to leave a lot of time for clearing away the vegetation.

Habitat: The forest and scrub above Bonokanda has plenty of good birds, but I am pretty confident that there is no longer any primary forest (the chainsaws were at work when I was hiking up and down this part of the trail). The best forest was at about 1,500m (around the "concrete bridge" referred to in Jon Hornbuckle's report). The habitat is good enough for birds like Green Longtail, White-tailed Warbler and Mountain Robin-Chat (which is fairly easy to see), but there are also plenty of mousebirds.

From about 1,750m to the radio station is grassland, although below 2,300m or so it probably used to be montane forest.
Down the north-west slope of the mountain (from the radio station towards Nitele) you finally reach some primary forest, starting as high as 2,300m. But even here, much of the forest has been burnt to varying degrees, apparently as a result of fires spreading from the savanna above (they are started to create fresh new grass that attracts antelope). Some areas are bracken scrub, other areas are grassland either with scattered charred trees, others have a primary forest canopy with no understorey - just grass. Lower down, about 1,900 to 2,000m, the trail passes through some tall, intact, primary montane forest, then emerging again into an open area of savanna (Mountain Sawwing) just above Nitele. Nitele is right on the top edge of what appeared to unbroken forest - I spent one afternoon walking downhill from here and did not emerge.

You could probably day-trip the mountain, but (at least the way I went up), but you might have to camp for a reasonable chance for the Speirops, Pipit and (especially) the Francolin.

It is possible to hike up to Nitele from the western side of Mount Cameroon. It may be even a little more difficult than the route I took, but I'd guess the habitat en-route would be much better quality.

Equipment requirements: Camping supplies for yourself. According to the people in the Mount Cameroon Project, you are also supposed to bring food for yourself, but my guide and porter had also brought food for me and cooked every night. I would recommend this option as long as you like Cameroonian food (rice or plantain-paste with faintly spicy stews containing goat or fish or both), since it's a lot less hassle than planning your own menu. Maybe you can arrange to pay the guide and porter a little bit extra in return, as I did. My guide and porter expected me to have hired sleeping bags for them, since the radio station area was cold, although I hadn't.

The huts at Nitele, although they don't look pretty, are well designed with beds of straw right next to a central fireplace, so there were no complaints there. Water is also a major problem on Mount Cameroon. The only sources appeared to be a couple of rusty rainwater barrels at the radio station as well as a small spring at about 1950m, still quite a trek up from the campsite at Nitele.

Hotel: The nights before and after, I stayed at the Hotel Mermoz in Buea, which according to the English person I met there (who had tried everywhere) was the only place worth staying in Buea. It was a very friendly place, in good condition and with very reasonable prices (they will assign you to a "posh" second floor room for 7,000 CFA, but it is also possible to stay on the ground floor in a very similar room for 5,000 CFA--although both categories had shower and TV.

Prices: My trip on Mount Cameroon cost 12,000 CFA per day, which included fees for the guide, the porter and the community fee. There is no longer a requirement to buy a bottle of whisky or to visit the chief of Bonakanda before going up the mountain. I turned up at the office in Buea at 9am, and arrived in Bonakanda, met my porter and started my hike up the mountain the same morning.

Scrub and forest above Bonakanda (to 1750m) on the radio station track: Cameroon Pigeon, Yellowbill, Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike, Mountain Robin-chat, White-tailed Warbler.

High Montane Savanna (1750-2600m on NE slope along radio station track and 2300-2600m on NW slope below the radio station): Western Green-Tinkerbird, Cameroon Speirops, Mountain Sawwing, Cameroon Pipit. According to my guide, Jonas, there are also flufftails in the savanna (Buff-spotted?).

Forest (primary and burned) around Nitele (1800-2300m): Cameroon Francolin, Cameroon Pigeon, Black-shouldered Nightjar, Great Blue Turaco (common), Elliot's Woodpecker, White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher (common), Grey Cuckoo-Shrike, Yellow-breasted Boubou (common), Mountain Robin-chat (common), Cameroon Scrub-warbler, Cameroon Speirops (common), Red-faced Crimson-wing, Fernando Po Oliveback (abundant), Brown-capped Weaver (common). There were many elephant tracks in the forest below Nitele and we found fresh dung. Given a few days of dedicated searching, according to my guide Jonas, it is quite possible to see a forest elephant in this area, if you are brave (reckless) enough to actually want this.


