Malawi - 12-22 December, 2008

Published by Benjamin Schwartz (benji_schwartz AT

Participants: Benji Schwartz, Josh Engel


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Bar-tailed Trogo
Bar-tailed Trogo
Livingstone's Turaco
Livingstone's Turaco
Woodland Kingfisher
Woodland Kingfisher
Whyte's Barbet
Whyte's Barbet
Dickenson's Kestrel
Dickenson's Kestrel
Bohm's Bee-eater
Bohm's Bee-eater

While not often visited by birders, Malawi is a key country for anyone wishing to clean up on their African bird list. Add to this the extremely friendly people and the amazing accommodation, and it is rather surprising that there aren't more people flocking to the country. With much of Central Africa in turmoil, Malawi offers an excellent chance to pick up many of the Central African endemics as well as a large host of miombo specialties found more easily here than anywhere else on the continent. Having traveled extensively throughout the rest of Africa, this trip was set up specifically to target those species either not possible or missed in other countries. In our twelve days we picked up 380 bird species which included almost all of the key species we were searching for. As well as the fantastic bird life, we saw over 25 species of mammals; a couple of which were new to even the experienced African traveler.

Day 1: Lilongwe
With an early afternoon arrival in Lilongwe, we were all ready to start adding to our Malawi list. We decided to spend the last daylight hours exploring Lilongwe Nature Sanctuary. While the birding started off a bit slowly, we soon started picking up species including Black-collared Barbet, Half-collared Kingfisher, and Schalow’s Turaco. All tired from our travels we heading back to Sanctuary Lodge to sit and relax by the riverside. We were thrilled when this turned out to be not only a lovely place for sundowners, but also an excellent place for birds. As we relaxed Peter’s Twinspot flitted through the surrounding scrub and Tropical Boubou called around us while three White-backed Night-Heron flew majestically down the stream. Looking forward to truly starting our tour of Malawi the next morning, we were already amazed by the number of species we had managed to pick up.

Day 2: Dzalanyama
Located two hours from the Malawi capital, Dzalanyama is a beautiful patch of miombo woodland which holds almost all of the highly sought after miombo specialties. With a full day to explore the park we were off early to take advantage of the cooler morning temperature. Brief stops along the road turned up our first Miombo Double-collared Sunbird, Orange-winged Pytilia, and hundreds of Abdim’s Stork. Unfortunately the weather was not on our side and just as we arrived in the park the rains began. While this made the birding quite a bit more difficult, with a bit of persistence and some soaking-wet clothing we still managed to pick up a number of the birds we were searching for. Highlights included Miombo Blue-eared Starling, Anchieta’s Sunbird, Green-backed Woodpecker, and Black-eared Seedeater. Wet but well pleased with our day’s effort we headed back to the warmth of our lodge in Lilongwe.

Day 3: Luwawa Forest
Heading north from Lilongwe we began a long drive to Luwawa Forest with a couple stops planned along the way. Our first stop came at a small dam well known for Lesser Jacana. As we drove up we were disappointed at how low the water level was as it seemed to provide no decent habitat for our key species. However, we decided to make the best of it by birding the surrounding farmland where we quickly picked up Zebra Waxbill, Singing Cisticola, and Red-winged Warbler. Scanning the lake we added our first waterbirds with Southern Pochard, Red-billed Duck, and huge numbers of Red-knobbed Coot. As we were scanning, a shout of “Lesser Jacana!” drew all our attention to a barely visible mudflat where three of these often difficult-to-find species were lazily feeding.

Slightly disappointed with the rain on the previous day and still itching for miombo species, a lunch stop was planned in an area that seemed promising. However, as we arrived we could see the heavy sheet of rain driving inexorably closer. Undaunted we headed into the woodlands for what we all assumed would end with a mad, wet dash back to the van. With the thunder booming overhead we encountered our first flock of miombo birds. Miombo Tit was found mixed in with the much more numerous Rufous-bellied (Cinnamon-breasted) Tit, while Reichard’s Seedeater and Whyte’s Barbet fed noisily in the upper canopy. Still shockingly dry, we ate our lunch in the warm afterglow of success and were on our way.

Arriving at the beautifully situated Luwawa Forest Lodge we were eager to begin our birding in this new environment. While most of the surrounding habitat has been devastated by the logging companies, a small patch of indigenous forest still remains. Deciding to leave this for the morning, we birded the grounds around the lodge and the reed-fringed lake just below it. As we walked along the boardwalk, surrounded by flocks of Red-collared Widowbird, we all stopped in our tracks as three Red-chested Flufftail began calling around us. These notoriously difficult-to-see birds seemed to be living up to their reputation until two of them made a mad dash under the boardwalk: providing excellent, though brief, views for all of us! Other highlights of the afternoon were Parasitic Weaver (Cuckoo Finch), Greater Reed-Warbler, Yellow-bellied Waxbill, and Southern Citril.

Day 4: Luwawa Forest and Mkuwazi Forest
Eagerly anticipating the morning’s birding, we arranged to meet at dawn. As the sun rose the birding around the lodge garden was phenomenal. Feeding amongst the flowers we soon picked up Eastern (Forest) Double-collared Sunbird, Eastern (Southern) Mountain-Greenbul, the nearly endemic Chapin's Apalis and the highly sought after Bertram’s Weaver before departing for the native forest patch. A walk along the edge of this forest turned up species such as Trilling Cisticola, Cabanis’s Bunting, and singing Olive-flanked Robin-Chat. Our largest surprise came as we were nearing the end of our morning birding. As bird activity had died down with the heat of the day, a singing White-browed Scrub-Robin drew the attention of the group and we all veered off the path to try to see the bird. As we had all seen this species in other countries, we weren’t overly enthusiastic for our search. However, when a Miombo Scrub-Robin began calling directly behind us on the opposite side of the track, we all did an immediate about-face and hurried to where this very confiding bird was putting on an amazing show. As this bird came in a completely unexpected habitat, we were all thrilled to pick up another of our miombo specialties and end our morning birding in fantastic fashion!

