Ecuador - Jan 14 – Feb 13, 2009

Published by Jon Hornbuckle (jonhornbuckle AT

Participants: Neil Bostock, Brian Foster, Bob French, Jon Hornbuckle


Photos with this report (click to enlarge)

Gray-backed Hawk
Gray-backed Hawk
Long-wattled Umbrellabird
Long-wattled Umbrellabird
San Isidro Owl
San Isidro Owl
Jocotoco Antpitta
Jocotoco Antpitta
Black-necked Red-Cotinga
Black-necked Red-Cotinga
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker


I made three visits to Ecuador in the 90s but decided it was time to go again as the birding scene had changed profoundly, especially with the establishment of the excellent Jocotoco reserves, the multitude of hummingbird feeding-stations and the hand-feeding of antpittas. Three friends agreed to join me, Neil Bostock, Brian Foster and Bob French, all veterans of previous visits. I devised a month's itinerary designed to maximise the chances of seeing species missed before, using trip reports and the advice of several knowledgeable birders. At the recommendation of Dave Pitman, we employed Gabriel Buchali to drive us to the sites for the first 8 days, leaving us in Tena, then meeting us at Loja airport to look after us for the remaining 9 days. In the middle period we visited Gareno, WildSumaco and NWC without him. This was a good arrangement because Gabo drove his good 4x4 very safely, knew how to find the sites and book suitable accomodation, and was very helpful with birding, especially with his sharp eyes and collection of recordings. He does guiding for Mindo Bird Tours but can be hired personally

The trip was a great success as we all had over 50 ticks and great views of mega birds such as Jocotoco, Giant and White-bellied Antpittas, Black-necked Red-Cotinga, Zigzag Heron, Rufous Potoo as well as many owls and hummingbirds. Best of all was a Banded Ground-Cuckoo at an antswarm at Canande, for Neil and Brian (fortunately, I had seen it before at Bilsa). Other rarities included Mississippi Kite, Peruvian Antpitta and Mountain Tapir at a salt lick. The only real disappointments were missing Moustached Antpitta and Dark-backed Wood-Quail, on two mornings at Angel Paz's, Orange-breasted Falcon again, and the visit to Gareno where we saw surprisingly few birds. Between us we saw 702 species and heard a further 67.


There were quite a lot of rain showers on half of the days, occasionally prolonged, but mostly it was sunny and hot with some clouds.


Many thanks for their help to Nick Athanas, Mark van Beirs, Shaun Coyle, Charley Hesse, Rich Hopf, Mitch Lysinger, Janos Olah, Nick Preston, Ian Tomlinson, Graeme Wallace, Mike Watson and especially Roger Ahlman, Gabriel Buchali, Jonas Nilsson, Dave Pitman and Charlie Vogt. Andean Birding were very helpful with the logistics and would be a very good company to use for a birding tour.


14-Jan London – Quito, arrive 21:55. Hotel Occidental
15-Jan Yanacocha, drive to Mindo, Tony Nunnery’s. Hotel el Descanso, Mindo
16-Jan am Paz de las Aves, pm Tandayapa. el Descanso
17-Jan Paz de las Aves, Milpe. Mirador Rio Blanco, Los Bancos
18-Jan Am Rio Silanche, pm to Canande
19-20 Jan Canande
21-Jan Canande, drive to San Isidro area. Gina’s at Baeza
22-Jan am Guacamayos Ridge, pm Cabanas San Isidro
23-Jan Cabanas San Isidro, Guacamayos Ridge, pm to Gareno Lodge
24-25Jan Gareno
26-Jan Gareno, transfer via Tena to WildSumaco with Jonas
26-29Jan WildSumaco
30-Jan, WildSumaco, bus to Coca, boat to Napo Wildlife Center
31-Jan, 1-2 Feb Napo Wildlife Center
3-Feb Napo Wildlife Center, boat to Coca, 12.0 fly Coca-Quito, fly Quito-Loja, drive to Tapichalaca
4-Feb Tapichalaca, drive to Vilcabamba with stop at pass. Hotel Jardin Escondido
5-Feb am Cerro Toledo, pm drive to Copalinga via Loja. Hotel Gingfa International, Zamora
6-Feb am Bombuscara, Copalinga, drive to Jorupe. Hotel Espiga de Oro, Macara
7-Feb Jorupe. O/n Macara
8-Feb Sozoranga, Utuana, Jorupe. Macara
9-Feb am Utuana, drive to Pinas. Cattaleya Real Hotel
10-Feb Buenaventura, drive to La Union. Hosteria Sol y Agua
11-Feb am Yunguilla, pm El Cajas. Gran Hotel, Cuenca
12-Feb am El Cajas, pm drive to Quito. Hotel Occidental
13-Feb JH, NB fly home at 07:45


A good number of birders have posted trip reports on the net in recent years so I will not write much here.

We visited the following Jocotoco Foundation reserves, all worthwhile with good rangers and charging $10 per person per day visit. Some have good lodges but charge approx $100 a day for full board – worthwhile at Canande and Tapichalaca. There are much cheaper places stay in Pinas than Umbrellabird Lodge at the BUENAVENTURA reserve, but it is a very nice place. Best to get to the lek by 0700 or earlier, then go higher to look for the El Oro Parakeet, which we missed – a full day would be useful here.

Tapichalaca is the site for Jocotoco Antpitta, guaranteed as long as it continues to respond to worm-feeding. If the weather is kind, 1 or 2 full days are worthwhile here as there are lots of birds, especially along the public road below the lodge. Most of the birds occur at Cajacanuma in Podocarpus NP but it is a longer drive to reach this from decent accomodation in Loja and some such as Andean Potoo are difficult there. Cerro Toledo, nearer to Vilcabamba is well worth visiting for montane species such as Neblina Metaltail and Masked Mountain-Tanager.

Canande is worth 2 days or more in the reserve, on the main trail and ridge, to look for Berlepch's Tinamou, Plumbeous Forest-falcon, Tawny-faced Quail, Red-fronted Wood-quail, Banded Ground-Cuckoo, White-tailed Sicklebill, Purple-chested Hummingbird, Rufous-crowned Antpitta, Scarlet-breasted Dacnis and localised tanagers, with another day along the road either side of the reserve for Baudo Guan, Choco Poorwill, owls, woodpeckers and tanagers etc. Half a day is all that's needed for the Pale-headed Brush-finch at Yunguilla, although a longer stay would be better if you want to have a real shot at the rare Buff-fronted Owl.

Macara is the best base for the two Tumbes reserves of JORUPE and UTUANA. It is possible to clean-up on the Tumbesian specials in 2 days but 3 or 4 would be better.

Wild Sumaco was one of our favourite reserves, holding several birds very difficult to see elsewhere, eg Rufous-breasted Piculet, Plain-winged Antwren, Grey-tailed Piha, Foothill Elaenia, Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant and Yellow-throated Spadebill, with Andean Lanisoma in the latter half of the year. The lodge is expensive but excellent, and easily accessed on the way to Coca. The only problem at present is the lack of a good bird-guide, unless you have your own or can persuade Jonas Nilsson, one of the owners and best guides in Ecuador, to guide you.

Cabanas San Isidro is another good reserve, eg for Black-chested Fruiteater and White-bellied and Peruvian Antpittas, with the excellent Guacamayos Ridge nearby. The Cabanas is a great place to stay, although there are much cheaper hotels in Baeza.

Copalinga is also a beautiful place to stay, with bird-feeders giving great photo opportunities and ready access to the Bombuscara part of Podocarpus NP.

A fine collection of Amazonian reserves is accessible from the Rio Napo at Coca. It is difficult to chose between them but here are some comments from experienced guides:-

Sacha has the walkway which is terrific as well as the best local guides, though it takes longer to get there and you need earlier starts to get to good forest on the south side of the Napo or to the river islands. Some say the birds are "taped out".

Napo Wildlife Centre is on the south side and has easy access to good trails, and the tributary you go in on has some good birding, though is a pain if you want to do islands, parrot licks, etc. The tower looks good but doesn’t seem to be produce many birds.

La Selva is the classic choice and is pretty solid with good guides. Sani is a good budget option with pretty much the same birds as La Selva - they are near each other.

Shiripuno Lodge is good for rare terra firme birds but not for varzea birds. Two curassows, Topaz, Red-Cotinga, all the antpittas, easy Yasuni Antwren and Wing-banded Antbird are observable. Downside is the travel time (6+ hours from Coca), it is a bit basic and no tower yet. The manager of Shiripuno is often their bird guide, Jarol Vaca - he is excellent but all the guides are good.

One other notable reserve in this area is Gareno, reached by vehicle from Tena, famed for its Rufous Potoo and Harpy Eagle stake-outs, the latter every other year when nesting. It is cheaper than the other Amazonian lodges but has no electricity. There is good terra firme forest here but although the guide tried hard, he was not sufficiently knowledgeable about the calls to detect the scarcer small birds like Chestnut-shouldered Antwren so we missed several good, hoped-for birds. It might pay to bring a guide here, although there is no discount for their food and lodging.

