Hawaii, 11th - 20th April 2003

Published by Surfbirds Admin (surfbirds AT surfbirds.com)


Graham Talbot and Chris Campion - birding Hawaiian style

Graham Talbot and Chris Campion


With Easter approaching fast we still had not decided where to go birding. Following our successful trip to Micronesia at Christmas we thought maybe we could visit some more Pacific Islands. Fiji, Tonga and Samoa sprang to mind but were dismissed, as it was the wrong time of year so out thoughts turned to Hawaii. After thumbing through the field guide and finding that we could not pronounce any of the bird's names our minds were made up. So we dug out our gaudy shirts, shorts and sandals and started planning whilst we hummed the tune to Hawaii Five O.

To stand any chance of seeing all the available endemics we would have to visit four islands. On two islands the endemics are confined to areas where public access is restricted, the only possible way of getting in was to join a tour. Surfing the net revealed many reports and also the excellent web site Birding Hawaii which apart from giving details and status of all the birds also gave details of the best birding areas and companies which could offer tours to the restricted areas. We contacted the various tour companies made our bookings and then started to plan the remainder of our itinerary. All the tours required a minimum number of participants and we were a bit worried that the other participants might not be as keen as we were to see the endemics however our fears were unfounded and both the tours were geared to seeing the endemics.

Our thanks go to John Hornbuckle for providing us with a lot of information and to all the other people who have posted reports on the various web sites.

We had no interest in seeing any of the introduced species and no effort was made to look for them.


Getting Around: There are regular interconnecting flights to all the islands although most of the flights went to and from Oahu so in some cases we actually flew over the island we were trying to get to and then had to fly back. On average there is about one flight every 2 hours however the last flight leaves relatively early in the evening in some instances 5pm and hence a lot of birding time was wasted traveling between islands during daylight hours. As we wanted to keep our itinerary as flexible as possible we didn't book any internal flights beforehand. This worked to our advantage in some instances but a lot of the flights were full and so we had to alter out itinerary accordingly.

All the airports had the usual array of car hire companies. We pre-booked all our cars through the net and although we made some changes to suit our revised itinerary we had no problems.

Accommodation and Food: The only accommodation that we pre-booked was a cabin in Kokee State Park Kauai for two nights and one at Volcano National Park, Big Island. The cabins at Kokee were excellent value for money and were ideal as they saved an hours drive each morning. We had no trouble booking them and in fact we stayed two additional nights. However apparently they can get booked up many weeks in advance. The cabin at Volcano National Park was very basic but adequate.

The other nights were spent in various hotels we found by driving around.

There were all sorts of food outlets from McDonalds to expensive restaurants. We took food into the field a few occasions due to the early starts and when we spent whole days in the parks. Both tour companies we used provided packed lunches.


We now know why some parts of Hawaii are reputed to be the wettest places on earth. We had rain on every single day and in the mountains at times it was pretty heavy and prolonged. It was not particularly cold in the mountains with the exception of Haleakala Crater on Maui where it was very cold and windy at dawn and dusk. A fleece was useful most days whilst birding in the mountains especially early morning.

Birding Sites

All the sites visited are covered in either Wheatley or the Birding Hawaii web site. The following information supplements this information.


Kilauea Point Nature Reserve

Located in the north of the island this is the place to see breeding seabirds. Directions are adequately covered in Wheatley/Birding Hawaii. The only point to note is that the reserve closes at 5pm just as the seabirds are coming in. You have to therefore stand in a car park outside the reserve, which limits the viewing somewhat.

Makahuena Point

Located on the south of the Island and marked on most maps. We spent a couple of evenings seawatching from here although we saw nothing special.

Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge

Located in the north of the Island this is the best place to see all the endemic waterbirds. Its pretty uninspiring consisting of a few ponds and small fields surrounded by dykes, however we quickly connected with all the endemics. Birding is from the road that winds it way along the river valley.

Kokee State Park

This park contains the main area where all the endemic land birds occur, the Alakai Swamp.

The first day we birded along the Alakai Swamp Trail, reach-able by 4-wheel drive or a long walk. The trail is mainly a boardwalk which winds its way through the native forest. Kauai Elepaio, Kauai Amakihi, Apapane, Anianiau, Akekee and Iiwi were all seen fairly easily along the trail. The trail descends down a long flight of steps and reaches a stream running through a ravine. The ravines are the best place to look for Puaiohi. Apparently the best site for Akikiki is the Pihea Ridge Trail which crosses the Alakai Swamp Trail. Again the majority of this trail is a boardwalk. The park HQ has maps of the area, as does Wheatley.