Heading towards Chintheche, on the shore of Lake Malawi, we once again found ourselves in the middle of a huge rainstorm. However, as this is to be expected in the rainy season, we continued our birding undaunted. While we may have been willing to get soaking wet in order to see birds, the birds at Mkuwazi Forest seemed to feel no such compunction for us to see them and we spent a rather quiet afternoon in the forest. Despite the general lack of bird activity, we still managed to pick up the one key species we were looking for in the area. A soft churring noise in the distance drew us all off the trail and deeper into the forest. Finally arriving at the source of the noise we were thrilled to see two East Coast Akalat performing an odd wing-snapping alarm call. Not worried about our presence in the least, these two birds continued their display until finally we decided to leave them to their business while we headed to our lodge for a hot shower and a fantastic dinner.

Day 5: Nkhotakota
Having seen our target species at Mkuwazi Forest on the previous afternoon, we decided to have a relaxed morning to recharge our batteries before heading on to Nkhotakota Game Reserve. While this park isn’t always visited on birding tours, it offers some fantastic miombo birding as well as a chance at some of the other game that make Africa such a huge tourist destination. As we drove in we were inundated with Arnott’s Chat. We soon ran into a huge flock and began picking up a whole slew of new trip birds. Included amongst these was a lovely Pale-billed Hornbill: another of our prized miombo specialties. Walking through the park with an armed escort in case of animal encounters, the birding was rather slow in the middle of the day. However, this just made the birds we did see seem all that more spectacular. Chief amongst these were outstanding views of Boehm’s and Swallow-tailed Bee-eaters and the incredible Southern Ground Hornbill.

As we finished off our walk and found the prearranged point at which we were to meet the vehicle, we were all a bit disheartened to find it not there. With no other option, we began the walk back to where we had been dropped off. With the huge amount of recent rain, our van was struggling to climb a small hill. In this typically African experience, we all chipped in pushing and trying to create grip in the road for the vehicle. However, it looked as if our efforts were in vain. For every foot we managed to push ourselves up the hill we seemed to slip two feet down. Just as our frustration began to set in, we could hear distant shouts from the local villagers. Again in typical African fashion, the entire village had turned out to help us make it up the hill. In a party atmosphere, we all surrounded the van and with all our might managed to push it to the top of the hill. Among much thanks and well wishes, we were finally on our way. The friendliness of the Malawi people is something we will all remember for a long time to come!

Day 6: Liwonde N.P.
After an amazingly refreshing night at our magnificent hotel in Senga Bay, we were ready to once again be on our way. The boat ride to Liwonde National park was fantastic. Along with birds such as Common Squacco Heron, Black Egret, and Lesser Striped-Swallow, the journey also produced our first elephants of the trip; a huge herd which was passing the heat of the day by wallowing in mud along the river bank. The largest flock of African Skimmers any of us had ever seen--some 80+ birds--rested on a sandbar, with the a few of Africa's southernmost Spur-winged Plovers nearby. Arriving at our lodge we were amazed by the sheer number of birds and mammals around. With no fence separating the lodge grounds from the rest of the park, we were able to watch as bushbuck and impala fed on the vegetation outside our cabins. Equally amazing were the birds in the area: Collared Palm-Thrush seemed to be in every-other tree while flocks of Southern Cordon-bleu, Jameson’s Firefinch, and the gorgeous Peter’s (Red-throated) Twinspot fed on the open ground.

Our greatest shock came as we were scanning a nearby acacia. Rather than finding the bird we were looking for, we stumbled upon a Greater Bushbaby with a young baby. These nocturnal species are almost never seen during the day, but these two put on quite a show. Hopping around in the acacia branches the baby missed its mark and fell to the ground. While the mother waited patiently for the youngster to make its way back up the tree, it had other plans and ran off to another tree. Eventually fed up, the mother dropped to the ground as well to pick up her child in her mouth and scamper up a nearby Euphorbia. Once again safe from predation, they settled in for a nap. Our afternoon game drive seemed mild after the early afternoon excitement, but we still managed to pick up a number of new species including the very localized Lillian’s Lovebird, the uncommon Reichenow’s Woodpecker, Meve’s Glossy-Starling, and amazing views of Square-tailed Nightjar as dusk approached. As we headed back to the lodge after dark, a Marsh Mongoose put on an incredible show in a roadside puddle, chowing on a frog it had just caught, then searching unsuccessfully for more.

Day 7: Liwonde N.P.
After the brief taste of what the park had to offer on the previous evening, we left the lodge early to explore our surroundings on foot. With only a couple of target species needed by everyone in the group, we definitely had our work cut out for us. However, undaunted we began our search and quickly picked up our first new species: Livingstone’s Flycatcher. This thrilling small bird turned out to be rather common and its beautiful song could be heard almost continuously in the distance. Buoyed with our first species of the day, we continued on our way. As we stood looking at a nearby Trumpeter Hornbill, we were all suddenly in shadow as a giant Pel’s Fishing-Owl swooped directly over us and landed in a nearby palm tree. This huge owl can never be seen too many times, and as it was a new species for some of the group, we were all thrilled to see it being so cooperative. Other highlights of the morning included Southern Black Tit, Black Cuckooshrike, and our only lark for the trip: Flappet Lark.