Two good Choco reserves in the NW are Playa de Oro and Mangaloma with Banded Ground-Cuckoo and Rufous-crowned Antpitta. At the latter you have to hike in through 2km of mud with all gear and food and it’s too high for a lot of stuff. The lowland Playa de Oro is community owned and operated; nightly lodging rates are $50 per person including all meals and hiking guide service. The boat transport from Selva Alegra to Playa de Oro is $100 round trip, and the only way to Playa de Oro. There are some boat transport fees for use of the boat during the stay - a lot of the trailheads require transport by boat to reach. There is also a $10 per person reserve entrance fee for individuals, waived for groups of 6 or more. There are 2 cabanas in the village with 2 rooms, each with private bathrooms, that can hold up to 4 people each. Meals are served in the cook’s home for guests. There is a jungle lodge about a half hour boat ride from the village that can hold up to 16 people, with 3 bathrooms in the building. Meals are served in a large dining room and there is a small solar power system where batteries can be recharged.


Jan 15 Picked up by Gabo at 0700 and driven to Yanacocha; birds included Andean Guan, Sapphire-vented and Golden-breasted Pufflegs, White-browed Spinetail, Streaked Tuftedcheek, Undulated Antpitta, Superciliaried and Black-headed Hemispingus and Black-chested Mountain-Tanager. We left at 12.30, stopped at Nono for a quick lunch, and drove to Tony Nunnery's house in the Tandayapa Valley. Spent the remaining afternoon watching the hummer-feeders and saw a good selection but no hoped-for Little Woodstar. Continued to Hotel el Descanso in Mindo and ate in town. Power-cut all evening!

Jan 16 0430 departure to Paz de las Aves where we saw a few Cock-of-the-Rock displaying before the main spectacle of Angel Paz feeding worms to Giant and Yellow-breasted Antpittas. Unfortunately, Moustached Antpitta and Dark-backed Wood-Quail were uncooperative. Breakfast with two other small groups, one led by Charley Hesse, then tried the small Alambi reserve for Little Woodstar, without success. Returned to Tony's where we did find the Woodstar at last. Continued up the hill to Tandayapa reserve where Ocellated Tapaculo and Chestnut-crowned Antpitta were seen together, along with Turquoise Jay and Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, all near the junction of Trail F and the main road. Best of all, I called in a White-faced Nunbird, a much-wanted bird. We returned to the hotel after a quick, good pork meal, to find another power-cut in progress.

Jan 17 Decided to return to Paz de las Aves after yesterday's “failure”. A Naturetrek group was there this time and included Barry and Christine Hancock who had been on a NT tour I had led in Peru years earlier. Giant Antpitta was again seen well but despite Angel’s best efforts, the Moustached Antpitta and Wood-Quail were still uncooperative, heavy rain not helping. A flock of swifts possibly contained Spot-fronted but conditions were not good enough to be sure. We left for Mindo Loma at noon, said to be a good site for the antpitta, but after a short wait for the heavy rain to stop, it didn’t so we continued to Milpe. Walking the trails gave a good view of a Mottled Owl and displaying Club-winged Manakins, with Ochre-breasted Antpitta for Neil and Brian. Our destination for the night was Mirador Rio Blanco at Los Bancos, which had both a good view and a good restaurant. Discovered I had left my field-guide and mike at Mindo, owing to departure in the dark, but was able to retrieve them days later thanks to Gabo’s help.

Jan 18 To Rio Silanche reserve – disappointingly dead in the rain, even from the impressive tower. We left for brunch at VP Moldanado, where all 3 internet cafes were not operational, and then on to Silanche. We looked for Charley’s site for Scarlet-breasted Dacnis without success before crossing the ferry to the Jocotoco Foundation reserve, arriving at the same time as Charley with Doug and Keith, two Tees-side birders. Relaxed with a beer after the long drive. Owling, after dinner, was disappointing.

Jan 19 A dry day at last! I left first and called in a Plumbeous Forest-Falcon, then had a good view of Nightingale Wren before we all did the main trail with a sharp-eyed ranger. Saw Pied and White-whiskered Puffbirds, Black-striped Woodcreeper, a nesting Immaculate Antbird, a female Long-wattled Umbrellabird and several Purple-collared Fruitcrows, but Rufous-crowned Antpitta was heard only. Lunchtime around the lodge gave Purple-chested Hummingbird and a beautiful male Scarlet-breasted Dacnis, then we went down the road to look for tanagers Not much success with the latter but we did see Barred Puffbird, Scarlet-backed Woodpecker and 4 rare Baudo Guan near the start of the forest a few km left of the village.

Jan 20 I set off at first light along the main trail while the others went a different way to the ridge, with a ranger. After a poor view of a Tawny-faced Quail, I had good views of two pairs of Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail at different places, Olivaceous Piculet, Cinnamon Woodpecker, Tawny-faced Gnatwren, Slate-throated Grosbeak and a troupe of Howler Monkeys. I reached the ridge viewpoint at 10.30 but saw only 2 birds in 30 mins: a Grey-backed Hawk and an unidentified swift. A White-tipped Sicklebill fed at Heliconias along the ridge and 4 Crested Guan were near the steps on the way down down. After lunch I went along the road with Charley, Doug and Keith and saw Rufous-winged and Blue-whiskered Tanagers, Scarlet-backed Woodpecker, Choco Trogon and Black-striped Aracari. The others did well on the ridge with 4 Mississippi Kites (very rare in Ecuador), Rose-faced Parrot, Lita and Choco Woodpeckers, Scarlet-and-white Tanager, an antswarm with Ocellated and Spotted Antbirds, and best of all, good views of the elusive Banded Ground-Cuckoo near the antswarm. A late visit to the first part of the main trail by me was bird-less but I did see a Tayra.

Jan 21 An early start for Choco Screech-Owl was unsuccessful but a pair of Choco Poorwill was eventually found perched high in the canopy. My last visit to the main trail gave a pair of Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove walking along with cocked tails but none of the hoped-for quails. After breakfast, a perched Semi-plumbeous hawk was a welcome surprise. We slowly made our way to the ferry, seeing Striped Cuckoo, Red-rumped Woodpecker and Emerald Tanager. The river was too high for the ferry to cross so we had to wait for over 3 hours, during which a few good birds were seen, eg White-throated Crake, Little Cuckoo, a pair of White-headed Marsh-tyrants displaying, Yellow-bellied Siskin and Yellow-tailed Oriole. We reached Quito at 5.30 and continued to the excellent Gina's Hotel at Baeza at 8.30, delayed by a traffic jam caused by a large truck blocking the road. The ferry delay had cost us a stop at Guango where we had hoped to see Mountain Avocetbill.

Jan 22 Guacamayos Ridge from 0600-1300 was quite rewarding with Dusky Piha, Green-and-black Fruiteater, Bicolored Antvireo and Long-tailed Tapaculo, but no Greater Scythebill, my most-wanted bird there. We drove to nearby Cabanas San Isidro for the rest of the afternoon and saw a good selection of hummers amongst other birds but the real star was a Mountain Tapir which had just started coming to a salt-lick at dusk – Sophie Webb was kind enough to allow me to use her camera on tripod with my photo card so I was able to take a few photos. After this we were able to see the controversial San Isidro Owl, now thought to be a new form of Black-and-white Owl.

Jan 23 We returned to San Isidro at dawn and after seeing several warblers in the flowering trees near the lodge, attended another antpitta-feeding spectacle – two White-bellied appeared after about 10 mins of whistling by the local guide. He then agreed to help us find Black-chested Fruiteater, which had eluded us yesterday – just as well because it was a difficult target, perched high in the canopy and rarely moving, but eventually located, along with Golden-headed Quetzal. We then returned to Guacamayos Ridge, spending 1000-1130 there. I trawled for the Scythebill while the others saw White-rumped Hawk, Slaty-crowned Antpitta and Oleagineous Hemispingus. The nearest I saw to a scythebill was a large brown bird disappearing into a thick tangle but I did see a male Golden-winged Manakin and a small, scalloped-breasted antpitta which had me baffled until I later learnt that Peruvian Antpitta had been seen at nearby San Isidro around that time.

We drove to Tena and were met by Sandro in the Gareno Lodge pick-up. Gabo then returned home to Quito. After a lengthy stop to try for Palmcreeper, heard only, we reached Gareno at 3.30. Soon we were in the forest looking for Rufous Potoo, one of Gareno's star birds. Sandro knew its daytime roost so that was found with some ease, after which the only other birds of note were Striped and Blue-capped Manakins. After a good supper, we tried for Crested Owl but only heard Nocturnal Currasow.

Jan 24 A dry day after heavy over-night rain. Walked along the road all morning, some good birding at first but quiet later: White Hawk, Brown Jacamar, Ivory-billed Aracari, Chestnut Woodpecker, Yellow-browed Antbird, Spangled Cotinga and best of all, a scarce Spot-throated Woodcreeper. After lunch we walked two poorly maintained trails, seeing little except Blue-black Grosbeak, and Golden-headed Manakin for Neil. Tried for Crested Owl at dusk again with no luck, recording unseen Scale-backed Antbird, Eastern Woodhaunter and Marbled Wood-Quail.