To get to this general area it is not essential to have a 4-wheel drive. You can walk in via the Puu o Kila trail but it's a good 3 mile hike.

The second day we went to a more remote area which required an hours drive by 4-wheel drive plus a strenuous 4 mile walk. The area was open to the public and followed one of the trails. This area is reputed to have a much higher density of both Puaiohi and Akikiki plus all the other endemics. If you are fit I would suggest you go to this area.


A number of sport fishing companies operate out of Nawiliwili harbour. On the first day we just turned up on spec and managed to join a boat however this approach was unsuccessful on the second day as we missed both boats that went out. All the companies have web sites so it is possible to pre book. The boats tend to go out for between 4 and 6 hours and travel to around 20 miles off shore. We made the trip in a very heavy 10ft plus swell but we did manage to see Band-rumped Petrel and Bulwer's Petrel as well as a few other seabirds.



The only way to see the endemics on Maui is to visit the Waikamoi Preserve accessed from Hosmer Grove which is just after the entrance to Haleakala National Park. There is no public access to the preserve however Dr Renate Gassmann-Duvall leads regular tours to the best area. Depending on the number of people she charges between US$120-$150, however on top of that she has to charge an outrageous fee of US$100 per person entrance fee to the Nature Conservancy. She is good as she knows the calls of most of the birds and understands that the main purpose of the visit is to try and see the Crested Honeycreeper and the Parrotbill. You stand a very good chance of seeing the Honeycreeper she currently sees it on average nine times out of ten, however the Parrotbill is a lot more difficult and on average she only sees it 3 times a year. We were lucky. After an initial hours walk in, a step path descends down to the Rose Gardiner boardwalk. This boardwalk lasts for about 500m metres and it's along this that all the endemics can be seen. We saw the Parrotbill at the start of the boardwalk which we had read from other gen was a good area, but it can be seen anywhere along it.

Haleakala National Park

This National Park contains the Haleakala Crater which at about 10,000ft is the highest point on Maui. Apart from the great views, this is the area to see Hawaiian Petrel. They nest next to the visitor's center which is located on the crater rim. We got there at dusk but the first birds did not start to arrive until 7.30pm well after dark.

Big Island

Hakalau Forest NWR

It is possible to see the majority of the endemics here and has to be visited to see Akepa. You can only gain access by joining a tour. We used Hawaii Forest and Trail who were extremely professional and the guide targeted the endemic birds. We found the area incredibly birdy and Akepa, Omao, Hawaii Creeper, Elepaio (dark form) and Hawaiian Hawk were all easily seen as were the commoner species Common Amakihi, Iiwi, Apapane. Akiapolaau also occurs in the area, although it's not common and is not guaranteed. We spent most of the time looking for it but failed.

Puu Oo Trail

This is a site for Akiapolaau which has public access. The trail is located at mile post 22.5 along Saddle Road. There is a small sign and off-road parking is possible but it is not obvious. Walk along the trail for about half a mile and you come to an open area. On the far side and to the left of the open area there are a number of large Koa trees. We found Akiapolaau in this area. They are very fond of the Koa trees so concentrate on these areas. Omao was also seen in the same area.

Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve

Access is off Saddle Road along a dirt road at mile post 43.3 near a hunter check station/rest stop built by the Hilo High School Archery Club. The dirt road winds up the side of Mauna Kea for about 4 miles where it reaches a gate and a small cabin. We birded above and below the cabin and found Palila fairly easily as well as the pale-headed form of Elepaio.

Manuka State Park

Located 40 miles West of Kona this is the best place to see the intermediate form of Elepaio. Park in the car park and walk up the trail. We saw them within a few hundred metres.


There are no endemics on the Island but two potential splits.

Kuliouou Valley Trail

This is the place to see Oahu Elepaio. Park and walk up the road until you come to the water tank. Between the water tank and a drive leading to a house on the right starts a small trail. When we were there the trail was very overgrown with shoulder high grass. The trail leads to a dry streambed where it enters good forest, it was here that we saw the Elepaio though with some difficulty.

Alea Ridge Trail

This is the best site for the Oahu form of Common Amakihi. The park does not open until 06.30am and it is about 1 mile drive from the park gate to the start of the nature trail. We heard the birds but had great difficulty seeing them, as they tended to stay very high in the top of the trees. It was also very windy when we were there.