In the afternoon we decided to round out the day with another boat trip and a search for another of the areas specialty species. Crossing to the opposite side of the Shire River we walked through the dense scrub until we finally spotted the bright red dot off in a distant acacia. In unison we all trained our scopes on the apparition to discover that it was indeed a Brown-chested Barbet; the red of the face mixed with the brown chest, white flanks and black back make this a truly stunning species. Thrilled with having seen our target species, we continued down the river where we picked up a White-backed Night-Heron on a nest, African Wattled Lapwing, and Rufous-bellied Heron along with over twenty hippos out of the water feeding on the lush river-side vegetation. Not quite ready to end the day, we all opted to go on a late evening drive after dinner. While we didn’t manage to see the hoped for courser, we did have the opportunity to watch two more Pel’s Fishing-Owl feeding on recently caught fish, White-tailed Mongoose and Large-spotted Genets seen perfectly in the spotlight, as well as a lucky encounter with a small group of spotted hyena trying to chase down an impala for a midnight snack.

Day 8: Liwonde to Zomba
With only a few hours left at the beautiful Liwonde N. P. we took advantage of every moment and departed the lodge early to search for our final specialty species. Driving through the vast acacia scrub we encountered massive numbers of cuckoos. These included Dideric, African Emerald, Klaas’s, African, and Pied Cuckoos. However, the one we were still looking for was yet to come. Jumping at every African Cuckoo we saw fly by, the shock of finally seeing a Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo was stupendous. As we watched the bird perch briefly only to give us another fly-by view, we were all on cloud-nine with the display we were witnessing. With our time in Liwonde coming to a close we returned to the lodge and began our journey to Zomba.

With a late afternoon arrival in Zomba we were quickly out birding once again. Heading down to the local trout farm we were once again in search of specialty species in the surrounding woodland. Our search began with the always difficult task of separating greenbul species in poor light. After some painstaking labor we found Little, Cabanis’s (Olive-headed), Stripe-cheeked (Placid), and Yellow-bellied Greenbuls. Luckily, not all of the species we were in search of were quite so trying. We soon began racking up other species with Bar-throated Apalis. While this species is quite widespread, the local subspecies, often called Yellow-throated Apalis, is quite distinctive and had been on all of our lists of wanted birds. However, our birding didn’t stop here and we were quickly finding other species such as White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher, Black-headed Apalis, and Red-faced Crimsonwing; all specialties we had been in search of. As the sun began to set we returned to the lodge in high anticipation of the following day.

Day 9: Zomba to Thyolo
Waking up for another early morning start, we were all slightly disappointed to realize that we couldn’t see anything at all. During the night the fog had set in so thickly that visibility was down to less than a meter and there was no chance of seeing the canopy overhead. Luckily we had picked up almost all of our key high elevation species on the previous evening and decided to descend the hill in the hopes that visibility was a bit better lower down. Heading for the Zomba Botanical Garden, we all had only one bird on our minds: White-winged Apalis. Arriving at our destination we were thrilled to see that our supposition was correct and visibility was indeed better. However, this still left the small problem of finding a small bird in the canopy when there are only about six pairs in the entire region. Though it seemed like an impossible task, a bit of hard work soon paid off as a mixed flock was found and, there in the center, was a beautiful pair of White-winged Apalis! With weather conditions worsening, we watched the apalis for as long as possible before running to our vehicle and beginning the trip to Thyolo. Unfortunately the weather system seemed to follow us and we arrived in Thyolo with pouring rain and thunder set in for the evening. Taking this rare opportunity for uninhibited relaxation we all caught up on some sleep and reading.

Day 10: Thyolo to Lengwe
After the previous afternoons forced relaxation we were all anxious to get out birding again. While the habitat destruction around Thyolo has been devastating, there are still a few small pockets of native forest which contain some excellent species. Our first sighting in the forest was of a stunning Bar-tailed Trogon. Heard calling off in the distance, we were all amazed as a few quick whistles in imitation brought the bird streaming in towards us. It was then kind enough to perch out in the open singing away and giving us fantastic views. While still fully absorbed with this fantastic species, our attention was quickly drawn away as a mixed flock came in to feed overhead. With Grey Cuckooshrike and Pallid Honeyguide flitting overhead, the real star of the show was the magnificently colored Black-fronted Bush-Shrike. This particular subspecies had a bright red-orange front with a black back and yellow belly; the combination of colors made it quite difficult to look away from this often difficult to find species.

Continuing on our walk we all seemed to silently agree that there was only one species that could come close to topping the Black-fronted Bush-shrike. Leaving the forest we began scanning the edge and canopy in earnest. Then, off in the distance we heard the typical burbling call. Then in the exact opposite direction we heard the response. Unsure of which way to turn, our moment of hesitation turned into a blessing; from where we stood two stunning Green-headed Oriole could be seen singing in the canopy. While the species may not be quite as striking as the bush-shrike, its limited distribution and the fact that it was a lifer for many of us made it all an extremely exciting experience.

With a late arrival in Lengwe N.P. we were immediately on our way out birding. Lengwe is one of the few regions in the world where it is possible to see wild nyala. This striking mammal has a very restricted range and was high among the species wanted. Luckily it was very common here and we managed to see a number of both males and females. After having spent a good deal of time enjoying this fantastic species, dusk was setting in and we sat by a waterhole, beers in hand, to enjoy the sunset. Once it was fully dark we continued on our way and within moments of turning on the spotlight received excellent views of Square-tailed Nightjar. However, the real surprise came as we stumbled upon two large groups of bushpig. This difficult-to-see nocturnal species was completely unexpected and a new mammal tick for us all.