Jan 25 Spent most of the day on trails. Sandro found an antswarm after a concerted search in the morning, with Rufous-winged Bare-eyes, White-plumed, Bicolored, Black-faced and Sooty Antbirds, but no hoped-for Hairy-crested Antbird. We also saw Pavonine Quetzal, Lazuline Sabrewing, Straight-billed Hermit, Yellow-billed Jacamar, Gilded and Lemon-throated Barbets, with a Fiery Topaz for Neil. A lengthy tape duel with a Purplish Jacamar in the canopy eventually gave a sighting and I later discovered I had recorded a Chestnut-shouldered Antwren, a bird I had hoped to see but never did.

Jan 26 The last morning along the road failed to give the hoped-for Purple-throated Cotinga, best birds being Black-eared Fairy and Napo Sabrewing. At 1030 we drove to Tena, with unsuccessful stops for Palmcreeper and Rufous-headed Crake, though did see 3 White-eared Jacamars on tele wires. We were met by our old friend Jonas Nilsson and after a good fish and chips, drove along the Loreto Road to Wild Sumaco. Stops for Orange-breasted Falcon only gave an invisible calling bird and Cliff Flycatcher. Bonnie and Jim greeted us at the lodge, then Jonas took us to the hummer-feeders where we saw Black-breasted Brilliant and Napo Sabrewing amongst other commoner species.

Jan 27 A cloudy and windy morning spent with Jonas mainly on the Laniisoma Trail started with Rufous-breasted Piculet, followed by Chestnut-crowned Gnateater, Foothill Antwren, Foothill Elaenia and a gorgeous Golden-collared Toucanet feeding in the undergrowth, but Grey-tailed Piha and Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant were only heard. After lunch we did the Streamcreeper trail by ourselves but saw little, then were shown a Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater on the nest by researchers. From 4 till 8 Jonas took us back to the hummer-feeders where we saw Ecuadorian Piedtail, then owling: Foothill Screech-Owl was seen very well, Band-bellied and Rufescent Screech were responsive but invisible.

Jan 28 We started an inclement day higher up the road with a rare Red-billed Tyrannulet called in by Jonas, then visited the feeders again before doing the Piha trail. Best birds were Grey-tailed Piha, Black Antbird, Coppery-chested Jacamar, Bronze-green Euphonia feeding fledgling, Wing-banded Wren, and Fiery-throated Fruiteater for Neil and Brian, with Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail and Yellow-throated Spadebill heard only. Birded around the lodge till 3.15, hoping for Golden-collared Honeycreeper (seen by Jim and Bonnie on previous days) before trying the secondary forest for Yellow-cheeked Becard but only Blue-rumped Manakin was notable. Many-spotted Hummer was seen at the feeders and then Band-bellied Owl near the start of Streamcreeper Trail with Jonas.

Jan 29 Rained on and off all day, heavy at times. Did the Piha trail with Jonas till 0930 when he left for Quito, seeing Plain-winged and Foothill Antwrens, and Plain Xenops – a first for the reserve. There was little else of note except tanagers in the cercropias at the lodge. Ochre-breasted Antpitta and Chestnut-crowned Gnateater were seen on Streamcreeper trail, with a pair of Golden-collared Toucanet at the top. Late afternoon near the start of the Waterfall Trail I finally managed to call out Yellow-cheeked Becard.

Jan 30 0610-0830 I walked down the road, hearing both Lined and Buckley's Forest-Falcons, to the Manakin Trail where a Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail called 3m away before walking into the open! Lower down a Yellow-throated Spadebill responded at last and came in at 0730, though difficult to see. I saw little else but the others did find the Y-c Becard. We were given a lift down to the main road and soon caught a bus to Coca - $3 for the 2 hour journey. After checking in for our trip to Napo Wildlife Centre, there was time for 30 mins of email before boarding the fast boat at 1230 for the 70km journey along the Napo. At a tributary we changed to a canoe and were paddled to the lodge by guide Sixto, arriving at 5.30 pm. The star bird on the way was a Zigzag Heron on its nest in a small tree over the river and we also saw Undulated Tinamou, Rufescent Tiger-heron, Slender-billed Kite, Cinnamon Attila and lots of Kingfishers of 3 species. We all had to share a cabana the first night as the lodge was full, but had two between us after that.

Jan 31 0615-1300 Tiputini Trail with Sixto, not a lot of birds but some very good ones: a sensational male Black-necked Red Cotinga, a small lek of Wire-tailed manakins dancing, an Undulated Antshrike called in, several Dusky-throated Antshrike, Rio Suno Antwren, Spot-backed Antbird, 2 Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper displaying noisily high in a dead tree and Marbled Woodquail for Neil and Brian. We also saw 3 species of monkey and 1 non-poisonous snake. 1600-1930 we took a canoe along the creeks, but only Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Orange-crested Manakin and Black Caiman were new.

Feb 1 0600-1130 to and from the 38m high observation tower: Slender-billed Kite, Tiny Hawk, White-chested Puffbird, Aracaris bill-fencing and Plum-throated Cotinga were the only notable sightings from the tower. On the trail back a Banded Antwren came so close (within a metre of my feet!) that I couldn't see it at first. Afternoon on the Sacha Trail and in the canoe was disappointing with Spider Monkeys and Long-nosed Bats roosting on a pole in the lagoon the only consolation.

Feb 2 An early canoe trip took us to the Welcome House near the Napo, flushing a few Limpkin and finding the Zigzag nest to be empty (probably robbed by monkey or monitor according to Sixto). We took a motor boat to a river island where I was sick as soon as we landed, having felt queasy on the way. Grey-breasted Crake, Lesser Hornero and Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant were seen but Black-and-white Antbird only heard despite considerable effort. Another island gave White-bellied Spinetail, Mottle-backed Elaenia, Large-billed Seed-Finch and Coqueta Seedeater, followed by 4 Dusky-billed Parrotlets at a small parrot-lick. Then we walked to the main parrot-lick where many parrots were calling from the canopy but the only ones present were 2 Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlets – whether this was because we were too late at 1045 or the presence of Scarlet Macaws calling nearby, was putting them off, was unknown. More seriously, the pair of Crested Owls that had been roosting nearby and seen by all the ecotourists the previous few days, had disappeared! Continuous rain started during lunch at the Welcome House, after which we boated a little way along the Napo then walked to the Observation Tower for an hour. Disappointingly, we found an army ant swarm without accompanying antbirds and almost no birds throughout the afternoon. I had made a full recovery from the short attack of sickness by dinner-time.

Feb 3 Heavy rain in the night had eased as we left in the dark at 0515 for the Welcome House, arriving at 0630. The good news was that the owls had returned so we quickly walked to their site and enjoyed a long-awaited view (in my case at least) of this spectacular bird. At the lick Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlets began to appear in the trees, and then drop down onto the mud/clay at the base of the cave, a few even going inside it. By 0800 there must have been nearly 100 of these scarce birds, but no other species. The lick is normally visited between 10 and 11 as this is thought to be the best time to see parrots there. A Ruddy Quail-Dove drank from the pool there and an invisible Short-billed Leaftosser called nearby. Our time at the lovely NWC was up so we sped back to Coca from 0815-1030. We waited at the airport as it was raining till the flight to Quito left at 1 pm. Emailed from Quito international terminal and learnt of flight cancellations and 6 inches of snow at home!

The TAME flight to Loja left on time at 16.30, landing at 17.30. We had to wait 30 mins for Gabo to arrive as he was having the exhaust fixed, giving us chance to see Tumbes Sparrow and a few other common southern birds. We drove to Tapichalaca via Loja and Vilcabamba, arriving in the dark at 9pm, in time for a good dinner and a beer at the lodge.

Feb 4 Rain and mist on and off all day. We started at the hummer feeders, seeing Flame-throated and Amethyst-throated Sunangels, White-bellied Woodstar, Buff-winged Starfrontlet and Glowing Puffleg amongst others. Then to the antpitta feeding station at 0830 where “Nigel”, the young Jocotoco Antpitta, and Pancho the Chestnut-naped, entertained us royally for an hour. A good selection of birds on the trails included Pearled Treerunner, Chusquea Tapaculo, Rufous-breasted Chat-tyrant, Orange-banded Flycatcher, Blue-backed Conebill, Pale-naped Brushfinch, Black-capped Hemispingus and Blue-capped and Golden-crowned Tanagers. After an excellent lunch at the lodge, we drove to Vilcabamba, with a stop at the pass for Paramo Tapaculo, a nice colonial town with quite a few gringo tourists.

Feb 5 0530 departure on a rainy day back along the road towards Tapichalaca before turning up a dirt road to Cerro Toledo in the mountains for 18 km, from 1500m to the paramo at 3200m asl. It was misty at the top but we managed to locate a Neblina Metaltail, while coming down we found Mouse-coloured Thistletail, Many-striped Canastero, Paramo Tapaculo, Buff-bellied Mountain-tanager, Plushcap, and a perched Buzzard-Eagle. An antpitta on the road was presumably Rufous as several were calling. I had a single fly-by White-capped Tanager and the others a White-capped Dipper.