Like Kauai, there are a number of sports fishing boats that go out most days from the Kewalo Boat Basin not far from Wakiki beach. They go out very early and hence we missed them. They all have web sites so it would be advisable to book.


We would like to thank Jon Hornbuckle for providing lots of site information.

The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific - Pratt, Bruner and Berrett
Lonely Planet Guide to Hawaii

Birding Hawaii web site - www.birdinghawaii.co.uk
Hawaii Forest and Trail- www.hawaii-forest.com
Dr Renate Gassmann-Duvall renate@lava.net tel 808-573-2002

Report on surfbirds web site www.surfbirds.com - Hawaii The Big Island November 15th -28th 2002 By Elise Faike


Friday 11th April

Departed Hong Kong for Tokyo at 14.35. Had a two hour stop over in Tokyo before catching our flight to Honolulu. Due to the time difference arrived at 9.45 on Friday morning. Our original intention was to spend the day birding on Oahu before flying to Kauai on the last flight however all the afternoon flights were full so we changed our itinerary and flew to Kauai. Picked up our hire car and made our way to Hanalei reserve at the north of the island where we very quickly found Hawaiian Duck, Hawaiian Coot and the Hawaiian race of Moorhen which was very distinctive. Drove the short distance to Kilauea Point where we spent the next 4 hours sea watching scanning through the huge numbers of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters for Newel's Shearwater but with no luck. We did however get good views of two Humpback Whales. The area is an important breeding area for Laysan Albatross and Red-footed Booby both of which were seen. Waited until dusk watching the Wedge-tailed Shearwaters come in to their nesting burrows. Over the hill behind the reserve the only Short-eared Owl of the trip was seen. Once it got too dark to see we made our way to Kokee State Park and crashed in our pre-booked cabin.

Saturday 12th April

Got up at 05.00 and made our way to the start of the Alakai Swamp trail. Very soon saw Kauai Amakihi, Apapane, Iiwi and Anianiau. Made our way to an area where a singing Puaiohi had been reported a few days earlier but by now it had started to rain very heavily. Spent the next 4 hours in this general area getting brief views of Puaiohi in the rain soaked forest. We did however get great views of Akekee. Decided to make our way back to an area where two Akikiki had been seen a few weeks previously, however when we reached a stream which we had easily crossed earlier we found that due to the rain it had now become a ranging torrent and there was no chance of crossing it. We had no option but to sit it out. By now the rain had subsided slightly but we had to wait a further two hours before the water level had subsided enough to allow us wade across the stream. It was now early afternoon and we spent the next three hours patrolling the boardwalk along the ridge looking for Akikiki but to no avail. By dusk there was still no sign of Akikiki, so wet and bedraggled we trudged the five miles back to the car.

Sunday 13th April

Got up 4.00 and made our way to Nawiliwili Harbour for small boats located near the airport. As there was 10ft plus swell at sea, only one sports fishing boat was prepared to go out. We managed to negotiate a deal and departed at 7am. After half an hour about five miles out we came across a Band-rumped Petrel which gave excellent views as it flew alongside the boat and soon afterwards a Bulwer's Petrel also gave excellent views as it flew along adjacent to the boat. After that, apart from a few Red-footed Boobies and a couple of Black Noddies not much else was seen. Returned to shore at 11am had some lunch and returned to the harbour hoping to connect with an afternoon sports fishing boat however due to the big swell none where going out.

Decided to do some sea watching so made our way to Makahuena Point via some saltpans near Port Allen Airport where we saw our first Hawaiian Stilts, a distinctive race of and a possible split from Black-winged Stilt. Also our first Wandering Tattler of the trip was seen on the nearby rocky shore.

Spent the last three hours of the day sea watching but apart from the seabirds seen the previous day the only addition to the list was a Grey Phalarope.

Returned to the cabin in Kokee State Park.

Monday 14th April

Visited another area of Kokee State Park where three weeks previously an Akikiki nest had been located. Arose at 5am and made our way to the start of the trail which required an initial one hour 4 wheel drive. Set off on the strenuous 4 mile hike at 6am. Arrived at the nest site and waited for an hour by which time it soon became apparent that it had been abandoned. Spent the next couple of hours searching the area but with no luck. Had to leave the area as we were due to fly off later that day.