Day 11: Lengwe Elephant Swamp
As almost all the species in Lengwe had been seen by participants in other African countries, we decided to spend the day exploring a little-birded section of Malawi. Elephant Swamp is a protected region near Lengwe but is only accessible by boat. Luckily we were able to convince the owner of our lodge to take us out on his private speedboat. Heading down the Shire River we entered a vast marshland which extended as far as the eye could see. With only a limited time to explore the area we immediately began to search the backwater channels. The number of Allen’s Gallinule feeding in the marshes was absolutely spectacular; definitely much more than any of us had seen at any single location anywhere else throughout their range. While most of the other species seen, such as Purple Swamphen and Little Bittern, are fairly widespread, the sheer number of individuals was astounding and many of the species were new for our trip list.

Arriving back at our lodge in the late afternoon we decided to take a short break before heading out for a night drive. As the time for our drive approached, it was quite obvious that a huge storm was coming. While almost everyone decided the drive was still worth trying, one individual decided to stay dry in the lodge. While we all returned soaking wet after only twenty minutes, we did manage to spot an equally soaked Bronze-winged Courser along the way. Unfortunately, this species had been seen elsewhere by everyone in the group aside for the one individual who decided to stay dry at the lodge. After some friendly banter over a beer, it was quickly decided that no night drive would ever be skipped again!

Day 12: Lengwe, Chongoni Forest, and Lilongwe
With water levels rapidly rising, we woke early to spend our final morning at Lengwe exploring the nearby acacia scrub before the road became impassable. Our walk turned out to be a huge success with quite a few new trip birds including White-backed Vulture, both Wattled and Red-winged Starlings, Thrush Nightengale and Retz's Helmetshrike. The true highlight however came as we were returning to the lodge. As we were strolling down the road a slender mongoose warily watching was appeared to be a stick drew all our attention. As we raised our bins we immediately saw the reason for the mongooses trepidation; what we had taken for a stick turned out to in fact be a large Mozambique spitting cobra. Curled on the ground with its head sticking up and hood opened, the cobra was swaying back and forth trying to get a fix on the mongoose. After a couple quick strikes and some very close calls for the mongoose, the show ended as the mongoose ran off into the nearby brush. Thrilled with our good fortune in having witnessed this amazing interplay, we returned to the lodge and began our journey back to Lilongwe.

A brief lunchtime stop in miombo woodlands had us all quickly abandoning our sandwiches in order to chase after a huge mixed species flock. Our first sighting was of a stunning Miombo Rock-Thrush whose beautiful call had originally warned us of the flock’s presence. Scanning the trees at a fast and furious pace, we soon began picking up other species including Greencap Eremomela and a stunning Spotted Creeper. Chasing the flock further from the road and caught up in the excitement, none of us were aware of the storm rolling in behind us until it broke overhead. Within seconds we were all soaking wet and had to make a mad dash to where our vehicle was waiting. Drying off in the car on the way to Lilongwe, we arrived in time for a scrumptious farewell dinner, a cold beer and a nice warm bed.

Day 13: Departure….Maybe
With mid-morning flights, we didn’t have much time to bird in the morning. However, half the group had decided that they just couldn’t leave without at least one more shot at the fantastic miombo species at Dzalanyama. Delaying our flights for one day, we dropped off those needing to get back for work and sped off to continue our birding. Planning to spend the night at Dzalanyama, we took full advantage of the clear afternoon. Our search began by once again proving how difficult miombo birding can be. With not a sound in the forest, we were lucky enough to stumble upon a roosting African Barred Owlet, but nothing else seemed to be moving. Returning to the vehicle feeling slightly dejected, our spirits soared at the amount of activity around the van. Raising our bins to look at the striking White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher, we were all taken aback as a remarkable colorful Anchieta’s Sunbird sat preening within the same field of view. Once again ready for some birding, we decided to search for the highly localized Boulder Chat. Unfortunately, this species seems to like the very highest point of rocky hillsides. After a long and arduous ascent, our efforts quickly paid off with two Boulder Chat singing and showing off for us on the very highest rock available. We felt lucky to have been drawn to this point as the view over the extensive miombo forest from the top was absolutely stunning. Not only was our target species here found, but the top of the hill had a large feeding flock working its way through the canopy and providing quite a few other key species. Highlights included Yellow-bellied Hyliota, Stierling’s Woodpecker, Miombo Wren-Warbler, and fantastic views of Lesser (Miombo) Blue-eared Glossy-Starling. With dusk rapidly approaching we made a rather quick descent of the hill and drove back to our lodge highly anticipating the following morning.

Day 14: Dzalanyama
With only a few hours to bird Dzalanyama before our flights, we were out and ready to begin before the crack of dawn. Unfortunately, all our anticipation for the day couldn’t stop the rain. Deciding to venture out regardless of weather, we were all thrilled to stumble upon a large mixed species flock. To make matters even better, just as the flock showed up the rain stopped and a beautiful blue sky opened up overhead. Searching through the flock we were thrilled to discover key species such as Red-capped Crombec, Green-backed and Pallid Honeyguide, Southern Hyliota, Souza's Shrike, more Miombo Rock Thrush and the remarkable and range restricted Olive-headed Weaver. Having followed the flock for a number of kilometers, we were shocked to discover that our time at Dzalanyama was coming to a close. After a mad dash back to the lodge, we arrived at the airport quite pleased with the extra amount of time we had managed to stay in Malawi. With such amazing birds, splendid accommodation, and friendly people, Malawi is definitely a country that will always hold fond memories!