At 1 pm we departed for Loja, arriving at 2 after stopping for a quick lunch, then continued to Zamora. We arrived at 4, delayed by road works, and drove straight to Copalinga, only 10 mins away. It was a lovely place but appeared to be deserted! We took the liberty of watching the hummer-feeders and nearby flowering bushes for an hour, seeing Spangled Coquette and Violet-headed Hummingbird amongst others. The Belgian owners arrived back from town and the very knowledgeable Catherine told us the lodge was temporarily closed for servicing. She gave us some useful birding tips, which led to me spotting a male Wire-crested Thorntail feeding in a cecropia. We returned to Zamora at 6.40 and checked in at the 4 star Hotel Gingfa International, $9 a room!

Feb 6 At 0600 we drove past Copalinga to the Bombuscara entrance of Podocarpus NP and walked the main trail and back till 0900. The main quarry for me was Lanceolated Monklet and after a lot of trawling, one finally responded near the car park on the way back and came in for prolonged views. We also saw Foothill Antwren, White-necked Thrush on the trail, several barbets and tanagers, and a swift-flying flock of presumed White-breasted Parakeets. Calling in at Copalinga on the way back to Zamora, we found Golden-collared Honeycreeper at last and had good photo op.s of tanagers etc at the bananas on the bird-table. After checking out of Hotel Gingfa, we drove for 2 hours to Loja, lunched at a burger bar in Catamayo, with views of the stunning local girls, then continued to Macara. During a couple of birding stops we met friendly Rose-Anne Rowlett leading a FieldGuides group – I'd met her before in Peru and Malaysia. We proceeded to Jorupe Reserve, arriving at 5.30 and spent some time trying to see one of 5 calling Pale-browed Tinamou, but had to make do with Bat Falcon, Peruvian Pygmy-Owl and White-tailed Jay.

Feb 7 0545 to Jorupe to collect Giovanni, the excellent local ranger. By 1015 we had seen all the main Tumbes specialities found there except the Tinamou, along with the only Magnificent Frigatebird of the trip and 8 Swallow-tailed Kites. At a lower elevation area of predominantly secondary growth, we found the two good birds only present at this time of year: Black-and-white Tanager and Grey-capped Cuckoo. We only heard the cuckoo so Neil, Bob and I agreed to skip lunch at Macara and stay in the area to look for it. This strategy failed and we only saw Collared Antshrike, Black-headed Spinetail and Yellow-tailed Oriole. Later on we all returned to the original area and did trails 1 and 2, but the only good bird was an Ochre-bellied Dove spotted by Giovanni. I re-did the trail and flushed a tinamou while the others waited unsuccessfully for one to cross the main trail, the best technique according to Giovanni. Good fish and chips in Macara.

Feb 8 0515 departure for Sozaranga, arriving at dawn. Many Chestnut-collared Swallows, possibly 200, appeared and we saw they were nesting on the church and nearby houses like House Martins, to the surprise of Giovanni who thought they were absent at this time of year. We continued to Utuana, stopping lower down for a nice Black-cowled Saltator and then trying an extensive bamboo patch for Grey-headed Antbird – heard only. At Utuana we walked the trails till noon, seeing Line-cheeked Spinetail, Black-crested Tit-Tyrant, Red-crested Cotinga, a Chapman's Antshrike for me, with Rainbow Starfrontlet and Purple-throated Sunangel at the feeders. We tried again for the antbird on the way back to Macara without success, so decided to stay an extra night at Macara and forego the Crescent-faced Antpitta site between Loja and Cuenca. After lunch we returned to Jorupe where Neil and Gabo saw a Tinamou well, separately, but no joy with the Grey-capped Cuckoo.

Feb 9 After an early morning chat with Sam Woods, we tried his site near Sozaranga for Rufous-headed Chachalaca, a promising area of forest, but only saw Three-banded Warbler and Fawn-breasted Tanager, then made several unsuccessful stops at bamboo for the antbird en route to Utuana. We stayed here till noon and between us saw Andean Tinamou, displaying Plain-breasted Hawk, White-throated Quail-Dove, Chapman's Antshrike, Unicoloured Tapaculo, Jelski's Chat-Tyrant, Bay-crowned Brush-Finch and Piura Hemispingus. We finally had a reponse to the Grey-headed Antbird recording and saw a bird drop into thick bamboo. It eventually responded softly, very close but try as we might, we could not see it – very frustrating! On the way down to Macara, a White-rumped Hawk was seen. We set off for Pinas at 2.20 and stopped to look for White-headed Brush-finch but only saw Baird's Flycatcher of note. We reached Pinas at 8.30 after stopping and seeing Black-and-white Owl at the shrine 10 km beforehand. Pork chop and rice for supper.

Feb 10 After heavy rain in the night, it was a cloudy day with occasional rain. 0530 departure for Buenaventura Reserve, down a rough track but had to leave the car at a landslip blocking the way. We walked to the Long-wattled Umbrellabird trail for nearly 30 mins, arriving at the lekking area at 0700. As there was no action at first, we feared we were too late but then a close female was spotted and the low moans of two males heard, followed by 3 males seen perched or in flight. I stayed on after the others left, to try for photos and eventually found a male perched atop a dead tree, displaying by bowing and waving its long wattle about for several mins. After joining the others, 4 Rufous-headed Chachalaca were seen well at the lodge gates and a hummer- spectacle enjoyed at the lodge itself, with many Green Thorntail. We opted for full breakfast there – nice but took too long to arrive. Walked and birded back to the vehicle, checking the Tapaculo trail – no El Oro Tapaculo or Loja Tyrannulet – on the way up to the best area for El Oro Parakeet. No parakeets but we did see Barred Hawk, Hook-billed Kite and Laughing Falcon. Found that active parakeet nest-boxes were in a different area requiring a 45-60 min hike up a steep hillside and reluctantly decided there was not enough time to do this as our next venue, Yunguilla, was said to be 4.5-5 hours away. In the event we reached the resort near Yunguilla, where we were to overnight, in less than 3 hours! The few birds at the largely deserted resort included Loja Amazilia/Hummer and Peruvian Meadowlark. After sea bass and chips, we drove to Yunguilla reserve to meet Enrique the warden and look for the rare Buff-fronted Owl, heard 2 days earlier, but with no luck.

Feb 11 Returned to Yunguilla at 0545, picked up Enrique, and walked across a stream to the Pale-headed Brushfinch site. We eventually located at least 4 brushfinches including 2 singing males with one down to 3 metres. Other birds included Russet-crowned Warbler, Stripe-headed Brushfinch and our best views of Line-cheeked Spinetail. After a good breakfast at the resort we left at 1045 and reached Cuenca at noon. Continued to El Cajas NP on the Guayaquil road (blocked further on by a landslide) – slow progress due to roadworks. Virtually cleaned-up here during the rest of the afternoon, spending most time in the vicinity of Largo Torreadora with Carunculated Caracara, Blue-mantled Thorntail, Violet-throated Metaltail, Ecuadorian Hillstar, Tawny Antpitta, Tit-like Dacnis and Plain Seedeater. Drove back to the centre of Cuenca and found the Gran Hotel, charging the reasonable $70 for 2 triple-bed rooms.

Feb 12 Our last day, mostly cloudy with heavy rain late afternoon. 0530 drove to Lago Llaviucu in the lower part of Cajas NP to look for Ecuadorian Rail, located at the edge of the reeds a few 100 m along the trail. Few other birds except Grass/Sedge Wren and displaying Andean Ducks. Quickly left, to avoid paying the $10 entrance fee applicable at 0800. Good breakfast back at the hotel, plus $10 fine for parking on the street outside, then quick tour of the colonial city centre, full of fine churches etc. Left for Quito at 1030, arriving just before 1900 after a few stops, the only notable bird being Black-tailed Trainbearer – couldn't find Sub-tropical Doradito at the “stake-out”. After a quick shop at the main market before it closed at 7, dropped off Brian and Bob who were staying longer, at a nearby hotel, and returned to the Hotel Occidental where I was at last able to reclaim my Komodo T-shirt left there at the start of the trip. Farewell with many thanks to Gabo who had done a grand job driving us around the length of the country in his Nissan Pathfinder and helping us to find so many birds.

Feb 13 Taxi to airport for AA flights home, leaving on time at 0745 – departure tax $40!


Pale-browed Tinamou, Crypturellus transfasciatus
Heard a lot, especially late afternoon at Jorupe, but only singles seen at Jorupe by NB and GB, plus 1 flushed from a trail there by me.

Zigzag Heron, Zebrilus undulatus
Close view of 1 on a nest in a small bushy tree above the river on the way into NWC – well camouflaged.

Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis
4 flying over the ridge at Canande – a casual transient according to R and G.

Gray-backed Hawk, Leucopternis occidentalis
Singles from the ridge at Canande (JH) and in flight at Jorupe; a pair mating at Buenaventura.

Plumbeous Forest-Falcon, Micrastur plumbeus
A flighty, calling bird at dawn near the lodge at Canande.

Buckley's Forest-Falcon, Micrastur buckleyi
Heard only, early morning at Wild Sumaco.