Getting there: Go to the town of Nyasoso, which is north of Tumbel via a poor road (the road was being improved during my visit, although not in time for me). Since it was getting late when I was on my way there, I just hired my own taxi all the way from Tumbel (15,000 CFA plus 5,000 CFA for the police). On the way back, I took a shared taxi to Loum and then jumped on one of the many buses travelling through here to Douala.

Nyasoso is a small town and anyone can point you in the right direction when you arrive. There appeared to be several different organizations that each were responsible for collecting a different fee, but everyone knows what the set-up is and the prices are fixed, so it isn't your problem.

There are three main trails in the area: Max's trail, Shrike Trail and the Nature Trail. The Nature Trail is short and goes through some fields into some forest near the village, ending at an area of large boulders (Grey-necked Rockfowl), Max's Trail and Shrike Trail both ascend the mountain. I did not take the Shrike Trail, but according to previous reports it is steep but is the best trail on which to see Mount Kupe Bushshrike. I stayed two nights at the campsite at 1500 m on Max's Trail (Nyasoso is at about 800 m). I actually found Max's Trail plenty steep, although it was much easier going above the campsite; of course, some of the birds may not be present this high up, but camping does have the advantage of locating you in the forest at dawn and dusk. The trails and birds on Mount Kupe are well described in previous reports by people who went there for longer, with more people, and to more areas on the mountain.

Habitat: Farmbush around Nyasoso. Primary forest is only a short distance away from the town, reached easily on all three trails.

Equipment requirements: If you plan to camp, you need to have somewhere for the guide to sleep and also some way of keeping your gear dry. You don't need cooking supplies, although no one will stop you bringing your own food. I just arranged for a porter to bring up food every day that I spent on the mountain. I was under-equipped with only a bivouac bag (after giving my tent to the guide) and didn't get any sleep one night on which it actually rained quite heavily (despite it being the dry season).

Hotel: The guesthouse in Nyasoso is 6,000 CFA per night. Camping is free, although you make up much of the cost by paying for the guide's food.

Prices: The prices appear to be the same as in Jan Vermuelen's (1997) report:

Community fee - 2,000 CFA per day spent in the forest.
Guesthouse - 6,000 CFA (camping is free).
Guide - 3,500 CFA per day. Now mandatory! I tried really hard to talk them out of this one with no success, although my guide, Samuel, turned out to be excellent. He is a very competent birdwatcher and even knew most of the calls as well as the best locations for many of the birds. On the other hand, you inevitably see less when there are two of you making twice as much noise.
Porter - 2,500 CFA per day. Optional, although it was handy to have someone bringing up food when camping out.

Food: lunch or dinner - 2,500 CFA (I was required to pay this per day for food for both myself and for the guide while camping on mountain); breakfast - 1,000 CFA.

Birds and Mammals (all on Max's Trail unless indicated): White-spotted Flufftail, African Emerald Cuckoo, Tullberg's Woodpecker, Green-breasted Bushshrike, Crossley's Ground-Thrush, Alexander's Akalat, Forest Swallow, Sjostedt's Greenbul (Nature Trail), Cameroon Olive-Greenbul, Grey-headed Greenbul, White-tailed Warbler, Black-capped Woodland-Warbler, White-throated Mountain-Babbler, Grey-chested Illadopsis, Grey-necked Rockfowl (heard only, Nature Trail), Ursula's Sunbird, Allen's Bushbaby, Chimpanzee.


Saturday, 3 March - Sabena Airlines from Vienna to Douala, changing in Brussels, arriving in Cameroon in the evening. Overnight taxi to Bamenda, arriving 3 am at the Ideal Park Hotel.

Sunday, 4 March - Spent the entire day at the Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve, near Bamenda, hiring a taxi each way. Night at the Ideal Park Hotel in Bamenda.