Species Lists

Bird List:
1, Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis,
2, Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo,
3, Long-tailed Cormorant, Phalacrocorax africanus,
4, Darter, Anhinga melanogaster,
5, Gray Heron, Ardea cinerea,
6, Black-headed Heron, Ardea melanocephala,
7, Goliath Heron, Ardea goliath,
8, Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea,
9, Great Egret, Ardea alba,
10, Black Heron, Egretta ardesiaca,
11, Little Egret, Egretta garzetta,
12, Squacco Heron, Ardeola ralloides,
13, Rufous-bellied Heron, Ardeola rufiventris,
14, Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis,
15, Striated Heron, Butorides striata,
16, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax,
17, White-backed Night-Heron, Gorsachius leuconotus,
18, Little Bittern, Ixobrychus minutus,
19, Hamerkop, Scopus umbretta,
20, Yellow-billed Stork, Mycteria ibis,
21, African Openbill, Anastomus lamelligerus,
22, Abdim's Stork, Ciconia abdimii,
23, White Stork, Ciconia ciconia,
24, Saddle-billed Stork, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis,
25, Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus,
26, Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus,
27, Hadada Ibis, Bostrychia hagedash,
28, Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus,
29, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna viduata,
30, White-backed Duck, Thalassornis leuconotus,
31, Egyptian Goose, Alopochen aegyptiaca,
32, Spur-winged Goose, Plectropterus gambensis,
33, Comb Duck, Sarkidiornis melanotos,
34, African Black Duck, Anas sparsa,
35, Yellow-billed Duck, Anas undulata,
36, Red-billed Duck, Anas erythrorhyncha,
37, Southern Pochard, Netta erythrophthalma,
38, Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula,
39, Osprey, Pandion haliaetus,
40, Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus caeruleus,
41, Black Kite, Milvus migrans,
42, African Fish-Eagle, Haliaeetus vocifer,
43, Palm-nut Vulture, Gypohierax angolensis,
44, White-backed Vulture, Gyps africanus,
45, Black-breasted Snake-Eagle, Circaetus pectoralis,
46, Brown Snake-Eagle, Circaetus cinereus,
47, Banded Snake-Eagle, Circaetus cinerascens, H
48, Bateleur, Terathopius ecaudatus,
49, Western Marsh-Harrier, Circus aeruginosus,
50, African Marsh-Harrier, Circus ranivorus,
51, Pallid Harrier, Circus macrourus,
52, African Harrier-Hawk, Polyboroides typus,
53, Lizard Buzzard, Kaupifalco monogrammicus,
54, Shikra, Accipiter badius,
55, Black Goshawk, Accipiter melanoleucus,
56, Eurasian Buzzard, Buteo buteo,
57, Augur Buzzard, Buteo augur,
58, Wahlberg's Eagle, Aquila wahlbergi,
59, African Hawk-Eagle, Aquila spilogaster,
60, Long-crested Eagle, Lophaetus occipitalis,
61, Lesser Kestrel, Falco naumanni,
62, Eurasian Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus,
63, Dickinson's Kestrel, Falco dickinsoni,
64, Red-footed Falcon, Falco vespertinus,
65, Amur Falcon, Falco amurensis,
66, Eurasian Hobby, Falco subbuteo,
67, Hildebrandt's Francolin, Francolinus hildebrandti, H
68, Red-necked Francolin, Francolinus afer,
69, Common Quail, Coturnix coturnix,
70, Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris,
71, Red-chested Flufftail, Sarothrura rufa,
72, African Rail, Rallus caerulescens, H
73, Black Crake, Amaurornis flavirostra,
74, Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio,
75, Allen's Gallinule, Porphyrio alleni,
76, Red-knobbed Coot, Fulica cristata,
77, Lesser Jacana, Microparra capensis,
78, African Jacana, Actophilornis africanus,
79, Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus,
80, Water Thick-knee, Burhinus vermiculatus,
81, Bronze-winged Courser, Rhinoptilus chalcopterus,
82, Long-toed Lapwing, Vanellus crassirostris,
83, Spur-winged Plover, Vanellus spinosus,
84, Wattled Lapwing, Vanellus senegallus,
85, Three-banded Plover, Charadrius tricollaris,
86, Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos,
87, Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus,
88, Common Greenshank, Tringa nebularia,
89, Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola,
90, Gray-headed Gull, Larus cirrocephalus,
91, African Skimmer, Rynchops flavirostris,
92, Rock (Feral) Pigeon, Columba livia,
93, Rameron Pigeon, Columba arquatrix,
94, Lemon Dove, Columba larvata,
95, African Mourning Dove, Streptopelia decipiens,
96, Red-eyed Dove, Streptopelia semitorquata,
97, Ring-necked Dove, Streptopelia capicola,
98, Laughing Dove, Streptopelia senegalensis,
99, Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove, Turtur chalcospilos,
100, Blue-spotted Wood-Dove, Turtur afer,
101, Tambourine Dove, Turtur tympanistria,
102, Namaqua Dove, Oena capensis,
103, African Green-Pigeon, Treron calvus,
104, Lilian's Lovebird, Agapornis lilianae,
105, Brown-necked Parrot, Poicephalus robustus,
106, Brown-headed Parrot, Poicephalus cryptoxanthus,
107, Livingstone's Turaco, Tauraco livingstonii,
108, Schalow's Turaco, Tauraco schalowi,
109, Purple-crested Turaco, Tauraco porphyreolophus,
110, Gray Go-away-bird, Corythaixoides concolor,
111, Pied Cuckoo, Clamator jacobinus,
112, Red-chested Cuckoo, Cuculus solitarius,
113, Black Cuckoo, Cuculus clamosus,
114, African Cuckoo, Cuculus gularis,
115, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, Cercococcyx montanus,
116, Klaas' Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx klaas,
117, African Emerald Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx cupreus,
118, Dideric Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx caprius,
119, White-browed Coucal, Centropus superciliosus,
120, Spotted Eagle-Owl, Bubo africanus,
121, Verreaux's Eagle-Owl, Bubo lacteus,
122, Pel's Fishing-Owl, Scotopelia peli,
123, African Wood-Owl, Strix woodfordii,
124, African Barred Owlet, Glaucidium capense,
125, Fiery-necked Nightjar, Caprimulgus pectoralis,
126, Freckled Nightjar, Caprimulgus tristigma,
127, Square-tailed Nightjar, Caprimulgus fossii,
128, Pennant-winged Nightjar, Macrodipteryx vexillarius,
129, Scarce Swift, Schoutedenapus myoptilus,
130, African Palm-Swift, Cypsiurus parvus,
131, Alpine Swift, Tachymarptis melba,