Rufous-headed Chachalaca, Ortalis erythroptera
4 at the entrance gate to the lodge at Buenaventura

Baudó Guan, Penelope ortoni
4 seen perched and in flight near the start of the forest to the left of Canande village

Nocturnal Curassow, Nothocrax urumutum
Heard at dusk and later at Gareno

Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail, Odontophorus erythrops
2 pairs seen at separate places at Canande(JH), and heard at Rio Silanche and Buenaventura

Dark-backed Wood-Quail, Odontophorus melanonotus
Only heard at Paz de las Aves

Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail, Odontophorus speciosus
Heard several times at Wild Sumaco and 1 eventually seen close by (JH)

Tawny-faced Quail, Rhynchortyx cinctus
1 at Canande (JH)

Gray-breasted Crake, Laterallus exilis
1 flushed on a river island near NWC

Chestnut-headed Crake, Anurolimnas castaneiceps
2 seen near the Welcome House at NWC, heard at Wild Sumaco

Ecuadorian/Virginia Rail, Rallus aequatorialis
1 seen at the edge of the reeds at Lago Llaviucu, Las Cajas

Ochre-bellied Dove, Leptotila ochraceiventris
A perched dove was well-spotted by our guide on a trail at Jorupe

Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove, Geotrygon purpurata
A pair near the start of the main trail at Canande on our last morning (JH)

Dusky-billed Parrotlet, Forpus sclateri
4 at the clay-lick on the Napo near NWC with many Dusky-headed Parakeets

Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Touit huetii
Nearly 100 at the clay-lick inside the forest near the Napo at NWC at 0745-0800

Rose-faced Parrot, Pionopsitta pulchra
A few at Canande ridge

Gray-capped Cuckoo, Coccyzus lansbergi
Heard calling in the morning at Jorupe but would not come in.

Banded Ground-Cuckoo, Neomorphus radiolosus
1 at a Canande ridge antswarm (NB, BF) with Ocellated and Bicolored Antbirds, spotted by GB

Foothill Screech-Owl, Otus roraimae napensis
1 seen very close at Wild Sumaco

Chocó Screech-Owl, Otus centralis
1 heard only at Canande

Crested Owl, Lophostrix cristata
A pair at daytime roost near the forest clay-lick at NWC

Band-bellied Owl, Pulsatrix melanota
Wild Sumaco

Black-and-white Owl, Strix nigrolineata
1 spot-lit near Las Pinas

Black-banded/San Isidro Owl, Strix huhula
1 spot-lit at Cananas San Isidro

Mottled Owl, Strix virgata
1 at daytime roost at Milpe and 1 in flight at Wild Sumaco.

Rufous Potoo, Nyctibius bracteatus
1 at daytime roost at Gareno

Chocó Poorwill, Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi
A pair perched and flying high in the canopy at Canande

Tumbes Swift, Chaetura ocypetes
Small numbers at Jorupe

White-tipped Sicklebill, Eutoxeres aquila
1 feeding on Heliconia flowers at Canande ridge

Napo Sabrewing, Campylopterus villaviscensio
1 at Gareno and at least 1 at Wild Sumaco

Spangled Coquette, Lophornis stictolophus
2 at Copalinga

Wire-crested Thorntail, Popelairia popelairii
A male feeding on Cecropias at Copalinga

Many-spotted Hummingbird, Taphrospilus hypostictus
At least 1 at Wild Sumaco

Purple-chested Hummingbird, Amazilia rosenbergi
1+ at Canande

Ecuadorian Piedtail, Phlogophilus hemileucurus
1 at Wild Sumaco

Fiery Topaz, Topaza pyra
1 or 2 seen briefly at Gareno

Ecuadorian Hillstar, Oreotrochilus chimborazo
1 at Las Cajas

Sword-billed Hummingbird, Ensifera ensifera
1 at Yanacocha

Flame-throated/ Little Sunangel, Heliangelus micraster
1 or 2 at Tapichalaca.

Violet-throated Metaltail, Metallura baroni
1 or 2 at Las Cajas.

Neblina Metaltail, Metallura odomae
1 at Cerro Toledo

Blue-mantled Thornbill, Chalcostigma stanleyi
1 or 2 at Las Cajas.

Little Woodstar, Chaetocercus bombus
1 at Tony Nunnery’s feeders.

Pavonine Quetzal, Pharomachrus pavoninus
1 or 2 at Gareno.

Purplish Jacamar, Galbula chalcothorax
1 seen with difficulty perched high in the canopy at Gareno

Pied Puffbird, Notharchus tectus
1 high in a tree at Canande

Lanceolated Monklet, Micromonacha lanceolata
1 was called-in near the entrance car park at Bombuscara.

Brown Nunlet, Nonnula brunnea
1 at NWC (JH)

White-faced Nunbird, Hapaloptila castanea
1 was called-in along the road above Tandayapa

Golden-collared Toucanet, Selenidera reinwardtii
A superb male fed low-down in the open at Wild Sumaco and another pair was seen later near the lodge

Rufous-breasted Piculet, Picumnus rufiventris
1 elusive male was seen at Wild Sumaco

Lesser Hornero, Furnarius minor
1 on a Napo river island near NWC

Mouse-colored Thistletail, Schizoeaca griseomurina
Singles at Cerro Toledo and the pass between Tapichalaca and Vilcabamba

Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner, Hylocryptus erythrocephalus
A few at Jorupe

Short-billed Leaftosser, Sclerurus rufigularis
Heard near the forest clay-lick at NWC

Spot-throated Woodcreeper, Deconychura stictolaema
1 of this scarce species at Gareno

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper, Dendrexetastes rufigula
2 displaying noisily at NWC

Undulated Antshrike, Frederickena unduligera
A pair called in at NWC

Chapman's Antshrike, Thamnophilus zarumae
A few at Jorupe with 1 seen well.

Bicolored Antvireo, Dysithamnus occidentalis
1 at Guacamayos Ridge (NB, BF)

Foothill Antwren, Myrmotherula spodionota
2 at Wild Sumaco and Bombuscara

Chestnut-shouldered Antwren, Terenura humeralis
Heard at Gareno

Banded Antbird, Dichrozona cincta
1 called in at NWC, coming within 2 metres

Black-and-white Antbird, Myrmochanes hemileucus
Responded a little to play-back on a Napo river island but could not be seen.

Gray-headed Antbird, Myrmeciza griseiceps
Responded to play-back in a large patch of bamboo by the road below Utuana but would not come out, and in the area of extensive bamboo in Utuana reserve – what was probably 1 dropped into the thick bamboo from a bush and subsequently 2 called close by but could not be seen.

Immaculate Antbird, Myrmeciza immaculata
1 at Canande appeared to be nesting in a large hole beside the track up to the ridge.

White-plumed Antbird, Pithys albifrons
Several with Reddish-winged Bare-eyes attending an antswarm at Gareno but no Hairy-crested Antbirds unfortunately.

Lunulated Antbird, Gymnopithys lunulata
1 at NWC by itself or probably with another, was a good sighting.

Rufous-crowned Antpitta, Pittasoma rufopileatum
2 heard at Canande. Researchers saw 1 on the trail afterwards.

Moustached Antpitta, Grallaria alleni
Only heard at Paz de las Aves but seen by BF when he returned for a third visit later

Jocotoco Antpitta, Grallaria ridgelyi
A juv came to worms at Tapichalaca. The adult was less obliging, not coming till we had left after quite a wait

White-bellied Antpitta, Grallaria hypoleuca
An adult and a juv came in to worms at Cabanas San Isidro

Ochre-breasted Antpitta, Grallaricula flavirostris
Singles at Milpe NB, BF) and Wild Sumaco (JH)

Slate-crowned Antpitta, Grallaricula nana
1 at Guacamayos Ridge (NB, BF)

Peruvian Antpitta, Grallaricula peruviana
1 at Guacamayos Ridge (JH)

Chestnut-crowned Gnateater, Conopophaga castaneiceps
A few at Wild Sumaco

Equatorial Rufous-vented Tapaculo, Scytalopus micropterus
I called-in at Guacamayos Ridge

Paramo Tapaculo, Scytalopus canus
1 seen at the pass between Tapichalaca and Vilcabamba and others heard

Ocellated Tapaculo, Acropternis orthonyx
1+ at Tandayapa

Red-billed Tyrannulet, Zimmerius cinereicapillus
1 called-in above the lodge at Wild Sumaco

Black-crested Tit-Tyrant, Anairetes nigrocristatus
2 at Utuana

Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant, Hemitriccus rufigularis
Only heard at Wild Sumaco

Yellow-throated Spadebill, Platyrinchus flavigularis
We tried hard for this at Wild Sumaco but only heard it once, then on the last morning 1 responded to my play-back and I eventually saw it perched.

Jelski's Chat-Tyrant, Ochthoeca jelskii
1 at Utuana

Gray-capped Flycatcher, Myioztetes granadensis
A photo at Wild Sumaco (JH) was identified by Jonas as this species, the first confirmed report for the reserve.

Yellow-cheeked Becard, Pachyramphus xanthogenys
1 seen at Wild Sumaco and 1 heard at Copalinga.

Slaty Becard, Pachyramphus spodiurus
A pair at Jorupe

Black-chested Fruiteater, Pipreola lubomirskii
At least 3 heard at Cabanas San Isidro but only 1 seen, with considerable difficulty, high in the canopy.