Monday, 5 March - Early morning trip to Bali Safari Lodge, arriving at 6 am, just before dawn, after some initial hassle from a policeman (who wanted to know why I was walking around Bamenda in the dark). Back to Bamenda at 10 am, catching a direct bus from Bamenda to Buea leaving at midday and arriving in Buea at 7 pm. Night at Hotel Mermoz in Buea.

Tuesday, 6 March - Turned up at the office of the Mount Cameroon Project at 9 am, and almost immediately went to pay the fees at the separate eco-tourism office, then travelled to Bonakanda via two taxis. Arrived in Bonakanda and met up with Mmachenry, the porter. The guide was expecting me and had gone to Buea, so we must have crossed paths. Set up the mountain at 12 pm. Got ahead of the porter and lost him at 1,750m and 5pm. Although the radio station track itself was very obvious, I wasn't sure where we were staying so I decided to go back to the village. Night at the house of the guide, Jonas, which turned out to be pretty nice. He had set off up the mountain at 5 pm, so we had crossed paths yet again (there are a lot of short cuts up the mountain)! Watched Lyon beat Bayern Munich 3-0, eating bananas and honey.

Wednesday, 7 March - Set off up the mountain again at 3 am, finally meeting the guide, Jonas part way up. He had walked all the way to the radio station and back, and he then proceeded to do the 15km trek for the third time that night. Arrived at the abandoned radio station just after dawn. We were all pretty tired and decided not to go the extra few kilometers to Nitele; instead, I just walked part of the way down and back up again in the afternoon. Night inside the radio station - very smoky since they'd lit a fire and the ventilation wasn't great. Two hunters who had come to find honey roasted a bat that they'd found dead, but thankfully didn't offer me any.

Thursday, 8 March - Hike down to Nitele on the north-west slope of Mount Cameroon in the morning. Slow hike through the montane forest downhill from Nitele on a very rough track in the afternoon. Walked up into the savanna area above Nitele at dusk, listening for Cameroon Francolin. I was lucky - one was calling from the forest just below Nitele. A few Black-shouldered Nightjars calling around the campsite in the evening and early morning.

Friday, 9 March - Spent the day in the forest around Nitele. Used the tape in the evening, which enabled me to locate the calling francolin more accurately. It responded only once, not very near by, probably since it had already roosted.

Saturday, 10 March - Hid in the morning and tried playback for the francolin again. The male responded once but again didn't come in. Instead, a female came in (quietly): good views for about five minutes. Afternoon hike back to the radio station.

Sunday, 11 March - Hike down from the radio station, arriving in Bonakanda mid afternoon. Drive back to Buea took about 40 minutes. Night at Hotel Mermoz.

Monday, 12 March - Went to Limbe in the morning to change the remaining money for the Mount Cameroon Project. Bus to Kumba and then taxi north to Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe. Met up with the folk at the WWF project in Nyasoso and my guide, Samuel.

Tuesday, 13 March - Hike up to Max's camp at 1,500m in the morning, walking further uphill in the afternoon.

Wednesday, 14 March - In the forest around Max's Camp.

Thursday, 15 March - In the forest around Max's Camp, walking slowly down to Nyasoso in the afternoon, arriving evening.

Friday, 16 March - Nature Trail and farmbush around Nyasoso. Taxi/bus back to Douala in the afternoon.

Saturday, 17 March - Flight back to Vienna.

Species Lists

Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia - 2 in Limbe (12 March).

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis - Several from the bus from Bamenda to Buea (5 March).

Black Kite Milvus migrans - Commonly seen from the bus, near towns and villages, etc.

Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis - 2 single flyovers on Mount Cameroon, at 1,100m above Bonakanda (6 March) and at 1,800m below Nitele (8 March).

African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus - One on Mount Cameroon at 1,300m above Bonakanda (11 March).

Red-chested Goshawk Accipiter toussenelii - One flew past the entrance to Bali Safari Lodge (5 March).

Red-necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis - One soaring high above Mount Cameroon, seen from the montane savanna at 2,600m (11 March).