Made our way to the airport and caught the 4pm flight to Maui. As soon as we arrived, picked up our rental car and made our way to the top of the volcano. Arrived at dusk but we had to wait until 7.30pm before the first Hawaiian Petrels started to come in. It was incredibly strange hearing the barking calls of the Petrels in the dark as they came in to their nesting burrows. After a while got good views in the moon lit sky of a number of birds as they circled overhead. Returned to the main town and found a room in a small hotel.

Tuesday 15th April

Woke early or so we thought and headed to the crater in the hope of seeing some Petrels leaving their nesting borrows in the early morning light. However it took us longer to get there than we had planned and by the time we had reached the summit it was already light.

Made our way slowly part way down the mountain to Hosmer Grove where we had arranged to meet Renate who was going to take us into the Waikamoi Preserve. Set off with Renate and three other birders at 7.30am on the hours walk through the reserve to the start of the boardwalk. Very quickly saw Maui Creeper and we then spent the next 2 hours patrolling the boardwalk looking for Maui Honeycreeper and Maui Parrotbill. We heard the Honeycreeper on a number of occasions, however it was quite windy and there were not many flowering trees so it was keeping low down. Eventually we got great views of a bird as it flew into a tree at eye level about 5m away. Made our way to the bottom of the walk and had an early lunch before we started patrolling the boardwalk again in the hope of connecting with the Parrotbill. Just as we were about to leave, one of our party shouted Parrotbill and to our astonishment there was a male sitting in a tree no more than 5m away. We all got excellent views of what we both agreed was the bird of the trip. Made our way out of the preserve to the car and hurried to the airport to catch the last flight to Big Island. Picked up our car and checked into a small hotel in Kona.

Wednesday 16th April

Made our way to the Hawaii Forest and Trail office as we were due to meet up at 6.30am. Checked in and as they had to pick up some people on route we agreed to meet up with them on Saddle Road a couple of hours later. Made our way to Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve passing Hawaii Big Island Country Club on route where we saw 7 Nene flying over. Parked at the cabin and made our way up the dirt road. After about half an hour we found a pair of Palila feeding in the top of a tree. Quickly made our way back to the car and headed to the rendezvous site. Transferred to Hawaii Forest and Trail 4-wheel drive and started the slow 40 min drive along a rutted dirt road to Hakalau Forest. On route a Hawaiian Hawk was seen soaring over the hillside.

Parked outside the reserve and made our way in on foot along a track that wound down the hillside. It was not long before we saw our first new endemic an Omao. This was quickly followed by Hawaii Creeper. It had now started to rain and in between the showers we managed to see Hakalau's specialty the Akepa. Continued making our way down the track searching for the elusive Akiapolaau but to no avail. By know it had started to rain continuously. We had a late lunch and slowly made our way out searching all the Koa trees on route for Akiapolaau, but our luck was out. Arrived back at the car at 3.30pm and made our way out along the dirt track. Parked our car and headed to Puu Oo Trail, another possible site for Akiapolaau. Spent the last hour of light in the rain searching an area of Koa trees.

Returned to the car and then drove to Volcano National Park where we walked out to the lava fields and watched earth being created. This amazing spectacle is not to be missed and is best seen after dark.

Thursday 17th April

Were up at 4am with the aim of resuming our search at the Puu Oo Trail at first light however it was raining again and so stopped off for a great American breakfast, our first of the trip. Arrived at the trail an hour after first light. The rain had now subsided to a drizzle. Made our way to the best area of Koa trees and before long much to our joy a pair of Akiapolaau gave excellent views. We were on a roll. We returned to the car and made our way to Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve to look for the pale-headed race of the Elepaio. We only had to drive 2 miles up the track before we found one together with another Palila. We now had only one more bird to see, the intermediate race of Elepaio. We covered the 100 miles to Manuka State Park in record time and headed up the nature trail. The Elepaio was seen after ten minutes.

Having cleaned up on Big Island, we quickly returned to the car and headed to the airport hoping to catch an early flight back to Kauai to give us another chance for Akikiki and Newel's Shearwater, the only available endemics we still needed. The flight was full so we had a frustrating wait of an hour before the next flight. Arrived in Kauai, picked up a rental car and headed to Makahuena Point to spend the last hour sea watching. It was at this time that Graham discovered that he had left his scope in the rental car back on Big Island. Disaster as we had intended to do a lot of sea watching during the latter part of the trip. Apart from plenty of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters very little was seen, so made our way to Kokee State Park and crashed early in or pre-booked cabin.