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater, Pipreola frontalis
A female on a nest at Wild Sumaco.

Fiery-throated Fruiteater, Pipreola chlorolepidota
A male at Wild Sumaco (NB, BF)

Olivaceous Piha, Lipaugus cryptolophus
1 at Paz de las Aves

Gray-tailed Piha, Lipaugus subalaris
1 seen well eventually at Wild Sumaco

Dusky Piha, Lipaugus fuscocinereus
1 taped in at Guacamayos Ridge

Long-wattled Umbrellabird, Cephalopterus penduliger
An imm. male at Canande; 3 males, at least 1 displaying, and 1 female at Buenaventura 0730-0800.

Black-necked Red-Cotinga, Phoenicircus nigricollis
A magnificent male at NWC

Wire-tailed Manakin, Pipra filicauda
Several males displaying to females at NWC

Orange-crested Manakin, Heterocercus aurantiivertex
1 along the river at NWC

Broad-billed Sapayoa, Sapayoa aenigma
1 at Canande (NB, BF)

Chestnut-collared Swallow, Petrochelidon rufocollaris
100s nesting at Sozaranga

Golden-collared Honeycreeper, Iridophanes pulcherrima
A male at Copalinga

Scarlet-breasted Dacnis, Dacnis berlepschi
1 male at Canande

Scarlet-and-white Tanager, Erythrothlypis salmoni
1 at Canande ridge

Black-chested Mountain-Tanager, Buthraupis eximia
2 at Yanacocha

Piura Hemispingus, Hemispingus piurae
1 in thick bamboo at Utuana

Black-and-white Tanager, Conothraupis speculigera
3 or 4 singing at Jorupe

White-capped Tanager, Sericossypha albocristata
1 briefly at Cerro Toledo (JH)

Caquetá Seedeater, Sporophila murallae
1+ on a Napo river island.

Pale-headed Brush-Finch, Atlapetes pallidiceps
4 at Yunguilla including 2 singing.

Species Lists

Lower case = heard only
BC Bombuscara & Copalinga, Feb 5-6
BU Buenaventura, Feb 10
C Canande, Jan 19-21YU
EC El Cajas, Feb 11-12
GA Gareno, Jan 23-26
JU Jorupe (J) & Utuana (U), Macara area, Feb 6-9
M Mindo area, Jan 15-18
NWC Napo Wildlife Centre, Jan 30-Feb 2
SG San Isidro (SI) & Guacamayos Ridge (GR), Jan 22-23
T Tapichalaca area, Feb 4
WS Wild Sumaco, Jan 26-30
YA Yanacocha, Jan 15 a.m.
YU Yunguilla, Feb 10-11