132, Mottled Swift, Tachymarptis aequatorialis,
133, African Swift, Apus barbatus,
134, Little Swift, Apus affinis,
135, Horus Swift, Apus horus,
136, White-rumped Swift, Apus caffer,
137, Speckled Mousebird, Colius striatus,
138, Red-faced Mousebird, Urocolius indicus,
139, Narina Trogon, Apaloderma narina, H
140, Bar-tailed Trogon, Apaloderma vittatum,
141, Half-collared Kingfisher, Alcedo semitorquata,
142, Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata,
143, African Pygmy-Kingfisher, Ispidina picta,
144, Gray-headed Kingfisher, Halcyon leucocephala,
145, Woodland Kingfisher, Halcyon senegalensis,
146, Brown-hooded Kingfisher, Halcyon albiventris,
147, Striped Kingfisher, Halcyon chelicuti,
148, Giant Kingfisher, Megaceryle maximus,
149, Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis,
150, White-fronted Bee-eater, Merops bullockoides,
151, Little Bee-eater, Merops pusillus,
152, Swallow-tailed Bee-eater, Merops hirundineus,
153, Boehm's Bee-eater, Merops boehmi,
154, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Merops persicus,
155, European Roller, Coracias garrulus,
156, Lilac-breasted Roller, Coracias caudatus,
157, Broad-billed Roller, Eurystomus glaucurus,
158, Eurasian Hoopoe, Upupa epops,
159, Green Woodhoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus,
160, Common Scimitar-bill, Rhinopomastus cyanomelas,
161, Red-billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus,
162, Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill, Tockus leucomelas,
163, Crowned Hornbill, Tockus alboterminatus,
164, African Gray Hornbill, Tockus nasutus,
165, Pale-billed Hornbill, Tockus pallidirostris,
166, Trumpeter Hornbill, Ceratogymna bucinator,
167, Silvery-cheeked Hornbill, Ceratogymna brevis,
168, Southern Ground-Hornbill, Bucorvus leadbeateri,
169, Crested Barbet, Trachyphonus vaillantii,
170, White-eared Barbet, Stactolaema leucotis,
171, Whyte's Barbet, Stactolaema whytii,
172, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus bilineatus,
173, Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird, Pogoniulus chrysoconus,
174, Black-collared Barbet, Lybius torquatus,
175, Brown-breasted Barbet, Lybius melanopterus,
176, Green-backed Honeyguide, Prodotiscus zambesiae,
177, Wahlberg's Honeyguide, Prodotiscus regulus,
178, Pallid Honeyguide, Indicator meliphilus,
179, Scaly-throated Honeyguide, Indicator variegatus,
180, Greater Honeyguide, Indicator indicator,
181, Reichenow's Woodpecker, Campethera scriptoricauda,
182, Golden-tailed Woodpecker, Campethera abingoni,
183, Green-backed Woodpecker, Campethera cailliautii,
184, Cardinal Woodpecker, Dendropicos fuscescens,
185, Stierling's Woodpecker, Dendropicos stierlingi,
186, Bearded Woodpecker, Dendropicos namaquus,
187, African Broadbill, Smithornis capensis, H
188, Flappet Lark, Mirafra rufocinnamomea,
189, White-headed Sawwing, Psalidoprocne albiceps,
190, Black Sawwing, Psalidoprocne pristoptera,
191, Gray-rumped Swallow, Pseudhirundo griseopyga,
192, Plain Martin, Riparia paludicola,
193, Bank Swallow, Riparia riparia,
194, Banded Martin, Riparia cincta,
195, Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica,
196, Wire-tailed Swallow, Hirundo smithii,
197, Lesser Striped-Swallow, Cecropis abyssinica,
198, Mosque Swallow, Cecropis senegalensis,
199, Red-rumped Swallow, Cecropis daurica,
200, Woodland Pipit, Anthus nyassae,
201, Tree Pipit, Anthus trivialis,
202, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Macronyx croceus,
203, African Pied Wagtail, Motacilla aguimp,
204, Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava,
205, Gray Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea,
206, Mountain Wagtail, Motacilla clara,
207, Gray Cuckoo-shrike, Coracina caesia,
208, Black Cuckoo-shrike, Campephaga flava,
209, Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus,
210, Little Greenbul, Andropadus virens,
211, Sombre Greenbul, Andropadus importunus,
212, Eastern (Southern) Mountain-Greenbul, Andropadus nigriceps,
213, Stripe-cheeked (Olive-headed) Greenbul, Andropadus milanjensis,
214, Yellow-bellied Greenbul, Chlorocichla flaviventris,
215, Cabanis' (Placid) Greenbul, Phyllastrephus cabanisi,
216, Terrestrial Brownbul, Phyllastrephus terrestris,
217, Gray-olive Greenbul, Phyllastrephus cerviniventris,
218, Eastern Nicator, Nicator gularis,
219, Miombo Rock-Thrush, Monticola angolensis,
220, Orange Ground-Thrush, Zoothera gurneyi,
221, Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyanus,
222, Red-faced Cisticola, Cisticola erythrops,
223, Singing Cisticola, Cisticola cantans,
224, Trilling Cisticola, Cisticola woosnami,
225, Rattling Cisticola, Cisticola chiniana,
226, Wailing Cisticola, Cisticola lais,
227, Croaking Cisticola, Cisticola natalensis,
228, Piping Cisticola, Cisticola fulvicapilla,
229, Siffling Cisticola, Cisticola brachypterus,
230, Zitting Cisticola, Cisticola juncidis,
231, Tawny-flanked Prinia, Prinia subflava,
232, Red-winged Prinia, Prinia erythroptera,
233, Bar-throated Apalis, Apalis thoracica,
234, White-winged Apalis, Apalis chariessa,
235, Yellow-breasted Apalis, Apalis flavida,
236, Chapin's Apalis, Apalis chapini,
237, Black-headed Apalis, Apalis melanocephala,
238, Green-backed Camaroptera, Camaroptera brachyura,
239, Miombo Wren-Warbler, Calamonastes undosus,
240, African Bush-Warbler, Bradypterus baboecala,
241, Cameroon Scrub-Warbler, Bradypterus lopezi,
242, Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler, Bradypterus cinnamomeus, H
243, Great Reed-Warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus,
244, Lesser Swamp-Warbler, Acrocephalus gracilirostris,
245, Icterine Warbler, Hippolais icterina,
246, Yellow-bellied Eremomela, Eremomela icteropygialis,
247, Greencap Eremomela, Eremomela scotops,
248, Burnt-neck Eremomela, Eremomela usticollis,
249, Red-capped Crombec, Sylvietta ruficapilla,
250, Red-faced Crombec, Sylvietta whytii,
251, Cape Crombec, Sylvietta rufescens,
252, Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus,
253, Yellow-bellied Hyliota, Hyliota flavigaster,
254, Southern Hyliota, Hyliota australis,