Scaly Francolin Francolinus squamatus - Several heard above Bonakanda, especially in the early morning (6 and 7 March).

Cameroon Francolin Francolinus camerunensis - Five males heard calling from forest patches around Nitele on 8-10 March. This species called just one or two times at dusk, right as it was getting dark (6:45pm or later). I located a calling male, which took two evenings, and then hid and used playback in the morning. Although the hiding spot was pretty good, well concealed and with a good view of the forest floor, which is really pretty dense in this area, it wasn't so easy to see the bird come in, since it wasn't calling. Once seen, however, the bird stayed in the same place for about five minutes and I got decent views. According to Jonas, my guide on Mount Cameroon, this species may be easiest in May or June, when there are apparently some fruiting trees where the Francolin is regular (and sometimes will return to feed even after being flushed). Jonas also found a dirt bath with a francolin feather near where the Cameroon Francolin was calling.

White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra - At least 10 heard calling at all altitudes visited (1,100-1,600m) on Max's Trail, Mount Kupe. One whistled in at 1,200m (13 March).

Cameroon Pigeon Columba sjoestedti - Groups of 10-15 flying above the savanna at 1,650m above Bonakanda (6 March) and in primary forest above Nitele at 2,000m (8 March).

Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria - One seen in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon, at 1,100m (11 March).

African Green-Pigeon Treron calva - One at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March), one by Nitele campsite on Mt. Cameroon (8 March), 4 in forest near the end of the Nature Trail at Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus - Common in farmbush and forest edge at all sites visited.

Bannerman's Turaco Tauraco bannermani - Five heard, including two seen, at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). Most were calling from valleys that were rather inaccessible from the road. The two seen were on the other site of valley from the road leading up to Lake Awing. Birds were heard almost as far back as the metal poles.

Yellow-billed Turaco Tauraco macrorhynchus - Commonly heard calling, and one or two seen daily, on Mount Cameroon and at Mount Kupe.

Great Blue Turaco Corythaeola cristata - Common in forest at 1800-1850m below Nitele on Mt. Cameroon (9 seen on 8 March, 6 seen on 9 March, and many heard 8-10 March).

Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus - Singles calling in forest around Max's Trail (14 and 15 March) and around the Nature Trail (16 March).

African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus - Single females (possibly the same individual) seen on 14 and 15 March just above and just below Max's Camp.

Yellowbill Ceuthmochares aereus - 2 seen separately in scrub/secondary forest above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March).

African Wood-Owl Strix woodfordi - Based on listening to recordings, I guess the owl calling around Max's Camp (three long hoots followed by five quicker ones) was this species, but at the time it sounded so deep that I assumed it was a type of eagle owl. It still sounded much deeper than the recordings I have of African Wood-Owl, but nothing remotely like any of the recordings I have of the forest eagle owls.

Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis - At least three calling immediately around the campsite at Nitele, Mt. Cameroon (1840m), and easily seen.

African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus - Several seen from the bus en-route from Bamenda to Buea (5 March).

Little Swift Apus affinis - Common around towns and villages; also in savanna on Mount Cameroon.

African Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina picta - One seen at the start of Max's Trail, Mount Kupe (16 March).

Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis - One in the schoolgrounds at Nyasoso, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster - Two in farmbush near the start of the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

African Pied Hornbill Tockus fasciatus - One in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon, at 950 m (6 March). 2 in farmbush on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (13 March), and 3 on Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Naked-faced Barbet Gymnobucco calvus - Abundant in farmbush and forest on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe. Two barbets seen poorly in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (11 March) may have been this species or Bristle-nosed Barbet.

Grey-throated Barbet Gymnobucco bonapartei - Two in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March).

Western Green-Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaeus - One to two seen daily in higher altitude and burned montane forest and savanna (2,100-2,600 m) on Mount Cameroon.

Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus - One seen along the road just north of Nyasoso (13 March).

Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus - Two in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March). 2 along the road just north of Nyasoso (13 March). One in the forest by Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe (14 March). 2 in the farmbush on the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Honeyguide, sp. Good views of two small honeyguides at 1,000 m above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March). Probably Least, but I need more practice with these!

Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi - One at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). One in primary forest above Max's Cap, Mt. Kupe (15 March).

Elliot's Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii - Daily above Nitele on Mt. Cameroon, especially in stunted montane forest with grassy understorey.

Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens - 3 at the Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve. One in farmbush on the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae - 2 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve.

Chestnut-capped Flycatcher Erythrocercus mccallii - One in forest along the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

African Blue-Flycatcher Elminia longicauda - 2 in scrub at 900m above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March). One in farmbush near the start of Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher Trochocercus albiventris - 5-10 daily in forest around Nitele (1,800-2,100m). 3-4 daily in forest around Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe (1500m).

Square-tailed Drongo Dicrurus ludwigii - 2 in forest along the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Shining Drongo Dicrurus atripennis - 2 in a mixed flock in forest on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe at 1,200m (15 March), and one in forest on the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Pied Crow Corvus albus - Common around towns and villages.

Black-winged Oriole Oriolus nigripennis - One in a mixed flock in forest on Max's Trail at 1,200m (15 March).

Grey Cuckoo-shrike Coracina caesia - One in forest below Nitele, Mt. Cameroon, at 1,800m (8 March).

Purple-throated Cuckoo-shrike Campephaga quiscalina - One female in secondary forest around the concrete bridge, 1,500m, above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (11 March).

Mackinnon's Shrike Lanius mackinnoni - 8 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 3 in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March).

Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis - Two separate females, one along the road just north of Nyasoso, and one in farmbush at the start of Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (both 13 March).

Pink-footed Puffback Dryoscopus angolensis - One male in forest at 1,350m on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (14 March).

Yellow-breasted Boubou Laniarius atroflavus - Common at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve and in higher burned montane forest (2,000-2,300m) above Nitele on Mount Cameroon. Much more commonly heard than seen; I found this species easiest to see in the evening.

Mountain Boubou Laniarius poensis - 5 in secondary forest at about 1500m above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (one on 6 March and 4 on 11 March). One or two seen daily in forest around Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe.

Green-breasted Bushshrike Malaconotus gladiator - Singles (possibly the same individual) heard in forest just below Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe, on 13, 14 and 15 March. I had the same experience as many other observers; this species responds when you imitate the call but stays above the canopy and is therefore difficult to see. The only sighting was in a small clearing at about 1,400m on Max's Trail (15 March).

Brown-throated (Common) Wattle-eye Platysteira cyanea - A pair in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March). About 5 daily in primary forest just below Nitele on Mt. Cameroon at 1,800-1,850m.

Banded Wattle-eye Platysteira laticincta - 3 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March), 2 by a small stream about one-third of the way from the metal poles to Lake Awing, the third right by the lake.

Crossley's Ground-Thrush Zoothera crossleyi - Frequently heard calling in forest at all altitudes visited (1,100-1,600m) on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe. Good views of one taped in at 1,600m (13 March).

African Thrush Turdus pelios - Common in all habitats on Mt. Cameroon and in farmbush around Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe.

Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta - Common at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve and around Nitele on Mount Cameroon.

Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi - 3-5 daily in forest along Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Alexander's Akalat Sheppardia poensis - One in forest at 1,200m on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (15 March).

Mountain Robin-Chat Cossypha isabellae - Average of three daily (up to 5) from 1,400 to 2,100m on both slopes of Mt. Cameroon. Seen in primary, secondary and burned montane forest, although I missed this at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve.

Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata - Abundant at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve and in grassy clearings and montane savanna on Mt. Cameroon.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica - 2 above the radio station (2,500m) on Mt. Cameroon (10 March). One in Nyasoso on 16 March.

Lesser Striped-Swallow Hirundo abyssinica - The common swallow in Nyasoso.

Forest Swallow Hirundo fuliginosa - Common at the edge of the forest on Mt. Kupe.

Mountain Sawwing Psalidoprocne fuliginosa - 2 in the savanna area at 1,900m above Nitele, Mt. Cameroon (8 March). 10-15 above 2,000m over the montane savanna on Mt. Cameroon (11 March).

Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus - Encountered in all habitats at all sites visited. Common in secondary forest and scrub.

Little Greenbul Andropadus virens - 3 in farmbush on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe, at 850-1100m.

Mountain Greenbul Andropadus tephrolaemus - 8 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 10-25 daily in primary, secondary and burned forest on Mt. Cameroon. 8-10 daily in forest on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Sjostedt's Greenbul Baeopogon clamans - One in forest near the end of the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Cameroon Olive-Greenbul Phyllastrephus poensis - Small parties of about 5 birds at 1,400m (13 March) and 1200m (15 March) on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus - 12 in forest at 1,450-1,600m on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (14 and 15 March).

Red-tailed/White-bearded Greenbul Criniger sp. One in forest on the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Cameroon Speirops Speirops melanocephalus - 4-25 all days but one in montane forest and savanna (1,800m upwards) on Mt. Cameroon.

African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis - 7 in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March). 8 in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March).

Chattering Cisticola Cisticola anonymus - 5 in farmbush around Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Brown-backed (Chubb's) Cisticola Cisticola discolor - 30 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve. Abundant in degraded habitat on Mt. Cameroon. Especially common in rich bracken-scrub (which presumably used to be montane forest). I did not see this bird in the true montane savanna.

White-chinned Prinia Prinia leucopogon - One group of 4 along road just north of Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe (13 March).

Banded Prinia Prinia bairdii - A group of 4 in farmbush on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe at 1,000m (13 March). 2 in the same area on 16 March.

Green Longtail Urolais epichlora - Up to 8 most days on Mt. Cameroon, and only one of these records on the NE slope above Bonakanda (about 1,500m), the rest in the montane forest around Nitele (1,800-1,850m). 3-10 daily in forest along Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe, all above 1,300m.

Black-capped Apalis Apalis nigriceps - A single at about 1,050m in forest edge on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (13 March).

Bamenda Apalis Apalis bamendae - One female in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March).

Grey Apalis Apalis cinerea - 2 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 1-10 (average of about 5) daily in forest around Nitele, Mt. Cameroon (1,800-2,000m).

Olive-Green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota - One heard in forest around the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Cameroon Scrub-Warbler Bradypterus lopesi - 2 most days in primary and secondary forest on Mount Cameroon (1,500-2,000m).

Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler (Bangwa Forest-Warbler) Bradypterus cinnamomeus - 3 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March).

Black-faced Rufous Warbler Bathmocercus rufus - Group of 4 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 1 in forest edge on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe, at 1,000m (13 March).

Hippolais sp. - Poor views of one each on 7 and 8 March in bracken scrub below the radio station on Mount Cameroon at 2,400m.

White-tailed Warbler Poliolais lopezi - One female at about 1,500m above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March). 2-4 daily in the forest above Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe, at 1,500-1,600m.

Green Hylia Hylia prasina - 4 in scrub above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March).

Black-capped Woodland-Warbler Phylloscopus herberti - 5-10 daily in forest just below Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe at 1,300-1,500m.

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus - 3 on each of 7 and 8 March in burned montane forest at 2,100-2,300m above Nitele on Mount Cameroon.

Ruwenzori Hill-Babbler Illadopsis atriceps - 1-8 all days but one on Mt. Cameroon in forest and scrub, commonest in primary forest at 1,800-1,850m below Nitele.

Grey-chested Illadopsis Kakamega poliothorax - One each day (13-15 March) in forest on Max's Trail, Mt Kupe, one at 1,300 m and two (possibly the same individual) just above Max's Camp at 1,500m.

White-throated Mountain-Babbler Kupeornis gilberti - Only 5 birds in two flocks, all on 15 March in forest at 1600m above Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe.

Grey-necked Rockfowl Picathartes oreas - One heard in the rocky area at the end of the Nature Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March). My guide, Samuel, thought this bird was easier at Mt. Kupe in the wet season.

Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus - Common in towns and villages, including Nyasoso.

Fernando Po Oliveback Nesocharis shelleyi - One at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve around the (relatively!) "forested" gully about half way between the metal poles and Lake Awing. 1-35 daily in forest (primary and burned) around Nitele on Mount Cameroon, between 1800m (the lowest altitude visited) and 2,250m. A group of 10 seen around the water barrel at Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe, on 13 and 14 March.