Great Tinamou Tinamus major C, ws
Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus nwc
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui c, ws
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus NWC
Bartlett's Tinamou Crypturellus bartletti nwc
Pale-browed Tinamou Crypturellus transfasciatus J
Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii U
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus EC
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens J
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus NWC
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga NWC
Andean Teal Anas andium EC
Andean Ruddy-Duck Oxyura ferruginea EC
Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus NWC
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum NWC
Great Egret Ardea alba NWC
Snowy Egret Egretta thula NWC
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis M
Striated Heron Butorides striatus NWC
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius NWC
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa NWC
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus M,C,G
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura M,C,G
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus NWC
Osprey Pandion haliaetus NWC
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis NWC
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus NWC
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus M,C,JU,BU,EC
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis NWC
Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus NWC
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea C,NWC,BU
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis C
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis YA,BU,YU
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus NWC
Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistacea NWC
Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbea C,BU
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbea C
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis GA
Gray-backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis C,J,BU
Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps SI
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus J
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus T
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris C,GA,NWC
White-rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous SI,U
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus M,C
Variable Hawk Buteo polyosoma BU,EC
Black Caracara Daptrius ater nwc,BU
Carunculated Caracara Phalcoboenus carunculatus EC
Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus EC
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis m,ws
Lined Forest-Falcon Micrastur gilvicollis Ws
Plumbeous Forest-Falcon Micrastur plumbeus C
Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon Micrastur mirandollei Nwc
Buckley's Forest-Falcon Micrastur buckleyi WS
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans C,BU,nwc
American Kestrel Falco sparverius T
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis NWC,J
Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus Ws
Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata BC
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera BU
Andean Guan Penelope montagnii YA
Baudó Guan Penelope ortoni C
Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu GA
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens C
Common Piping-Guan Pipile pipile NWC
Wattled Guan Aburria aburri Ws
Nocturnal Curassow Nothocrax urumutum Ga
Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis Ga,NWC
Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail Odontophorus erythrops m,C,bu
Dark-backed Wood-Quail Odontophorus melanonotus m
Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus speciosus WS
Tawny-faced Quail Rhynchortyx cinctus C
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis NWC
White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis C
Chestnut-headed Crake Anurolimnas castaneiceps Ga,NWC
Ecuadorian Rail Rallus aequatorialis EC
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea NWC
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica EC
Andean Coot Fulica ardesiaca EC
Limpkin Aramus guarauna NWC
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes NWC
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia NWC
Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens EC
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris NWC
Andean Gull Larus serranus EC
Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata M
Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis M,NWC
Ruddy Pigeon Columba subvinacea C
Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea WS,nwc
Dusky Pigeon Columba goodsoni C
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata M,C,J
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti GA,NWC
Croaking Ground-Dove Columbina cruziana Y
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Y,M,JU
Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotila ochraceiventris J
Pallid Dove Leptotila pallida C
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla NWC,JU
Indigo-crowned Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina C
Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon purpurata Nwc
White-throated Quail-Dove Geotrygon frenata M,U
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana NWC
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna GA
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao Nwc
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa WS
Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys J
Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii NWC
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus WS
Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii T
Maroon-tailed Parakeet Pyrrhura melanura WS,C
White-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura albipectus C,WS
Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola M
Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis J
Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri NWC
Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii NWC
Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephala NWC
Rose-faced Parrot Pionopsitta pulchra C
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus NWC
Red-billed Parrot Pionus sordidus GA
Bronze-winged Parrot Pionus chalcopterus C,YU
Red-lored Amazon Amazona autumnalis YA
Scaly-naped Amazon Amazona mercenaria BC
Mealy Amazon Amazona farinosa GA,NWC
Gray-capped Cuckoo Coccyzus lansbergi j
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana M,C,GA.WS,NWC,J
Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta C
Greater Ani Crotophaga major NWC
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani M,C,GA,WS,NWC
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris J
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia C,J
Banded Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus radiolosus C
Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin NWC
Foothill Screech-Owl Otus roraimae napensis WS
Chocó Screech-Owl Otus centralis C
Tropical Screech-Owl Otus choliba nwc
Rufescent Screech-Owl Otus ingens Ws
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Otus watsonii Nwc
Andean Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium jardinii Yu
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum Nwc
Pacific Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum J
Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata NWC
Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata Ga
Band-bellied Owl Pulsatrix melanota WS
Black-and-white Owl Strix nigrolineata BU
Black-banded/San Isidro Owl Strix huhula SI
Mottled Owl Strix virgata M,WS
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis WS
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus Nwc
Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus GA
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis WS,NWC
Chocó Poorwill Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi C
Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris J
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca NWC
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris M,C,SI,WS,NWC
Chestnut-collared Swift Cypseloides rutilus WS
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura NWC
Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes J
Band-rumped Swift Chaetura spinicauda C
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris M,WS
Neotropical Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata NWC
Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aenea C
Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes niger GA
Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris NWC
White-whiskered Hermit Phaethornis yaruqui M,C,BU
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy WS
Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus M,SI
Straight-billed Hermit Phaethornis bourcieri G
Gray-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis WS
Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis M,C
White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila C
Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae WS
Lazuline Sabrewing Campylopterus falcatus GA
Napo Sabrewing Campylopterus villaviscensio GA,WS
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora M,C,BU
Brown Violetear Colibri delphinae M,BU
Sparkling Violetear Colibri coruscans YA,SI,WS,T,U
Green Violetear Colibri thalassinus U
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti WS,BC
Spangled Coquette Lophornis stictolophus BC
Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii BC
Green Thorntail Popelairia conversii M,BU
Western Emerald Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus YA,M
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata WS
Green-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania fannyi M
Emerald-bellied Woodnymph Thalurania hypochlora BU
Violet-bellied Hummingbird Damophila julie BU
Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone WS
Many-spotted Hummingbird Taphrospilus hypostictus WS
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl M,C,BC
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia JU,YU
Andean Emerald Amazilia franciae YA,M,BU
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata BC
Purple-chested Hummingbird Amazilia rosenbergi C
White-vented Plumeleteer Chalybura buffonii U,BU
Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys M,SI,WS,T,EC
Purple-bibbed Whitetip Urosticte benjamini M
Ecuadorian Piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus WS
Empress Brilliant Heliodoxa imperatrix M
Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula M,BU
Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri WS,BC
Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa schreibersii WS
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides M,SI
Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra GA
Ecuadorian Hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo EC
Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis YA
Great Sapphirewing Pterophanes cyanopterus YA
Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena SI
Brown Inca Coeligena wilsoni M
Collared Inca Coeligena torquata YA,M,SI,T
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae YA,M,SI,T
Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris U
Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera YA
Buff-tailed Coronet Boissonneaua flavescens YA,M
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii SI,T
Velvet-purple Coronet Boissonneaua jardini M
Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis T
Flame-throated Sunangel Heliangelus micraster T
Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola U
Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestitus T,EC
Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani YA
Golden-breasted Puffleg Eriocnemis mosquera YA
Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii M,WS
Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae Lago Colta
Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna U
Violet-throated Metaltail Metallura baroni EC
Neblina Metaltail Metallura odomae T
Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina YA,T,EC
Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi EC
Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi M,SI,GA,T
Violet-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis M,BU
Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti M
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita GA
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris NWC,BU
Purple-throated Woodstar Calliphlox mitchellii M
Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny M
White-bellied Woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant T
Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus M
Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps
Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus MA
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus NWC
Ecuadorian Trogon Trogon mesurus U
Choco/Blue-rumped Trogon Trogon comptus C
Amazonian White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis MA,NWC
Western White-tailed Trogon Trogon chionurus C
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris WS
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus M,SG
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus NWC
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui SG,WS
Amazonian Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus NWC
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata NWC
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona NWC
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana NWC
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda NWC
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea NWC
Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum C
Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii m,C,nwc
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota NWC
Highland Motmot Momotus aequatorialis SG,ws
White-eared Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis GA,NWC
Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris GA
Yellow-billed Jacamar Galbula albirostris GA
White-chinned Jacamar Galbula tombacea NWC
Coppery-chested Jacamar Galbula pastazae WS
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda C
Purplish Jacamar Galbula chalcothorax GA,nwc
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos NWC
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus C
Barred Puffbird Nystalus radiatus C
White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis C
Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata B
Brown Nunlet Nonnula brunnea NWC
White-faced Nunbird Hapaloptila castanea M
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons GA,ws
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus NWC
Swallow-wing Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa GA,NWC
Scarlet-crowned Barbet Capito aurovirens NWC
Orange-fronted Barbet Capito squamatus C
Gilded Barbet Capito auratus GA,WS,NWC
Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni GA
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii YA,C,WS
Toucan Barbet Semnornis ramphastinus M
Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus SI
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus GA
Crimson-rumped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus haematopygus YA,M
Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii WS
Pale-mandibled Araçari Pteroglossus erythropygius M,C
Stripe-billed Araçari Pteroglossus sanguineus C
Chestnut-eared Araçari Pteroglossus castanotis GA
Many-banded Araçari Pteroglossus pluricinctus NWC
Ivory-billed Araçari Pteroglossus azara GA
Plate-billed Mountain-Toucan Andigena laminirostris M
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus WS,nwc
Chocó Toucan Ramphastos brevis C
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii M,C,BU
Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus WS
White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus WS,NWC
Rufous-breasted Piculet Picumnus rufiventris WS
Lafresnaye's Piculet Picumnus lafresnayi WS,BC
Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus C
Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri J
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii M,T
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus WS
Lita Woodpecker Piculus litae C
Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans GA
Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus C
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus NWC
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus M
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus GA,WS,NWC
Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani M,C
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus C
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus NWC
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis GA
Chocó Woodpecker Veniliornis chocoensis C
Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii C
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus C
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos NWC
Powerful Woodpecker Campephilus pollens M
Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus EC
Stout-billed Cinclodes Cinclodes excelsior EC
Pacific Hornero Furnarius cinnamomeus C,JU
Lesser Hornero Furnarius minor NWC
Andean Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura andicola YA
Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis NWC
Azara's Spinetail Synallaxis azarae M,T,U,BU,YU
Dusky Spinetail Synallaxis moesta WS
White-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis propinqua NWC
Blackish-headed Spinetail Synallaxis tithys J
Rufous Spinetail Synallaxis unirufa GR
White-browed Spinetail Hellmayrea gularis YA
Ash-browed Spinetail Cranioleuca curtata NWC
Red-faced Spinetail Cranioleuca erythrops YA,M
Line-cheeked Spinetail Cranioleuca antisiensis U,YU
Mouse-colored Thistletail Schizoeaca griseomurina T
Many-striped Canastero Asthenes flammulata T,EC
Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii YA,T
Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri Ga
Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger YA,GR,T
Spotted Barbtail Premnoplex brunnescens M,SG
Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla ruficollis J
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia variegaticeps M
Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis WS
Eastern Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus Ga
Western Woodhaunter Hyloctistes virgatus Bu
Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner Philydor ruficaudatus S
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus C
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus M
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus NWC
Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus WS
Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus erythrocephalus JU
Black-billed Treehunter Thripadectes melanorhynchus Ws
Uniform Treehunter Thripadectes ignobilis M
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans M,C,WS,J
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus M,C,WS
Gray-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus albigularis WS
Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis Nwc
Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis C
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa M,C,WS
Spot-throated Woodcreeper Deconychura stictolaema GA
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus C,GA,WS,NWC
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus M
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula NWC
Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus M
Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia Ga
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae M
Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus NWC
Black-striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus C
Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis WS
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii C,J
Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lachrymiger M,SG
Undulated Antshrike Frederickena unduligera NWC
Great Antshrike Taraba major C,m,nwc
Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi J
Lined Antshrike Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus M,WS
Chapman's Antshrike Thamnophilus zarumae J
Castlenau's Antshrike Thamnophilus cryptoleucus NWC
White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops GA,nwc
Mouse-colored Antshrike Thamnophilus murinus Nwc
Western Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha c
Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus C,WS
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis WS,J
Bicolored Antvireo Dysithamnus occidentalis GR
Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus GA,NWC
Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius GA
Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura NWC
Checker-throated Antwren Myrmotherula fulviventris C
Foothill Antwren Myrmotherula spodionota WS,B
Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata ws
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris C,GA
Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor C
Río Suno Antwren Myrmotherula sunensis NWC
Plain-winged Antwren Myrmotherula behni WS
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis M,C
Yellow-breasted Antwren Herpsilochmus axillaris WS
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus ws
Long-tailed Antbird Drymophila caudata SI
Rufous-rumped Antwren Terenura callinota WS