255, Fan-tailed Grassbird, Schoenicola brevirostris,
256, Pale Flycatcher, Bradornis pallidus,
257, Southern Black-Flycatcher, Melaenornis pammelaina,
258, Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata,
259, African Dusky Flycatcher, Muscicapa adusta,
260, Ashy Flycatcher, Muscicapa caerulescens,
261, Gray Tit-Flycatcher, Myioparus plumbeus,
262, Collared Flycatcher, Ficedula albicollis,
263, White-starred Robin, Pogonocichla stellata,
264, East Coast Akalat, Sheppardia gunningi,
265, Thrush Nightingale, Luscinia luscinia,
266, Olive-flanked Robin-Chat, Cossypha anomala, H
267, Cape Robin-Chat, Cossypha caffra,
268, White-browed Robin-Chat, Cossypha heuglini,
269, Red-capped Robin-Chat, Cossypha natalensis,
270, Collared Palm-Thrush, Cichladusa arquata,
271, Bearded Scrub-Robin, Cercotrichas quadrivirgata,
272, Miombo Scrub-Robin, Cercotrichas barbata,
273, Red-backed Scrub-Robin, Cercotrichas leucophrys,
274, African Stonechat, Saxicola torquatus,
275, Familiar Chat, Cercomela familiaris,
276, Boulder Chat, Pinarornis plumosus,
277, Black-throated Wattle-eye, Platysteira peltata,
278, Cape Batis, Batis capensis,
279, Chinspot Batis, Batis molitor,
280, Pale Batis, Batis soror,
281, Livingstone's Flycatcher, Erythrocercus livingstonei,
282, White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher, Elminia albicauda,
283, White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher, Elminia albonotata,
284, African Crested-Flycatcher, Trochocercus cyanomelas,
285, African Paradise-Flycatcher, Terpsiphone viridis,
286, Arrow-marked Babbler, Turdoides jardineii,
287, Southern Black-Tit, Melaniparus niger,
288, Rufous-bellied Tit, Melaniparus rufiventris,
289, Miombo Tit, Melaniparus griseiventris,
290, Spotted Creeper, Salpornis spilonotus,
291, African Penduline-Tit, Anthoscopus caroli,
292, Anchieta's Sunbird, Anthreptes anchietae,
293, Western Violet-backed Sunbird, Anthreptes longuemarei,
294, Collared Sunbird, Hedydipna collaris,
295, Eastern Olive Sunbird, Cyanomitra olivacea,
296, Amethyst Sunbird, Chalcomitra amethystina,
297, Scarlet-chested Sunbird, Chalcomitra senegalensis,
298, Bronze Sunbird, Nectarinia kilimensis,
299, Miombo Sunbird, Cinnyris manoensis,
300, Eastern (Forest) Double-collared Sunbird, Cinnyris mediocris,
301, White-breasted Sunbird, Cinnyris talatala,
302, Variable Sunbird, Cinnyris venustus,
303, African Yellow White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis,
304, African Golden Oriole, Oriolus auratus,
305, Green-headed Oriole, Oriolus chlorocephalus,
306, African Black-headed Oriole, Oriolus larvatus,
307, Red-backed Shrike, Lanius collurio,
308, Souza's Shrike, Lanius souzae,
309, Common Fiscal, Lanius collaris,
310, Brubru, Nilaus afer,
311, Black-backed Puffback, Dryoscopus cubla,
312, Black-crowned Tchagra, Tchagra senegalus,
313, Brown-crowned Tchagra, Tchagra australis,
314, Tropical Boubou, Laniarius aethiopicus,
315, Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike, Telophorus sulfureopectus,
316, Black-fronted Bushshrike, Telophorus nigrifrons,
317, Gray-headed Bushshrike, Malaconotus blanchoti,
318, White Helmetshrike, Prionops plumatus,
319, Retz's Helmetshrike, Prionops retzii,
320, Square-tailed Drongo, Dicrurus ludwigii,
321, Fork-tailed Drongo, Dicrurus adsimilis,
322, Pied Crow, Corvus albus,
323, White-necked Raven, Corvus albicollis,
324, Wattled Starling, Creatophora cinerea,
325, Greater Blue-eared Glossy-Starling, Lamprotornis chalybaeus,
326, Lesser (Miombo) Blue-eared Glossy-Starling, Lamprotornis chloropterus,
327, Meves' Glossy-Starling, Lamprotornis mevesii,
328, Violet-backed Starling, Cinnyricinclus leucogaster,
329, Red-winged Starling, Onychognathus morio,
330, Red-billed Oxpecker, Buphagus erythrorhynchus,
331, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus,
332, Southern Gray-headed Sparrow, Passer diffusus,
333, Yellow-throated Petronia, Petronia superciliaris,
334, White-browed Sparrow-Weaver, Plocepasser mahali,
335, Red-headed Weaver, Anaplectes rubriceps,
336, Bertram's Weaver, Ploceus bertrandi,
337, Spectacled Weaver, Ploceus ocularis,
338, African Golden-Weaver, Ploceus subaureus,
339, Holub's Golden-Weaver, Ploceus xanthops,
340, Southern Brown-throated Weaver, Ploceus xanthopterus,
341, Lesser Masked-Weaver, Ploceus intermedius,
342, Village Weaver, Ploceus cucullatus,
343, Forest Weaver, Ploceus bicolor,
344, Olive-headed Weaver, Ploceus olivaceiceps,
345, Red-billed Quelea, Quelea quelea,
346, Red Bishop, Euplectes orix,
347, Black-winged Bishop, Euplectes hordeaceus,
348, Yellow Bishop, Euplectes capensis,
349, White-winged Widowbird, Euplectes albonotatus,
350, Yellow-shouldered Widowbird, Euplectes macroura,
351, Red-collared Widowbird, Euplectes ardens,
352, Fan-tailed Widowbird, Euplectes axillaris,
353, Grosbeak Weaver, Amblyospiza albifrons,
354, Yellow-bellied Waxbill, Coccopygia quartinia,
355, Green-backed Twinspot, Mandingoa nitidula,
356, Red-faced Crimson-wing, Cryptospiza reichenovii,
357, Common Waxbill, Estrilda astrild,
358, Blue-breasted Cordonbleu, Uraeginthus angolensis,
359, Peters' Twinspot, Hypargos niveoguttatus,
360, Green-winged Pytilia, Pytilia melba,
361, Orange-winged Pytilia, Pytilia afra,
362, Red-billed Firefinch, Lagonosticta senegala,
363, Jameson's Firefinch, Lagonosticta rhodopareia,
364, Zebra Waxbill, Sporaeginthus subflavus,
365, Bronze Mannikin, Spermestes cucullatus,
366, Black-and-white Mannikin, Spermestes bicolor,
367, Pin-tailed Whydah, Vidua macroura,
368, Eastern Paradise-Whydah, Vidua paradisaea,
369, Village Indigobird, Vidua chalybeata,
370, Purple Indigobird, Vidua purpurascens,
371, Parasitic Weaver, Anomalospiza imberbis,
372, Yellow-crowned Canary, Serinus flavivertex,
373, Southern Citril, Serinus hyposticutus,
374, Yellow-fronted Canary, Serinus mozambicus,
375, Brimstone Canary, Serinus sulphuratus,
376, Black-eared Seedeater, Serinus mennelli,
377, Reichard's Seedeater, Serinus reichardi,
378, Cinnamon-breasted Bunting, Emberiza tahapisi,
379, Golden-breasted Bunting, Emberiza flaviventris,
380, Cabanis' Bunting, Emberiza cabanisi,