Friday 18th April

Up well before first light and made our way in the darkness along the three mile trail to the Alakai swamp area. Arrived at first light but after 4 hours of fruitless searching for Akikiki we decided to try and get on an afternoon pelagic. Quickly made our way back to Nawiliwili harbour only to discover that there were no sport fishing boats going out that afternoon due to the high swell. Things were going from bad to worse. Debated what to do and eventually decided to cut our losses and catch the next flight to Oahu. Arrived at 4pm picked up our rental car and made our way James Campbell reserve on the north of the island. The reserve is closed during the breeding season so we scanned the area with our scope from the main highway and very soon picked out a distant Bristle-thighed Curlew. Wanting to get better views, we made our way to the dunes that overlook the reserve and were rewarded with views of a bird down to 10m. You could clearly see the bristles. Spent the last hour sea watching but again no new sea birds of note were seen. Walking back to the car, a Ring-billed Gull was seen flying over the reserve.

Drove back to Honolulu and checked into a hotel in the Wakaiki area.

Saturday 19th April

Up at 5am and headed to the harbour hoping to get on a sports fishing boat only to find that by the time we arrived at 6.30am they had already left for the day. Apparently they go out before first light. Disappointed we decide to head to Mokapu Point to do some sea watching from land. Large numbers of Sooty Tern were seen together with the usual other seabirds. At about 9am made our way to Kuliouou Valley Trail a stake out for the Oahu race of the Elepaio another potential split. They were not easy to see however after an hour we both managed to get good views. Returned to the harbor to see if any boats were going out in the afternoon but none were, so we headed to Lyon Arboretum and spent a frustrating 2 hours trying to get views of the Oahu race of Common Amakihi at which we failed. Although we could here them they kept right to the top of the tall trees and even a fleeting glimpse was difficult. As this was our last evening, decided to spend the last hour sea watching so made our way to Laie Point on the north coast of the island. Again all that was seen were the usual suspects.

Returned to Honolulu and had a few beers the first of the trip.

Sunday 20th April

Up before first light and made our way to the Alea Ridge Trail hoping to get better views of the Amakihi however as we arrived, just as it was getting light, it started to rain and the wind had picked up and was blowing a gale. The next three hours were spent either sheltering from the rain or looking high into the wind swept trees for the birds which despite the weather were calling intermittently. Eventually during a short dry spell we managed to get decent views.

Returned to the car, changed into dry clothes and headed to the airport to catch our return flight to Hong Kong via Tokyo.

All in all, a successful trip. We were disappointed that we missed Akikiki on Kauai as we put in a lot of effort for it. Our list of seabirds left something to be desired, perhaps we were slightly too early for Newell's Shearwater. It's currently not possible to see Hawaiian Crow in the wild, the last remaining individuals which until fairly recently could be seen at McCandless Ranch have moved to an area with no access. There are apparently only three Poo-uli left in the wild on Maui and efforts are being made to capture these for a captive breeding program, but it may be too late to save this species. All other endems are extinct.

Systematic List

Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis 10 Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April, 2 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April.

Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii 1 from sports fishing boat Kauai and 2 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April.

Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia 20+ heard and 5 seen Haleakala National Park Maui 14th April.

Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus 2 from sports fishing boat Kauai 13th April.

Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus Very common with up to 2,000 seen on most sea watches from Kauai's and Oahu.

Band-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma castro 1 from sports fishing boat Kauai 13th April.

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaaethon rubricauda 8 Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April.

White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus 1 from car as we drove down mountain from Kokee State Park Kauai 18th April.

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster 1 Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April, 2 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April, 10 from the dunes near James Campbell Preserve Oahu 18th April, 3 Mokapu Point and 10 Laie Point Oahu 19th April.

Red-footed Booby Sula sula Small numbers seen from every sea watch from Kauai and Oahu. Large nesting colony at Kilauea Point NWR Kauai.

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor 10 Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April, 2 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April.

Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax 5 Hanalei NWR Kauai 11th April, 2 James Campbell reserve 18th April.

Hawaiian Goose (Nene) Branta sandvicensis 30 introduced birds Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April, 7 over road near Big Island Country Club, Big Island 16th April.

Shoveler Anas clypeata 2 James Campbell reserve Oahu 18th April.

Hawaiian Duck (Koloa) Anas wyvilliana 20 Hanalei NWR Kauai 11th April, 2 in flight Kokee State Park Kauai 12th April.

Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius 3 Hakalau Forest Big Island 16th April.

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 2 Hanalei NWR Kauai 11th April. This species is a potential split, looks and behaves more like a Gallinule than a Common Moorhen.

Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai 5 Hanalei NWR Kauai 11th April, 5 James Campbell reserve 18th April.

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus 2 on saltpans near Port Allen Kauai 13th April, sev James Campbell reserve 18th April. This is another potential split.

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva Small numbers seen on nearly every patch of open grassland on all islands.

Wandering Tattler Heteroscelus incanus 1 on rocks off Port Allen Kauai 13th April, 2 Mokapu Point Oahu 19th April.

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis 6 James Campbell reserve Oahu 18th April.

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 5 on salt pans near Port Allen and 20 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April, 10 James Campbell reserve Oahu 18th April.

Sanderling Calidris alba 1 on beach near James Campbell reserve 18th April.

Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius 1 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April.

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis 1 James Campbell reserve 18th April.

Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata 2,000+ Mokapu Point Oahu 19th April, 20 Laie Point Oahu 19th April.

Brown Noddy Anous stolidus 5 Mokapu Point Oahu 19th April.

Black Noddy 2 from sports fishing boat Kauai 13th April, 4 Makahuena Point Kauai 13th April.

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus 1 Kilauea Point NWR Kauai 11th April.

Elepaio Chasiempis sandwichensis 5 dark form (sandwichensis) Hakalau Forest Big Island 16th April, 1 pale-headed form (bryani) Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve Big Island 17th April, 1 intermediate form (ridgewayi) Manuka State Park Big Island 17th April. The intermediate form is a potential split, the pale and dark forms may continue to be lumped.

Kauai Elepaio Chasiempis sclateri 5-10 Kokee State Park Kauai. This is destined to be split.

Oahu Elepaio Chasiempis ibidis 1 Kuliouou Valley Trail Oahu19th April. This species is also destined to be split.

Puaiohi Myadestes palmeri 1 Kokee State Park Kauai 12th April.

Omao Myadestes obscurus 7 Hakalau Forest Big Island 16th April, 3 Puu Oo Trail Big Island 16th April, 2 Puu Oo Trail Big Island 17th April.

Palila Loxioides bailleui A pair Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve Big Island 16th April, 1 Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve Big Island 17th April.

Crested Honeycreeper (Akohekohe) Palmeria dolei 1 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April.

Akepa Loxops coccineus 5 Hakalau Forest 16th April.

Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys 1 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April.

Akiapolaau Hemignathus munroi 2 Puu Oo Trail Big Island 17th April.

Maui Creeper Paroreomyza Montana 10 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April.

Hawaii Creeper Oreomystis mana 3 Hakalau Forest 16th April.

Common Amakihi Hemignathus virens 10 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April, 10 Puu Laau Dry Forest Reserve Big Island 16th April, 10 Hakalau Forest 16th April. 1 of Oahu race (chloris) heard Lyon Arboretum Oahu 19th April, 1, Alea Ridge Trail Oahu 20th April plus 2 heard. The Oahu race is a potential split.

Kauai Amakihi Hemignathus kauaiensis Between 5-15 Kokee State Park Kauai each day.

Anianiau Hemignathus parvus Between 2- 6 Kokee State Park Kauai each day.

Akekee Loxops caerulirostris Between 3-8 Kokee State Park Kauai each day.

Iiwi Vestiaria coccinea Up to 10 Kokee State Park on each visit, 8 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April, 15+ Hakalau Forest Big Island 16th April, 3 Puu Oo Trail Big Island 17th April.

Apapane Himatione sanguinea The commonest endemic. Very common at Kokee State Park Kauai with up to 40 seen each day, 10 Waikamoi Preserve Maui 15th April, 20 Hakalau Forest Big Island 16th April, 10 Puu Oo Trail Big Island 17th April.

Introduced Species

Cattle Egret, Mallard, Common Turkey, Common Peafowl, California Quail, Erkel's Francolin, Red Junglefowl, Kalij Pheasant, Common Pheasant, Zebra Dove, Spotted Dove, Barn Owl, Western Meadow Lark, Eurasian Skylark, Red-whiskered Bulbul, Red-vented Bulbul, Northern Mockingbird, Hwamei, Red-billed Leiothrix, White-rumped Shama, Japanese Bush Warbler, Japanese White-eye, Northern Cardinal, Red-crested Cardinal, House Finch, Yellow-fronted Canary, Common Waxbill, Chestnut Munia, Nutmeg Munia, House Sparrow, Tree Sparrow, Common Myna.

G Talbot
Hong Kong
E-mail gtalbot@netvigator.com