Grey-headed Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata - One in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March).

Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii - 4 in burned forest (2,200-2,300m) above Nitele, Mt. Cameroon (all in the early morning of 8 March).

Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda - A group of 4 along the road just north of Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe (13 March).

Black-headed Waxbill Estrilda atricapilla - Common, especially in degraded and burned areas, at all sites apart from Bali Safari Lodge.

Bronze Mannikin Lonchura cucullata - Groups of 10-15 in scrub above Bonakanda at about 1000m on 6 and 11 March.

Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara - A pair by Lake Awing at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March).

Cameroon Pipit Anthus cameroonensis - A group of about 10 seen in the same location, about 10 minutes walk before the radio station on Mount Cameroon (coming from Bonakanda) on 7 and 11 March. Two others seen further towards Bonakanda on 11 March. Why they liked these particular patches of burned savanna rather than all the rest is anyone's guess.

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis - 15 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March).

Bannerman's Weaver Ploceus bannermani - 15 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). The new Guide to Birds of Western Africa (Borrow and Demey 2002) indicates that there is no sexual dimorphism in this species. However, about half the individuals I saw lacked the black mask, giving an all-yellow impression. I would guess that these were Bannerman's Weavers, since they were associating with Bannerman's Weavers and appeared to have exactly the same shape. Am I making an obvious misidentification?

Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis - Two in the small woodland near Bali Safari Lodge (5 March). 4 in farmbush on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (13 March).

Black-necked Weaver Ploceus nigricollis - A pair just above Bonakanda, Mt. Cameroon (6 March).

Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster - 4 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 1-5 most days on both slopes of Mount Cameroon. Two each day in forest just above Max's Camp at 1,500m on Mt. Kupe.

Village Weaver Ploceus cucullatus - Towns and villages, including Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe.

Viellot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus - Seen in farmland, for instance around Nyasoso/Mt. Kupe and from the bus between Bamenda to Buea.

Forest Weaver Ploceus bicolor - 8 on 14 March and 6 on 15 March at 1,300-1,550m on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis - 4-5 seen every day except one in forest edge and burned forest, including the trees right around Nitele campsite on Mt. Cameron, 1,850-2,300m.

Yellow Bishop Euplectes capensis - Two at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). Abundant in savanna (1,700m upwards) on Mt. Cameroon. I suspect there were also other bishop/widowbird species in the savanna on Mt. Cameroon, but if so I didn't get very far identifying them in non-breeding plumage.

Collared Sunbird Anthreptes collaris - One at 1,600m in forest above Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe (15 March).

Cameroon Sunbird Nectarinia oritis - 20 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 1-3 daily in forest on Mt. Cameroon. 5 daily in forest (1,200m upwards) on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Green-headed Sunbird Nectarinia verticalis - One in farmbush at the start of Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe (16 March).

Ursula's Sunbird Nectarinia ursulae - One on 14 and 15 March at about 1,350m on Max's Trail, Mt. Kupe.

Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi - 7 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 10-30 daily in burned and primary forest around Nite (1,800-2,350m) on Mount Cameroon; none recorded on the north-east slope, above Bonakanda.

Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni - 6 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 1-10 daily in burned forest above Nitele (2,000-2,350m), Mt. Cameroon, but none on the north-east slope above Bonakanda.

Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus - 3 at Bafut-Nguemba Forest Reserve (4 March). 7-20 daily in burned and secondary forest above Nitele and Bonakanda on Mt. Cameroon (1,500m upwards).


Chimpanzee A troupe of at least 6 at 1,600m above Max's Camp, Mt. Kupe in the late afternoon on 14 March.

Bushbaby sp. A single just above Max's Camp (1,500m) at 7 am (during the daytime) on 15 March.


Honeybee. These filled the "annoying pest" niche at both campsites (radio station and Nitele) on Mount Cameroon and at Max's Camp on Mt. Kupe. If you come at the same time of year I did, be prepared to share your tent/mosquito net and food.