Mammal List:
1, African Elephant, Loxodonta africana
2, African Buffalo, Syncerus caffer
3, Sable Antelope, Hippotragus niger
4, Greater Kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros
5, Common Waterbuck, Kobus ellipsiprymnus
6, Common Duiker, Sylvicapra grimmia
7, Suni, Neotragus moschatus
8, Impala, Aepyceros melampus
9, Bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus
10, Southern Reedbuck, Redunca arundinum
11, Slender Mongoose, Herpestes sanguinea
12, White-tailed Mongoose, Ichneumia albicauda
13, Banded Mongoose, Mungos mungo
14, Marsh Mongoose, Atilax paludinosus
15, Hippoptomus, Hippopotamus amphibius
16, Spotted Hyena, Crocuta crocuta
17, Large Spotted Genet, Genetta genetta
18, Tree Squirrel, Peraxerus cepapi
19, Sun Squirrel, Heliosciurus mutable
20, Scrub Hare, Lepus saxatilis
21, Warthog, Phacochoerus africanus
22, Bushpig, Potamochoerus larvatus
23, Thick-tailed Bushbaby, Otolemur crassicaudatus
24, Lesser Bushbaby, Galago mogoli
25, Yellow Baboon, Papio cynocephalus
26, Vervet Monkey, Cercopithecus pygerythrus
27, Samango Monkey, Cercopithecus samango