Chestnut-shouldered Antwren Terenura humeralis Ga
Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens Ws
Black Antbird Cercomacra serva WS
Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina M
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus GA
Peruvian Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis (cantator)peruviana NWC
Yellow-browed Antbird Hypocnemis hypoxantha GA
Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevia Ws
Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulata NWC
Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinota GA
Banded Antbird Dichrozona cincta NWC
Black-and-white Antbird Myrmochanes hemileucus Nwc
Spot-winged Antbird Schistocichla leucostigma GA,NWC
Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia NWC
Gray-headed Antbird Myrmeciza griseiceps u
Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra NWC
White-shouldered Antbird Myrmeciza melanoceps NWC
Sooty Antbird Myrmeciza fortis GA,NWC
Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata C
Chestnut-backed Antbird Myrmeciza exsul C
White-plumed Antbird Pithys albifrons GA
Bicolored Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis GA
Lunulated Antbird Gymnopithys lunulata NWC
Reddish-winged Bare-eye Phlegopsis erythroptera GA
Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannani C
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis NWC
Black-headed Antthrush Formicarius nigricapillus M,c
Rufous-breasted Antthrush Formicarius rufipectus M
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona Ws
Noble Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis Nwc
Barred Antthrush Chamaeza mollissima Gr
Rufous-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma rufopileatum c
Giant Antpitta Grallaria gigantea G
Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera YA,sg
Moustached Antpitta Grallaria alleni m
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla M,SG,u
Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi JU
Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi T
Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis T
White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca SI
Yellow-breasted Antpitta Grallaria flavotincta M
Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula T
Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis EC,ya
Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris M,WS
Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana GR
Peruvian Antpitta Grallaricula peruviana GR
Chestnut-crowned Gnateater Conopophaga castaneiceps M,WS
Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus Nwc
Unicolored Tapaculo Scytalopus unicolor YA,U
Equatorial Rufous-vented Tapaculo Scytalopus micropterus GR
Northern White-crowned Tapaculo Scytalopus atratus WS
Nariño Tapaculo Scytalopus vicinior m
Chocó Tapaculo Scytalopus chocoensis c
Spillmann's Tapaculo Scytalopus spillmanni m
Chusquea Tapaculo Scytalopus parkeri T
Paramo Tapaculo Scytalopus canus T
Ocellated Tapaculo Acropternis orthonyx M
White-fronted Tyrannulet Phyllomyias zeledoni Ws
Plumbeous crowned Tyrannulet Phyllomyias plumbeiceps WS
Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops Ws
Red-billed Tyrannulet Zimmerius cinereicapillus WS
Brown-capped Tyrannulet Ornithion brunneicapillum M,C,J
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum J
Tumbesian Tyrannulet Phaeomyias tumbezana J
Foothill Elaenia Myiopagis olallai WS
Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens J,EC
Mottle-backed Elaenia Elaenia gigas NWC
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps M
Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae YA
White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys YA
White-tailed Tyrannulet Mecocerculus poecilocercus M
Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea WS
Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis NWC
Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes nigrocristatus U
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus J,YU
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris WS,J
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet Phylloscartes gualaquizae Ws
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus WS
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus ruficeps GR
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus C,GR
Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus GA,NWC
Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus rufigularis Ws
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum C,ws
Yellow-olive Flatbill Tolmomyias sulphurescens WS,JU
Yellow-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus flavigularis WS
Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus WS,BC
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus C
Olive-chested Flycatcher Myiophobus cryptoxanthus WS
Orange-banded Flycatcher Myiophobus lintoni T
Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea SG
Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus C,WS
Tumbes Pewee Contopus punensis J
Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus SG
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi BC
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens c
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus YU
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor EC
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis YA,M,T
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris M
Jelski's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca jelskii U
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis YA
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea WS
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana EC
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus C,WS,NWC
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta C,NWC
Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis NWC
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus ga
Citron-bellied Attila Attila citriniventris nwc
Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus NWC
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox NWC
Pale-edged Flycatcher Myiarchus cephalotes SG
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus J
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus GA,NWC
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor NWC
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua C,WS,GA
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis C,NWC
Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis C
Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti WS
White-ringed Flycatcher Conopias albovittata C
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus C,GA
Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii J
Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus Ws
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus NWC
Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea GA
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus C,WS,NWC
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis C
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus GA
Yellow-cheeked Becard Pachyramphus xanthogenys WS,bc
Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor M,SG
Slaty Becard Pachyramphus spodiurus J
Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus C
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus M,C,ws
Black-and-white Becard Pachyramphus albogriseus J
One-colored Becard Platypsaris homochrous J
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana NWC
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata C,WS
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor C
Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristatus YA,U
Green-and-black Fruiteater Pipreola riefferii SG
Black-chested Fruiteater Pipreola lubomirskii SG
Orange-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola jucunda M
Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola frontalis WS
Fiery-throated Fruiteater Pipreola chlorolepidota WS
Scaled Fruiteater Ampelioides tschudii M
Olivaceous Piha Lipaugus cryptolophus M
Gray-tailed Piha Lipaugus subalaris WS
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans Nwc
Dusky Piha Lipaugus fuscocinereus GR
Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus C
Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana NWC
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana GA,NWC
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus NWC
Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata C,GA,NWC
Long-wattled Umbrellabird Cephalopterus penduliger C,BU
Black-necked Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus nigricollis NWC
Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana M
Golden-headed Manakin Pipra erythrocephala GA
Wire-tailed Manakin Pipra filicauda NWC
White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra WS,NWC
Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata C,GA,NWC
Blue-rumped Manakin Lepidothrix isidorei WS
Golden-winged Manakin Masius chrysopterus SG
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus C
Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus GA
Club-winged Manakin Machaeropterus deliciosus M
Orange-crested Manakin Heterocercus aurantiivertex NWC
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni GA,NWC
Broad-billed Sapayoa Sapayoa aenigma C
Turquoise Jay Cyanolyca turcosa M
Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus GA,NWC
White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis J
Inca Jay Cyanocorax yncas SI,ws
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis YU
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis Ws
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus C
Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys GA,ws
Rufous-naped Greenlet Hylophilus semibrunneus WS
Olivaceous Greenlet Hylophilus olivaceus WS
Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides BU
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater U
Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas WS
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus M,C,WS,BC
Pale-eyed Thrush Platyycichla leucops WS
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco YU,EC
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater YA,M,T,EC
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus SG,T,YU
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei JU
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis WS
Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii GA,nwc
Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris M,c
Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus c
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis NWC,BC
Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus J
White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus T
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea C,NWC
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer NWC
Tumbes Swallow Tachycineta stolzmanni J
Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina YA,M
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata BC
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis C,GA,WS
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis M,C,WS,NWC
Chestnut-collared Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris J
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus NWC,ws
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus SG,WS,NWC
Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus C
Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus JU
Gray-mantled Wren Odontorchilus branickii WS
Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa YA,M
Sepia-brown Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens SG
Grass Wren Cistothorus platensis EC
Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus c
Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya Ma,ws,nwc
Speckle-breasted Wren Thryothorus sclateri j
Stripe-throated Wren Thryothorus leucopogon C
House Wren Troglodytes aedon C,WS,NWC
Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis T
White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta C,ws
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys YA,M,sg
Musician Wren Cyphorhinus aradus Ws
Southern Nightingale-Wren Microcerculus marginatus C,nwc
Wing-banded Wren Microcerculus bambla WS
Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris C
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus Ga
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea C,J,YU
Slate-throated Gnatcatcher Polioptila schistaceigula C
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi M,WSI,YU
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea WS
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata WS
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca M,SI,WS
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia SI
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla SI,WS
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava C
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis SI,WS
Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus YA,M,SI,WS,YU
Spectacled Whitestart Myioborus melanocephalus YA,SI,T,EC
Black-crested Warbler Basileuterus nigrocristatus T,U
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus M
Three-banded Warbler Basileuterus trifasciatus U
Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus M,C,SG,T,YU
Gray-and-gold Warbler Basileuterus fraseri J
Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda C
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola WS,BC,J,BU
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus C
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza C,WS,BC
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrima BC
Yellow-tufted Dacnis Dacnis egregia C
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi C
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor T
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons M
Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina EC
Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossopis cyanea YA,SG,T,U
Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer Diglossopis glauca WS
Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii YA
Black Flowerpiercer Diglossa humeralis T,EC
White-sided Flowerpiercer Diglossa albilatera YA,T,U
Scarlet-and-white Tanager Erythrothlypis salmoni C
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota SG
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris M,BC
Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala WS
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster M,C,BC
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa WS
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea WS,BC
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus M,WS
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida C
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala M
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala SG
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis WS,BC
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii SG
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis YA,SG
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii T
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis C,S
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta GA
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana GA,BC
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia NWC
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis GA,WS,NWC,BC
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii C,GA
Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae C
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata WS
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra GA
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola C,SG,GA
Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia C
Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex T
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris YA
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus T
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus YA,M,T
Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana T
Black-chested Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis eximia YA
Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Dubusia taeniata T
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis C,MA
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus M,C,GA,WS,NWC,BC
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum M,C,GA,WS,NWC,BC
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala T
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo GA,WS,NWC,BC
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus C,YU
Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis GA,NWC
Yellow-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus M,C
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra C,SG,WS,BC
Highland Hepatic Tanager Piranga lutea U
Lemon-spectacled Tanager Chlorothraupis olivacea M
Ochre-breasted Tanager Chlorothraupis stolzmanni C
Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii M,C
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus M,WS,BC
Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delatrii C
Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fulvus WS
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus M,SG
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis WS
Dusky Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus semifuscus M
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis M,C,SG,WS,BC
Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris T
Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus T
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris YA
Oligeaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis SG
Piura Hemispingus Hemispingus piurae U
Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis YA
Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera J
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana WS,GA,NWC,BC
White-capped Tanager Sericossypha albocristata T
Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema T
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus M,C,GA,BC
Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis M
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens WS,NWC,BC
Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps U
Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus J
Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus C
Southern Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster JU,YU
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus WS
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides GA
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina C
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivacea M
Lesser Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis C
Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris NWC
Caquetá Seedeater Sporophila murallae NWC
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina C,NWC,J
Black-and-white Seedeater Sporophila luctuosa WS
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis C,YU
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris WS,NWC
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata EC
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor EC
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola J,YU
Pale-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes pallidinucha T
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes latinuchus YA,T
Bay-crowned Brush-Finch Atlapetes seebohmi U
Pale-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes pallidiceps YU
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha M,WS
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Buarremon torquatus YA,YU
Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris BC
Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei J
Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons WS
Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni Loja
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis abundant
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela C,NWC
Northern Mountain-Cacique Cacicus leucoramphus YU
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous NWC
Subtropical Cacique Cacicus uropygialis SG
Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus microrhynchus C
Chestnut-headed Oropendola Zarhynchus wagleri C
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus WS,NWC
Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons SG,WS,NWC
Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis MA,NWC
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis C,NWC,J,YU
Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora NWC
Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi C,YU
Moriche Oriole Icterus chrysocephalus NWC
Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus NWC
White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae J
Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas C,J
Oriole Blackbird Gymnomystax mexicanus NWC
Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa YU
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica YU
Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogastra C
House Sparrow Passer domesticus J


Coatimundi Nasua nasua C,BU
Mountain Tapir Tapirus pinchaqui SI
Red Howler Monkey Alouatta seniculus Ga,nwc
Mantled Howler Monkey Alouatta palliata C
Common Squirrel Monkey Saimiri sciureus MA
White-bellied Spider Monkey Atheles belzebuth NWC
Common Woolly Monkey Lagothrix lagothrichia NWC
Monk Saki Monkey Pithecia monacus NWC
Brazilian Rabbit Sylvilagus brasiliensis M
Northern Amazon Red Squirrel Sciurus igniventris NWC
Long-nosed Bat Rhynchonycteris naso NWC
Fishing Bat Noctilio sp. NWC